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Publication numberUS1969798 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1934
Filing dateJul 21, 1931
Priority dateJul 21, 1931
Publication numberUS 1969798 A, US 1969798A, US-A-1969798, US1969798 A, US1969798A
InventorsHultquist Charles A
Original AssigneeIndependent Pneumatic Tool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Retainer for tools and the like
US 1969798 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1934. c. A HULTQUIST 1,969,798

' RETAINER FOR TOOLS AND THE LIKE Filed July 21, 1931 f/VI/f/VTOR ChA/PL E5 A. /70L T u/ar afiamw ATTORNEY Patented Aug. 14, 1934 PATENT OFFICE Q 1,969,798- aa'ranvaa. FOR roonsann rm: LIKE Charles A. Hultquist, Los 'Angelel, Calif., al-

signor to Independent Pneumatic Tool Company, Chicago. 111., a corporation of Delaware Application July 21, 1931, sci-n1 No. 552,1

Claims. (01. 121-32) My present invention relates to retainers for retaining tools or other members in sockets and more particularly for retaining drillsteels in the chucks or front heads of pneumatic hammers or .5 tools. However, my present invention is not restricted to such limits;

The objects 'of this invention are: first, to pro vide an extremely simple and economical means for retaining a drill steel, tool, or other member 10 in the chuck or front head of a pneumatic tool or other device, or other socket member; second, to provide a device or means of this class which is particularly applicable to mechanisms or devices subjected to continuous vibration, and

16 which device or means is so constructed that the key or retainer will not be shaken loose or free by continuous vibration even though the key or retainer may be easily withdrawn with one finger; third, to provide a device'or means of this 20 class whereby a shank is retained within a. socket by a loose key or retainer having no catch or other securing means in connection-therewith, andwhich may be withdrawn from the socket without effort and without any preliminary 0p-' eration; fourth, to provide a retainer of this'class in connection 'with pneumatic hammers or tools, and which, even though struck with a considerable blow by the steel or tool held thereby, will not be distorted to any appreciable extent; and,

80 fifth, to provide as a whole a novelly constructed retaining means of this class, and one which is durable, and which will not readily deteriorate or get out of order.

With these and other objects in view, as will v appear hereinafter, my invention consists of cerment breaker, embodying my invention, showing a drill steel fragmentarily in t--e chuck of the pneumatic hammer, and showing a portion thereof broken away and in section to facilitate the illustration; Fig. 2 is another side elevational view thereof but taken at a right angle to that of Fig. 1; and Fig. 3 is a considerably enlarged transverse sectional view thereof, taken through 3-3 of Fig. 1, showing in'detail a specific embodiment of my invention.

Like-characters of reference refer to similar parts and portionsthroughout the views of the drawing. The pneumatic hammer or tool, shown in' the I drawing and in which my invention is incorporated in this instance, is a pavement breaker, 9

and consists essentially of.a cylinder 1, a gripfl means or handle 2 at the normally upper end of the cylinder, a hammer 3 reciprocally mounted in the cylinder, an anvil block i coaxial with and adapted to be engaged by the forward .end of the hammer, an anvil block seat member 5 secured to the forward end of the cylinder for guiding the anvil block and limiting the inward position thereof, and a front head or socket member 6 secured to the front side of the: anvil block seat member and coaxial therewith. The front head or socket member 6 is provided with an axial bore, socket, or recess? 6a for receiving, guiding and hold the shank 1a of the tool or drill steel 7 employed in breaking up concrete, 7 pavement, or for other purposes.

The forward or outer end of the front hea or socket member 6 is counterbored, as indicated by 61), for the reception of a collar ID on the drill steeliadjacent the shank end of the drill steel. This collar forms the retaining portion of the drill steel, in this instance.

My retaining means is incorporated with and forms a part of the outer end of the front head or socket member 6. This head or socket member is provided with a pair of holes 60 pcsitioned preferably in the same plane and preferably transversely with respect to the longitudinal axis of the bore or socket of theimember 6, and intermediate the ends of the counterbored portion 6b thereof. One of these holes is positioned at each side ofthe axis of the counterbore and at the opposite sides of the counterbore or recess, the longitudinal axes of the holes being substantially tangent to the wall forming the counterbore. The axes of the two holes 60 are positioned at an angle with respect to each other, as will be more specifically defined hereafter. The retaining member is a U-shapeda member made preferably of round, slightly: resilient: cold rolled steel, or any other suitable specialistock; The legs 8a of the retainer 8 are slightly less in diameter than the diameter of the holes 60 into which the legs are adapted to be insertedfi I have found that where the diameter of the legs being substantially identical with the included angle of the axes of the holes do, so that, when the legs 8a of the retainer are in their normal position in the holes the legs are loose and are free to move a slight distance lengthwise inwardly or outwardly therein as well as laterally. In order to facilitate the insertion of the ends of the legs into the holes 6c the ends of the holes positioned closest to each other are countersunk, as indicated by 6d in Fig. 3, or, if desired, the ends of the legs may be considerably rounded or beveled.

