US 1974269 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept, 18, 1934. I E,- L @ONDER l1,974,269
WINDOW orig'inai Filed-May 1, 1930 femsf-snei 1 4| l 4 el T gw 45/ 59% 25 .@T l.;
iff 126 5.9 1.9; zo w l5 if 9\45\\ low` Pa/59a 24a F 175 b4 a [175 2 l] 175:1@ 17C' c Fly.' l Ey 2 5a Fl 1.9L a i?? 1432534524 I9; 1i f 5&5 es /24 19ml l5 l as la a Z4 4 256 7 s6 ref Q2 46 5511 46 1 5b 56 49 58 541, 2552 49 541, 2552 4 y 25 2 b l/ 51 sib /1 @5b lb 11 55h 1lb 20 N79@ ,20 V9@ l5 V96 13,' l5 19e' 29e, l 5 9,9/4 ,9 49@ M1 J v 4 4 gnou/tov L. @onder Sept. 1934. '5, 1 GQNDER j 1,974,269
l I WINDOW Original Filed May 1,1930 '2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ...Lf-" A j X9@ M E v /l/ j y fia, 17@ 17@ QM Patented Sept. 18, 1934 1,974,269 wiNnovv Edward L. Gender, North Canton, Ohio originan passation May 1, i930, serial No.
lidi, new atent No. 1,856,158, dated'May 3, i932. Divided and this application May 2,
My invention relates to windows, including sashes and fra-nies in which the sashes are operatively mounted, and more particularly to metal windows, and to windows of the type known as double hung windows; and the present improvements are a division of the improvements set forth in my prior application for United States Le ters Patent for Windows, Serial No. 448,993, led May l, 193i), and allowed March 3, 1932, and upon which United States Letters Patent No. 1,856,158, dated May 3, 1932, has been issued.
Due to the growing scarcity of lumber, and also due to the imperfect drying ofordinary commercial lumber, windows made or" wood are becoming more and more unsatisfactory from the standpoint of tightness and ease of operation.
Metal windows have been made from rolled steel sections, but most of such metal windows are of the type known` as easement windows,
stead of sliding sashes.
Many builders and building owners prefer the double hung type of Windows, that is to say windows including upper and lower sashes sliding up and down in frames.
No satisfactory metal window of this type is at present available, it having been found to be very diicuit to make the sashes slide easily, and to make the windows weather tight, in the double hung metal windows heretofore available. Moreover such double hung metal windows have been relatively expensive.
The objects of the present improvements include the` provision of a novel window sash, preferably for use in a double hung window and the use which may include a frame and upper and lower of the present improvements slidable in the frame, and one of the sashes in a certain position with respect to the other being pivotal about a horizontal axis in either direction, and the improved sash being adapted for very economical production by the use of Seriai No. 698,756 Y that is, windows including swinging sections inmembers each preferably'made oi formed relatively light gauge sheet metal,v and some of the members being included in a frame and others of the members being included, respectively, inv
ating means for sliding the sashes from a normal closing position in the frame opening to another position in which one of the sashes may be pivoted around a horizontal axis in either direction independently 0I" the other.
In general terms each of the improved sashes may be described as including a lower trans` versely extending tubular cross member secured at its outer ends as by welding to the lower ends of preferably` tubular side members, and the upperends of the side members are secured as by welding to the outer ends of an upper preferably tubular cross member.
The upper surface of the lower cross member has formed therein an upwardiy opening trans# versely extending groove for receiving the lower end of a glass pane, and the side edges of the glass pane nt in opposite opening grooves formed in the opposite innerfaces of the side members.
In order to eliminate the use of putty in setting the glass pane in the sash, the upper cross member includes an upwardly opening channel member having a lower web .provided with a transversely extending slot.
At the front and rear sides oi the web, outside and inside anges extend upwardly and transversely, and a transversely and downwardly extending fold rib is formed on the upper transversely extending side of each iiange.
A closure member. is longitudinally slidably engaged with the fold ribs of the iianges, so that the closure member may be applied to or removed from the slotted channel cross member.
