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Publication numberUS1981239 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 20, 1934
Filing dateJun 27, 1932
Priority dateJun 27, 1932
Publication numberUS 1981239 A, US 1981239A, US-A-1981239, US1981239 A, US1981239A
InventorsManske Fred A
Original AssigneeUnited States Gypsum Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1981239 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 20, 1934. F. A. MANSKE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Original Filed June 27, 1932 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR ED 6' MFIN'S/(E.

F? W Z? AT'i'ORNEY Nov. 20, 1934. F. A. MANSKE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION ori inal Filed June 27, 1932 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 E R K VMM o s E T N N m A w v M T W 4 M a. B

r, w 7 J J 2 w M 6 a QM 9 2 2 NW 7 A llll 1; EH16 Nov. 20, 1934. F. A. MANSKE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Original Filed June 27, 1932 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR w I w E'D IQMHA/SKE A'I I'ORNE Patented Nov. 20, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION poration of Illinois Application June 27, 1932, Serial No. 619,535 Renewed May 4, 1934 10 Claims.

This invention relates to building construction, and has reference more particularly to fireproof walls and partitions employing metal studs and pre-formed building boards having the lower parts thereof concealed by a metal mop plate or base trim.

In the construction of walls and partitions employing metal studs and pro-formed building boards, such as those made primarily of gypsum,

it is desirable to have an inexpensive metal mop plate for concealing the lower part of the partition and providing a space for receiving electric wires, since the entire wall construction, including the mop plate should be of simple construction and easily erected.

An object of this invention, therefore, is to provide a wall and partition construction which is fireproof and may be easily erected.

A further object of the invention is to provide a wall construction in which a metal mop plate of simple design is used as a base trim; also to improve building constructions in other respects hereinafter specified and claimed.

In my co-pending application, Serial No.

618,149, filed June 20, 1932, entitled Wall construction, I have disclosed improvements in the general class of structures herein contemplated, and the present disclosure contains certain additional improvements.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which Fig. 1 is a sectional, perspective elevation showing one form of my improved wall construction,

Figs. 2, 3 and i are sectional elevations of modified forms of wall construction,

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a type of runner used in the construction shown in Fig. 4,

Figs. 6 and 7 are perspective, sectional elevations showing further modified forms of wall construction,

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary elevation of the wall construction shown in Fig. '7,

Fig. 9 is a sectional elevation of a further modified form of wall construction,

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary elevation of the construction shown in Fig. 9,

Fig. 11 is a sectional, perspective view of a further modified form of wall construction,

Fig. 12 is a perspective view of the base plate used in the construction shown in Fig. 11,

Fig. 13 is a sectional elevation showing a 'further modified form of wall construction, and Fig. 14 is a sectional elevation through a still further modified form of wall construction.

In the construction of the wall, I prefer to use channel-shaped, steel studs 1'7 having web 18 and flanges 19 along each longitudinal edge of said web. The upper ends of the studs 17 are attached in any suitable way not shown to the framework of the building, and the lower ends of the studs are received and supported by a base plate 20 having upstanding integral tongues 21 struck out from the metal of the base plate, said tongues being so spaced as to closely fit the bottom of the studs 17. Pre-formed building boards 22 are connected to the stud flanges 19 by a combined runher and clip system. An H-shaped runner 23 is rolled from sheet metal and has inwardly turned reverse bent flanges 24 which are again bent outwardly at the center of the runner to form closely abutting flanges 25 which are again bent outwardly to form flanges 26 which, with flanges 24, form opposed channels for receiving the edges of the boards 22. The boards 22 may be gypsum boards comprising a cementitious core material 27 of gypsum, or other suitable composition, and having cover sheets 28 for enclosing both faces of the core material. The boards 22 may be formedof compressed fibers or any other suitable materials commonly used in the building industry.

In order to attach the runner 23 to the stud flanges 19, I provide clips 29 having inwardly turned flanges 30 conforming to the shape of the stud flange 19 and adapted to partially enclose the same. Said clips 29 are also provided with inwardly turned flanges 31 which are arranged to partially enclose the runner flanges 26 in such a way that the edges of the boards 22 press firmly against the flanges 31 and lock the runners in position relative to the clips 29 and studs 17.