The theory of operation is as follows: When the tool is in operation its vibration causes the retainer to shake transversely in the socket member. By reason of the diverging relation between the holes and the corresponding relation of the legs, engagement of either leg with the radially inner side of its hole causes a resulting force which is at right angles to the axis of the holes and almost radially outward, hence there is a small moment towards the converging ends of the holes; similarly, when the outer sides of the legs engage the radially outer sides of the holes, the resulting force is likewise at right angles but almost radially inward, hence'producing a slight moment towards the diverging ends of the holes. Now, when the retainer is axially outward from its normal position, only the radially outer sides of the holes and outer sides of the legs engage because the holes are larger in diameter than the legs. Also, when the retainer is axially inward from its normal position only the radially inner sides of the holes and inner sides of the legs engage. Therefore, in the first case the retainer tends to work inwardly to its normal position and in the second case tends to work outwardly to its normal position. When in such normal position, the radially inner side of one leg engages the corresponding side of its hole at precisely the same instant that the radially outer side of the other leg engages the corresponding side of its hole, and conversely; hence, the axial moments cancel each other.

With this construction, no additional retaining means is necessary, even though the angle between the legs of the retainer is so slight that the retainer may be easily withdrawn from the socket member with one finger.

The portions of the legs intermediate the ends thereof, that is, the portions thereof which extend through the counterbored portion 6b of the socket member, receive the blow of the hammer by the engagement therewith of the outer side of the collar 7b. But since the legs 8a rest on the bottom sides of the holes 6c, there can be no material distortion of such legs of the retainer when struck by the collar 71).

Though I have shown and described a particular construction, combination and arrangement of parts and portions, I do not wish to be limited to this particular construction, combination and arrangement. but desire to include in the scope of my invention the construction, combination and arrangement substantially as set forth in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, whatI claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a device of the class described, the combination with a shank provided with a retaining portion near one end, of a socket member having a deep recess adapted to receive the portion of the shank from the end thereof to the portion beyond the retaining portion, said socket member having a pair of spaced apart holes p0- sitioned at a slight angle with respect to each other and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the recess, one hole being positioned at each side of the axis and intersecting the recess adjacent the opposite sides thereof, and a U-shaped retainer having legs slightly smaller in cross section than the cross section of the holes, said legs being positioned substantially at the same angle with respect toeach other as the axes of the holes with respect to each other, said legs being loosely positioned in said holes and adapted to be engaged intermediate their ends by the retaining portion of the shank for retaining the shank within the recess.

2. In a device of the class described, the combination with a shank provided with a retaining portion near one end, of a socket member having a deep recess adapted to receive the portion of the shank from the end thereof to the portion beyond the retaining portion, said socket member having a pair of spaced apart holes positioned at'a slight angle with respect to each other and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the recess, one hole being positioned at each side of the axis and intersecting the recess adjacent the opposite sides thereof, and a U-shaped retainer having legs slightly smaller in cross section than the cross section of the holes, said legs being positioned substantially at the same angle with respect to each other as the axes of the holes with respect to eachother, said legs being loosely positioned in said holes and adapted to be engaged intermediate their ends by the retaining portion of the shank for retaining the shank within the recess, the coincident ends of said holes having countersunk portions to facilitate the introduction of the free ends of the legs of the U- shaped retainer into said holes.

3. In a device of the class described, the combination with a shank provided with'a retaining portion near one end, of a socket member having a deep recess adapted to receive the portion of the shank from the end thereof to the portion beyond the retaining portion, said socket member having a pair of spaced apart diverging holes and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the recess, one hole being positioned at each side of the axis and intersecting the recess adjacent the opposite sides thereof, and a U- shaped retainer having legs slightly smaller in cross section than the cross section of the holes, said legs diverging outwardly from their secured ends at substantially the same angle with respect to each other as the axes of the holes with respect to each other, said legs being loosely positioned in said holes and adapted to be engaged intermediate their ends by the retaining portion of the shank for retaining the shank within the recess.

4. In a device of the class described, the combination with a shank provided with a retaining collar near one end, of a socket member having a deep recess adapted to receive the portion of the shank from the latter end thereof to the portion beyond the retaining collar, said socket member having a pair of spaced apart holes positioned at a slight angle with respect to each other and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the recess, one hole being positioned at each side of the axis and intersecting the recess adjacent the opposite sides thereof, and a U-shaped retainer having legs slightly smaller in cross section than the cross section of the holes, said legs being positioned substantially at the same angle with respect to each other as the axes of the holes 1 positioned in said holes and adapted to be engaged intermediate their ends by the retaining collar of the shank for retaining the shank within the recess.