The glass pane is inserted into the sash by sliding it downwardly through the slot in the channel cross member, and is retained yin the sash when the closure member is-applied to the slotted channel cross member, preferably in stopping abutment with the upper end of the glass pane. I
A preferred embodiment of a window including the improvements is illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming part hereof, in which and arrangement;
Fig. 2, a sectional View thereof as on line 2 2, Fig. 1, the dot-dash lines illustrating the sashes of the Window when rotated about their horizontal pivots from their normal closing position;
Fig. 3, a View similar to Fig. 2 illustrating the normally lower' sash raised to an upper position, and the normally upper sash lowered to a lower position from which both sides of the window pane of the normally upper sash may be easily washed by rotating the sash successively inwardly and outwardly to or beyond the position illustrated by the dot-dash lines;
Fig. 4, a fragmentary transverse `sectional view of the improved window as on line 4 4, Fig. 1;
Fig. 5, another fragmentary transverse sectional view as on line 5 5, Fig. 1;
Fig. 6, a View similar to Fig. l illustrating one of the guide rails for the normally upper sash in the position permitting rotation of the sash about its pivotal mounting;
Fig. '7, an enlarged fragmentary detached obl-iq-ue perspective view illustrating improved details of construction of one of the sashes or the present improvements;
Fig. 8, -a view ysimilar to Fig. 7 with the closure member of the sas'n removed;
Fig. 9, a fragmentary detached oblique perspective view similar to Figs. 7 and 8 illustrating the closure member of Fig. 7, which has been removed from the parts illustrated in Fig. 8;
Fig. 10, lan enlarged fragmentary transverse sectional view of one of the improved sashes, rcmoved from the window; and
Fig. 1l, an enlarged` vertical sectional View f illustrating the lower sash swung to a position permitting changing of the glass from the inside.
Similar numerals refer to throughout the several views. Y
The improved window indicated generally at 10, includes in combination with other parts, a plurality of members each preferably made of relatively light gauge formed sheet metal.
Some of the formed members are included in a frame indicated generally at 11; and others of the formed members are included in an upper sash indicated generally at 12, and in a lower sash indicated generally at 13, each of the sashes being slidable up and down in the frame independently of the other, and each sash being mounted in a novel manner for rotation about a horizontal axis, as is hereinafter set forth in detail.
The frame 11 includes a lower transversely eX- tending preferably tubular cross member indicated generally at 14 which is secured at its outer ends as by welding to the lower ends of preferably `tubular side members indicated generally at 15 and 15', and the upper ends of the side pane thereof similar parts I members 15 and l5 are secured as by welding to an upper preferably tubular cross member indicated generally at 16.
All of the tubular frame members are prefer- Y ably formed of sheet "material,
The lower tubular cross member 14 includes a transversely extending formed channel member indicated generally at 1'7.
The channel member 17 preferably includesl a transversely extending formed and sloping web -l'la having at the inside thereof and angular thereto a downwardly depending transversely extending preferably vertical ilange 1'7b, and having at the outside thereof and angular thereto a downwardly depending transversely extending preferably vertical ilange 17o.
The lower transversely extending side of the flange 17h preferably formed thereon a transversely and inwardly extending securing rib 1'7b; and the lower transversely extending side of the flange 17e has preferably formed thereon a transversely and inwardly extending securing rib l''c'.
A base plate 18 is secured at its sides as by welding, not shown, to the securing ribs 17h and 17o for completing the tubular cross member 14.
For providing a weather-tight closure between the frame and the lower sash, the inner transversely extending side of the web 17a is preferably providedY with an upwardly protruding rib 17d, and the web 17a slopes downwardly and outwardly from the base of the rib l'ld.
The frame 11 also includes as aforesaid preferably tubular grooved side members 15 and 15,
the side member 15 being at the left, and the side member 15 being at the right, as illustrated in Fig. l.
