|Publication number||US1968492 A|
|Publication date||Jul 31, 1934|
|Filing date||Jan 28, 1932|
|Priority date||Jan 28, 1932|
|Publication number||US 1968492 A, US 1968492A, US-A-1968492, US1968492 A, US1968492A|
|Inventors||Kallus Joseph L|
|Original Assignee||Kallus Joseph L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 31, 1934.
J. L. KALLUS TOY FIGURE Filed Jan. 28 1932 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR JOSEPH L KALLUS TTO R N EYS J. L. KALLUS July 31, 1934.
TOY FIGURE 3 S eats-Sheet 2 2 5 6 m w 3 4 m a x .l F
INVENTOR JOSEPH L KALL U5 (a Wm ATTORNEYS J. L. KALLUS July 31, 1934.
TOY FIGURE Filed Jan. 28. 1932 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR SEPh L. 46944115 ATTORNEYS Patented July 31, 1934 U NIL TOY. FIGURE Joseph L. Kallus,
Application January 28,-
My invention relates to toy figures such as dol1s,'toy-anima1srand the like, and more partic-. ularly. to jointed. toy. figures having 'hollow bodies and other members made of collapsible material suchas soft rubber; Because of the inherent yielding or non-rigidcharacteristics of the soft rubber or its equivalent, considerable difliculty has heretofore beenexperienced in combining the partsof-the figure-in a manner to provide an efl'icientarrangement of: joints which will withstand use and permit adjustment of the various parts of the figure ina natural and life-like manner:
The invention has for its obiect to provide. novel constructions in which these difiiculties are overcome: and inwhichthe-body and associated mem here are connected in jointed relation in a simple and efficient manner-.: The invention contem? plates further the provision ofa jointedtoy figms, madeof hollow s'oft rubbercr itsequivalent and constructedin a manner to simulate natural ly the relatively-rigidand yielding parts of the original which the toy figure-is intended to repr resent.- Other more specific objects of the invention will appear from'the description: hereinafter, and the features'of novelty will be pointed out in-the claims;
In the accompanying drawings, which 1 illustrate' examples of the invention Without: defining its limits Fig. 1" is a fron relevation partly in section ofa doll embodying the novel featuresp Fig. 2 is aside elevation thereof partly in section: Figs. 3 and 4 are detail sectional views ofa novel joint and fastening 'arrangement form-ing partof the invention; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary front:
elevation partly in section of another form of the inventionfFig. 6 is a longitudinal section of the doll shown inFig; Blocking at right angles thereto; Fig. 7 is a horizontal .section on'the line 7 of Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is a fragmentary front elevation partly in section of still anotherform of the invention; Fig. 9 is asectionalrview on the line 9-'-9 of Fig. 8, and Fig. 10 is a detail view of the body 5 of a doll immediately subsequentrtothe molding thereof.. 7 i
In the illustrated. examplesoof the invention,. the novel. features. have. beenshown as embodied in hollow-rubber dolls having jointed or relative 59 iy movable heads,..legs and arms; for which they are particularly adapted; itwistotbe understood however that the examples showninthe drawings have. been selected for illustrativerand descriptive purposes only, and that-the novel features may .be utilized with equal. efficiency in connec includes a hollow head-16 of soft rubber or other (body in jointed or adjustable relation thereto .23. tions 23 are internally provided with't'registering 100.
