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Publication numberUS1976079 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 9, 1934
Filing dateMar 9, 1932
Priority dateMar 9, 1932
Publication numberUS 1976079 A, US 1976079A, US-A-1976079, US1976079 A, US1976079A
InventorsMallinckrodt Albert J
Original AssigneeBaker Ice Machine Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of and apparatus for circulating oil and refrigerating medium in refrigerating systems
US 1976079 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

@S 9 3934 A, J. MALLINCKRODT METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR CIRCULTINGV OIL AN REFRIGERATING MEDlUM IN REFRIGERATING' SYSTEMS Filed March 9, 1932 .IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ATTORNEY.

Patented Oct. 9, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD 0F AND APPARATUS FOR CIRCU- LATING OIL AND REFRIGERATING ME- DIUM IN REFRIGERATING SYSTEMS Application March 9, 1932, Serial No.597,726 Y 6 Claims.

My invention relates to a method of and apparatus for circulating oil in refrigerating systems and more particularly in refrigerating systems of ilooded type.

In systems of the character named, particularly those employing methyl chloride, or otherv substances miscible with oil, as refrigerating medium, oil for lubricating the compressor parts is circulated with the refrigerating medium, passing with liquid refrigerant from the high pressure side of the compressor to an evaporator and returning with vapors ofthe refrigerant to the lowk pressure side of the compressor through a suction line. VThe oil, being less volative than the refrigerant, tends to collect in the evaporator, thus interfering with proper lubrication of the compressor and necessitating interruption of operation of the system for removal of the oil from the evaporator.

It is the object of my invention to provide more Ieffective lubrication of the compressor and avoid interruptions in operation of the system by providing continuous circulation of the oil between the compressor and the evaporator.

In accomplishing this object, I have provided an improved method and apparatus, the novel features of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of 'an evaporator equipped for the practice of my improved method, a part of the evaporating vessel being broken away for illustration of contained parts and conventional compressor elements being indicated by high and low pressure lines.

Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section of the evaporator illustrated in Fig. 1.

Referring more in detail to the drawing:

1 designates an' evaporating vessel, which, except as hereinafter described, corresponds with those ordinarily employed in refrigerating systems of flooded type and specifically consisting of a cylinder including heads 2 and 3 and a body portion having slots 4 communicating with cham- -bers in depending uns 5 for cooling circulation of the refrigerating medium. l

An opening is provided in the head 2 near its vertical center for receiving the high pressure line 'Heading from a. liquid refrigerant receiver of ordinary type and therefore not illustrated. In the upper portion of the head 2 is an opening 8 for la suction line 9 leading to the low pressure side of the compressor andhavinga down-turned end 10 within the vessel 1.

" Located within the vessel Lis a oat 11 cmivof the vessel.

(Cl. (i2-126) sisting of a pan having an arm 12 provided with an eye 13 pivotally mounted on ahinge pin 14 carried by ears 15 of a bracket 16 that is rigidly attached to the inner face of the head 2. Fixed to the end of the float 11 adjacent the 60 head 2 is a valve 17 for controlling inlet to the vessel 1 from the high pressure line 7 to maintain a normal liquid level in the vessel and provide a vapor space within the vessel above the liquid level.

Leading from the head 3 of vessel 1 below the normal liquid level in said vessel is a line 18, preferably of circular cross section, trapped as shown and upturned and terminating at its outer end in a stand-pipe 20 of reduced cross sec- 70 tion, the reduction occurring slightly below the .extended line of the normal liquid level in the vessel 1. The stand-pipe section opens to a conduit 21 leading through an opening 22 in the head 3. The outer end of the conduit 21 is closed 75 as at 23 and the inner end terminates in a downturned elbow 24 above the float pan 11 and within the vapor space above theliquid in the vessel 1. The conduit 21 is of sulciently greater diameter than the stand-pipe 20 to constitute an evape0 orating zone, as hereinafter described, and in-v clined to drain liquid oil delivered thereto from the stand-pipe to the iloat pan.

Assuming the evaporator, heretofore described, to be connected with a compressor of conven- 35 tional type by the high and low pressure lines 7 and 9, and the compressor in operation for circulating refrigerating medium and oil, in accordance with common practice, the liquid refrigerating medium and oil delivered through the line 7 enters the evaporator chamber under con- .trol of the float actuated valve to maintain a normal liquid level in the evaporator -vessel and provide a vapor space in the vessel above the liquidbody. In practice of the present method contemplating use of a refrigerant such as methyl chloride, miscible in oil, the oil and refrigerant pass from the compressor to the vessel 1 and remain in the vessel as a mixture until separated as hereinafter described. The liquid'mixture of 100 refrigerating medium and oilpasses in hunted flow from the vessel 1 into the conduit 18, where it tends to rise in the stand-pipe 20 to the same level as that of the liquid in vessel 1 becauseof the dinerential areas of the stand-pipe, the trapped section of the. conduit and the interior Relieved of pressure, the liquid refrigerant tends to expend and evaporate in the vessel 1 and conduit 18 and bubbles of the vapors passing 110 The lighter component of the mixed liquid expands and evaporates within the conduit 2l, thus separating from the oil, which later ows down the conduit into the float pan, the vapors leaving the conduit collecting with those emanating from the body oi liquid in the vessel within the vapor space in the vessel.

