|Publication number||US1976141 A|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1934|
|Filing date||Jun 1, 1932|
|Priority date||Jun 1, 1932|
|Publication number||US 1976141 A, US 1976141A, US-A-1976141, US1976141 A, US1976141A|
|Original Assignee||Charles Edward Boyd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct.- 9, 1934. s. RICHARDSON 1,976,141
4 METHOD OF PRODUCING ORTHODONTI C BAND BRACKETS Filed June 1, 1932 Patented Get. 9, 1934 PATENT "OFFICE I METHOD OF PRODUCING ORTHODONTIC BAND BRACKETS Sidney Richardson, Hollywood, Calif., assignor of one-half to Charles Edward Boyd, Los Angeles,
Application .lune 1, 1932, Serial No. 614,703 3 Claims. (Cl. 29160.6)
My invention relates generally to the art of correcting the position of malposed teeth of the dental arch and more particularly to the methods of construction and production of the brackets V that are attached to the tooth engaging bands and which brackets are constructed and shaped so as to conveniently receive the arch bars, ligatures. and wires that are utilized for imparting the desired stresses and strains to the teeth that are to be rotated or moved to the proper or desired positions with respect to the other teeth of the dental arch.
It will be understood that orthodontic appliances of the character to which my invention re- 5 lates and particularly the brackets that are applied to the tooth bands, are relatively small in size and that said brackets are subjected to considerable strains and stresses while in service and it is one of the principal objects of my invention to provide a method of producing the brackets so that the strength of the metal of which said brackets are formed, is utilized to the maximum degree in resisting the strains and stresses that are impressed upon the brackets while the same are in service.
Further objects of my invention are, to provide a method of producing orthodontic tooth band brackets having great strength and rigidity and the metal therein being disposed so as to resist to a maximum degree the tendency of the arch bar to rotate within the slot that is formed in the bracket for the reception of said arch bar.
A further object of my invention is, to provide an improved method of forming orthodontic brackets so that the sanie will not yield and bend to such a degree as to permit the arch bar receiving notch to open or spread apart under tortional stresses imparted to said bracket by the 4 arch bar that passes through the notch therein or as a result of tilting movement of the bracket itself as a result of movement of the tooth that is engaged by'theyband that carries said bracket. With the foregoing and other objects in view my invention consists in certain novel methods of construction and arrangements of parts that will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a block of metal that is utilized for the production of a bracket by my method and which latter is provided with an arch bar receiving notch and with a pair of oppositely arranged ligature receiving notches and hooks.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a completed bracket formed by my method having in its front central portion an arch bar receiving notch and with ligature receiving notches and hooks at its ends.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a modified form 30 of the bracket.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 10.
In practicing my improved method to form a bracket of the. type illustrated in Fig. 2, the 5 bracket is formed from a substantially rectangular solid block 18 of alloy or platinized metal that is very hard and tough and formed in the intermediate portion of this block and extending from one of the faces thereof approximately half through the block, is a horizontally disposed notch or slot 19 that is adapted to receive an arch bow and the ends of the block above and below this notch are machined or cut to form transversely disposed notches 20 and those portions of the ends of the block above and below notch 19 and which overlie the notches 20, are curved rearwardly as designated by 21 in order to form hooks to facilitate the attachment of ligatures to the bracket and to the arch bow that is seated therein and to retain said ligatures in proper position within the notches 20, especially while the ligatures are being applied to the bracket.
The transverse arch bow receiving notch 19 extends approximately half way through the body of the bracket and as a result a wall or body 22 of substantial thickness is provided between the inner end of the notch 19 and the rear face of the bracket, which latter is soldered or brazed to the tooth band and thus the solid base of the bracket reenforces the band at the point of attachment of the bracket thereto and at the same time the necessary strength and rigidity is pro.- duced in the jaws of the bracket or those portions above and below the slot 19 to resist the spreading'apart of the jaws of the bracket as a result of the development of tortional strains between the bracket and the engaged arch bow.
In the modified construction illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4, the bracket is formed from a solid rectangular block of alloy or platinized metal with a transverse notch 23 formed in the front portion of the block for the reception of an arch bar and with the upper rear comers of the block cutaway to form notches 24 for the reception of ligatures or the like.
At the ends of the inner corners of the notches 24, the metal in the bracket is cut away and rounded as designated by 25, in order to eliminate sharp edges that would otherwise tend to cut the ligatures that are engaged on the ends of the brackets.
Inasmuch as my improved method contemplates the cutting of the brackets from solid blocks of metal, the molecules and fibres of the metal in all parts of the finished bracket retain their original relative positions, thus insuring the greatest possible strength of the metal that is utilized for forming the brackets and likewise the greatest possible resistivity to strains and stresses that are developed while the brackets are in service.
In all cases the base or rear portions of the brackets and particularly those portions to the rear of the transverse notches that are formed in the front portions of the brackets, are made of substantial thickness, thereby imparting to the brackets the requisite strength to resist tortional strains that would otherwise tend to spread the jaws of the bracket apart and at thesame time the relatively strong heavy base portions of the brackets serve to reenforce the tooth bands to which the brackets are braced or soldered and thereby provide an attachment of increased strength and stability.-
The machining or cutting of the bracket from a solid block of metal eliminates the necessity for bending any portion of the bracket during its production and which bending it will be understood necessarily disturbs, stretches, expands and in some instances fractures the metal at the bending points with the result that the finished structure is materially weakened and it fails to produce the expected and desired results when applied for use.
