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Publication numberUS1970377 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1934
Filing dateJan 28, 1933
Priority dateJan 28, 1933
Publication numberUS 1970377 A, US 1970377A, US-A-1970377, US1970377 A, US1970377A
InventorsHeisler Jr Charles L
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Centrifugal machine
US 1970377 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Ihveht'oh: Hes L. HeisleYJT.'

HIS Attohe.

C. L. HEISLER, JR

CENTRIFUGAL MACHINE Filed Jan. 28, 1935 Aug. 14, 1934.

Patented Aug. 14; 1934 UNITED STATES oEN'mmUGAL MACHINE Charles L. Heisler, Jr.,

, signor to General Ele ration of'New York Schenectady, N. 11.,- ctric Company, a. corpo- Application January 28, 1933, Serial No. 654,013

11 claims. (Cl. 21o-71) The present invention relates to centrifugal machines such as centrifugal dryers, centrifugal extractors, and the like which comprise a shaft, usuallyl a,v vertical shaft, driven at one end and driving a device, such as abasket or receptacle, for example, at the other end, the device being supported usually by the shaft.v When the load rotated by such a shaft is not in balance, the shaft tends to rotate with a, whirling motion,

that is, to rotate about an axis other than its normal geometric axis, especially at or in the vicinity of the critical speed of the structureand since ordinarily such devices are operated at.

speeds above the first critical speed, it is neces'- ll sary to passthrough the critical speed in starting up and in stopping.

The object of the present invention is to provide an improved construction and arrangement whereby. difficulty in passing through critical l0 speed is minimized or entirely avoided, and for a consideration of what I believe to be novel and l my invention, attention is/directed to the accompanying description and the claims appended thereto.

In .the drawing, Fig. 1 is a View of a structure embodying my invention, and Fig.' 2 is a sectional view on a large scale of a part of the mechanism.

, According to my invention, I pro'videin con 3.0` nection with a rotating structure of the 'character referred to above, a. means for changing the critical speed of the structure, i. e.,qchangingr it from a higher value to a lower 'value when 1 starting up and the speed is increasing, and from a. lower value to a higher value when stopping and the speed is decreasing. The arrangement is such preferably that the critical speed is changed abruptly or quickly and by a considere v able amount so that when the speed of the structure is being increased and is approaching the then critical speed of the structure, the critical speed of the structure will be changed abruptly or quickly to a value below itsthen operating speed; and similarly when the speed is being decreased and is approaching the. then critical speed of the structure, the critical speed of the structure will be abruptly increased to a value above the then operating speed. By this arrangement, the structure operates only momentarily at either critical speed, passing through the critical speeds very quickly.

Referring to the drawing, 1 indicates a vertical shaftkwhich is driven at its lower end and supports a receptacle 2 at its upper end which mayv carry an unbalanced load, Receptacle 2 may be 11 are a series of springs 20, 21 and 22, the spring the basket of a centrifugal dryer such as is used in the drying of clothes, for example. Fixed to the lower end of shaft 1 is a lhub 3 provided with a ange or collar 4. The under side of collar 4 adjacent to its periphery is provided with 60 an annular foot 5 which rests on the upper flat surface of a collar 6 mounted on a. driving shaft 7. With this arrangement, collar 4 engages collar 6.on1y at its periphery. The under surface foot 5 is rounded slightly as is indicated at 8 so 65 that collar 4 can rock on collar 6. Shaft 'l may be supported by a suitable thrust bearing (not shown) and driven in any suitable way, for example, by an electric motor M carried by a suitable support S.

Collars 4 and 6 are locked together by pins 9 which are fixed to collar 6 and project into openings in collar 4,'the openings being somewhat larger than the pins to permit of flexing or rockingvcollar 4 on its rounded foot.

Fixed lto collar 6 is a. housing comprising a side wall 10 and a top wall 11,'the top wall being provided with an opening surrounded by a bearing sleeve 12 through which shaft 1 projects. Bearing sleeve 12 turns on a bearing lining 13 carried by a. flanged support 14 which is attached to a flxed support 15 by studs 16. Support 15 may be, for example, the supporting frame of a clothes washing and drying machine.

CResting ,on hub 3 is a spring support comprising two` parts, an inner part 17 which engages directly hub 3 and an'outer part or ring 18 which rests on a flange 19 which is a portion of inner part 17. Located between the spring support and top wall 20 being in engagement with ring 18 and the springs 21 and 22 being in engagement with inner y part 17.

At spaced points around casing 10 are ears 23 to which are pivoted weights 24 held normally in vertical position by a surrounding garter spring 252 Each weight is provided with a toe 26 which .rests under the spring supporting ring 18. A

suitable number of weights 24, three or four for example, may be provided,'and garter spring 25 which serves to oppose movements of the weights.

yunder the action of centrifugal force, may be chosen to give the desired operating characteristics to the weights. When shafts 1 and '1 are rotating, weights- 24 are thrown outward by centrifugal force against the action of springl 25 when'the speed reaches a certain value, thereby lifting' ring 18 against the action of spring 20 to decrease the spring force acting downward on Shaft 1. 110

5 4 on its support 6. These springs serve to exert on the shaft a counteracting force opposing the tendency of the shaft, with its unbalanced load, to rotate with a whirling motion. This force serves to give to the structure a stiffness such that its critical speed is higher than it would be were the spring force not exerted on the hub. When the.

shaft is being brought up to speed at a certain speed below the then critical speed, vthe weights 24 which operate after the manner of a fly-ball governor, move outward under the action of centrifugal force so that the toes 26 exert an upward force on ring 18 tending to raise it and thus take the pressure of spring 20 oif hub 3. This serves to lower the critical speed of thestructure, the arrangement being such that its critical speed will be lowered from its value above the then operating speed to a value below the then operating speed. Also, the arrangement is such preferably that the weights operate with a quick snap action whereby the critical speed of the structure is changed very quickly from the one value to the other. When the shaft is stopping, a similar action takes place, the weights serving to change the critical speed of the structure from the lower value to the higher value. The two critical speeds for the structure may be selected to have a desired diner-ence between them and the weights may be arranged to effect the change from the one critical speed to the other at a desired speed value between the two critical speed values.