- inforcing-members or supporting devices 30 illus= Brooklyn, N. YE 1932,-Serial.No. 589,328
tion with" other jointed, hollow :toy' figures madezwe" 20f collapsible material. a
I In the form shown in FigsJT-and 2; the doll comprises.a -body 15, which is constructed of soft 1 1 rubber or other equivalent .material and isahol- I160 low, as shown intthedrawingsm The doll further: I
suitable collapsible material; said head." being fad justabl-y 'mounted o'n the body 15 and securedcin place thereon "by means of conventional elastic. 6 v cords, b'ands, -or the like 17 attachedatoiaihooki 18 carriedby-the head IGand serving also 136958. 5
cure thekhollowlegs 18 of the doll inljointed connection'with the body? 15 as'will appearimore fully a hereinafter. Thehollow arms 19 0f .-rubber or 7 c other eollapsible material are mountedrupon the of the doll under the tension developed by the a back-'bonemember, preferably consisting of two tubular sections 21 and 22, suitably connected with eachother as by gluing and provided atthe lo'wer 90. 'end with a pelvis memberconsistin'g of-two complemental sections 23 fastened to the section 22 and to eachothenin any convenienhmanner;
=The pelvis sections 23 are each-formed with re cesses 24 adapted 'to receive socket members125w95" which; 'at one end, includeannularfiangesi26" adapted to clamp the rubber orother material of.= I x which the body 15 is made, tothepelvis sections The socket members. 25 and the pelvis" secopenings 52i7ywhich2terminate at-concave recesses 1 1 28 formed inthe socket =members25;l' the recesses" si -28 are-dimensioned and constructed to receive the spherical ends-29 of the leg'membersla to pro 4 -vide hip joints on which saidleg members 18 may @be adjusted at will relatively to the'body 15;
ends 29 are internally reinforced by means of :re-
utratediin'ithe form of solid spher es :of' wood on fl The normally 1 collapsibleor 'non-rigidwspherical' j other suitable material and provided with fastening devices 31 to which the cords or bands 17 which extend through the recesses 2'7 are secured. A shoulder section is combined with the back-bone section and consists of tubular socket members 32 fitted into recesses 33 with which the backbone section 21 is provided, and secured therein in any conventional manner, as by gluing. The socket members 32 are formed at their outer ends with annular flanges 34 and with concave recesses 35 adapted to receive the spherical ends 36 of the arm members 19 to provide shoulder joints on which said arm members may be ad justed relatively to the body 15. To provide the necessary rigidity, the spherical ends 36 are likewise internally reinforced by means of reinforcing members or supporting devices 37 illustrated in the form of solid spheres of wood or other suitable material and carrying fastening devices 38 to which the elastic cord or band 29 is fastened, as illustrated in Fig. 1. In addition to the parts so far described, a rigid tubular neck member 39 is mounted upon the back-bone section- 21 by means of a reduced continuing section 40, which fits into the section 21 and is secured therein in any well known way. The neck member 39 is formed with an annular recess 41 into which the neck portion 42 of the body 15 extends and in which said portion 42 may be permanently secured in any well known manner. The neck member 39, in the illustrated form, is curved or rounded as indicated at 43 to provide a bearing surface on which the head 16 is adjustably supported and is secured in place by means of the elastic cords or bands 17. The head 16, in the example shown, is also made of hollow collapsible material, such as soft rubber, and in the form illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 is internally reinforced by means of a rigid interior member or supporting device 44 which, in its preferred form is also hollow and constructed in a preferred manner to be more fully set forth hereinafter.
In constructing the form of the doll now being described, the body 15 is molded in any conventional manner, for instance, by placing a suitable quantity of uncured rubber of putty-like consistency within a mold and then introducing air or other fluid pressure into said mold to expand the rubber into contact with the molding surface thereof. At the finish of the molding operation, the body is removed from the mold and presents an appearance for instance, as indicated in Fig. 10, said body, in effect, constituting a more or less inflated air bag, all parts of which are closed. In this condition, the body is vulcanized or cured in the conventional manner, or subjected to any other treatment dependent upon the nature of the materialfrom which it is made, to bring it to its final condition for use. In molding the leg members 18 and the arm members 19, the same procedure is followed, with the exception that the internal reinforcing members 30 and 37 respectively, are introduced into the mold after first having been covered with a suitable rubber cement or its'equivalent and are molded in place in the leg members 18 and arm members 19, respectively, coincidentally with the molding of said members; the combined members and reinforcing members are then vulcanized. The leg members 18 and the arm members 15 at the end of the molding and vulcanizing operations also comprise hollow more or less inflated flexible elements as indicated, for instance, in Fig. 3, which shows the spherical end 3'7 of one of the arm members 19; it will be understood that the spherical ends 29 of the leg members 18 present a substantially similar ap-- pearance at the corresponding stage of production.
