|Publication number||US1972346 A|
|Publication date||Sep 4, 1934|
|Filing date||Feb 8, 1933|
|Priority date||Feb 8, 1933|
|Publication number||US 1972346 A, US 1972346A, US-A-1972346, US1972346 A, US1972346A|
|Inventors||Juline George R|
|Original Assignee||Warren Axe And Tool Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (22), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
G. R, JULlNE Sep. 4, 1934.
LOAD BINDER Filed Feb. 8, 1933 Patented Sept. 4, 1934 1,972,346 LoAD BINDERA 7 George R. Juline, Warren, Pa., assigner to Warren Axe and Tool Co., Warren, Pa., a corporation of Delaware Application February 8, 1933, Serial No. 655,741`
4 Claims.l (Cl. 24-68) This invention relates to improvements in'load binders or pulling implements which are employed to facilitate thefastening of loads with chains,
v, cables and the like.
One of the objects of the invention is to provide an efcient tool of this character which is strong and durable in construction, and whichis provided with yieldable means for automatically taking up any slack in the chain and for absorbing any shocks or strainsvtransmittedto the tool or the load-engaging chain.
Another object of the invention is to so design and construct the tool that any kinks in the chain may be easily removed and further to so design l5 the tool that the same is positively prevented from being accidentally opened and releasing the load.
Other features of the invention reside in the construction and arrangement of parts herein- K K after described and particularly pointed out in 2G the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawingt-Figure 1 s a fragmentary perspective View showing the improved tool in use. Figure 2 is a side view of the Y tool showing the same in its open position. Figr25 ure 3 is a similar view of the tool in its closed position. Figure 4 is an elevation view of the tool looking at right angles to Figure 3. Figure 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary, vertical section taken substantially in the plane of line 5--5, Figure 3. "3d Figure 6 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section taken on line 6--6, Figure 4.
Similar characters of reference indicateV correspending parts throughout the several views.
By way of example, I have shown my improved tool in connection with the tying or binding of a load 10 to a truck-platform or the like, the ends of the tool being connected to the opposing ends of the chain 11 or like element encircling the load.
The improved tool consists of an actuating lever 12, one end of which is shaped to constitute a handle to operate the tool to bind or release the load, while the other end is bifurcated to provide spaced arms 13, this bifurcated portion being preferably deiiected relative to the handle and bent or shaped substantially in the form of a V. At their free ends these arms are provided With outwardly-extending pivots or trunnions 14 kand pivotally connected to these trunnions is a clevis 15 which is free to embrace or straddle the V- shaped portion 13 of the lever in the closed or clamped position shown in Figures 1 and 3, and which has a swiveled eye 16 mounted thereon to which a chain-engaging hook 17 is connected. The outer ends of the trunnions preferably ter- '55`. minate in elongated heads 18 and the free ends of the clevis 15 are provided with similarly shaped openings 19 for permitting theready assemblage of the clevis to the lever-trunnions. The trunnion-heads are soY disposed that when the lever is clamped Vdown to its Yload-tightening position, as seen in Figures 1 and 3, these heads are out of register with the'clevis-openings 19 so that there is nodanger of the clevis springing out of ,engagement withthe trunnions. n
The means for connecting the other end of the binding chain 1l to the tool consist of a ySwinging arm or tongue 20 pivoted at 21 to the apex of the V-shaped arm portion o the lever` 12 vsoV as to swing in the space between the bifurcated arms 13. At its outer or free end this tongue carries a s wiveled eye 22 land interposed between the latter and the hook l23 to which such other end of the chain is coupled is a yieldable Vconnection orshock absorber which )functionsv to automatically take up any slack in the chain should'the load settle as well as absorbing any shocks or strains to which the binder and load-engaging chain may be subjected. This connection preferably consists of a coil spring 24 to which are applied oppositely-facing loops 25, 26, the loop 25 being coupled to the swivel eye 22 and the companion loop 26 being joined to the hook 23. These loops extend through the opening in the coil spring and are disposed at right angles to each other, each terminating at their free ends in reversely-bent hooks 27 embracing the opposite ends of the spring as seen in Figure 6, so that when a pull is exerted on the loops 25, 26 and connected parts the spring is compressed.
In using the tool, the chain 11 or other tying element is wrapped about the load with the ends of the chain facing each other, say at the side of the load, as shown in Figure l. The tool, while in its open position shown in Figure 2, is then interposed between the ends of the chain and its hooks 17 and 23 are coupled thereto, after which the handle of the lever 12 is pulled downwardly, causing the clevis 15 and the tongue 20 to be brought toward each other to iirmly and eiectually tighten the chain about the load. When moving the lever to its closedv or clamped'position, its V-shaped arm portion 13 passes through the clevis and the tongue 20 swings to a substantially upright position with the 4swivel eyes 16 and 22 in substantial alinement and the pivot 2l ofthe tongue 20 displaced somewhat beyond the lever-trunnions 14, Vwhereby the lever is eiectually locked in its closed or load-tying position. Furthermore, in Athis position the spring 24 is strained and under tension and posiany kinks in the chain 11 may be easily removed from both ends without disturbing the position of the tool, and in addition to this advantage-the swivels permit the tool to be tipped to one side or the other of the chain to lie iiatwise against the load.
I claim as my inventiomi 1. A load binder, comprising an actuatinglever having a bifurcated portion, means pivoted to yand embracing said bifurcated portion for connecting'it to one end of a load-engaging chain and relative to which said lever is movableto a clamped or released position, a member pivotally disposed within the bifurcated portion of said lever for movement thereby toward and from said lever-means' and having means at its `free end for connecting it to the other end of the load-engaging chain, and a yieldable element interposed between said member and the opposing end of the chain and tending to resist movement of said lever out of its clamped position.
`2. A load binder, comprising an actuating lever having-a laterally `off-set V-shaped bifurcated portion, a clevis pivotally connected to the exteriorof the bifurcated portion of said lever and having means thereon for connecting it to one end ofV a load-engaging chain, an arm pivoted to the apex of the bifurcated portion of said lever at a point spaced from the olevis-pivot for connection to the opposite end of the chain, and a shock-absorbing element interposed between said member and the companion end of the load-engaging chain.
3. A load binder, comprising an actuating lever shaped to form a handle at one end and terminating in a bifurcated portion at its other end having trunnions thereon,l a clevis embracing the bifurcated portion of said handle and pivoted to said trunnion-s and adapted for connection to one end Vof a load-engaging chain, an arm pivoted within the bifurcated portion of said lever at a point above and laterally displaced from said trunnions and movable toward and from said olevis when the lever is swung to its closed and opened positions about vthe trunnions, and means I'or connecting said arm to the opposite end of the load-engaging chain, said means including a tension spring. acting on a line intersecting the pivot conr neoting said arm with said lever and whereby said spring constantly resists movement of said lever out `of its operative closed position.
4. A load binder, comprising an actuating lever having a laterally off-set, V-shaped bifurcated portion at one end, a clevis pivotally connected to the end of and embracing the bifurcated portion of said lever, an arm disposed between, and pivoted to said lever, adjacent the apex or itsV biuroated portion, and movable therewithtoward and from said clevis, swivel elementsfmounted on the free ends of said clevis and said arm andadapted for connection to the ends of the load-engaging chain, and a spring interposed between one of said Swivelk elements and y the adjoining endrpof the chain for automatically taking up slack in the chain and for preventing movement of the lever out of its clamped position the line of pull of said Spring being` such as to resist movement of the lever out of such clamped position. l
GEORGE R. JULINE.
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|U.S. Classification||24/270, 24/68.0CT|