Each grooved tubular side member is similarly 'constructed with the Vexception that the grooves of one open tov-farcis the grooves of the other, and consequently are formed in relatively opposite faces of the transversely spaced side members.
The tubular side memzer 15 includes a normally vertically extending formed channel member indicated generally at 19.
vThe channel member 19 preferably includes a normally vertically extending web 19a having at the outside thereof and angular thereto an outwardly and normally vertically extending flange 19h, and having at the inside thereof and angular thereto an outwardly and norm lly vertically extending flange 19o.
The outer normally vertically extending side of the flange 19h has preferably formed thereon a securing rib 19h extending normally vertically and towards the flange 19o; and the outer normally vertically extending side of the ange 19e has preferably formed thereon a securing rib luc extending normally vertically and towards he flange 19h.
An outer closure plate 20 is secured at its sides as by welding, not shown, to the securing ribs 19h and 19e for completing the tubular side member 19.
web 19o'A has formed therein parallel and normally vertically extending spaced grooves 19e and 191.
The side member 15' is similar in construction and includes a channel member indicated generally at 19 secured to a closure member 20'; and the outer face of the channel member 19 has spaced parallel grooves formed therein, and opposite to and opening towards the openings of the grooves 19e and 19j.
The upper tubular cross member 16 includes a transversely extending formed channel member indicated generally at 21.
The channel member 21 preferably includes a transverse-ly extending formed web 22a having at the inside thereof and angular thereto an upwardly and transversely extending normally Vertical flange 22h, the flange 22h being located intermediate the inside and outside of the frame, and the web 22o having at the outside thereof and angular thereto an upwardly and transversely extending normally vertical flange 22e.
The upper transversely extending side of the ilange 22h has preferably formed thereon a securing rib 22o extending transversely and away from the flange 22o; and the upper transversely extending side of the ange 22o has preferably formed thereon a securing rib 22o extending transversely and towards the web 22h.
A top closure plate 23 is secured at its sides as by welding, not shown, to the securing ribs 2212 and 22e for completing the tubular cross member 16.
For providing a weather-tight closure between the frame and-the upper sash the outer transversely extending side of the web 22a is preferably provided with a downwardly protruding rib 22d; and the web 22a is thus upwardly offset from the lower edge of the rib 22d and the rib 22h is upwardly offset from the web 22a.
The normally upper sash 12 is slidable up and down in the groove 191 of the side member 19 and in the opposite groove of the side member 19'.
The normally lower sash 13 is slidable up and down in the groove 19e of the side member 19 and in the opposite groove of the side member 19.
Each sash is similar in details of construction, and includes a lower transversely extending tubular cross member indicated generally at 24 which is secured at its outer ends as by welding to the lower ends of preferably tubular side members inpane 27 fit in oppositely opening grooves formed 'in the opposite inner faces of the side members,
as indicated for example at 28 in the side member 25. I
For facilitating production of the sashes by y eliminating setting of the glass panes therein by the use of putty, each upper sash member 26 includes an upwardly opening channel member 29, comprising a unitary sheet metal piece, and the channel member 29 includes a web 29a in which a transversely extending slot 29a is formed, and at the front and rear sides of the web 29a outside and inside flanges 29h and 29o, respectively, extend upwardly and transversely.
The upper transversely extending side of the iiange 29h has preferably formed thereon a transversely anddownwardly extending folded rib 29h and the upper transversely extending side of the flange 29o has preferably formed thereon a transversely and 'downwardly extending folded rib 29e.
A closure member indicated generally by 30 includes a web 30a, and at the front and rear sides of the web'30al outside and inside flanges 30h and 30e, respectively, extend downwardly and transversely.
The lower transversely extending side of the fiange 30h has preferably formed thereon a transversely and upwardly extending folded rib 30h and the lower transversely extending side of the flange 30e has preferably formed thereon a transversely and upwardly extending folded rib rib 29o of the channel member 29 interfits between the ange 30e and the upwardly extending folded rib 30e' of the closure member, and the upwardly extending folded rib 30e interts between the downwardly extending folded rib 29o' and the flange 29o of the channelmember 29.
