US 1980318 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 13, 1934. D CATON 1,980,318
COMPOUND R ECORD ASSEMBLY Original Filed June 15. 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. MM A9. 45%
' Nov. 13, 1934. w. D. CATON I 1,980,318
COMPOUND RECORD ASSEMBLY Original Filed June 15. 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I N V EN TOR.
AQwu/ QM mull/W ATTORNEYS.
Patented Nov. 13,1934
UNITED STATES COMPOUND RECORD ASSEMBLY William Donovan Caton, Elmira, N. Y., assignor to American Sales Book Company, Limited, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, a corporation of Ontario, Canada Application June 15, 1932, Serial No. 617,323 Renewed April 4, 1934 7 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in manifolding record devices and more particularly with reference to some of its features it relates to improvements in a compound record assembly of record and transfer leaves attached together in a unitary pliable pad suitable for insertion in typewriting and similar manifolding machines for the reception of inscriptions thereon.
It is a general object of the invention to provide an improved compound manifolding device of the class mentioned embodying a plurality of record and transfer leaves connected together in a pliable assembly convenient for use in typewriting or other inscribing machines in such a manner as to avoid numerous time-consuming operations in the entry of various records such as bookkeeping records, periodical statements and the like.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved manifolding assembly of the class mentioned and having a novel and advantageous arrangement of a transfer or carbon leaf at the outside of the assembly for utilization to transfer inscriptions to one of the record leaves of the assembly. This carbon leaf is so positioned that an additional record leaf or unit may be placed in overlying position and the inscriptions written thereon will be transferred by the transfer leaf to the underlying record leaf.
According to another feature of the invention, transfer leaves are placed at either one or both outside faces of the assembly in position to transfer inscriptions either to the assembly from an overlying leaf, or from the assembly to an underlying leaf or record unit.
Another object of the invention is to provide in a manifolding assembly of the class mentioned an improved attaching arrangement for attaching the leaves together in the assembly and for selectively detaching and separating the record and transfer leaves from each other after the entries have been made.
Other objects of the invention will be in part pointed out in the following detailed description of certain illustrative but preferred embodiments of the invention and will be in part obvious in connection therewith.
The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combinations of elements,
a and arrangement of parts, which will be exemplito the following detailed description and to the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a manifolding assembly embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a similar view of another embodiment, parts being broken away and the leaves being separated so as to show the structure and arrangement;
Fig. 3 is a vertical section substantially on the line a-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2 of another embodiment of the invention, and
5 is a vertical section on the line 55 of For a detailed description of the invention, reference is first made to Fig. 1 illustrating a simplified form of the invention embodying a record leaf 10 which may be made of paper of any quality or color ordinarily employed for manifolding uses. A transfer or carbon leaf 11 is permanently attached to the record leaf so as to form a unitary manifolding assembly. Both the record and carbon leaves maybe of any desired size and proportions but the carbon leaf is ordinarily of sufiicient size to transfer the inscriptions made upon various parts of the record leaf although it will be understood that if desired transfer material may be omitted from restricted areas of the transfer sheet for the purpose of effecting selective transfer inscription. As shown, the transfer leaf is provided only on its undersurface with transfer ,material as indicated at 12, but may be employed on both sides of the leaf if desired. The record leaf may be provided with any desired ruling or blank form as indicated at 13 for accommodation of the particular work in hand.
In the embodiment of Fig. 1 a small leaf or tab 14 is attached near one edge of the assembly and reversely rearwardly turned or folded backwardly toward the opposite end. This tab, as shown, is made integral with the record leaf 10 being separated therefrom by a transverse fold line 15. The leaf 10 is also provided at or near its top Or forward end with a transverse weakened severance line, this being shown as coincident with the fold line15. The severance line may be formed by perforating, scoring or otherwise weakening the paper so as to facilitate severance of the record leaf.
As shown, the tab 14 forms a binding attachment or stub for the transfer leaf -11 which is provided at its top or forward end with a binding tab 16 formed by folding the end of leaf 1 versely to form a loop or fold within the fold of tab 16 to the transfer leaf is not perforated or weakened in any manner as is the line 15, but the material of the leaf at this point remains of its full original strength.
