|Publication number||US1974832 A|
|Publication date||Sep 25, 1934|
|Filing date||Apr 3, 1931|
|Priority date||Apr 3, 1931|
|Publication number||US 1974832 A, US 1974832A, US-A-1974832, US1974832 A, US1974832A|
|Inventors||Peterson Hjalmar M|
|Original Assignee||James G Bennett|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
SePt- 25, 1934 H. M. PETERSON 1,974,832
`LUMINOUS BUOY Filed April 1951 Il l pluim Patented Sept. 25, 1934 l 'LUNHNOUSBUOY o Hjalmar M'. Peterson, Seatt'la-Wash., assg'nor of rie-halt'r to James G.`Bennett, Minneapolis,A
Application April 3, `1931, Serial No. 527,384
` 6 k(anims. (Cl-Q 24a-2.25)
y This invention relates' to a luminous buoy which may be situated in any navigablebody of water, but which has been devised to be more particularly.. useful in the direction of navigation upon inland channels or streams, especially such as the channels adjacent the ocean inthe eastern and western coasts and in Alaskan waters.
It is an object of this invention to provide a luminous `buoy which will be of simple and economical construction and will have incorporated therein various features and characteristics designed to` render the present buoy an improvement generally over devices heretofore known for the same purpose, capable of performing its 1 i intended service for an indenite period of time in a greatly. improved Yand much less expensive manner. x t It is a further important object to provide a buoy usingilluminating means covered with lu-` 2ov minous paint togetherwith which parts are arranged to be protected from the weather and are arranged relatively to each other in novel and improved fashion and with the purpose in view of obtaininga multitude of rays of light emanating from the buoy inl every direction. f A further, specific object is to provide a buoy` includinga plurality .of angularly related mirrors, y luminous `painted elements Aadjacent said mirrors, and a transparenter translucent member housing said mirrors and luminous painted elements to protect these fromrthe weather, the
whole being` of novel and improved .construction and so constituted as to cause a multitude of rays of light to emanate from said buoy `in Aall con:- ceivable directions. A u And a further specific object is to provide` a i buoy'inoluding mirrors, luminous elements, and a member housing` said mirrors and said lumi-- nous` elements, `as stated, ,and desirably addi-- 40- tionally including ,meansV for preventing birds from lighting upon said housing member to thus very likely fOulsad buoy, as well as includingY means for venting `the housing member tol preventthe possibility of variations in `temperature 45.- of the Vair within and surrounding said housing member,which temperature variations would, if allowed, `cause vcondensation of moisture upon the housing member with .a resultant befogging of the buoy. y .Y I i u 50l ith the above objects in View asjwell as others which willappear as the specication proceeds, the 5 invention` comprises the construction, a1'.` rangement and combination of` partsv as now to be fully `described and as hereinafter to be spe- Cielly Claimed ilrbeieg. understoqdhai the disclosure herein is merel-y illustrative and meant no way in a limiting sense, changes in details of.' construction and arrangement of parts` being permissible so long as within the spirit of the invention and the scopefof the claims which @5f follow.
In the accompanying drawing forming apart of thenspecication,
Fig. 1 is an elevational view of a buoy made according to the invention, disclosing said buoy 65 as when applied to use;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the buoy, the hollow oatable body, the cable and the anchor being omitted;
. -Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken as 7,0 on line-3 3 in Fig. 2; Y i
Fig. 4 is a sectional View detailing the vent pipe and the manner of attaching said vent pipe and theprongs to the buoy;
Fig. 5 is a plan view further detailing said vent 75 pipe and prongs; y
Fig. 6 is an elevational view of the unit which includes the mirrors and supports the luminous elements removed from the buoy; Y l Fig. l is a horizontal sectional view correspond- 80 ing generally with the disclosure of Fig. 3, but showing a buoy having luminous elements of modiled construction.
Fig. 8 is a plan View showing a modification? and i.
Fig. 9 is a side view of the device shown in Fig. 8.
With respect to the drawing and the numerals of reference thereon, 10 represents a oatable hollow body which is adapted to be anchored by means of a cable 12attached to an eye l1 upon 9o said.` hollow body and carrying an anchoring weight 13.
The upper portion of the hollow body 10Y includes ahorizontal ange 10aI which is attached to a similar ange 14a uponthe lower portion of 95 a hollow standard or pedestal 14 extending upwardly from said hollow body 10. As shown, the fiangesla and lflafare secured to each other by means of screw bolts 15.
The hollow body 1o and the hollow standard or 1.00
pedestal 14 together constitute the float of the buoy, which, in practice, stands substantially uprightV and is anchored by the weight 13 asfshown in Fig. 1. y
The hollow standardor pedestal 14 supports, in 10b the manner to befully described, mirrors and luminous elements which are protected from the weather and constitute the signal member of the buoy.
