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Publication numberUS1968396 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1934
Filing dateFeb 2, 1933
Priority dateFeb 2, 1933
Publication numberUS 1968396 A, US 1968396A, US-A-1968396, US1968396 A, US1968396A
InventorsSelby J Hollingworth
Original AssigneeSelby J Hollingworth
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sprinkling device
US 1968396 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

"July 31, 1934- 5. J. HOLLINGWORTH 1,968,396

SPRINKLING DEVICE Fil d Feb. 2 1955 IN V 1.:TN TOR ATTORNEY Patented July 31, 1934 I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SPRINKLING nEvrgE I Selby J. Hollingworth Watsonville, Calif. ,7 Application February 2, 1933, Serial Ne; 654,941;

" 1 Claim; (01.299-18) .invention relates to sprinkling devices, A further object is .to provide regulably-adand more especially to sprinklers of the revoluble justable 'means to support the weight of said type adapted to use the water pressure .toprorevoluble elements of the device; together with ,iect the water radially of a vertical stand strucfurther objects and advantages that may appear, a ture and to revolve the sprinkler device. to be particularly pointed out in the claim and In such sprinklers the water is generallydisillustrated in the drawing, attached hereto and charged in a circularflpath, the extreme limit of made part hereof, in which:- discharge being the circumference of a circle de Figure 1 is a view of my invention taken on the scribed about the axis of said structure,'it' being l-ine 1--1 of Figure 2.-

"r understood that the dispensing elements, or noz- Figure 2is a top plan view. 65

zles, are substantially parallel with the area to be Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the grooved sprinkled. member. i Y

Obviously, when watering considerable areas Figure 4 is a bottom plan view of my device. with a device as above .mentioned there will Fi ur 5 i a minia amm tic elevap either be areas receiving overlapping waterings ti na V w.

or else unwatered spaces will be .left, both of v Figure 6 is a miniature, D- a 'aIII BJtiC view whi h onditio r u tisf t V of my device indicating a square area covered by An object of my invention therefore is to prothe SPr1Ilk11nga vide a sprinkler that will sprinkle square or other l t 7 development of u e 3. p polysided are s hich 111 t h together th- Similar ind1c1a of reference refer to similar out leaving interstitial spaces. parts u ut he several v ews.

In practice 1 find that'by arranging my 3min- In carrying out my invention I provide the kler to cover a square area I get the most com- Stand T, Which y w ll be a tr1pod manly desired results. In order to attain this compnsmg h feet and t b aces (l6) 5 object I prefer to employ three dispensing .'ele- P dp e Stand P 1 which so merits, .or nozzles, carried by a revoluble water carlles my Sprinkler evlce as a whole.

jacket, set 120 degrees apart, and so arranged The hwervend of the P (17) connects y with respect to .a fixed internal horizontal mem- 'i the hose (18) i t f' lf her having four fluted grooves set at right vanl Well Show? relatlvely 1n the d194- s to each other, that whenever any one of grammatic Figure 5. It will be observed that the said. nozzles is in full registry with any one of (20) tubular Q fgfms the axle of said'gmovs a strong jet of water will be can the device. Said member 1s sorew-threadedat d It a peak forming o comer .of a the lower end for engagement with the coupling s g uar Meanwhile another nozzle, leaving a (21) turned and mowed W the 90 peak, is dispensing a uniformly diminishing jet, gzgg i i i g i from Whl rises when? thlm 5: 53133332? It will beno-ted that the axle (23) is centrally 32 a i jfiafr i g rfe t ecr ase and increase of bored upwardly f a suitable distance for a D distance thrown by the latter two nozzles being pose to be t Y I 95 t duce the watered outline ,extenm The top portion, however, is left SOlld; at (24) {arranged 0 re d k f are to a and turned down and threaded suitably at (25) inil letween peak an pea .r m I to engagelock s. 7 g The lower ortion of the axle (23) is ro- Aiurther object is to provrdegasprmkler havvided with g male thread (26) of greaterpdi a Water jacket freely revoluble" about the ameter than said axle and adapted to engage the loo 'upperend "a fixed stand p {leadmgi'to oomplemental-internal threads (27) formed in main Water Supply? Said pipe carrymg' tubular the grooved member (28), so that when said axle'andafixed member S t y grooved-760 member is forcibly screwed home it will abut 'ister successively with ports formed in the lower Seoul-91y against-the Shomder (22) St uct e f S j 'each'pollt being adapted The 'IGVOlllble elements of my device comprise to dispense water to a related nozzle. thgwater jacket 3, and the dispensing arms. or

A further bj t i o p v -m r r' gnozzles (29), (30)and (31). Said jacket .comulative. adjustment between said grooved memprises the upper and lower members (32') and be!" and said ports provided in the base of said (33) respectively, said upper member is flanged jacket and leading to said nozzles. downwardly at (34) to engage the upwardly disposed flange (35) by screw-threads as (36). Obviously, said members may be otherwise secured together, as by lugs and bolts.

The neck (3'7) rises concentrically from the member (32), is counterbored to provide the annular water-space (38) surrounding the adjacent portion of the reduced axle (23) which has perforations as (39) adapted to provide water Ways establishing communication between the stem (20) and the jacket R. The upper portion of said neck is reenforced and bored to be a turnable fit on the portion (24) thus providing a seat for the nut (40) when screwed on to the threaded portion (25), and locked in adjustment by the nut (41). By varying the level of said nuts (40) and (41) the space can be increased or diminished to suit varying pressures and thereby attain straight line sprinkling between the peaks P, P1, P2, P3.