With this construction the members 29 and 30 are interlocked to form the separable glass receiving tubular member 26, for the purpose of providing an easy method of assembling the pane 27A in the sash 12 by rst entering the pane 27 in the yslot 29a of the channel member 29, and then longitudinally sliding the closure member 30 into interlocking engagement with the channel member 29, as shown'in Fig. 7. Y
The side sash member 25 includes vertically extending side flanges Slaandr 315, as best shown in Figs. 4, 5, and 6, and the vertically extending web member 32 extending transversely between the inner ends thereof. The outer ends of the side flanges Slaand. 3117 are inturned to form transversely and vertically extendingv flanges 33o-and 33h which slidably engage the face 19a of the side frame immediately adjacent the sides of the vertically extending groove 19f. Vertically extending flanges 34a and 34h extend inwardly from the ends cf flanges 33d and 33h, respectively, and parallel with side flanges 31a, and 31h, respectively, of the tubular member 25.
The flanges 34a and 345 are inturned at their inner ends to form vertically and transversely l extending flangesa and 35h, respectively, the inner ends of which are spaced apart to form a vertically extending groove 36.
A vertically extending plate 37 is secured to the inside faces of the flanges 35a. and 35h to form a closure for the slot 36.
The side flanges 34a and 34D form, with the inturned flanges 35a and 35h, and the closure plate 3'?, a vertically extending channel within the tubular side sash member 25, and adjacent 6, preferably includes laterally extending rods '2.11-
39 positioned near the top and bottom of the side member 25. Each rod'39 may be screwed into the guiding member 38 as at 40, and extends inwardly respectively through an aperture pr'ovided in the closure member 37slot 36, and fi through an aperture provided in the web 3 2. Av collar 41 is formed upon each rod 39 to abut the inner face of the web member 32 when the guiding member 38 is in engagement with the groove 19j, and the inner end of the rod has a knob 42 secured thereon and spaced from the collar 4l.
A hook 43 is pivotally mounted at one of its ends on the side sash member 25 as at 44, adjacent each rod 39, and is arranged to engage each rod between the collar 41 and the knob 42 for normally holding the sash guiding member 38 in engagement with the groove 19;c in the positionl shown in Fig. 4.
The tubular side sash member 25 is similar in details of construction to member 25, and in- 1;.;
cludes a sash guiding member 38 normally slidably engaging the side frame member 15', and is provided at its top and bottom portions with a rod 39 for laterally moving the guidingv member 38 into and out of engagement with the side lill the position shown in Fig. 5,
sash abuts the sill member 14 of the sash member 25', and is also provided with hooks 43 normally engaging the rods 39. The sash l2 is pivotally mounted at the central portions of the side sash members 25 and 25 as by pivot pins and 45', respectively, upon the side frame members 15 and 15', respectively, for rotaticnabout the horizontal axis determined by pivots 45 and 45.
- As best shown Fig. 5, the pivot pin 45 has a knob upon its inner end normally engaging the inner ilange 32 of the side sash member 25, and the pivot pin 45 extends therefrom respectively through an aperture provided in the flange 32,- thence through slot 36, an aperture provided in closure member 37, guide member 38, an aperture 138 in groove 19), and thence into sliding engagement with the Walls of a tubular member 46 secured to the closure plate 20 of the side frame-member 15. 4
A collar 47 is secured to the pin 45 adjacent the slot 36, and a compression spring 43, interposed between the collar 47 and the iiange 32 normally holds the collar 47 within the slo-t and in abutment with the slot closure plate 37, in with the pin 45 extending into the tubular member 46.
Similarly, the pivot pin 45 is held in pivotal engagement with the side trame member i5.
l The lower sash 13 is similarly mounted within the frame 11, and includes an upper cross member 26a and a lower cross member 24a, and is provided with sash guide operating rods 39a and 39a', and sash pivot pins 45a and 45a.
