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Publication numberUS1974531 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 25, 1934
Filing dateDec 26, 1929
Priority dateDec 26, 1929
Publication numberUS 1974531 A, US 1974531A, US-A-1974531, US1974531 A, US1974531A
InventorsConrad Dahl
Original AssigneeMyron A Pardieck
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Amusement and exercising device
US 1974531 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 25, 1934. c. DA'HL AMUSEMENT AND EXERCISING DEVICE Filed Dec. 26. 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 2720672??? Canina M2 Sept. 25, 1934. c. DAHL AMUSEMENT AND EXERCISING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed D90,- 26, 1929 1720 72537 Cwzrad l]a&2

Patented Sept. 25, 1934 UNITED STATES.

I 1,974,531 AMUSEMENT AND EXERCISINGDEVICE Conrad Dahl, Chicago, lll assjg'rior of one-half to Myron A. Pardieck, Chicago, Ill.

Application December 26, 1929'; Serial No. 416,693 21 Claims. 01; 2726 1) Figure 5"with the eccentric bushing shown in This invention relates to amusement devices and more particularly to gymnastic or exercising apparatus, although certain features thereof may be employed with equal advantage for other purposes.

It contemplates more especially a series .of swing members arranged inspaced relation in a manner to permit the rider to shift from one swing to the next to traverse space without resort to the ordinarymeans of locomotion. This application is a continuation-in-part of my applications serially numbered 301,771 and 371,345 filed on August 2 1, 1928,and June 17, 1929, re-, spectively.

One object of the present invention is to pro-. vide novel improvements in the mechanism for controlling the action of oscillatable swing mem bers.

Another object is to simplify the construction and improve the operation of devices of the character mentioned. Still another object is to provide stabilizing means for effectively controlling the inertia effect having detrimental swing influences upon oscillatable members.

A further object is to provide means for effectively retarding the oscillation of swin members beyond predetermined limits of movement.

A still further object is the provision of a counterweight for retarding the movement of swing members in opposite directions to normally effect the return thereof to an initial po-' sition. i 7

Still a further object is the provision of new. and improved means for guiding the sliding movement of a flexible tension transmitting medium over a support or fulcrum.

Other objects and advantages will appear from the following description of a preferred embodiment of the presentinvention.

In the drawings: a V

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the apparatus embodying features of the present invention.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view taken substantially along line IIII of Figure 1 with certain parts thereof omitted to clarify the showing.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary side view of a-single swing unit constituting one of the series shown in Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken substantially along line IV-IV of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a sectional view taken substantially. along line V-V of Figure 4. V

Figure 6 is a sectional detail view'similarto' another position. v

The structure selected for illustration com prises a frame 10 which is composed of a-series of spaced vertically erect triangular standards 11. .The standards 11, in this instance five, preferably consist of a pair of upwardly converging struts or pipes 11', having supporting base flanges at their lower ends grouted or otherwise embedded inconcrete, within the ground or other suitable foundation to serve as a rigid support for instrumentalities to be hereinafter described. The upper-ends of converging pipes 11 are rigidly secured together by a headerhaving downwardly diverging arms, cast or otherwise shaped, to define split bearings 13 having complemental plates for receiving the pipe ends 11 therein, there being bolts 14 extending therethrough to establish a joinder therebetween.

7 The triangular standards 11 are maintained in fixed spaced relation by virtue of a longitudinally extending tie member 15 which serves to reinforce and brace the entire series of triangular supports. To this end, the headers 12 terminate in:a flanged half-bushing 16 which conforms in contour to the tie member 15 retained in position by a split clamp 17 in confronting relation therewith for secural thereto by carriage bolts 18. These triangular supports or standards 11 may beadditionally braced by diagonal struts 19 detachably associated therewith in any suitable manner, it being preferable that the standards 1 1, tie members 15 and struts 19 be in the form of hollow piping to afford maximum strength at minimum weight. It is to be noted that the spacing of the triangular standards 11 is deter--v mined by the oscillatable throw of the swings and the possible displacement of the rider from a one to'another; however, the frame 10 composed essentially of the supporting standards 12 may bevaried in form andarrangement for any particular installation as commercial practice may dictate. I