The upper end of said neck is externally threaded at (42) to match the internal thread (43) of the packing nut (44) suitably bored out to clear the nuts (40), and (41). ihe packing washer (45) is inserted between the upper surface (46) of said reenforcement and the annular surface (47), thereby providing a water-tight joint to prevent leakage upwardly from said jacket.

The nut (44) is diminished diametrally above the area of said washer and rises cylindrically to the closure (48) which is centrally bored and tapped to accommodate the adjustment screw (49) having the head (50) adapted to contact against the upper end of the threaded portion (25), said screw being provided with the slot (51) and the lock nut (52).

Said screw provides means for vertical adjustment of the head (50) against the upper end of the portion (25) to support the weight of the revoluble elements D and to provide regulable adjustment between the member (33) and the grooved member (28). The lower jacket member (33) is adapted to slip upwardly on to the axle (20) and is jour naled thereon by the neck (53) which is suitably threaded to engage threads (54) in the follower packing-gland (55); the packing washer (56) intervenes between said neck and said gland. When so disposed said members are then screwed tightly together as illustrated in Figure 1.

It will be noted in Figures 2, 4 and 6, that the present sprinkler is shown as having three nozzles, but the number could be varied, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Figures 1 and 4 show threaded sockets as (57) adapted to receive threaded ends as (58) of said respective dispensing arms, or nozzles. Said sockets are cast integrally with member (33) and project downwardly below the plane thereof, and are set 120 degrees apart.

As the present embodiment of my sprinkler is designed to water a square area, I provide four radial grooves, (59), (59), (59") and (5911), set 90 degrees apart on the under side of the member (28).

Reference being had especially to Figures 3 and 7; it will be apparent that each quadrant of said grooved member has a radial ridge (60) at its center, and that each such ridge lies in the same plane as the inner surface of the member (33) Ports (61) (61') and (61) are provided transversely of the member (33) being arranged for passage of water from said jacket to the respective nozzles.

Having reference to Figure 2, it will be noted that the dispensing nozzle (29) registers fully with the port (61) which is assumed to be throwing a peak jet (P1) while the device D revolves counter-clockwise; in this position the nozzle (31) is throwing a gradually diminished jet while departing from the groove (59a), whereas the nozzle (30) is throwing a gradually increasing jet as it approaches full registry with the groovej(59): said respective grooves and ridges being so adapted and arranged that the augmented and diminished jets cover a straight line between peak and peak, thereby watering a square area.

It will be noted that as an equalizing means to get the same pressure in the jacket above and below the member (28) the member 33) is counterbored at (62) and the adjacent portion of the axle (20) has the perforations (63) communicating therewith.

In the operation of my device, when water is turned on at the valve (64), Figure 5,water will be dispensed through the perforations "(65) of said nozzles; this will cause the sprinkler to rotate counter-clockwise, causing Water to be distributed with varying force from the respective nozzles according to their proximity to any one of said grooves in the member (28).

It is believed that my invention and the ad vantages to be gained by the use thereof are fully explained. In reducing the invention to practice, certain minor features in construction, combination and arrangement of parts may necessitate alteration, to which the patentee is entitled, providing such alteration is comprehended in the scope of what is claimed.

What I claim is:--

In a device of the kind described, a tubular axle, a disc-like member secured substantially midlength of and at right angles to the axle, a plurality of radial grooves formed on the under side of the disc, said grooves separated by ridges; a

water jacket comprising a lower and an upper member forming a chamber enclosing said disc like member, a concentric neck extending downwardly from said lower member and journaled on the axle, a packing gland and packing engaging said neck and axle; a counterbore in said neck adjacently below said disc-like member and communicating with said grooves, perforations in said axle communicating with said counterbore; a concentric neck rising from said upper jacketmember and journaled on the axle, a counterbore in said upper neck open to the chambenperforations in said axle leading to said upper counterbore and chamber; said axle comprising a solid upper end of reduced diameter protruding upwardly beyond the upper end of said upper neck, said solid portion screwthreaded,'a nut engaging said threads and arranged to react against the upper end of said neck, a lock-nut carried'by said threaded portion above the former nut; a packing gland and packing engaging said upper neck and axle, a concentric, vertically-disposed adjustment screw mounted in said gland and arranged to react against said axle end, and means to lock said screw; a plurality of reaction nozzles carried by the lower water jacket member, a port leading from the base of said lower jacket mem ber to each said nozzle, the said ports successively cooperative with said grooves and ridges when under impellance.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2723157 *Jan 26, 1952Nov 8, 1955Lee H ThompsonSprinkler
US3021078 *Mar 5, 1959Feb 13, 1962Peninsular Distriburting CompaIrrigation system
US5878964 *May 2, 1997Mar 9, 1999Hansen; Dennis R.Spray nozzle with two or more equally sized orifices
US7988071Aug 2, 2011Bredberg Anthony JLawn sprinkler
US8328117Dec 11, 2012Bredberg Anthony JLawn sprinkler
US8567697Nov 8, 2012Oct 29, 2013Anthony J. BredbergLawn sprinkler
US9108206Mar 12, 2014Aug 18, 2015Anthony J. BredbergWater control system for sprinkler nozzle
US9227207Mar 12, 2014Jan 5, 2016Anthony J. BredbergMulti-nozzle cam driven sprinkler head
WO1997041963A1 *May 2, 1997Nov 13, 1997Hansen Dennis RSpray nozzle with two or more equally sized orifices
U.S. Classification239/97, 239/DIG.100
International ClassificationB05B3/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S239/01, B05B3/06
European ClassificationB05B3/06