The lower sash 13 is preferably o1c somewhat g greater height than the upper sash 12, and its upper cross member 26a is immediately horizontally adjacent to the lower cross member 24 of sash l2, when the sashes are in their normally closed position shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
in this position, the guiding means of the lower sash 13 slidably engage the groove 19e and the guiding means of the upper sash 12 slidably engage the groove 191, and the upper cross member 26 of the upper sash 12 abuts the onset portion 1 22a of the upper frame cross member 16.
If it is desired to rotate the sashes without changing their relative vertical positions, a person standing upon the inside of the window may release the hooks 43 and 43 from engagement with the rods 39 and 39', when the sash 12 may be swung top inwardly in a manner indicated by the dotted line position in Fig. 2, until the lower cross member 24 abuts the lower edge oic the rib 22d upon the top frame member 16.
smiliarly, the lower sash 13 may `be swung top inwardly in a manner indicated by the dotted line position indicated in Fig. 2, unti1 its upper cross member 26a abuts the upper edge of the rib 17d of the frame member 14.
For the purpose of making all portions of the upper sash more easily accessible, as for instance to a person standing inside the window without the person having to stand upon a stool or ladder and the like, the sashes may be moved vertically relatively to each other, to the position shown in Fig. 3, in which position the upper cross member 26a of the lower sash 13 abuts the iange 22h of the upper frame member 16, and the lower cross member 24 of the upper frame.
To raise the lower sash, the operator grasps the knobs of the pins 45a, and 45a and pulls them inwardly toward each other, thereby withdrawing the pins from engagement with tubular members mounted on the frame and correspond--` ing to member 46 of Fig. 5. l
While holding the pins in this position, the operatorpushes the sash upwardly until the position shown in Fig. 3 is reached, whereupon he releases the pins 45a and 45d. g
A tubular member 49 similar to member 46 is secured to the side frame Al5 and axially alined withan aperture 50 formed in the groove 19e adjacent the aperture 133 in the groove 19f, and the aperture 50 is Vpositioned ASuas to register with the pin 45a when the sash 13is in the raised position shown in Fig. 3.
Similarly, an aperture and tubular member axially alined therewith is positioned upon'the side frame member 15 for the purpose of registering with the pin 45a. Thus when the operator releases the pins 45a and 45wvith the sash in vraised position, the sash will be pivotally mounted in that position upon the side frames 15'and 15'.
In like manner a tubular member similar to member 46 issecured to the side frame 15 and axially alined with an aperture 1360l formed in the groove 19j adjacent to the aperture in the groove 19e which receives the pin 45th-and positicned so as to registerwith the pin 45 when the sash is lowered to the position shown in Fig. 3. j
Similarly a tubular member axially alined with an aperture in the frame 15' is positioned so as. to register with the -pin 45. is pivotally mounted in its lowermost position by the pins- 45 and 45 upon the side frames 15 and 15', respectively;
The sash 12 may be lowered in the same manner as the sash 13 is raised, as aboveclescribed, and when the sash 12 is in its lowermost position, it may be rotated in either direction asv shown by the dotted line positions in Fig. 3, so that all portions of the sash may be easily accessible to a person standing on the oor.
1. ln a metal window, a sash including side members and transversely extending cross mem-.
bers, one of the cross members comprising `.a unitary sheet metal piece having a transversely extending slot formed therein and a transversely extending folded rib at each side of the slot, and the other cross member and theY side members each having a olmtinuousy groove formed therein, the grooves communicating with each other and with the slot, a `glass pane located in the grooves and slot, and a retaining member in-Y cluding folded ribs interiittingwith `the folded ribs oi the slotted cross member.
2. In a .metal window, a sash including members and transversely extending cross members, one of the cross members including a rtransversely extending sheet metal channel having a web and a flange at each transverse edge of theweb, the web having a transversely extending slot formed therein and each iiange having a transversely extending-folded rib at each outer edge thereof, andthe other cross member and the side members each having a continuous grooveV Thus the sash 12k side los