In order to provide an efficient fastening means for attachment of the elastic cords l7 and 20 or their equivalent, the reinforcing members 37 are provided with recesses 37a and continuing aper-- tures 37b in which fastening devices 38 with their heads 38c are slidably mounted; in the illustrated example, the fastening device 38 is in the form of a hook, the return member 381) of which, during molding and vulcanizing, is located within a recess 37c also provided in the reinforcing member 37, as shown best in Fig. 4. The reinforcing members 35 located Within the spherical ends 29 of the leg members are provided with fastening devices 31 of the same general type as the devices 38 and similarly mounted so as to be slidable in said members 30 in the manner described with respect to the reinforcing members 37. During -he melding of the arm and leg members, the fastening devices 38 and 31 occupy the position indicated in Fig. 3 in which the return members, such as 33b, are located within the recesses indicated by the reference character 37c, so that all parts of each fastening device are located within the confines of the associated spherical end 36 or 29, as the case may be. After the arm and leg members 19 and 18 respectively have been vulcanized, the reinforcing members 37 and 30, through the medium of the rubber cement coating previously applied thereto have been vulcanized to the respective arm or leg members and thus have been intimately united therewith so as to become substantially integral parts of said arm and leg members, respectively. If found desirable or necessary the reinforcing members 37 and 30, or their equivalents, may extend beyond the spherical ends of the respective arm and leg members into other parts of these members, for the purpose of providing support against collapse to such other parts, or for any other purpose. At the conclusion of the vulcanizing processes, the dome-like or other projections a which remain on the arm and leg members respectively are cut away so as to leave in the spherical members 36 and 29 openings such as the openings 36a and 29a respectively. The hook-ends of the fastening devices 38-31 are thereby rendered accessible and accordingly may be adjusted to the positions indicated in Figs. 1 and 4, in which the return portion, such as 38b has been withdrawn from the recess indicated by the reference character 370; this adjustment of said fastening device brings the head 38a thereof, or its equivalent into contact with the inner end of the recess 37a to thereby prevent a further withdrawal of said fastening device relatively to the reinforcing members 37 or 30 and brings the hoola-ends of said fastening devices into position for connection with the elastic cords 20 and 17 or their equivalent.
To complete the doll structure now being described, the doll body is trimmed or out along the line b to remove the hollow projection c and to leave the body 15 with the annular neck flange 42 previously referred to. 15 is further out or trimmed along the lines d to remove the hollow projections e which results in the formation of shoulder openings and pelvis openings respectively in the body 15. The united back-bone sections 21 and 22 may then be inserted into the interior of the doll body 15, either through the neck opening or one of said pelvis openings, after which the socket members 32 are inserted through the shoulder openings into the openings 33 of the backbone section 21; the sock- In addition, the body i 17a and 20a, which correspond to the elastic cords or bands 17 and 20 respectively, of Figs. 1 and 2. In order to reduce friction to a minimum and to still further facilitate the adjustability of the leg members 18a and arm members 19a, the spherical ends 2911 and 36a may be provided respectively with bearing members 45 and 46, which preferably comprise metallic shells of hemispherical form and are secured in position on the respective spherical ends in any convenient manner; the bearing members 45 and 46 are provided with apertures 45a and 46a through which the fastening devices 31 and 38 are accessible-for connection respectively with the elastic cords or bands 17a and 20a.