It will be noticed that the tab 14, constructed and arranged as shownand described, provides a support and guide for an additional record leaf or unit 18 which may be termed a ledger leaf,-
and as shown, is preferably separate from the assembly and held in correct register therewith for the purpose of transfer inscription thereto of records written upon the original record leaf 10. This ledger leaf 18 may be provided with any appropriate blank form corresponding to the form 13 and may be adjusted laterally into any desired position with reference to the assembly in which position it is supported by the supporting tab 14. When in position, as shown, the ledger leaf 18 has its upper record surface in contact with the transfer surface 12 to effect the transfer inscription. If desired, the ledger leaf 18 may be larger than the leaf 10 extending beyond the latter at the bottom or rear end of the assembly and also at the longitudinal edges, thus permitting lateral adjustment when desired.
In the form of Fig. 1, the supporting and guiding tab 14 is positioned at the top or forward 1 end of the assembly forming a guiding and supporting loop for embracing the forward end of the ledger leaf'18. This tab, however, may be positioned at one of the longitudinal edges, as
shown in Fig. 2, or at the bottom or rear end. Wherever positioned, it forms a guide and support for the ledger leaf. When at the forward end, as shown in\Fig. 1, the fold formed by the tab 14 embraces the forward end of the assembly providing a smooth guiding envelope free from loose or projecting edges or comers, thus greatly facilitating entry of the assembly into a typewriter or other manifolding machine.
The bottom end of the record leaf 10 may, as
shown, extend slightly beyond the adjacent end of the transfer leaf 11, thus forming a selective grip device 19 whereby the record leaf may be gripped to the exclusion of the transfer leaf for a purpose later described.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is disclosed in Figs. 2 and 3, showing an assembly of record and transfer leaves similar to that above described and corresponding parts are indicated by the same reference numerals with the addition of the index a. In this embodiment the guiding and supporting tab 14a is, as before, shown as being integral with'the overlying or original record leaf 10a but is positioned at one longitudinal edge of the assembly instead of at the forward end thereof, as in Fig. 1. Also, there is an additional record leaf 20 providing a duplicate copy, and an additional carbon transfer leaf 21 positioned to transfer inscriptions to the duplicate leaf 20. The duplicate leaf 20 is provided with a binding extension or tab 22 similar to the binding tab 16a of the transfer leaf 1111. Also, the transfer leaf desired to grip the transfer leaves selectively in-' 21 has a similar binding extension 23. As shown, the binding tabs or extensions 16a, 22 and 23 are all similarly formed as described above by back wardly folding or turning the edges of the respective leaves.' The record leaves at the fold lines 8 are perforated or weakened'as indicated at 15a and 24 for the purpose of facilitating selective severance of the record leaves from the binding stub. Both transfer leaves 11a and 21 are unweakened in their attachment to their binding stubs or extensions so as to remain attached thereto, as when the record leaves are being severed. Each of the binding extensions 16a, 22 and 23 are pasted or otherwise attached to the binding tab 141: beyond the folds or severance lines as indicated at 25. A light line of adhesive for each of the attaching tabs is convenient for effecting this union as above stated.
The loose ledger leaf 18a, as above described, is received within the guiding loop or envelope provided by the tab 14a. and supported thereby in correct manifolding position. It is provided with any desired ruling or blank form and may be adjusted vertically with reference to the assembly to bring different areas of its blank form into register with a given area of the blank forms 13a provided on the original and duplicate leaves 10a and 20. As in Fig. 1, it will be noted that the transfer leaf 11a is positioned at the lower, out-. side of the assembly, so as to transfer inscriptions to the ledger leaf.
Selective grip formations 26 are provided for gripping some of the leaves to the exclusion of the others. In the embodiment shown, the record leaves are extended at their longitudinal edges opposite the binding as indicated at 26, beyond the adjacent edges of the transfer leaves. In this manner, the leaves 10a and 20 can be gripped to the exclusion of the transfer leaves. If it is stead of the record leaves, then their edges would be constructed to extend beyond the adjacent edges of the record leaves; 1 Referring to the preferred embodiment of the invention as illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, the assembly of record and transfer leaves is generally similar to the foregoing embodiments and cor-. responding parts are designated by the same ref erence numerals with the 'addition of the index "b7. In this case, however, the original or overlying attached record leaf of Figs. 1 and 2 is omit ted, and substitution therefor may be made-in making the inscriptions by a separate record leaf or record unit which can be placed in superposed manifolding relation with the assembly when the inscription is being made. The assembly when thus constituted, may be inserted as a unit in a manifolding machine, or the inscription could be manually entered.
