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Publication numberUS1975579 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 2, 1934
Filing dateNov 11, 1933
Priority dateNov 11, 1933
Publication numberUS 1975579 A, US 1975579A, US-A-1975579, US1975579 A, US1975579A
InventorsJames Kernes
Original AssigneeJames Kernes
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process of making seamless paper shades and other articles and products thereof
US 1975579 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Cat. 2, 1934 u N [TE-D TATES V 1,975,579 PROCESS OF MAKING SEAMLESS PAPER SHADES AND' OTHER' ARTICLES PRODUCTS THEREOF AND James Kernes, Chicago, 'Ill.

' No Drawing. Application November 11, 1933,

Serial No. 697,701

8 Claims. (01. 154-2) The invention relates to a process of making seamless paper shades and other articles and the products resulting from said process.

I The seamless paper shades made by means of 5 the process, and the other articles which are made by the process, such as containers and receptacles, are made to resemble parchment shades and articles and have the appearance of parchment after being finished. Such shades and articles are ingreat demand because of their near'resemblance to the genuine parchment shades and articles. g

The shades may be made in any'form which is -desired,--round, elliptical, hexagonal, octagonal,

bell-shaped, dome-shaped, or any form which can be readily made. I

One of the objects of the invention is to create a shade which is translucent and which permits the passage of light rays through it so that they may be d-iiiused and the shade may serve for illumination purposes in a room or other-place.

Another object of theinvention is to provide a shade which may be quite ornamental, in that pictures, designs, illustrations, prints, and the like, may be interposed between the tissue paper layers which are employed and show through and create 'an ornamental and pleasing effect. 7 g e A further object of the invention is'tocreatea shade-or other article "which is seamlessandpractically jointless-bec'ause of the thinness of the layers which are utilized. I

Inasmuch as there is no invention-claimed in the form of the shades or the articles made with the material which is theproduct of the process,

' 5 no drawing is required or supplied to illustrate the invention. a I a v In following the steps of the process in making the seamless paper shades or other articles, the first step is to prepare a form or mould of any 40 desired shape or size that is used for the making of the shade or other article. As stated, the form may be round, elliptical, hexagonal, octagonal, bell-shaped, dome-shaped, or other shape. It may be of any suitable material and constructed as is well known in the art.

+ or form. On top of the first layer of white tissue paper, a mixture of adhesive, such as paste, and

white rose oil is applied, and another layer of white tissue paper is placed on the mixture.

The same process is repeated until there are i755 five layers of white tissue paper and layers of the 'mixtureof adhesive and white rose' oil. In some cases, four or six layers ofwhite tissue paper may be used, but satisfactory results have been obtained with five layers of white tissue paper, with the mixture of paste and white rose @11 interposed between the layers. A further coat of adhesive and white rose oil is applied to the last layer .of white tissue paper.

' Short'lengths of threads of twine are then sprinkled on the last-mentioned coating which is on the last or preferably fifth layer of tissue paper. These threads may be more or less fine threads and may be of jute twine or other twine or material. When sprinkled on the mixture of adhesive and white rose oil, they not only serve to strengthen the paper, but also give it a form of design that is discernible through the paper and which assists in giving the paper the seniblance or appearance of parchment. Frequently, threads of different colors, such as red, green,

blue, yellow and other colors, are applied'and-th'e colored threads beingmixed and applied, give a highly ornamental appearance to the paper. In

some cases, they give a marbleized effect to the 8.0

P per. I l

=Thereupon another layer of white tissue paper is put on top of the threads, and four, five or six additional layers of tissue paper with as many applications of adhesive mixed with white rose oil are placed on the preceding layers. A larger number of layers of tissue paper and the inter posed mixture may be applied, depending on the It will be understood that any number .of alternate layers of white tissue paperv andflthe mixture may b applied to formborders or p tions'of the shade or articlewhich are to be thicker than other portions.

In case it is desired to have a picture, illustration, design or print in the shade or other article, it may be placed or interposed between the paper layers midway of the layers, or at any other place desired, when the shade or other article is being formed.

After the completion of the layers of white tissue paper and the mixture, the form or mould carrying the layers is hung up to dry for a period 0 of from twelve to eighteen hours, as may be necessary. The paper is then removed from the mould, and metal rings are fastened to the upper and lower rims of the shade in any manner well known in the art. This construction forms a frame or the set-up, as it is called, for each size, shape or form of a so-called seamless parchment shade. The shade is then shellaced or lacquered and, when dry, may be painted, decorated or colored in any manner desired.