In constructing the doll now being described, the body 15a may be molded, vulcanized or otherwise brought to a finished state and trimmed. or cut to produce the various openings in the same way as set forth with respect to the body 15 of Figs. 1 and 2. The back-bone section 21a may then be inserted into the body 1501. through the neck-opening thereof or otherwise, and the body material forced into the annular recess 41a and secured therein in any conventional way. As the next step, the socket members 25a may be inserted through the pelvis openings in the body 15a and extended into the recesses 24a of the section 21a in the manner illustrated in Fig. 5 and secured in such recess, either by glue or by means of forced fits; if the socket members 25a have been fastened in place on the section 21a, previous to its insertion into the body 15, as may sometimes be done, the said socket members 25a are inserted into the pelvis openings from the inside. In either case, the material of which the body 15a is made will engage the annular shoulders 26a with the peripheral surfaces of said openings in engagement with the contiguous surfaces of said socket members. To complete the arrangement, socket members 32a, which may be substantial duplicates of the members 32 of Figs. 1 and 2, are inserted through the shoulder openings of the body 15a into recesses 33a formed in the member 21a and corresponding to the recesses 33 of Figs. 1 and 2. The socket members 32a are also provided with annular flanges 34a corresponding to the flanges 34 of Figs. 1 and 2, and likewise engaging the body material surrounding said control openings, as clearly shown in Fig. 5; the socket members 3211 may be secured in the recesses 33a by gluing or by simple force fits therein. The sockets 25a are provided with concaved recesses 28a for the reception of the bearing members 45 fixed upon the spherical ends 29a of the leg members, which socket members 3202 include concave recesses 35a for the reception of the bearing membore 46 secured upon the spherical ends 36a of the arm members 19a. The arm members 19a are fixed in place in the manner previously indicated with respect to Figs. 1 and 2 by the elastic cords or the like 20a, and the leg membersl8a are adjustably held in place by means of the elastic cords 17a or the like, which engage a fastening device 181) located interiorly of the head 16a, which is adjustably mounted on the curved surface 43a of the neck section 3911, and is adjustably held in place thereon by the tension of the cords or bands 17a.
The head 16a may be of the same general construction as the head 16 of Figs. 1 and 2, but in the example shown in Figs, 5, 6 and 7 comprises a special construction which will now be described. In this special construction the head 16a is made of soft rubber or equivalent material and is molded in hollow form in any conventional way, for instance, as previously set forth with respect to the molding of the bodies and leg and arm members described hereinbefore, so that in its normal condition, the head is collapsible and without any inherent rigidity of its own. To provide the desired rigidity against collapse, and to make said head conform more closely to the natural characteristics of the natural head exemplified thereby, a rigid means 161) is'lccated within said head for supporting predetermined portions thereof against inward collapse under external pressures exerted thereon or forces developed internally of the toy figure, for instance, by the elastic cords 17, 17a, or their equivalent. In the illustrated example, this supporting means 16b comprises a hollow device which may be constructed of plastic material, metal or other suitable material and in any case is combined with the head 16a during the molding thereof; that is to say, the device 162) when made of metal or the like, after first having been coated with a rubber cement or other suitable material is introduced-into the mold with the material of which the head 16a is composed, which is then molded in the conventional manner; if made of plastic material or the like the device 162) is coated with rubber cement or the like as before, is placed with the head material in the mold so that the head and the device 16b may concurrently be molded to the desired finished shape. After the molding process has been completed, the combined head 16a and the supporting device 162) are vulcanized, so that 'both become intimately united by vulcanization to comprise, in effect, a unitary structure. The device 16b corresponds in its arrangement and characteristics to the particular head of the toy figure with which it is combined. In the illustrated example, the supporting device 161) comprises a frontal section, a skull section, a back section and a lower portion which is apertured to adjustably fit upon the neck member 39a, as clearly shown in Figs. 5 and 6. The front portion of the device 1612 in the form shown in Figs. 6 and 7 is cut away to form a front opening in registry with the face of the doll, and at the sides along a curved line 160, so that the face of the doll and the cheeks thereof are unsupported from the inside and accordingly are capable of yielding inwardly in a manner closely simulating the face and cheek portions of a natural human head. With this arrangement, the device 16?) may serve as a support for the framework 47, which carries the eyes 48 in such a manner that said eyes may operate to simulate the eyes of a sleeping person, and one who is awake. In such case, the head 16a will be provided in the face portion thereof with eye-sockets 49 through which the eyes 48 project and in which they are movable, as previously described. With the arrangement now being described, the supporting device 167) may also carry the fastening device 181) which, in such case maybe secured to the device 1% by being molded therein and include a head 18c embedded in the device 16b to maintain the fastening device 181) in connection with the device 161) under the tension exerted by the elastic cords 17a or their equivalent.