5. The combination with the front head of a pneumatic tool having a longitudinally extending socket, and a drill steel having a collar at one end, said drill steel adapted to be inserted with the end thereof provided with the collar into said socket, said head having a pair of spaced apart holes positioned at a slight angle with respect to each other and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the socket, one hole being positioned at each side of the axis and intersecting the socket adjacent the opposite side walls thereof, of a U-shaped retainer having legs slightly smaller in cross section than the cross section of the holes, said legs being positioned substantially at the seine angle with respect to each other as the axes of the holes with respect to each other, said legs being loosely positioned in said holes and adapted to be engaged intermediate their ends by the collar of the drill steel for retaining the drill steel within the socket.

6. The combination with the front head of a pneumatic tool having a longitudinally extending socket, and a drill steel having a collar at one end, said drill steel adapted to be inserted with the end thereof provided with the collar into said socket, said head having a pair of spaced apart holes positioned at a slight angle with respect to each other and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the socket, one hole being positioned at each side of the axis and intersecting the socket adjacent the opposite side walls thereof,'of a U-shaped retainer having legs slightly smaller in cross section than the cross section of the holes, said legs being positioned substantially at the same angle with respect to each other as the axes of the holes with respect to each other, said legs being loosely positioned in said holes and adapted to be engaged intermediate their ends by the collar of the drill steel for retaining the drill steel within the socket, the coincident ends of the holes having countersunk portions to facilitate the introduction of the free ends of the legs of the U-shaped retainer into said holes.

7. In a device of the class described, the combination of the front end of a pneumatic tool having a longitudinally extending socket, a drill steel provided with a retaining portion near one end, said socket adapted to receive said end of the drill steel and the retaining portion thereof and provided with a pair of spaced apart holes diverging with respect to each other and extending transversely to the longitudinal axis of the socket, one hole being positioned at each side of the axis and intersecting the socket adjacent the opposite sides thereof, and a U-shaped retainer having legs slightly smaller in cross section than the cross section of the holes, said legs diverging outwardly with respect to each other from their secured ends and at substantially the same angle with respect to each other as the axes of the holes with respect to each other, said legs being loosely positioned in said holes and adapted to be engaged intermediate their ends by the retaining portion of the drill steel for retaining the drill steel within the socket.

8. In a tool retainer, a retainer member including a pair of diverging leg portions, a tool receiving means having a pair of diverging holes disposed at substantially the same angle as said leg portions and adapted to loosely receive said leg portions, said tool receiving means also having a tool receiving socket therein intersecting said holes.

ing a pair of diverging leg portions of substantially constant section, a tool receiving means having a pair of diverging holes adapted to receive said leg portions, said holes being constant and larger in section than said leg portions, the angle between said holes being substantially the same as the angle between said leg portions, said tool receiving means also having a tool receiving socket therein intersecting said holes.

10. In a tool retainer, a tool receiving means including a tool receiving socket and retainer receiving bores intersecting said socket, a retainer including a pair of leg portions adaptedto fit loosely in said bores, said bores disposed in slight angular relation with each other, and said leg portions disposed in similar angular relation.

CHARLES A. HULTQUIST.

9. In a tool retainer, a retainer member includm5

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2445659 *Sep 24, 1945Jul 20, 1948August R KurtzCleanout apparatus for drill steel
US2512149 *Feb 21, 1947Jun 20, 1950Joy Mfg CoWorking implement retainer
US2624177 *Feb 8, 1945Jan 6, 1953Charles F Warren JrHydraulic impact tool
US2917960 *Nov 21, 1955Dec 22, 1959Dayton Perforators IncPiercing punch
US3022769 *May 18, 1960Feb 27, 1962Skil CorpUniversal tool element retainer for rotary-hammer devices
US3268260 *Mar 7, 1963Aug 23, 1966Minsup Mining SuppliesMounting boxes and picks for coal-cutting machines
US5052430 *Jun 11, 1990Oct 1, 1991G. H. BettisValve actuator
US5388842 *Jun 15, 1993Feb 14, 1995Etablissements MontabertDevice for holding the tool of a hydraulic rock breaker
US5930899 *Jun 30, 1997Aug 3, 1999Snap-On Tools CompanyMolding and emblem removal tool
US6935436 *Aug 1, 2003Aug 30, 2005The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air ForceDouble-headed tent stake driver and puller having twin release levers
US8602385 *Mar 29, 2011Dec 10, 2013Siemens AktiengesellschaftCoupling an actuator to a valve using a retaining element engaging in a recess
US20110240901 *Mar 29, 2011Oct 6, 2011Siemens AktiengesellschaftCoupling an actuator to a valve using a retaining element engaging in a recess
DE1122908B *May 5, 1959Jan 25, 1962Bosch Gmbh RobertEinrichtung zum Halten eines Einsteckwerkzeuges in einem motorisch angetriebenen Schlaggeraet
Classifications
U.S. Classification279/19.5, 279/97, 403/379.4, 30/168
International ClassificationB25D17/08, B23B45/14, B25D17/00, B23B45/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25D17/08
European ClassificationB25D17/08