|Publication number||US1969756 A|
|Publication date||Aug 14, 1934|
|Filing date||Nov 24, 1931|
|Publication number||US 1969756 A, US 1969756A, US-A-1969756, US1969756 A, US1969756A|
|Inventors||Percival D. Lowell|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
AI Ig. 14, 1934. p LOWELL 1,969,756
INCENSE BURNER Filed Nov. 24. 1931 INVEN TOR.
A TTORNEY Patented Aug. 14, 1934 I moans]: BURNER, I "Percival 1). Lowell, Capitol Heights, Md.
Application November'2'4, 1931, Serial No. 577,060 4 Claims." (01. 1ev-3) My invention relates broadly to incense burners and more particularly to a construction of incense burner having means for periodically generating and releasing smoke rings for distribution in the w atmosphere. 7
One of the objects of my invention is to provide a construction of, incense burnerin the form.
of an automatic device having means for generating and releasing smoke rings at periodic time in,- Another object of my invention is to provide a construction of automatic incenseburner wherein a mechanical drive device is arranged to operate a compressing mechanism for periodically creating compression and rarefaction efiects within the burner for generating and releasing smoke rings which may be distributed through the atmosphere.
Another object of my invention is to provide a construction of compressing mechanism by whichv smoke rings may be generated in the device and released for distribution at periodic time inter? vals. .Y c
Other and further objects of myinvention reside in the construction of an automatic incense burner as set forth more fully in the specification hereinafter following by reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:-
Figure 1 is a front view of the incense burner showing the outward appearance of the device in which the automatic mechanism of my invention is housed; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional-view taken through the incense'burner'of my invention; Fig. 3 is a lateral cross-sectional view taken on line 3--3 of Fig. 2 and showing the arrangement ofparts of the compressing mechanism employed in the incense burner; Fig.4 is aside elevational view showing the compression mechanism employed in the incense burner; Fig. 5 is a crosssectional view through the compression mechanism in one of its limiting positions in which compression has been reproduced in the inside structure of the incense burner; and Fig. 6 is a plan view of the compression mechanism illustrating the manner in which the compression mechanism is supported in the housing of the incense burner. V
The incense burner of my invention has been tervals for distribution through the atmosphere.
simplified construction of incense burner to-' A further object of my invention resides in the designed to provide for the distribution of smoke rings at periodic time intervals. The incense whichis generated by the burning of the incense material is released in a chamber within a suitableghousing. I provide a mechanism for producing alternate compression and rarefaction effects-for releasing from the chamber rings of smokewhich are distributed at periodic time intervals from thechamber in which the incense is generated. The compression mechanism comprises a bellows device which is readily installed. in the incense chamber and is driven by any suitable form of driving mechanism such. asa spring motor or a motor of the induction type operated from the eleotric'light circuit or a co n 7 nection taken to any suitable socket. The parts of the mechanism of my invention are inexpensive and are capable of manufacture and production inexpensively on a quantity production scale, The assembly of the parts is very simple and the complete devicemay be retailed at a price which will permit quantity distribution. H
Referring to the drawing in more detail, I have illustrated .the incense burner of my invention ashoused within a casing 1 in the form o f;a statuette. Any form of casing or housing may be employed and the statuette shown in the drawing hasmerely been adopted for purposes of explain-- ing the principles of; my invention. The casing is shown as-having an outlet,2 through which the smoke rings are periodically released. The casing includes an incense chamber indicated at 3 and a lower chamber 4 which houses the driving mechanism. The casing is divided into the incense chamber 3 and the driving mechanism chamber .4 by the lateral partition shown at 5. The incense chamber 3 has a laterally extending shelf 6 in the upper portion thereof and immediately below the rear entrance port '7. The rear entranceportf? is closed by a plug 8 which may; be inserted or removed to permit a fresh piece of incense to beplaced upon the shelf 6 as shown at 2'7. ;The shelf 6 is provided with ports 9 to permit the entrance of air under pressure created by the air compressing mechanism which is disposed below the shelf 6. The air compressing mechanism is inserted in the partitionS through a port lljl.therein. v The airacompressing mechanism is constituted by an annular frame member 11 having laterally extending portions 12. The intersection of the frame member 12 provides means for guiding the central stem 18 forming part of the air compressing mechanism. I have shown the sleeve 14 as integral with the diametrically extending .frame members 12. Sleeve 14 discs jointly provide a base member for the compression mechanism, which, in the form of my invention as illustrated, is a bellows device 15. The bellows device 15 is supported by the interior of the annular rim 11 and depends downwardly into the lower chamber 4 of the casing 1. The-bellows 15 is constructed of fiexible material such as leather or heavy paper and is capable of being reciprocated vertically in the direction of the central stem 18 and against the pressure of coil" spring 20. The compression mechanism is periodically operated from the cam 25 carried by' drive shaft 24 which extendsffromthe driving! motor 21. The cam 25 is in the form of a star or device having actuating members disposed at 120 displacement one with respect to the other. This cam driven from shaft 24 operated by spring motor 21 serves to impart vertical movement to the bellows 15 as each cam passes beneath the disc 16; The spring motor 21 hasits winding H device extending from the casing 1- as indicated at 22 to which may be attached the winding key 23 as shown. In lieuof the spring motor, I-ma'y employ an induction motor driven from the electric light circuit. The compression mechanism is secured in the aperture 10 in an extremely simple manner. The annular rim llhas a pair of spring clips 26 extending vertically therefrom at 'dia metrically opposite portions of: the rim 11 as shown more clearly in 4. The rim 11 may,