As shown in this embodiment, the top or overlying outside leaf is the transfer leaf 27 shown as having transfer material only on its underside as indicated at 28. The duplicate record leaf 20a underlies the transfer leaf 27. Also, a trans fer leaf 29 underlies the record leaf 20a while a record leaf 30 is positioned between the transfer leaf. 29 and the lower outside transfer leaf 11b.
As shown, the-guiding and supporting tab 14b is formed integrally with the record leaf 30 be-: 5 Lng separated therefrom by a weakened sever-' ance line 31 shown as coincident with the fold line as above described. The binding extension 161: of the transfer leaf 11b is pasted 'to' the tab 141;. along a line 25b. The binding extension 22b of the duplicate record leaf 20a lies outside of the tab 14b as do the binding extensions 32 and 33 of the transfer leaves 2'1 and 29. These outside binding extensions are pasted to the outside of the tab 1417 along a line 34.
A selective grip is provided by cutting off the corners of the transfer leaves as indicated at 35, thus providing the selective grip extensions 36 on the record leaves. It will be understood that this form of selective grip or the others above suggested, or some other well known selective arrangement, such as tabs either on the record or transfer leaves, or on both, extending beyond the adjacent leaf edges, may be utilized. Whatever form is employed, it will be observed that the record and transfer leaves have selectively overlying parts remote from the binding stub, thus forming a selective grip device whereby either the record or transfer leaves may be gripped to the exclusion of the others. It will also be noted that the severance lines for the leaves are selectively arranged with reference to the record and transfer leaves. In other words, selected ones only in the leaves are provided with the weakened severance lines near the binding while the remaining leaf or leaves is free from corresponding severance weakening. In the form as disclosed, the severance lines are selectively positioned only in the record leaves.
Although the embodiments herein disclosed show the binding stub backwardly turned as in the guiding and supporting tabs, it will, nevertheless, be understood that this binding stub may be positioned in direct alignment with the record and transfer leaves, that is, unfolded or straightened out, in cases where the ledger leaf or an additional manifolding unit is not to be inserted underneath the assembly when the inscriptions are being made. If an overlying record unit or an original record leaf is to be utilized as in the form of Figs. 4 and 5, such additional unit may be supported in its correct manifolding relation by any convenient or appropriate manner, as by the machine in which the assembly is used or by a tab similar to the tab 14 provided on the additional leaf or unit.
In each form of the invention above disclosed. it will be observed that the manifolding assembly, including the binding stub, is flexible throughout its extent-whereby the complete assembly may be readily utilized in typewriting and manitional overlying original record leaf may be utilized, whereupon the inscription is transferred by the transfer leaf 2'? to the duplicate record leaf.
After the inscriptions have been entered in the -manner above suggested, the separation of the inscribed record leaves from the assembly is a simple matter. By grasping the record leaves at the selective grip formation thereof and at the same time holding the guiding and supporting tab, it will be seen that the record leaves may wrinkling, warping or other readily be severed from the binding along the selective severance lines by which they are separated from their binding extensions. Since the transfer sheets are unweakened at their binding extensions, and are not gripped at their outer ends, they will remain attached to the stub. Severance of the record leaves and 'separation thereof from the assembly may be accomplished quickly at a single movement.
Since certain changes may be made in the above construction anddifferent embodiments of the invention could be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted-as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:--
1. A pliable manifolding assembly including, in combination, a pliable binding stub in which a record leaf is bound, said recordleaf having a weakened severance line for detachment from the stub, a transfer leaf overlying said record leaf at the outside of the assembly for receiving an overlying record-sheet and having its transfer surface in transfer contact with the record leaf so as to transfer inscriptions to the latter, said transfer leaf being bound in said stub and being leaf at the outside of the assembly for receiving an overlying record sheet and having its transfer surface in transfer contact with the record leaf so as to transfer inscriptions to the latter, said transfer leaf being bound in said stub and being unweakened corresponding to the weakening of the record leaf so as to effect selective detachment of the leaves from the stub, said record and transfer leaves having a selective grip formation remote from the stub for selectively gripping the record leaf to t e exclusion of the transfer leaf for effecting th selective detachment of the record leaf from the stub, and a reversely folded supporting and guiding tab positioned at one edge of the assembly for supporting an additional record unit in 'manifolding relation with the leaves of the assembly.