In some forms of toy figures, it maybe desirable to combine the means whereby the body. of the figure is supported against collapse in a predetermined manner, by molding the supporting device Within the body coineidentally with the. moldinguthereof inwaemanner similar to the -method describedwwith respect-to the head of Figs. 5,=-6 andaT-i Such an arrangement embodied 5 inwa dollis illustrated' inFigsiB and Q. In this form, the: doll comprises-at'hollow body b of FOf-gFigS; 1: andiz lor the legimembers 18a and arm members 19a of Figs. 5 and 6.
When the doll of Figs. 8 and 9 hasbeen completed; the body 15a willibelirigidly :supported at the reanby thessections 21b, 32b and 23a in a manner to rcorrespondrtothe characteristics of soft rubber or equivalent material correspondis.anatural:humanabodwatsthe indicated sections;
ing to the body 15 of Figs; 1 and .2, which body 15b at themonclusion of the molding operation -10 may present thetappearance illustratedin Fig:
10. tr t trated in Figs-:8 andsQ- QOmprises. a back-bone section 21b;- arishoulder: and chest isectionn32b, andwa ipelvis' section 23a! The section 3 21) is! 15. formed with concave recesses 35bvinwhich: openings 350 areilocated; and the pelvis section 230,
- includesueoncave recesses 2812.55 which openings, am :271) are formeddas shown in Figs. Thesections 21b, 32b andl23a comprise integral parts of-each: 20' other and may be formed of metal, plastic ma-.
. iwterial or any other suitable substance. The unit.
consisting of the-sections 2lb,'32b and 2311, when made ot: :metal Lori corresponding substantially igid materiahafterhaving been covered-with'a suitable :mubber icement 1 or: its equivalent, is in? -=troduced into the mold with the material-from.v which the body 15b :ismade so that the-supporting #device now being describedis. combined with said-body 15b=during the molding-yif said. supporting device is made-of :plasticor other. similar moldable .material, saidtdevice, in additionto beingi combined with the'body 15b in the -lcmannervdescribedabove, may be molded tOfinfiall 1 .shape; coincidentally therewith. After the molde- '35 ing-operation has been completed, the combined: body and, internal supporting-device are Vulcan-v formia substantially unitary element. The doll the upperchestlportipnzofithe body and the front andlower :palvisportions thereof will likewise be pported from. Within;:Whllllhe IOWBILChBSt por The internal, supporting :means, as'--illusa=-. tion' andlthe abdominalsection oi saidibedy will cbeuunsrupponted anduaccordingly will yield innvardiyizeat tiliiurflclllll andi sidesainl approximate :imulation oi theucorresppndingi' parts eta hu- -man,body.
wit Wilhioeiunderstoodthat the plastic material ferred-a'togin thewspecification for 1188:1171 conistructing ztheosupportingo devices in lsomeldorms, ,i is QfiLS-MCZ'L a1 characterthatsit will become: set or dry lhard; andlthusspresent theurequiredlzrigid propertiest in its final; f ormoai Similarly it is to .be. understood that the: applieationi oftaorubber alcement, '.or its-. equivalent 1:to theosupporting de- .vices ioroiconnectionrlwith the, associated ele- 11 ments may in.- some:.-instanceabenomitted. ..;While.I have described thelvariousnovel fea- .tures. specifically .in-' ,connectionzwith a toy doll, t, ,it will be obvious that they may be.=incorporated ninotherLtOy figures in such. manner. that said toy figures will; very; closely approximate the.-origi- Linals not which: said. figures arewcopies. 1111 all forms the toy i-figuresllaocordinglynpresent not only'oaiemost maturalwappearancer, but rembody reharacteristics 150108613 appr,oximating,:;. those of the human corn animali'-,-bodies.- constituting the originals "of theitoy bodiestunderl discussion. ized? and -thereby ':becomeJintimately united to.