`A. globe 16of glass o rother suitable transparllO ent or translucent material, which may be white, or may have any shade of color, includes an internally threaded, vertical flange 16a which engages an externally threaded vertical flange 14o upon the upper portion of the standard or pedestal 14. A horizontal flange 16h, upon the bottom of the globe 16, engages a gasket 24 arranged upon a horizontal flange 140, upon the upper portion of the standard or pedestal 14, when said globe is screwed home upon said standard or pedestal, to thus provide a fluid tight joint between the globe and pedestal.
The transparent or translucent globe 16 houses the mirrors and the luminous elements of the buoy, which mirrors andvluminous elements are constituted as a unit contained within said globe.
As disclosed, a desirably circular retainer plate 17, which may be made of metal or other suitable material, includes upstanding channels l 17a which are arranged perpendicular to each other and extend approximately the full diameter cf said circular retainer plate. Said channels 17a suitably support upstanding or vertically disposed mirrors 18, including` eight mirrors, or four sets of mirrors, each set including two mirrors arranged back to back, and the different sets being arranged at right-angle relation to each other. That is to say, the channels 17a include four separate channels each extending outwardly from about the center of the retainer plate, and each separate channel supports a pair of mirrors which face in opposite directions. See Fig. 3. The mirrors 18 may be secured in the channels 17a in any preferred manner.
A vent pipe 19, which opens to the member 16, includes a lower threaded portion 19a which is threaded into a thickened portion 16C at the top of said member 16. Said vent pipe has a duct19b which leads from the interior of the globe 16 to the outside atmosphere, and in order that iiuid, from rain or waves, etc., may not enter said globe through said vent pipe, the upper portion of the vent pipe is curved downwardly as very clearly shown.
The retainer plate 17 supports luminous elements or bulbs 20, including four luminous elements or bulbs 20 extending upwardly from said retainer plate, there being an element or bulb 20 situated between each pair of adjacent mirrors 18, in equally spaced relation to each mirror. As disclosed, the retainer plate 17 includes upwardly opening` sockets 21 into which the luminous element or bulbs 26 are secured.
When the luminous buoy is set up for use, the marginal portion of the retainer plate 17 is retained between an inwardly extending, horizontal flange 16d upon a lower portion of the globe 16 and the vertical flange 14o upon the standard or pedestal 14, asvery clearly shown in Fig. 2, to thus be held rigidly and xedly within-the buoy. In assembling the standard or pedestal 14, the unit including the retainer plate 17, and the globe 16 with each other, the retainer plate may rst be placed so that its margin rests upon the ange 14o, and the globe 16 may then be screwed down upon said flange 14e until the flange 16b firmly engages gasket` 24. Plate 17 is then held in position.
The buoy includes a set of prongs 22 which are held to the globe 16 by means of the vent pipe 19. As shown, said prongs 22 are part of an integral unit which includes a central apertured portion receiving the threaded lower part 19a of the vent pipe 19,' and is fastened to the upper portion of the globe 16 by a horizontal llange upon said vent pipe and turned down against said unit hav- `tacle for the mirrors.
ing said prongs. The prongs 22 extend obliquely upwardly, and are disposed in spaced relation to each other about a full circumference. See Figs. 4 and. 5.
As disclosed, the globe 16 is somewhat oblong. The prongs 22 are for the purpose of preventing birds lighting upon the globe, and by making the globe oblong, the possibility of birds lighting thereon is decreased. An oblong globe also makes a better water shed and a more practical recep- But it is to be understood that the globe can be made in any desired shape.
In Fig. 7 I have disclosed a buoy which is in all respects like thebuoy of Figs. 1 to 6, except that in said Fig. 7 the buoy includes prismatic luminous elements 23 instead of bulb-shape luminous elements, such as 20. Said prismatic elements 23 include luminous' paint on their entire external areas, are arranged between the mirrors 18 in about the same manner as are the elements 20, and are attached to the retainer plate 17 by means of screws 23a.Y
It will be apparent that the mirrors 18 reect any light which may strike the signal member, and particularly the light which emanates from theluminous elements, outwardly in all directions to increase the eiciency of the buoy by making its signal member more readily visible.
In Fig. 8 a modification is shown, in which the plate 17 is used, and has upstanding therefrom a post 18. This post can have a plurality of sides or faces, and in the embodiment of the invention illustrated it is shown as having four faces. Said post has thereon layers of luminous paint 19 which are of circular form and substantially semispherical members 20 of transparent material are secured over these layers. The members 2O will be made of glass, crystal or some other substance, and will be provided with facets on their surfaces which will be cut in the usual manner so that the surface comprises a plurality of flat portions. The plate 17 will be secured in the globe 16 as shown in Fig. 2, and `the members 20 will be'directed in different directions.
