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Publication numberUS1968120 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1934
Filing dateFeb 17, 1932
Priority dateFeb 17, 1932
Publication numberUS 1968120 A, US 1968120A, US-A-1968120, US1968120 A, US1968120A
InventorsBarghausen Herman P, Smith Chalmers N
Original AssigneeBarghausen Herman P, Smith Chalmers N
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Patient position supporting attachment for hospital beds
US 1968120 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July3l, .1934. H. P. BARGHAUSEN Er All. 1,968,120

PATIENT POSITION SUPPORTING ATTACHMENT FOR HOSPITAL BEDS Filed Feb. 17, 1932 A I. 19 TTORNEY Patented July 31, 1934 PATIENT POSITION SUPPORTING ATTACH- MENT FOR HOSPITALr BEDS Herman P. Barghausen, Pittsburgh, and Chalmers N. Smith, Duquesne, Pa.

Application February 17, 1932, Serial No. 593,646

19 Claims. (C1. 5-327) The invention relates generally to hospital beds and primarily has for an object to provide means inthe nature of a simple, conveniently mountable and removable attachment by employment of which the body of a patient may be vsupported against tendencies to slide toward the head of the bed.

In modern surgery the practise of administering .the anesthesia through the spine is becoming more and more popular, and it is not unreasonable to assume that `this spinal anesthetic will, in` a large measure, supplant the present common practise of administering ether and thus enable patients to avoid the undesirable after eects known to result from the use of ether.

The spinal anesthetic is injected into the lower portion, or near the base of the spine. The specie gravity of his serum being lower than that of human blood, the serum naturally seeks a-higher level in the bloodv and usually passes out of the system at the highest point attainable. For this reason a patient is caused to lie upon a head down incline for a period of at least 24 hours following an operation for which a spinal anesthet- 25 ic has been administered so as to avoid the possibility of the serum working its way to the brain Vand causing complete paralysis or death. The

average patient, after. such' an. operation, will slide down until his head comes in contact with the head of the bed and supports his weight in this manner, or at least a part of it. 1 Naturally,

this is a very uncomfortable position and has a tendency to worry and fret the patient.

Therefore, in its more detailed nature, the invention seeks to provide a novel hospital bed attachment embodying right and left shoulder engaging support equipments `each comprising a shoulder pad, a pad carrying arm having provision for being removably clamped to a side rail of the bed, and a brace arm capable of being removably clamped to a cornerv post of the bed to suitably brace the pad carrying arm in body supporting position upon the bed.

Another object of the invention is to so construct and correlate the partspof the attachments ythat they may be easily dismantled for cleansing' and replacement purposeaadjusted to satisfy various conditions of use, and compacted for Yconvenient shipment or storage..

Other objects will in part be obvious and in part be pointed out hereinafter.

Tothe attainment Yof the aforesaid objects and lends, the invention still further resides in the novel details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts,- all of which will be iirst.

fully describedv in the followingA detailed description, then be particularly pointed out in the appended claims, references being had to the accompanying drawing, in which:-

Figure 1 is a perspective view illustratingthe invention in use. n

Figure 2 is a detail perspective View of one of the shoulder supporting units, the left unit being shown.

Figure 3 is a detail longitudinal section taken on the line 3 3 on Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a detail cross section taken on the line 4 4 on Figure 2.

' Figure 5 is a plan view of the unit shown in Figure 2 compacted for storage or shipment.A

Figure 6 is a detail longitudinal section of the bed'post clamping end of the brace arm of a unit.

The body supporting units embodying the' principles of our inventionV are constructed in right and left units, one for engaging each shoulder f of a patient, and are removably attached toa hospital bed in the position and manner illustrated in Figure 1 of the drawing. After an operation for which a spinal anesthetic has been administrated, the patient is caused to lie upon a head down incline for a periodv of at least twenty-four hours in order to avoid'the *danger of the anesthetic serum nding its Way to the brain and the disastrous reactions which might result therefrom. The invention is designed for use as an attachment on any conventional form of bed adaptable to the uses rmentioned and which include the usual head-and foot sections and their corner posts 5 andconnecting side rails 6. The customary bedding, including the usual mattress, is generally designated at7 in Figure 1 of the drawing. l Each attachment unit comprises a shoulder engaging'pad 8 formed of sponge rubber or any other suitable soft material which maybe encased in a covering or not-according rto the tastes of the user. The pad is removably secured, by lacings 9 or other suitable securing means, to a rigid backing plate 10 which is `in turn laterallyadjustably secured by slot and bolt equipments 11 to the attened end of a tubularcarrier arm 12. Y i

The arm 12 is friction-hinge-connectedlas at 13 to a standard section 14 equippedv at its lower end with a U-bracket or stirrup 15 adaptedyto straddle aside rail 6 of thebed and be securely clamped thereto, through the medium of la clamp screw 16. l A,

A brace arm 1.7,is hinge-secured to fthecarrier arm 12 adjacent the flattened end thereof 'rss PATENT oFF-lcs) n as indicated at 18 and at its free end is equipped with a telescopic extension 19 which is adjustably secured thereon by aperture and screw or other suitable equipment as indicated at 20 in Figures 5 and 6 and terminates at its end in a clamp head 21 for removably engaging the adjacent bed post 5.