.lni addition, than internal. lsupportingrrmeans provides .mecha'nical,iarrangements: whicheffii nowbeingdescribed further includes a neck meme. sciently operate toiresisttensionall forcesinherentber '39 corresponding to the ineck member .of Figs; 1 and 2 and similarly including. an annular,v
and securedain such :opening in any desirable.
manner. af-Io completerthe (10115 3, head, either as--- vices.-
lyre-present in. the different typesofjointed figures wawhereby all. partsof saidifigures areladjustably -recess 41 for the reception of theneck-portioniomaintainedz infltheir intendedarelationatooeach other. Imthose .for ms-in whichathei internal supportingnmeans is Lcombinedo with the respective members or elementsuof the toy figuresr byomoldingandsubsequent vulcanization, amost intimate and .-.efficienti union of i the .-parts !is secured: :50. that Lin effectithe .intern-al- :supporti-ng :means and the ted int0 an 0pening provided in thesectio'n 32b:
members or velementssine which saidimeans are incorporated .constitutelunitaryl structures or de- Toy figureslmade rinrhollow form'lof soft v: R- ShOWIFiH FigS; 1 and:2g==ori as illustrated in Figsm rubberlzorr othe-rhcollapsible. material havex long 5; 6 and mounted upon the neck member 39 I andwsecured inwaplace -by means of 1 elastic" cords,
-29 of the leg'members 1am UhSlGCGSSQSQBZbOf: the pelvisrsection 23m to adjustably secure said legmembers to the body 151); the spherical enda 36-of the arm members 19 are securedin the i .130 concave recesses35li of the-section 321) by means tend intoengagement. withthezco-operating con caverreoesses 28b and ;35.b.-respectively; thewoperb' I; ings in .:question may beproduced by: cutting away mpenings' may-,berproducedein ERYI'iOiJhGIUCODVGHE-e firxconstnuction: either tothesleg and arm :members been recognized as ideal replicaswof the originals 2' fIOIllutzWhiChv they .arei :copied.. 5: Such toy *figures,
l 7 b, which servealso to fixthe spherical "endswhowever;.upato the present timeahave:lacked the :adjustabilitminherent other' types of i figures, i which include jointed constructionsabecause of the fact that said rubber or'equivalentdolls and =other figures have usually been molded as-units in which all parts of the-figure are-molded together 'as integralparts. "With the presentnovel constructions, a1lof the desirable features present in the'existin'g hollow jtoy,figures of soft rubber 1401' .the like, and inherentin. existing ,toyfigures the-sphericahends:36softhe arm;members;-19 ex- Jointedlconstruction-areincluded in their tirety,,.:with theiadditionaladvantage that toy ,Ifigures? constructed; in "accordance with the in- .,stant.-invention; much 5 more closely simulate the U 0 thenportions'i;ershown: in Fig; 1min the;mannersl: n l they G: D d-: The
previously :setdorthgin theuzdescription; :or said v l :tOy guresa-present-, noparticular, difiicultiesiof manufacture and are not excessively exientzmannem: The'wlegwmembersrlfi andthe arm:-::gpensive.toqproduce.
'membersyllaaof .Figsn 8. and-,9- maycorrespond in #:Various changesgin :the specificzformsishown andzdescribed mayybelmade ;.within the :scope of the claims without departing from the spirit of the invention.