therefore, be projected upwardly. from beneath the chamber 4 in amanner in which the spring fingers 26 are permitted -to-p'ass through the aperture according to the-dotted line showing in Fig. 4. After the annular rim' 11 has' been passed through the partition 5, the spring fingers 26 assume the full linepositionas shown in Fig. 4 and thus tend to grip the compressing mechanism in a position 6 tothe partition -5 as clearly shown in Fig. 2. This'manner of attaching the compressing mechanism to the partion a quantity production basis.-
tion' 5 facilitates the assembly of the device and permits thestructure to be madeinexp'ensively which is generated by the burning of the incense stick 27 is released in the chamber 3 as represented generally at 28 The compression effect produced by the upward movement of the bellows in the position shown in Fig. 5 tends to force the incense through the discharge port 2 in a ,manner by which a smoke ring is formed for liberation through the atmosphere. The
rarefaction which is produced as th'e-bellows 15 is shifted in the opposite direction under the action of spring tends to prepare the incense in the chamber 3 for the succeeding ejection process. The alternate production of compression and partial vacuum in chamber 3"operates to release the incense from chamber*3*in such manner that the smoke rings areformed. "The periodic operation 'of' the compression me'cha nism results in the generation and release or smoke rings at spaced intervals as represented at 29, 30 and 31 in-Fig. 2. The incense burner operate indefinitely so long as a charge of The incensef incense is provided on the shelffi. The incense may be renewed from time to time by opening plug 8 and inserting a fresh charge for the continued operation of the incense burner. The rate of discharge of the smoke rings may be increased by modifying the construction of the cam 25 thereby providing a more rapid reciprocatory movement of the compression mechanism and allowingdistribution of the smoke rings through the atmosphere in "quick succession.- Various forms. of. governor devices may be applied to the spring motor for adjustably controlling the rates ohdischarge of the smoke rings. Other and further modifications may be made in the structure of my invention, and by illustrating my inventioninone of its preferred embodiments, I desire thatit be understood that modifications of my invention may be made within the scope the spirit of my invention.
a What I'claim as new and Letters lows:
, of the appended claims without departing from desire to secure by 1. An-incense"burner'.comprising a statuettehavinga discharge aperture thereinfor smoke rings, a bellows device for producing periodic compressions and rarefactions of the atmosphere within said statuette, spring means forattaching said bellows to said statuette, and means for reciprocating said bellows for formulating smoke" rings and forcing said rings throughsaid discharge aperture. 7
2."An incense burner comprising a statuette having a. discharge aperture therein for smokerings, a diaphragm device, spring m'eans or attaching said diaphragmwdevice to said-statuette, means for periodically displacing .said diaphragm device for producing alternate compressions and rarefactions or theatmosphere within said statuette for generating smoke Patent of the-UnitedStates is as--fol--' rings and effecting the discharge thereof thro. gh said discharge aperture. V a
..3..An incense burner comprising a statuette having ,a discharge. .aperture therein. for smoke rings, a frame structure, a pair of springflngers connectedv withsaid -frame structure. and engageable with saidstatuette for maintaining said frame structure in position within said statuette, abellows depending from. said-frame structure,
and means for reciprocating said bellows for forcing smoke through said-discharge aperture wherebyringsare formed.
4.,An incense burner comprising astatuette havinga dischargeaperture therein for smoke rings, a frame structure, means for maintaining said frame structure in position within said statuette, a bellows, depending fromsaid frame structure, a headmernber in said bellows, a controlrod extending from said head member and projecting through said frame structure, spring means between said head member and said framev structure for normally maintaining said bellows 'in expanded position, and means for reciproeating said bellows for-forcing smoke through said discharge aperture whereby rings are formed.
- PERcivALf D. LoWELL.
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|US4219531 *||Nov 20, 1978||Aug 26, 1980||Wisniewski Gerald A||Smoke diffusing device|
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|US6846462||Jun 17, 2002||Jan 25, 2005||Stanley, Iii Virgil E.||Incense burner|
|US20030231991 *||Jun 17, 2002||Dec 18, 2003||Stanley Virgil E.||Incense burner|
|US20040213704 *||Apr 23, 2003||Oct 28, 2004||John Reed||Ventilated incense burner with incense smoke visual interest|
|WO2003105959A1 *||Jun 5, 2003||Dec 24, 2003||Virgil Stanley||Incense burner|
|U.S. Classification||422/124, D11/128, 261/DIG.880, 239/211, D23/367, 422/126|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S261/88, A61L9/122|