V In the present embodiment, the triangular standards 12 correspond in number tothe swings employed in series or as a unit t0 enable the transfer of the rider from one to another over an extended distance. In consequence thereof, the swing members 20 are oscillatably mounted for, support from each triangular standard 12 in trapeze formation for pendulum movement. Each of the swings 20 comprises a yoke 21 defined by diverging arms 22 in integral association for termination in transversely spaced bosses or bearings 23 in horizontal alignment. The yoke bearings 23 receive axles or pivot rods 24 having their extremities extending therebeyond for support in end bearings 25 which are firmly bolted or otherwise secured to the converging pipes 11' of the standards 11 by means of split clamps 26 having one element thereof in integral association with the bearings 25 thereof.

The yoke bearings 23 may be provided with rollers or roller bearings of standard or any approved construction so that the yoke portion 22 of the swing member 20 is free to oscillate with minimum frictional resistance relative to the pivot shaft 24. The converging arms 22 of the yoke 21 merge in a central boss 27 which serves as a support for a counter-weight 28 positioned substantially central of the swing member 20. The bearings 23 are formed with depending sockets 29 which are integrally or otherwise associated therewith to diverge outwardly at their lower ends. Elongated members, in this instance rods 30, telescopically engage the sockets 29 for termination in brackets 31 having laterally extending sockets 29 for termination in brackets 31 having laterally extending sockets 32 to firmly support a horizontal gripping bar or rod 33. The rod 33 is preferably of wood such as hickory so as to afford a relatively convenient and yielding grip for the rider who is suspended therefrom. As shown, the side bars are connected or bridged by a cross bar or tie member 34 which is anchored in suitable bosses 35 clamped thereto for bracing and reinforcing the swing structure as well as to provide a convenient connection for mechanism designed to maintain the swing member 20 in an initial inclined position corresponding substantially to one limit of movement.

It is to be noted that the counterweight 28 and the yoke support 21 therefor which is pivotally carried above the fulcrum shaft 24 in substantially the same plane with the swing member 20, constitutes a mass which imparts a gravity urge thereto for rest in a vertical position central of the limits of swinging movement. However, to normally balance the swing member 20 in an inclined position accessible for grasp by the rider who is thus enabled to conveniently traverse the entire series thereof by manual successive body transfer, counter-balancing means are provided. By so doing, the swing member 20 is in effect a compound pendulum having an oscillatory movement which is considerably damped and reduced owing to the weighted control thereof.

A bracket 36 is, therefore, secured to the longitudinal tie member 15 in advance of each swing member 20, there being clamps 37 extending therefrom to envelop the pipe or tie member 15 for fixed association by means of a fastener 38. A carriage bolt 39 is secured for extension between the confronting bracket walls 40 to sustain a cylindrical bushing 41 which serves as a sheave having a bore 42 very much larger than the diameter of the bolt 39. As a result, a flexible chain 43 having one end thereof anchored to a lug 44 fixed to the center of the pivot shaft 24, extends overthe sheave 41 with a weight 45 secured to the other end thereof.

Oscillation of the swing members 20 transfers a rectilinear ascent and descent of the weight 45 causing eccentric rolling of the sheave 41 over the 'pin 39, thereby arresting swing movement to the extent of precluding the wild oscillation thereof. So that the weight 45 will influence the oscillation of the swing member 20 in either direction from its normal inclined position, a control rod 46 is mounted in a lug bracket 47 clamped intermediate the extremities of the cross bar 34 for angular extension with respect to the plane of the swing member 20. An eyelet or loop 48 is fixed to the other extremity of the control rod 46 to enable secural to the chain 43 owing to a clamp 49 establishing conn ction intermediate the swing member 20 and bracket 36, thereby suspending the swing member in a forwardly inclined position for grasp by the rider.