1. A doll comprising a hollow collapsible body, provided with a neck opening and arm and leg openings, a rigid device located interiorly of said body and extending lengthwise thereof, a
neck member extending from said rigid device outwardly through said neck opening and connected with said body thereat to constitute a bearing surface exteriorly of said body, said rigid device being provided with arm recesses and leg recesses in proximity respectively with said arm and leg openings, a head movably mounted on the exterior bearing surface of .said neck member, arm members movably mounted in said arm recesses, leg members movably mounted in said leg recesses, and means whereby said head, arm members and leg members are adjustably connected with said body.
2. A doll comprising a hollow collapsible body provided with a neck opening, arm openings and leg openings, a rigid device located interiorly of saidbody and extending lengthwise thereof, a neck member located exteriorly of and connected with said body at said neck opening and projecting inwardly through the same into connection with said rigid device to constitute an external bearing surface, ahead adjustably mounted on the bearing surface of said neck member, socket members located exteriorly of said body and extending inwardly through said arm openings into connection with said rigid device to constitute external bearing surfaces, arm members adjustably mounted in the external bearing surfaces of said socket members, additional socket members located exteriorly of said body and extending inwardly through said leg openings into connection with said device to constitute additional external bearing surfaces, leg members adjustably mounted in the external bearing surfaces of said last named socket members, and means whereby said head, arm members and leg members are adjustably secured in connection with said body.
3. A doll comprising a hollow collapsible body, provided with a neck opening and arm and leg openings, a rigid device located within said body and extending lengthwise thereof, a neck member projecting outwardly from said rigid device through said neck opening and connected with said body thereat to constitute a bearing surface exteriorly of said body, a head movably mounted on the exterior'bearing surface of said neck member, socket members extending through said arm openings into connection with said device, arm members adjustably mounted in said socket members, additional socket members connected with said device and projecting through said leg openings, leg members adjustably mounted in said last named socket members, and means whereby said head, arm members and leg members are adjustably connected with said body.
4. In a doll, a hollow collapsible body provided with a neck opening and arm and leg openings, a back-bone member located within said body and consisting of two connected tubular sections, a neck member connected with said back-bone member and extending through said neck opening and being connected with said body thereat, socket members extending through said arm openings into connection with said back-bone member and provided with externally accessible concave recesses, annular flanges carried by said socket members and engaging said body exteriorly of said arm openings, a pelvis member consisting of two sections connected with each other and with said back-bone member and provided with recesses in registry with said leg openings, socket members extending through said leg openings into the recesses of said pelvis sections and provided with externally accessible concave recesses, and annular flanges carried by said last named socket members whereby said body is clamped against said pelvis sections adjacent to the peripheries of said leg openings.
5. A doll comprising a hollow collapsible body provided with a neck opening and arm and leg openings, a back-bone member located within said body and extending lengthwise thereof, a neck member comprising an integral extension of said back-bone member and projecting outwardly through said neck opening to constitute a bearing surface exteriorly of said body, said back-bone member being provided with an annular recess at the base of said neck member in which the body at said neck opening is secured, a head movably mounted on the external bearing surface of said neck member, socket members extending through said arm openings into connection with said back-bone member, annular flanges carried by said socket members and engaging said body exteriorly of said arm openings, additional socket members connected with said back-bone member and extending outwardly through said leg openings, said socket members being all provided with externally accessible con cave recesses, arm members movably mounted in the recesses of said first socket members, leg members movably mounted in the recesses of said additional socket members, and means whereby the head, arm members and leg members are adjustably connected with said body.
6. A doll comprising a hollow collapsible body provided with a neck opening and arm and leg openings, a rigid supporting device located interiorly of said body and consisting of a backbone section extending lengthwise of said body, a combined shoulder and chest section provided with concave arm recesses in registry with said arm openings, and a pelvis section provided with concave leg recesses in registry with said leg openings, said supporting device being in molded connection with said body, a neck member provided with a bearing surface exteriorly of said body and extending through said neck opening into connection with said device and provided with an annular recess, a neck portion comprising an integral extension of said body at said neck opening extending into said annular recesses whereby said neck member and said body are connected with each other, a head movably mounted on the exterior bearing surface of said neck member, arm members movably mounted in said arm recesses, leg members movably mounted in said leg recesses, and means whereby said head, arm members and leg members are adjustably connected with said body.