The size of brackets utilized on tooth bands of orthodontic appliances precludes the possibility of their being successfully manufactured by dies and I have demonstrated in tests and experiments that dies, though very carefully constructed, cannot impart the necessary accuracy to the finished product, particularly in the formation of the notches that receive the arch wires, ligatures and the like.
I have demonstrated in practice that where metal is bent in the production of orthodontic brackets and particularly relatively hard and tough metal, there is tendency of the bent por-.
tion of the metal to fracture and the grains or molecules of the metal separate so that the bent portion becomes porous and thereby loses its strength and resistivity to service strains and stresses.
The form of bracket illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, is particularly advantageous inasmuch as the formation of the hooks or brackets 21 permits the ligatures to be readily applied to the bracket and to the arch bow that is supported thereby and the ligatures are retained in position within the curved notches 20 both while being applied to the bracket and after being properly connected there to and to the arch bow.
In order that the rear or base faces of the brackets may conform to the curvature of the tooth band when the same is applied to a tooth, said rear faces may be formed slightly concave as illustrated in Fig. 2 and when the brackets are so formed the concave faces will fit snugly against the band when soldered or brazed thereto and when the band is applied to the rounded contour of a tooth, there will be no strains impressed on the joint between the bracket and band.
Orthodontic brackets constructed in accordance with my improved method are exceptionally strong and rigid, serve to reenforce the tooth band to which they are soldered or brazed and as said brackets are formed from solid blocks of metal they are not bent during manufacture, the maximum strength of the metal forming the brackets is utilized to the greatest advantage in resisting tendency of the jaws of the brackets to open as a result of relative tortional strains between the brackets and the arch wires that are applied thereto.
It will be understood that minor changes in the method of constructing of the various parts of my improved orthodontic band bracket may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described without departing from the spirit of the invention, the scope of which is set forth in the appended claims.
I claim as my invention:
1. The herein described method of producing a one piece orthodontic band bracket, which consists in simultaneously cutting a transverse and substantially parallel slot in each of the top and end faces of a block of hard tough metal, said cutting of said block in each instance being so effected as to retain the fibers and molecules in the uncut portions of said block in their original positions without distorting and stretching the same.
2. The herein described method of producing a one piece orthodontic band bracket, which consists in first cutting a transverse slot in the top face of a block of hard tough metal and then simultaneously cutting transverse slots in the end portions of said block and substantially parallel to said first slot, said cutting of said block in each instance being so effected as to retain the fibers and molecules in the uncut portions of said block in their original positions without distorting and stretching the same.
3. The herein described method of producing one piece orthodontic band bracket, which consists of cutting a transverse arch bar receiving notch in the front face of a rectangular block of tough, hard metal, said notch having a depth of substantially one half the thickness of said block, cutting the end portions of said block to form a pair of curved and identical, ligature receiving notches, cutting away the rear face of said block to produce a concave surface, and the said cutting of said block in each instance being so effected as to retain the fibers and molecules in the uncut portions of said block in their origi nal positions without distorting and stretching the same.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2713720 *||May 31, 1952||Jul 26, 1955||Unitek Corp||Orthodontic appliance|
|US2821020 *||Jun 6, 1955||Jan 28, 1958||Rocky Mountain Metal Products||Orthodontic sectional arch wire|
|US3119182 *||Apr 25, 1961||Jan 28, 1964||Orthodontists Res & Mfg Corp||Orthodontic appliance|
|US3218714 *||Oct 13, 1961||Nov 23, 1965||Melvin Wallshein||Orthodontic brackets|
|US3303565 *||Apr 9, 1964||Feb 14, 1967||Newman George V||Orthodontic brackets|
|US4842512 *||Nov 21, 1986||Jun 27, 1989||Tp Orthodontics, Inc.||Combination edgewise bracket|
|US4954080 *||Sep 21, 1988||Sep 4, 1990||Unitek Corporation||Ceramic orthodontic appliance|
|US5064369 *||Jan 27, 1987||Nov 12, 1991||Tomy, Inc.||Orthodontic device|
|US5441408 *||Jul 9, 1992||Aug 15, 1995||Hirsch Advanced Ceramics Gesellschaft M.B.H.||Orthodontic device with a ceramic tooth attachment|
|US5618174 *||May 11, 1994||Apr 8, 1997||Mors; Wayne A.||Orthodontic bracket and system|
|US5653588 *||May 31, 1995||Aug 5, 1997||Cdb Corporation||Plastic orthodontic component part and method of forming|
|US6264469||Dec 2, 1999||Jul 24, 2001||Advanced Products, Inc.||Orthodontic component, in particular a bracket with an insert element|
|US7396230||Apr 30, 2004||Jul 8, 2008||Norbert Abels||Molar orthodontic brackets having a hinged bracket cover|
|US20050244775 *||Apr 30, 2004||Nov 3, 2005||Norbert Abels||Molar orthodontic brackets having a hinged bracket cover|
|U.S. Classification||29/896.11, 433/8, 409/64|
|International Classification||B21D53/44, B21D53/00|