It is advantageous, therefore, to dispose the inactive swing members 20 at a suitable inclin-ation so that the rider may create sufhcient impetus without the expenditure of excessive energy to carry his body a substantial distance beyond the center of swing oscillation to a position aifording convenient grasp of the handle bar 33 of the next adjacent or successive swing member 20. This necessitates the maintenance of the swing members 2i) in an inclined position without impeding on one hand, the required oscillation thereof and, on the other hand, precluding wild movement which endangers succeeding riders. Further, unharnessed movement does not serve to control the position of the swing member 20, thereby rendering it extremely difficult for the riders to properly gauge their traverse on known devices of the character mentioned.

It will be obvious that as 'the'rider moves in a forward direction on the swing member 20, the counter-Weight 45 is raised in vertical alignment with the bracket 35 while the counter-weight 28 on the swing proper oscillates through an are from one side of the fulcrum 24 to the other. With the movement of the swing member 20 beyond central position, the effect of the counterweight 45 is gradually diminished in that the lever arm, which is the distance between the tie bar 15 and the swing fulcrum 24 becomes more nearly parallel to the chain 43 as the swing member 20 approaches the opposite or extreme position of movement. With such a counterweight arrangement, very little resistance is offered to the free pendulous action of the swing member 20, it being apparent that after the rider releases his grasp at the extreme position of movement, swing member 20 tends to return to a normal central position. Due to the force or pull exerted by the counter-weight mechanism, through the chain 43, however, the swing member 20 is returned to its original or initial inclined position. Return movement be-' yond the initial inclined position is retarded in that the control rod 46 will extend beyond the line of chain pull to elevate the weight 45, thereby precluding wild or uncontrolled oscillation in both directions. Due to the fact that the counter-weight 28 with the yoke 21 substantially'oifsets in weight the counterbalancing instrumentalities, it is obvious that very little force, in fact, just slightly more than the difference in the masses on the opposite sides of the swing fulcrum 24, will be necessary to move and maintain the swing member 20 in its desired positions influenced and controlled by the urge of gravity. Hence, the counter-weight 45 may be relatively light.

In order that the rider, especially in the case of children, can grasp the first swing member 20 of the series in a manner to create sumcient impetus to carry him over to the next adjacent swing member 20, it is preferable to provide a starting platform 50 so that the rider may firmly grasp the bar 33 of the adjacent swing member 20 while standing thereon. It may also be desirable to provide a pile of sand or straw 51 at the opposite end of the apparatus to interrupt the impact owing to the yielding character thereof, thereby avoiding possible injury.

Various changes may be made in the embodiment of the invention herein specifically described without departing from or sacrificing any advantages thereof as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. The combination with a frame, of a swing member fulcrumed adjacent its upperend forsupport by said frame to normally assume a vertical position, means carried by said frame for connection to said swing member for yieldingly maintaining it at an inclined position from its vertical position after imparted movement thereto has ceased.

2. The combination with a frame of a swing member fulcrumed adjacentits upper end for support by said frame to normally assume a vertical position, and means carried by said frame forconnection to said swing member for yield) ingly maintaining it at an initial inclined posi-,- tion, and means mounted for eccentric rolling movement responsive to the oscillation of the swing member to normally damp the pendulous action thereof. 1

3. The combination with a frame of a swing member fulcruined adjacent its upper end on said frame to normally assume a vertical position, and counter-weight mechanism carried by said frame for connection to said swing memher to yieldingly control its limits of swinging movement, said counter-weight mechanism ineluding a bracket, a weight guided for ascent and descent relative to said bracket, a flexible member connecting said weight to said swing member, and a loosely journalled sheaveto sustain said flexible member for damping-the pendulous action of said swing member.

a. The combination with a supporting frame of a plurality of swing members fulcrumed for spaced support on said. frame in the direction.

of swinging movement, each of. said swing members including a rigid arm pivoted adjacent its upper end, and counter-balancing means operatively connected to said swing members for damping the pendulous action thereof in all directions of movement, said swing members having an upward extension beyond said fulcrum support, said counter-balancing means including a weight mounted on said extension in alignment with.

said'swing member, a counter-weight operatively connected to said frame, and rigid means extending from said swing member for connection to said counter-weight to control the movement of said swing member in opposed directions.