7. A doll comprising a hollow collapsible body provided with a neck opening and arm and leg openings, a rigid supporting device located interiorly of said body and consisting of a backbone section extending lengthwise of said body, a combined shoulder and chest section provided with concave arm recesses in registry with said arm openings, and a pelvis section provided with concave leg recesses in registry with said leg openings, said supporting device being vulcanized to said body for intimate connection therewith, a neck member provided with a bearing surface t exteriorly of said body and projecting inwardly through said neck opening into connection with said rigid device, a head movably mounted on the exterior bearing surface of said neck member, arm members movably mounted in said arm recesses, leg members movably mounted in said leg recesses, and means whereby said head, arm members and leg members are adjustably connected with said body.
8. In a doll, a hollow collapsible member of soft rubber provided with a spherical end constituting a joint and having an opening, a spherical supporting device within said spherical end for internally supporting the same against collapse, said spherical device being in molded, vulcanized connection with said spherical end and having a recess and a continuing aperture, and a fastening device connected with said spherical device and slidably mounted in said recess and continuing aperture, said fastening device being initially located entirely within said spherical end and being adjustable into a position of accessibility through said opening.
9. In a doll including a body provided with an external bearing at the neck thereof, that improvement which comprises a hollow collapsible head of soft rubber provided with eye-sockets and a bearing portion adapted for engagement with the external bearing of said body, a hollow supporting means within said head for supporting predetermined portions of said head from the inside and extending downwardly into proximity with said bearing portion for imparting rigidity to said head at the bearing portion thereof, said supporting means being open at the front and sides in registry with the face and cheeks of said doll, and eye mechanism movably carried by said supporting means and including eyes located in registry with said eye sockets.
10. In a toy figure including a body, a head and recesses for accommodating limb members, that improvement which comprises a limb member of moldable material provided with a collapsible hollow spherical end having a restricted opening therein, said spherical end constituting a joint adapted to fit one of said recesses, a rigid supporting device in conforming interior surface engagement with said spherical end and enclosed thereby for supporting said spherical end against collapse, and fastening means movably carried by said supporting device in registry with said opening for adjustment in its entirety into said spherical end and into an operative position through said opening for connecting said limb member with said body.
11. In a doll including a body, a head mounted thereon, and bearing recesses for accommodating arm and leg members, that improvement which comprises a hollow collapsible member of soft rubber provided with a hollow spherical end constituting a joint adapted to'fit into one of said bearing recesses and having a restricted opening, a spherical supporting device enclosed within said spherical end in conforming interior sur face engagement therewith for supporting said spherical end against collapse, fastening means slidably carried by said supporting device in registry with said opening and adjustably accessible therethrough for connecting said member with said body, and a metallic bearing shell secured to said spherical end in external relation thereto for bearing contact with the surface of the co operating recess.
JOSEPH L. KALLUS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2849834 *||Aug 15, 1957||Sep 2, 1958||Melchior Scoparino||Walking and sitting doll|
|US4341036 *||Oct 20, 1980||Jul 27, 1982||Yeu Nam J||Stuffed toy|
|US5516322 *||Jan 9, 1995||May 14, 1996||Myers; Jeff D.||Liquid fillable transparent dolls|
|US6991510||Sep 8, 2003||Jan 31, 2006||Nanma Manufacturing Co., Ltd.||Swivel air passing joint for an inflatable mannequin|
|US20040064056 *||Aug 13, 2003||Apr 1, 2004||Colin Corporation||Heart-sound detecting apparatus and heart-sound detecting method|
|International Classification||A63H3/46, A63H3/00|