One application of the invention is in connection with centrifugal dryers for clothes washing machines, this being an instance where unbalance of the load is usually present. However, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited necessarily to this or similar uses, but may be used wherever found applicable.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

1. The combination with a structure comprising a shaft having a driving means at one end and carrying at the other end an unbalanced load tending to cause the shaft to rotate with a whirling motion, of resilient means for exerting on the shaft a force counteracting the eil'ect of the unbalanced load and giving the'structure a certain critical speed, and means for varying the value of the force exerted by the resilient means while the shaft is rotating to change the critical speed of the structure'.

2. The combination with a structure comprising a shaft having a driving means at one end and carrying at the other end an unbalanced load tending to cause the shaft to rotate with a whirling motion, of resilient means for exerting on the shaft a force counteracting the effect of the unbalanced load and' giving the structure a certain critical speed, and means controlled by the t speed of rotation of the shaft for changing the value of the force exerted by the resilient means to change the critical speed of -the structure.

3. The combination with` an unbalanced rotating structure having a tendency to rotate with a whirling motion, ofl resilient means for exerting on the structure a force counteracting the tendency of the structure to rotate with a whirling mo- ',tion and giving the structure a certain critical speed, and means for changing the value of the force exerted by the resilient means to change the critical speed of the structure.

si.r The combination with an unbalanced rotat-l ing structure having a tendency to rotate with a whirling motion, of resilient means for exerting on the structure a force counteracting the tendency of the structure to rotate with a whirling motion and giving the structure a certain critical speed, and means controlled by the rotation of the structure for changing the value of the force exertedby the resilient means to change the critical speed of the structure.

5. The combination with an unbalanced rctat ing structure having a tendency to rotate with a. whirling motion, of spring means acting on the structure to counteract the tendency of the structure to rotate with a whirling motion and to give the structure a certain critical speed, and means for changing automatically the action of said spring means on the `structure while the structure is rotating to change the critical speed of the structure.l`

6. The combination with a structure comprising a shaft having a driving means at one end and carrying at the other end an unbalanced load tending to cause the shaft to rotate with a whirling motion, of a flange on the shaft, a supporting surface with which the flange engages, resilient means for forcing the ange against such surface to counteract the tendency of the shaft to rotate with a whirling motion and to give the structure V a certain critical speed, and means for varying the value of the force exerted by the resilient means to change the critical speed of the structure.

'1. The combination with a structure comprising a shaft having a driving means at one end and carrying at theother end an unbalanced load tending to cause the shaft to rotate with a whirling motion, of a flange on the shaft, a supporting surface with which the flange engages', resilient means for forcing the flange against such surface to counteract the tendency of the shaft to rotate with a whirling Imotion and to give the 'structure a certain critical speed, and speed controlled means for varying automatically the value of the force-exerted by the resilient means to change the l critical speed of the structure.

8, The combination withan unbalanced rotating structure having a tendency to rotate with a whirling motion, of resilient means for exerting said weight means for changing 'automatically thev v value of the force exerted by the resilient means to change the critical speed of the structure. l

9. The combination with anunbalanced rotating structure having a tendency to rotate with a. whirling motion, of resilient means for exerting on the structure a force counteracting the tendency of the structure to rotate with a whirling motion and giving the structure a first critical speed, and automatic means controlled by the operation of the 'structure for decre .sing the value" of the force exerted by the resilient means as the speed of the structure approaches the first critical speed to give the structure a second critical speed below the then operating speed. y I

110. The combination with an unbalanced rotating structure having a tendency to rotate with a whirling motion of resilient means for exerting on the structure a force counteracting the tendency of the structure to rotate with a whirling -motion and giving the structure a nrst critical speed, and automatic means controlled'by the operation of the structure for increasing the value of the force exerted by the resilient means as the speed of the structure approaches the iirst critical speed to give the structure a second critical speed above the then operating speed.

11. The combination with an unbalanced rotating structure having a tendency to rotate with a whirling motion of resilient means for exerting on the structure a force counteracting the tendency of the structure to rotate with a whirling motion and giving the structure a first critical speed, and automatic means controlledI by the ro- CHARLES L. HEISLER. JR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2512263 *Sep 14, 1948Jun 20, 1950Apex Electrical Mfg CoAutomatically controllable brake means for spin-drier type washing machines
US2968970 *Oct 13, 1958Jan 24, 1961Wilhelm LepperCompensation of unbalance in centrifugal machines
US3770191 *Jun 28, 1971Nov 6, 1973Sorvall Inc IvanMeans for stabilizing high speed rotors
US5026341 *May 22, 1987Jun 25, 1991Robert GiebelerLow speed disengageable damper
EP1247585A1 *Apr 4, 2001Oct 9, 2002A.L.C. International SrlBalancing device for rotating bodies
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/572.4
International ClassificationB04B9/00, B04B9/14
Cooperative ClassificationB04B9/14
European ClassificationB04B9/14