The oil collecting in the iloat pan is drawn into the suction line 9 along with the refrigerant vapors and returned therewith to the compressor. Continuous operation of the system maintains a level of oil in the pan and insures a constant supply of lubricant to the compressor due to the necessity for reducing the level of oil in the pan to provide access of vapors to the suction line and prevent liquid sealing of the line.

It is apparent that in practice oi' my method, with the apparatus described, circulation of oil is not dependent on saturation of vapors with oil during evaporation in the vessel proper, but oil, which would ordinarily separate from the mixed liquid and accumulate in the evaporator, is recovered and returned to the vapors for recirculation through the compressor.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. Apparatus of the character described including a vessel having an inlet for mixed refrigerating medium and oil, float controlled means for controlling the inlet to restrict liquid level and maintain a vapor space within the vessel, means exterior of the vessel providing an evaporating zone in communication with said vapor space, means in communication with said vapor space for collecting oil separated from the refrigerating medium in 'said exterior evaporating zone, a line leading from below the normal liquid level in said vessel having a restricted section communicating with said evaporating zone, and a suction line leading from said oil collecting means. f

2. Apparatus of the character described including a vessel having an inlet for mixed refrigerating medium and oil, a iioat in said vvessel having an upwardly opening chamber, a valve on said float controlling said inlet to maintain a normal liquid level and providing a vapor space within the vessel, a conduit opening to the float chamber above a normal liquid level therein, a line leading from below the normal liquid level in said vessel and having a restricted portion leading to said conduit, and a suction line leading from the float chamber.

3. In an apparatus for circulating oil with a refrigerating medium in a flooded type system of refrigeration including an evaporating vessel, means for delivering the oil and refrigerating medium to the vessel, means in the vessel for controlling the admission of the mixed liquids into the vessel for maintaining a substantially uniform level of the mixed liquids therein and a vapor space above the liquids, a by-pass communicating with the vessel below the surface of the mixed liquids and at a point in said vapor space to form a passageway for a portion of the mixed liquids to elect evaporation of the liquid refrigerating medium passing through the by-pass for elevating the oil in the by-passto the vapor space, means in the vapor space for collecting the separated oil discharged from the icy-pass, and means for removing the collected oil and vapors from the vessel.

4. The method of circulating oil with a refrigerating medium in a. flooded type system of refrigeration including delivering the oil and refrigerating medium to a primary evaporating zone in liquid form from a point of liquefaction of the refrigerating medium, maintaining ay substantially uniform level of the mixed liquids in the primary evaporatng zone to maintain a vapor space above the mixed liquids, by-pas'sing a portion of the mixed liquids from the primary evaporating zone through a secondary zone for return to the primary zone and wherein the refrigerant is subjected to a faster rate of vaporization than in the primary zone, restricting passage of the vapors in their return tothe primary zone to effect elevation of the oil into the vapor space, gravitating the oil through the vapor space to divide the separated oil from the vapors, collecting the oil, and returning the collected oil and vapors to the point of liquefaction to complete the cycle of circulation.

5. The method of circulating oil with a refrigerating medium in a flooded type system of refrigeration including delivering the oil and refrigerating medium to a primary evaporating zone in liquid form from a point of liquefaction of the refrigerating medium, maintaining a substantially uniform level -of mixed liquids in the primary evaporating zone to maintain a vapor space above the mixed liquids, by-passing a portion of the mixed liquids from the primary evaporating zone through a secondary zone for return to the primary zone, restricting passage of the vapors returned to the primary zone for effecting elevation of the oil into the vapor space of the primary zone, gravitating the oil through the vapor space to divide the separated-oil from the vapors, collecting the oil, and returning the c'ollected oil and vapors to the point of liquefaction to complete the cycle of circulation.

6. The method of circulating oil with a refrigerating medium in a flooded type system of refrigeration including delivering the oil and refrigerating medium to a primary evaporating zone in liquid form from a point of liquefaction of the refrigerating medium, maintaining a. substantially uniform level of the mixed liquids in the primary evaporating zone to maintain a vapor space above the mixed liquids, by-passing a portion of the mixed liquids from the' primary evaporating zone through a secondary evaporating zone for return to the primary zone to effect separation of the oil from the refrigerating medium by vaporizing the refrigerant in the secondary zone, elevating the oil to the vapor space in the primary zone by the action of the vapors moving from the secondary to the primary zone, gravitating the oil through the vapor space in the primary zone to divide the separated oil from and returning the collected oil and vapors to the point of liquefaction to complete the cycle of circulation.

ALBERT J. MALLINCKRODT.

the vapors, collecting the oil,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2613505 *May 26, 1949Oct 14, 1952Standard Pressed Steel CoControl valve, such as for refrigerating systems
US6923011Sep 2, 2003Aug 2, 2005Tecumseh Products CompanyMulti-stage vapor compression system with intermediate pressure vessel
US6959557Sep 2, 2003Nov 1, 2005Tecumseh Products CompanyApparatus for the storage and controlled delivery of fluids
US7096679Dec 23, 2003Aug 29, 2006Tecumseh Products CompanyTranscritical vapor compression system and method of operating including refrigerant storage tank and non-variable expansion device
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/83, 62/220
International ClassificationF25B31/00
Cooperative ClassificationF25B31/004
European ClassificationF25B31/00B2