5. The combination with a supporting frame of a plurality of independently operable swing members spaced for pivotal support on said frame, each of said swing members including a rigid depending arm fulcrumed adjacent its upper end, a weight carried by said arm above the fulcrum thereof to reduce the normalperiod of oscillation, separate counter-balancing mechanism suspended from said frame for connection to said arm, and means interposed between said counter-balancing mechanism and said arm below the fulcrum thereof to limit the oscillatory movement of said swing members.

6. The combination with a supporting frame, of a plurality of independently operable swing members spaced for pivotal support on said ,frame, each of said swing members including a rigid depending arm fulcrumed adjacent its upper end, a weight carried by said arm above the fulcrum thereof to reduce the normal period of oscillation, separate counter-balancing mech anism, a flexible chain for suspending said counter-balancing mechanism from said frame for connection to said arm, and means interposed between said counter-balancing mechanism and said arm below the fulcrum thereof to limit the oscillatory movement of said swing members, and a loosely journalle'd sheave for guiding said chain to retard the movement of said swin members.

7. The combination with a supporting frame, of a pluralityof swings supported by said frame in spaced apart relation for swinging movement toward and from each other, and means for norinally holding each swing at one limit of its own swinging movement to enable the approach thereof to;an adjacent swing during the swinging movement of the former swing.v

8. The combination with a supporting frame, of a plurality of swings spaced thereon in substantially their direction of swinging movement,

each of said swings including arigid depending.

arm and a counter weight operatively connected thereto for normally maintaining said arm inclined at substantially one limit of its swinging movement.

9. The combination with a supporting frame, of a plurality of swings spaced thereon in substantially their direction of swinging movement, each of.said swings including a rigid depending arm and a counter weight operatively connected thereto for normally maintaining said arm inclined at substantially one limit of its swinging movement, said counter weight being adjustable for varying the position of balance which determines one limit of swinging movement of said arm.

10. A plurality of swin s spaced apart in sub sta'ntially the direction of their swinging movement, and counterbalancing means operatively connected ,to'said'swings for holding said swings at apredetermined initialposition, said counterbalancing means beingeffective to diminish the counterbalancing influence as the swing approaches its other limit.

11. In combination with a supporting frame composed of a plurality of spaced struts, each strut including a' pair of upwardly converging members; a header castingfor rigidly securing the upper ends of said members together, said header being formed with a pair of depending and outwardly diverging arms at an angle corresponding to said'strut'merribers, said arms being split to provide clasping bearings for said members, and a pair of complemental plates adapted to be secured to said diverging arms to form clamping sockets for said strut members.

12. In combination with a supporting frame composed of a plurality of spaced struts, each strut including a pair of upwardly converging members, a header casting for rigidly securing the upper ends of said members together, said header being formed with a pair of depending and outwardly diverging arms at an angle corresponding to said strut members, said arms being split to provide clasping bearings for said members, and a pair of complemental plates adapted to be secured to said diverging arms to form clamping sockets for said strut members, the upper part of said header casting being formed with a socket extending transversely of said strut sockets, and

Gil

a tie member secured in place in said transverse socket for bracing said struts.

13. In a supporting frame for a swing, a pair of struts and a header casting having sockets for attachment of the upper ends of said struts from which the latter extend. divergently downward, split clamps fixed to said struts below the head casting, horizontally extending bearings on said clamps, said end bearings comprising sockets in axial alignment on said struts for end reception of a supporting rod, a swing supporting rod disposed between said end bearings for journalled support therein, and the swing having a bearing support on said rod for oscillation between said struts.