In operation, the layer of luminous paint will shine through the members 20 and the facets thereon act as reflecting means through Which the luminous paint shines, and by which it is reflected. As the buoy swings about on the Water, the member 18 will be oscillated and the faces thereof brought into different positions. Diierent reflecting eiiects are given by the combination of members 19 and 20 as they are moved relative to the eye ofthe observer. A good illuminating effect is thus secured, and the buoy is made very conspicuous.
It will be seenthat the unit constituting the mirrors andthe luminous elementsis effectually protected from the weatheriby being housed within the interior of the buoy in the manner as illustrated and described. By the provision of the vent pipe 19, the temperature of the air within andsurrounding the buoy is kept approximately uniform so that there are no variations in air temperature of the air within and without the buoy to cause condensation of moisture upon the globe 16 which would befog or otherwise obscure the mirrors and luminous elements of the signal member to render the buoy less likely to be visible. By the provision of the prongs 22, especially in combination with the oblong globe 16 as illustrated and described, Athe possibility of birds lighting upon the buoy to foul it is precluded.
It will, of course, be understood that various changes ymay be madein the form, details, ar- 150' rangement and proportions of the parts, without departing from the scope of applicants invention, which generally stated, consists in a device capable of carrying out the objects above set forth, in the parts and combinations of parts disclosed and dened in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:-
l. A luminous device for a buoy having in combination, a support, an imperforate plate mounted thereon, a transparent globesecured to said plate and support in watertight relation thereto, a reflecting means upstanding from said plate enclosed by said globe, and a self-luminous object supported by said plate and disposed in frontgof said reflector to reflect light outwardly and upwardly. I
2. A luminous device for a buoy having in combination, an imperforate plate, a transparent globe secured thereto in watertight relation, a plurality of members supported above said plate having reiiectng surfaces facing in different directions, a plurality of self-luminous objects disposed respectively adjacent said reflectors to reilect light outwardly and upwardly.
3. A luminous device for a buoy having in combination, a support, a transparent housing carried thereby, a luminous object within said housing, and a vent tube secured to the upper portion of said housing and communicating with the interior thereof, said tube projecting upwardly vertically above said housing and then being bent reversely to extend downwardly and having its end directed outwardly, whereby water will not be transferred to the interior of said housing if it is thrown against said tube.
4. A luminous device for a buoy having in combination, an imperforate plate, a transparent housing secured to and upstandingV from said plate and having a water-tight relation thereto, members supported by said plate having reflecting surfaces directed outwardly in substantially all directions, and self-luminous members disposed between said reectors so that light is re iiected outwardly therefrom upwardly and in substantially all circumferential directions.
5. A luminous device for a buoy having in combination, an imperforate support, a transparent housing member carried thereby, angularly disposed reflectors carried by said support, a plurality of self-luminous elements, each of said selfluminous elements being arranged between a pair of said reflectors, whereby light is directed outwardly through said housing in substantially al1 directions.
6. A luminous device for a buoy having in combination, a transparent globelike member, a vent tube communicating with the interior thereof and projecting upwardly above said globe from the top thereof and then being bent to extend downwardly vertically so that it would form a perch for fowls and a plurality of small rods secured to said globe and surrounding said vent tube and projecting upwardly from said globe in diverging relation, said rods having their outer ends tapered substantially to a point so as to form a guard and prevent birds alighting on said tube or globe.
' HJALMAR M. PETERSON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2716758 *||Feb 20, 1953||Sep 6, 1955||Light House Inc||Marker buoy|
|US2856616 *||Jun 22, 1956||Oct 21, 1958||Buoys Inc||Electrically lighted buoy|
|US3397413 *||Oct 25, 1966||Aug 20, 1968||John F Kennedy Fed Bldg||Navigational marker|
|US3578973 *||Mar 6, 1969||May 18, 1971||American Atomics Corp||Self-luminous light sources employing fiber optics|
|US3590406 *||May 22, 1968||Jul 6, 1971||Global Marine Inc||Long spar buoy|
|US3981263 *||Apr 8, 1974||Sep 21, 1976||Capucio Eugene G||Blinking reflector signal device|
|US4779174 *||May 8, 1986||Oct 18, 1988||Staten Carlton F||Submersible lighting device|
|US7272908 *||Dec 8, 2004||Sep 25, 2007||Jones Charles R||Fishing float|
|US20060117639 *||Dec 8, 2004||Jun 8, 2006||Jones Charles R||Fishing float|
|U.S. Classification||441/13, 43/17, 43/17.5, 250/487.1|
|International Classification||B63B22/00, B63B22/16|
|Cooperative Classification||B63B22/166, B63B2201/08|