US 1967879 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented July 24, 1934 NlTED STATES 1,97,879 BURNABLE COATED CANDLE Leon W. Geller, Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to Will & Baumer Candle Company, Inc., Syracuse, N. Y., a corporation of New York No Drawing. Application December 25, 1930, Serial N0. 504,669
This invention relates to certain new and improved burnable coated candles, and more especially to candles of wax or stearic acid composition having a decorative coating including preferably a metallic powder, or perhaps natural or synthetic jewels of minute size.
The diificulty experienced in providing candles having their exterior decorated or ornamented with a coating including a metallic powder, or minute jewels, has been that the resultant candle will not burn to such an extent as to render it practical except as an unlighted ornament.
The main object of this invention is, therefore, to provide a candle having an ornamental coating comprising perhaps preferably a metallic powder, or minute jewels, that will burn as readily and eifectively as an uncoated candle.
I have discovered that such a candle can be produced and I have produced candles having a coating including metallic powder, etc. that burn substantially as effectively and completely as ordinary wax or stearic acid composition candles.
The process includes the forming of a solution comprising a resin, a solvent for the same and a decorative material such as a metallic powder in suspension in the solution. I have used, with highly advantageous results, gold, silver and bronze powders. However, other decorative materials may be substituted for the metallic powder 7 such as glass, powder or minute natural or synthetic jewels. The wax or stearic acid composition candle is then dipped in this solution. Sufficient of the solution clings to the exterior of the candle so as to form a decorative coating and the coating is then allowed to dry.
The fundamental novelty of this product consists in a burnable wax or stearic acid composi tion candle having a coating comprising a resin carrying or in combination with a decorative material or materials.
By the term resin as used herein, I intend to include both natural and artificial resins such as the natural resins, shellac, colophony and sandarac, or the synthetic resins chlor-parafiin,
- formaldehyde phenol resins and glycol-phthalate resins.
The particular character of the ornamentation of the coating, whether plain, mottled or spotted and the degree of intensity of the color or relative proximity of the particles of powder or minute jewels depends upon the kind of decorative material used and the relative percentages of the materials comprising the solution. In other words, either a plain metallic powdered candle may be produced or a mottled candle, depending upon the relative percentage of the metallic pow der suspended in the solution.
As a specific example, a candle of Wax or stearic acid composition is dipped in a solution which comprises 10% colophony and 10% metallic powder, such as gold, silver or bronze powder and a desired quantity of any suitable solvent for colophony such as perhaps preferably carbon tetrachloride or ell-ethylene glycol or perhaps alcohol. The percentages given above will produce a partially mottled candle. If the percentage of metallic powder is increased slightly above the amount specified, a plain metallic powdered candle will be produced, while if the percentage of metallic powder is decreased, the mottled effect will be increased. A wax or stearic acid composition candle having a coating of the solution described, burns equally as well and practically as completely as the ordinary uncoated wax or stearic acid candle.
Further, I have coated candles with a solution of about the above composition to which is added a percentage of dye-stuff as pigment, with highly advantageous results. The kind and amount of any such added material is selected to give the desired color and intensity of color. Further, minute jewels may be added separately or in combination as above.
Any of the natural or artificial resins may be substituted for colophony and any of the decorative or coloring materials may be substituted for or added to the metallic powder dependent upon the character and nature of the ornamentation desired. The preferred solvents for particular resins are quite generally known. However, for further illustration, cyclohexanol is a satisfactory solvent for glycol-phthalate resins and cyclohexanone is a good solvent for formaldehyde phenol resins and for natural and artificial resins in general.
As above suggested, the proportions of the constituent elements of the solution may be varied quite widely, dependent upon the particular decorative quality desired, and instead of dipping the candle in the solution as heretofore described, the solution may, if desired, be sprayed upon the candle or otherwise coated thereon as by a brush or the like.
1. A method of making burnable candles having a metallic powdered coating which comprises forming a solution of a resin in a solvent for the resin, suspending a metallic powder in the solution thus prepared, and dipping a preformed ioo ice
2 I candle in the solution containing the suspended metallic powder.
2. A method of making burnable coated candles having a metallic powdered coating uneven- 5 ly distributed over the surface thereof to produce a mottled efiect which comprises forming a solu-