3. A pliable manifolding assemblyincluding, in combination, a pliable binding stub in which a record leaf is bound, said record leaf having a weakened severance line for detachment from the stub, a transfer leaf overlying said record leaf at the outside of the assembly for receiving 34(- an overlying record sheet and having its transfer surface in transfer contact with the record leaf so as to transfer inscriptions to the latter, said transfer leaf being bound in said stub and being unweakened corresponding to the weakening of 145 the record leaf so as to effect selective detachment of the leaves. from the stub, a reversely folded supporting and guiding tab underlying the assembly near one edge thereof for supportin! an additional record unit in manifclding re- 150 lation with the leaves of the assembly; and re versely turned binding stubs'on said record and transfer leaves attached to said supporting tab beyond the fold line thereof.- I
1.4. A pliable manifolding assembly including, incombination, a pliable binding .stub in which a record leaf is bound, said record leaf having a weakened severance line for detachment from the stub, a transfer leaf overlying said record leaf at the outside of the assembly for receiving an'overlying record sheet and having its trans fer. surface in transfer contact with the record leaf so as to transfer inscriptions to the latter, said transfer leaf being bound in said stub and being unweakened corresponding to the weakening of the record leaf so as to effect selective detachment of the leaves from the stub, a reversely folded supporting andguiding tab underlying the assembly near one edge thereof for supporting an additional record unit in manifolding relation with the leaves of the assembly, and reversely turned binding stubs on said record and transfer leaves attached to saidsupporting tab beyond the fold line thereof, said record and transfer leaves having a selective grip formation remote from the stub for selectively gripping the record leaf to the exclusion of the transfer leaf for effecting the selective detachmentof the record leaf from the stub.
' 5. A pliable manifolding assembly including, in combination, a pliable binding stub in which arecord leaf is bound, said record leaf having a weakened severance line for detachment from the stub, a transfer leaf overlying said record leaf at theoutside of the assembly for receiving'an overlying record sheet and having its transfer surface in transfer contact with the record leaf so as to transfer inscriptions to the latter, said transfer leaf being bound in said stub and being unweakened corresponding to the weakeningof the record leaf so as to effect selective detachment-of the leaves from the stub, a reversely fQded supportingand guiding tab positioned at one edge of the assembly for supporting an additional rec- 1 ord unit in manifolding relation with the leaves of the assembly, and another transfer leaf attached to saidstub and positioned at theunderside of the assembly and having its transfer surfaceoutwardly faced for transfer inscription to said-additional record unit which underlies the assembly;
-6. A pliable manifoldinguassemblylincluding, in combination; a pliable binding stub in.--which;a record leaf isv bound. said record leaf having-e weakened severance line ..'for detachment, from the stub, a transfer leaf overlying said record leaf at the outside :ofthe assembly for receiving an overlying'recordsheet and having its transfer surface in transfer contact with the;,-recor d leaf so asito transfer, inscriptions. to the latter; said transferleaf being-bound insaid stub and being unweakened corresponding to the,,wea kening of therecord, leaf -sqas to=- effect selective detachment ofthe leavesafromthe stub, areversely foldedsupporting. and guidi tabunderlying the assembly near ,one edge thereof for supporting an additional record, unit in manifoldingrela-. tion with ,the; leaves .of: the assembly,- reversely turned binding stubs on said, record and transfer leavesattached to said, supporting tab beyond the fold linethereof, and another transfer leaf attached to said stub and positioned at the underside of the assembly and having its transfer sur-, face outwardly faced-for transfer inscription to -said additional record unit which underlies the assembly. r. I v v I '7. A pliable manifoldingassemblyincluding, in combination, a pliable binding stub, a plurality of record leaves attachedto said stub, a plurality of transfer leaves attached to said stub andpositioned in overlappingtransfer relation with the 5 record leaves-selected ones. onlyv of said'record and transfer leaves having weakened severance lines between them-and theibindingstub while the remaining leaforleaves-is free from corresponding weakeningfor the purpose of effectingv selective severance of the leaves from thestub, a reversely turned-supporting and guiding tab embodying said stub and attached at one, edge of the assembly for supporting an additional record unit in manifolding relation with theleaves of 115 the assembly, and reversely folded attaching stubs on certain of said record and transfer leaves attached to the said supporting tab and having the said weakenedseveranca lines thereof coincident with their fold lines, andsaid record and n transfer leaves having a selective grip formation remote from said supporting; tab for selectively gripping e. QWQSJQF ec ve eeve n e t from the stub.