In use, the attachments are mounted as shown in Figures 1 and 2 of the drawing with the carrier arms 12 extending transversely of the bed, one at each side thereof so as to present the pad 8 in position for engaging the shoulders of a patient and electively preventing sliding toward the head of the bed. The standard sections 14 are of suiiicient length to allow the arms 12 to lie substantially parallel the upper face of `the mattress, and the friction hinge 13 will permit enough hinging movement to assure proper positioning of the pads 8.

The brace arms or rods 17, 19, being clamped -a/.t 2l tothe bed posts, distribute the body Vsupporting thrusts directly to said posts and thereby relieve therstandards v14 of the torsional strains to which they would otherwise be subjected.

.By reference tov.;Figures2, 3, 5 and `6 of .the drawing it will be seen that our equipment is .uni-

'versally adjustable. -The hinge connections i3 enable varyingthe angular relation of the sections 12 and 14, the hinge connections 18 enable 'Varying the. angular vrelation of the sections 12 and 17, and these hinge connections collectively enable the extension of the sectionsvlZ and 14 in substantially axial alinement and the com- ".Dacting of thciunits as a whole as shown in Figli-fc5. :The pads '8 may be moved closer to or -,fartlfier-irom eachother by employment of the :slot and -bolt equipments 11, and the length of Y the bracc'armsl'? may befvaried by use of the telescopicpiece 19,20. Thus it will be seen that the-attachments areadaptable tovarying conditions ofv use.

It may be said thatzthe arms 12 and 17, 19 form with the adjacent bed side rail 6 a triangle,

and by reasonoffthe connections 16, 20, 18, 21 and '11 the angular relation Aand Vrelative .lengths of the trianglelegs may be varied to properly position'the pads Sfor all conditions ofuse.

The advantages of the adjustments above mentioned should be apparent when it is remembered that each human has individual shoulder proportions. Without such adjust-r ments, proper comfort ofthe patient could not be provided for.

The simple device herein disclosed is light in weight, strong and durable, sanitary, adjustable o f: the specicxmeans disclosed as might properly fhedeemed to `rbe embraced within the scope of the appended claims.

From the foregoing description, taken in connection vwith rth'e accompanying drawing, it is :thought that the noveldetails of construction, Vthe manner'of` use and the advantages ofour invention will readily be aparent` to those skilled in V-theart towhich'the invention relates.

What we claim isz- 1. yAghospitalI bed body supporting attachment Ycomprising a shoulder supporting pad, and pad mounting means removably engageable with a side rail and a corner post of a bed for securing said pad upon the bed.

2. A hospital 'bed body supporting attachment comprising a shoulder supporting pad, and pad mounting means removably engageable with a side rail and a corner post of a bed for securing said pad upon the bed, and including devices for varying the angular relation of said pad and mounting means and the distance or" the pad from the bed rail.

3. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising, a pair of connected diverging arms capable when mounted of forming with a side rail .of va bed on which the attachment is mounted Va triangle, means to removably secure the free end of one arm to the side rail of said bed, `means to removably secure the other arm to a cornerpost of said bed, and a shoulder engaging member carried by one of the arms.

4.. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising, a pair of connected vdiverging arms capable vwhen mounted of forming with a side rail of a bed on which the attachment is mounted a triangle, means to removably securethe freeO endoi one arm to the side railof said bed, means to removably secure the other arm to a corner post of said bed, a shoulder engaging Ymember carried by one of thearms, and means for varying the angular relation of said arms. (1105 5. A hospital bed body supporting rattachment comprising, a pair of connected diverging arms capable when mounted of forming with a side rail oi a bed on which the attachment is mounted a triangle, means to removably secure the free' 110 end of one arm to the side rail of said bed, means to removably securethe other arm to a corner post of said bed, a shoulder engaging member carried by one of the arms, means for varying .the angular relation of said arms, and means for varying therelative lengths of said arms.

6. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to the side rail; ',120 of a bed, a brace yrod connected to Vand diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to a head post of a bed, and a supporting pad carried by said arm.

7. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securingthe standard section to the side rail of post of a bed, and a supporting pad carried by saidrarm, the connections `of said standard sec- Y tion and said brace rod with the carrier armi being hinge connections to enable the standard section to be moved into axial alinement and the brace rod into close relation with the carrier rod for compacting purposes.