The shade or other article made by the abovedescribed process retains its form and springs into normal position after being pressed or bent, without showing any crease, break, dent or puncture, and is so flexible that it serves every purpose of a parchment shade, while retaining the appearance and utility thereof.

It will be understood that in order to secure a shade employing colors, tissue paper of various colors, and other than white tissue paper,.may be used, and coloring matter may be used in the mixture of adhesive and rose oil.

Where, however, a white shade is desired which is to be subsequently colored, clear white rose oil and white tissue paper and uncolored fine threads of jute twine are used. The coloring or decorating can then be applied to the white uncolored shade. The rings, which are used for trimming and for the lamp-holders, may be covered with any suitable material and of any color desired.

Having thus described the invention, what I desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

'1. A process of making seamless paper lamp shades resembling parchment shades, and other articles, which consists in forming four or more alternate layers of inflammable tissue paper and a mixture of adhesive and oil between each of the layers.

2. A process of making seamless paper lamp shades resembling parchment shades, and other articles, which consists in placing four or more 1 layers of inflammable tissue paper on a form or mould of the desired shape, applying a mixture of adhesive and White rose oil between each layer of tissue paper, and placing threads between certain layers of the tissue paper.

of said tissue paper layers, applying a coat of white rose oil and adhesive on the last of said layers of tissue paper, sprinkling or placing short lengths of fine threads of twine on said last coat of oil and adhesive, applying a plurality of layers of tissue paper upon said layer of threads with coats of white rose oil and adhesive interposed between said layers of tissue paper and drying the same;

v 4. A process of making seamless paper shades in semblance of parchment paper shades, and other articles, which consists in placing four,

'five or six layers of tissue paper on a form or mould of any shape or size desired, applying a coat of white rose oil and adhesive between each of said tissue paper layers, applying a coat or" white rose oil and adhesive on the last of said layers of tissue paper, sprinkling or placing short lengths of fine threads on said last coat of oil and adhesive, which threads may be of diiierent colors, applying a plurality of layers of tissue paper upon said layer of threads with coats of white rose oil and adhesive interposed between said layers of tissue paper and drying the same, shellacking or lacquering and decorating the shade or article. 5. A process of making seamless paper shades in semblance of parchment paper shades, and otherarticles, which consists in placing four, five or six layers of tissue paper on a form or mould of any shape or size desired, applying a coat of white rose oil and adhesive between each of said tissue paper layers, applying a coat of white rose oil and adhesive on the last of said layers of tissue paper, sprinkling or placing short lengths of fine threads of jute twine on said last coat of oil'an'd adhesive and. inserting a picture, illustration, design'or the like between the layersof the tissue paper, which may be discernible through the superimposed layers or" tissue paper,

applying a plurality of layers of tissue paper upon said layer of threads and picture, illustration,

design or the like, with coats of white rose 011. 0 and adhesive interposed between said layers of tissue paper and drying the same.

6. A seamless paper lamp shade resembling a parchment shade, a plurality of four or more layers of inflammable tissue paper and a mixture of adhesive and oil interposed between each or" the layers, and threads between certain layers of the tissue paper serving to strengthen and .ornament the shade.

7. A seamless and jointless paper lamp shade 1 resembling a parchment paper shade, having four, five or six layers of inflammable tissue paper, a coat of a mixture of white rose oil and adhesive between each of said tissue paper layers, threads of twine, or other material, between certain of the layers of tissue paper.

8. A seamless and jointless paper shade resembling a parchment paper shade, having four, five or six layers of white tissue paper, a coat of a mixture of white rose oil and adhesive between 51.25 each of said tissue paper layers, short lengths of fine threads of twine, or other materiaLjbetween certain of the layers of tissue paper in one of the coats of white rose oil and adhesive, and a picture, illustration, design or the, like betweeni certain layers of the tissue paper which may be discernible through the superimposed layers of tissue paper.

. JAMES KERNES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6984283Sep 9, 2004Jan 10, 2006Linda Y NoriegaMethod of making image bearing laminated door/window screen with changeable images
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/355, 156/276, 156/214, 428/203, 428/292.7
International ClassificationF21V1/26, F21V1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21V1/26
European ClassificationF21V1/26