14. In combination with a frame, of a swing fulcrumed adjacent its upper end. for support by said frame and normally tending to assume a vertical position, and separate means carried by the frame and connected to the swing for yieldingly maintaining it at an initial inclined position.

15. In combination with a frame, of a swing fulcrnmed adjacent its upper end for support by said frame and normally tending to assume a vertical position, separate means carried by the frame and connected to the swing for yieldingly maintaining it at an initial inclined position, and means directly associated with the swing and arranged to normally damp the pendulous action thereof.

16. In combination with a frame, of a swing fulcrumed adjacent its upper end on said frame and normally tending to assume a vertical position, and a counter weight mechanism carried by said frame and connected to said swing arranged to yieldingly maintain the latter at one limit of swinging movement.

17. In combination with a frame, of a swing fulcrumed adjacent its upper end for support by said frame and normally tending toassuine a vertical position, positioning means carried by the frame and connected to the swing for yieldingly maintaining it at an initial inclined position, other means directly associated with the swing and arranged to normally damp the pendulous action thereof, said positioning means including a bracket, a weight guided for up and down movement by said bracket and a flexible member connecting said weight to said swing.

18. In combination with a frame, of a swing fulcrumed adjacent its upper end for support by said frame and normally tending to assume a vertical position, positioning means carried by the frame and connected to the swing for yieldingly maintaining it at an initial inclined position,

other means directly associated with the swing and arranged to normally damp the pendulous action thereof, said positioning means including a bracket, a weight guided for up and down movement by said bracket and a flexible member connecting said weight to said swing, said rigid arm having an upward extension beyond the pivotal connection thereof, said other means being mounted on said extension in alignm nt with said swing.

19. In combination with a frame, or" a swing fulcrumed adjacent its upper end for support by said frame and normally tending to assume a vertical position, positioning means carried by the frame and connected to the swing for yieldingly maintaining it at an initial inclined position, other means directly associated with the swing and arranged to normally damp the pendulous action thereof, said positioning means including a bracket, a weight guided for up and down movement by said bracket and a flexible member connecting said weight to said swing, said arm having an upward extension beyond the pivotal connection, said other means being mounted on said extension in alignment with said swing, and flexible means connected to said swings for normally tending to maintain each of them at an initial inclined position.

20. The combination with a supporting frame, of a plurality of independently operable swings carried by said frame and spaced apart in the direction of their swinging movement, each of said swings including a rigid depending arm pivoted adjacent its upper end, and a yielding mechanism carried on said frame for connection to said swing arms below said pivotal connection for maintaining said swing at an initial position corresponding to substantially one limit of its movement, the effectiveness of said mechanism being gradually diminished as the swing approaches its other limit of movement.

21. The combination with a supporting frame, of a plurality of independently operable swing devices carried on said frame and spaced apart in the direction of their swinging movement, each of said swings including a rigid depending arm fulcrumed adjacent its upper end, the portion of said arm above the fulcrum being weighted so as to reduce the normal period of oscillation of said swing arm, and separate counterbalancing mechanism carried on the frame connected to the arm below the fulcrum and arranged to yieldingly maintain said swing at an initial inclined position.

CONRAD DAHL.

Ill)

Mil

rec

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2648538 *Feb 17, 1950Aug 11, 1953E Y BrownConvertible playground apparatus
US2977118 *Sep 9, 1959Mar 28, 1961Farkas Lucien LGymnastic apparatus
US4290597 *Mar 10, 1980Sep 22, 1981Schleffendorf John JPhysical exercise apparatus
US7066783 *Feb 12, 2004Jun 27, 2006Marvel Characters, Inc.Figure transporting toy
EP0331377A2 *Feb 24, 1989Sep 6, 1989Sutcliffe Group LimitedPlayground apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification482/24
International ClassificationA63B7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B7/00, A63B2208/12
European ClassificationA63B7/00