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Publication numberUS1980363 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 13, 1934
Filing dateJan 28, 1933
Priority dateJan 28, 1933
Publication numberUS 1980363 A, US 1980363A, US-A-1980363, US1980363 A, US1980363A
InventorsStaples Horace A
Original AssigneePhelps Dodge Copper Prod
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of making electrical conductors
US 1980363 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

NOV. 13, 1934. STAPLES 1,980,363

METHOD OF MAKING ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS Filed Jan. 28, 1933 INVENTOR Horaae A. Slaples ATT N ill Patented Nov. 13, 1934 NIETHOD (19F NG ELECTRNJAIL C(DNDUCTORS Horace a. Staples Plainfield, N. 3., assignor a Phelps Dodge ilopper Products @orporation,

New York, N. IL, a corporation of New York 7 Application January 28, 1933, Serial No. 65 Ml9$ 1 (Claim.

conductors it is desirable to combine large out-.

side diameter, in orderto increase the critical corona voltage, with low copper content, in order to minimize the amount or" copper required. It is also desirable that the tensile strength of such conductors be the maximum that can-be obtained from the amount and character of the 'material employed.

I have previously invented a method of forming thin flat metal into shapes with the edges abutting and simultaneously stranding such shapes into cable form, thereby obtaining a core suitable for stranding a covering layer of solid wires thereon. U. S. application 551,422, filed by me July 17, 1931. v

I have found that I cannot obtain the minimum weight with such a covering of solid wires, and

that the above mentioned sections, while perfectly satisfactory for a core, cannot ordinarily be used for the covering layer of the cable, due to their extremely thin gage, and'due to point discharge taking place under high voltage from the edges of the seam, and due to the facts that, while ordinarily numerous Wires of comparatively small diameter are desired in order to make the exterior of the cable as smooth as possible, my previous method is best adapted to a comparatively few wires of comparatively large diameter because of space limitations in commercial stranding machines, and due to the advisability of subjecting the metal to more drawing in order to develop its maximum tensile strength.

In order to obtain a covering layer of weight intermediate between very thin sections and solid wire, and of tensile strength comparable to solid wire, and without perceptible seams, and of considerable number of wires of small diameter, I

have set up my new method of forming sheet metal strips into shapes suitable 'for stranding.

In my new method I form the flat strip into a hollow shape and subject the formed hollow shape to whatever drawing operations may be necessary to develop the desired tensile strength, separately from the stranding operation. In my new method the hollow shape, after its formation from the flat strip, is handled through the drawing and stranding operations, in accordance with the ordi- (ci. tot-8) nary practice of drawing and stranding solid wire. I have found that the success of my method depends on the flat strip being of a particular thickness, as described hereinafter.

The foregoing and other features of my invention will how be described in connection with the accompanying drawing forming part of thisv specification in which I have represented a preferred way in carrying out my method after which I shall point out in the claim those features which I believe to be new and of my own invention.

In the drawing:

Figure I shows the material from which my conductor is made, this being a flat rectangular strip of metal, of indefinitely long length, and of a particular thickness, as described hereinafter.

Figure 2 shows the first step inmy method, which consists in forming the fiat strip so that the edges meet. I usually form into a round shape, but I am not limited to this, and for special purposes, may form into a wedge shape, or any other section that may be desirable. I

Figure 3 shows the succeeding operations up to the stranding operation; which consists in successively drawing the formed strip through dies until the reduction area of the metal has been sumcient to increase the tensile strength to the amount desired.

Figure 4 is a section through a multiple strand cable made after the preferred method.

Figure 5 is a side view of the stranded cableshown in section in Figure 4.

I have found that, in order to obtain successive drafts of the formed strip without the edges sliding by each other, it is necessary that the thickness g of the initial strip be not less than approximately of the diameter 11 obtained at the final draw; and that, if I use strip of such dimensions, the edges of the seam in my formed strip after the final draw, are so tightly closed together that there is .no tendency to open or buckle during the stranding operation, and that my formed strip may be treated as though it were solid wire, and that the edges are so smoothly joined that there is no possibility of point discharge under high voltage.

In cables for intermediate voltages, where it is not necessary to obtain the absolute maximum of diameter for a given weight, or if location is such that wind pressures require maximum strength, I may make such cables entirely of shapes formed as described above, instead of employing the methods of my previous invention.

I wish it distinctly understood that my method 5 herein described and illustrated is in the form in which I desire to use it and that changes or variations-may be made as may be convenient or desirable without departing from the salient features of my invention and I therefore intendthe following claim to cover such modifications as naturally fall within the lines of invention.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2578280 *May 13, 1950Dec 11, 1951Bailey Meter CoTubing bundle or cluster
US2606650 *Apr 23, 1945Aug 12, 1952Evans Martin EContinuous wire drawing machine
US2936791 *Sep 21, 1955May 17, 1960Flexonics CorpFlexible hydraulic hose
US4570843 *Feb 24, 1984Feb 18, 1986Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaMethod for manufacturing anode cylinders of electron tubes
US5235137 *Jul 29, 1991Aug 10, 1993Northern Telecom LimitedBuoyant cable
U.S. Classification72/368, 174/131.00R, 29/455.1, 29/520, 57/14, 138/111, 138/144, 29/505
International ClassificationH01B5/06, H01B5/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01B5/06
European ClassificationH01B5/06