8. A hospital bed body supporting attachment '140 comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to the side rail of a bed, a brace rod connected to and diverging from'the carrier arm, means for removably se- 145 curing the free end of therbrace rod to a head post of a-bed, a supporting pad, and means by Which the pad is longitudinally-adjustably carried by the arm. l

9. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to the side rail of a bed, a longitudinally-adjustable brace rod connected to and diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to a head post of a bed, and a supporting pad carried by said arm.

10. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to the side rail of a bed, a longitudinally-adjustable brace rod connected to and diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to a head post of a bed, a supporting pad, and means by which the pad is longitudinally-adjustably carried by the arm, the connections of said standard section and said brace rod with the carrier arm being hinge connections to enable changing the position of the pad to suit varying conditions of use.

11. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a pair of shoulder supporting pads, and means by which the positions of said pads may be adjusted to vary the spaced relation and the angularity of said pads to fit them to the peculiarities of spacing and slope of the shoulders of particular patients, said means including a carrier arm and a brace arm having attachment With each pad and adapted for spaced-point attachment with portions of a bed.

12. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising, a pair of connected diverging arms capable when mounted of horizontally overlying a bed with the free ends of said arms directed toward a side rail of the bed on Which the attachment is mounted, means to removably secure the free end of each arm to a portion of said bed, and a shoulder engaging member carried by one of the arms.

13. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising, a pair of connected diverging arms capable when mounted of horizontally overlying a bed With the free ends of said arms directed toward a side rail of the bed on which the attachment is mounted, means to removably secure the free end of each arm to a portion of said bed, a shoulder engaging member carried by one of the arms, and means enabling the varying of the angular relation of said arms.

14. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising, a pair of connected diverging arms capable When mounted of horizontally overlying a bed with the free ends of said arms'directed toward a side rail of the bed on which the attachment is mounted, means to removably secure the free end of each arm to a portion of said bed, a shoulder engaging member carried by one of the arms, and means enabling varying of the relative lengths of said arms.

15. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a laterally-horizontally disposed carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means f or removably securing the standard section to a portion of a bed, a laterallyhorizontally disposed brace rod connected to and diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to anotherportion of said bed, and a supporting pad carried by said arm.

16. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending irom said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to a portion of a bed, a brace rod connected to and diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to another portion of said bed, and a supporting pad carried by said arm, the connections of said standard section and said brace rod with the carrier arm being hinge connections to enable the standard section to be moved into axial alinement and the brace rod into close relation With the carrier rod for compacting purposes.

17. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a laterally-horizontally disposed carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to a portion of a bed, a laterally-horizontally disposed brace rod connected to and diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to another portion of said bed, a supporting pad, and means by which the pad is longitudinally-adjustably carried by the arm.

18. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to a portion of a bed, a longitudinally-adjustable brace rod connected to and diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to another portion of said bed, and a supporting pad carried by said arm.

19. A hospital bed body supporting attachment comprising a carrier arm, a standard section depending from said arm, means for removably securing the standard section to a portion of a bed, a longitudinally-adjustable brace rod connected to and diverging from the carrier arm, means for removably securing the free end of the brace rod to another portion of said bed, a supporting pad, and means by which the pad is longitudinally-adjustably carried by the arm, the connections of said standard section and said brace rod with the carrier arm being hinge connections to enable changing the position of the pad to suit varying conditions of use.

CHALMERS N. SMITH. HERMAN P. BARGHAUSEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3032780 *Dec 4, 1959May 8, 1962Sierra Eng CoPatient supporting device
US3266061 *Nov 26, 1963Aug 16, 1966Robert E FuechselCouch
US3845313 *May 7, 1973Oct 29, 1974Nosol JApparatus for use in laterally x-raying a patient{40 s torso
US3981492 *Aug 4, 1975Sep 21, 1976Hallmann David RX-ray table patient transfer device or the like with body holding device
US4579324 *Apr 10, 1984Apr 1, 1986Mcconnell Bernard EUniversal extremity positioner
US4616813 *Jan 22, 1985Oct 14, 1986Mcconnell Bernard ESuspension for surgical support apparatus
US4669106 *Mar 25, 1985May 26, 1987Ammerman Stephen WApparatus for aiding in cervical spine radiographic production
US4752064 *Mar 23, 1987Jun 21, 1988Gene VossTherapeutic head support
US4890605 *Dec 4, 1987Jan 2, 1990Rosendale Robert WCervical traction device
US5135210 *Jul 16, 1990Aug 4, 1992Michelson Gary KSurgical armboard attachment device
DE3526116A1 *Jul 22, 1985Jan 22, 1987Giraldez Jose Humberto SanchezHaltevorrichtung fuer ein gurtband zur anbringung an einem bettgestell
DE102005053204A1 *Nov 8, 2005Mar 15, 2007Schilling, HeinoSystem for securing patient to bed, comprising two shoulder fixing bows swivel mounted to transversal bar
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/630, 5/632
International ClassificationA61G7/065, A61G7/05
Cooperative ClassificationA61G7/065
European ClassificationA61G7/065