One of the salient features of my invention consists in positioning the runners 23 transversely of the studs 17 and supporting said runners on narrow strips of building board 33, the lower edge of said board strips 33 being received between upstanding, spaced, integral tongues 34 struck from the base plate 20. In order to serve as a finishing trim for the bottom of the wall or partition, I provide a metal mop plate 35 having its upper edge inwardly turned to form a flange 36 which is then bent downwardly to form a flange 37, the latter engaging over one of the runner flanges 24 so as to be removably positioned between said flange 24 and the lower edge of the building boards 22. The outer edges of the base plate 20 are turned upwardly to form flanges 39, and integral tongues 40 struck upwardly from the plate 20 form channels with flanges 39 for the reception of the lower edge of the trim or mop plate 35. The space between the mop plate 35 and the board strips 33 may be utilized if desired to contain electric wires 42, and outlet sockets 43 are provided in the mop plate 35 for attachment with electrical fixtures, lamps and the like. It will be seen that by positioning the runners 23 horizontally, a convenient method of attachment of the mop plate 35 is provided so that the mop plate may be removed at any time if it is desired to inspect or repair the electric wiring or add new wires.

The form of construction shown in Fig. 2 varies from that of Fig. 1, in that a metal plate 44 is placed over the building board strips 33 and carries an angle shaped shelf 45 for dividing the space between a mop plate 46 and the metal plate 44 into two compartments, thus dividing the electric wires 42 into two groups, such as telephone wires and light wires, and guarding against a short circuit.

' The form of construction shown in Fig. 3 differs from that shown in Fig. 2 in that an inwardly bent flange 48 is formed on the bottom edge of a mop plate 49, said flange 48 being again bent upwardly to form flange 50 which lies flush against the metal plate 44. The mop plate 49 is made somewhat narrower than those previously described so as to permit wooden flooring 51 to be placed underneath the mop plate, the lower edge of the mop plate being held in position by means of a wooden molding 52 held in position by nails 53.

In the form of construction shown in Fig. 4, runners 55 for supporting the lower edge of the wallboard 22 are slitted, and outwardly extending tongues 56 are formed on said runners to give clearance space for receiving a downwardly extending flange 57 formed on the upper edge of a mop plate 58. Tongues 59 similar to the tongues 56 are formed on the bottom of the runner 55 so as to form a clearance space for the reception of the upper end of a plate 60 which carries an angle shelf 61 for holding the electric wires 42. The bottom edge of plate 60 has an outwardly extend-' ing flange 62 which terminates in an. upwardly extending flange 63, the latter bearing against the inner, bottom edge of the mop plate 58 for supporting the same. A wooden molding 64 may be 'provided outside the mop plate 58 for holding the bottom edge thereof firmly against the flange 63. A more detailed illustration of the runner of Fig. 4 is shown in Fig. 5. g

. In the form of construction shown in Fig. 6, a runner 66, resembling the runner shown in Fig. 1, is reversed in position so that the single wall flanges 67 are on the outside of the wall and engage a downwardly extending flange 68 formed on the upper edge of a mop plate 69. The lower edge of the mop plate 69 is provided with an inwardly extending flange 70 which terminates in an upwardly extending U-shaped flange 71, the latter engaging over an upwardly extending flange 72 formed on a base plate 73. The U-shaped flange 71 also serves to act with upwardly extending tongues 74 struck from the base plate 73, to retain the bottom edge of wallboard strip 75.

In the form of construction shown in Fig. 7, a runner 77 is provided for receiving the bottom edge of wallboard 22 and L-shaped flanges 78 are struckout therefrom at intervals forming upwardly extending channels for receiving downwardly extending flanges 79 formed along the upper edge of a mop plate 80. The flanges 78 also serve to engage a U-shaped hook 81 which is formed on the upper end of a hanger strip 82." An outwardly extending section 83 is formed on the bottom end of the hanger 82 for supporting the electric wires 42, and the section 83 terminates in an upwardly extending tongue 84 for engaging the inner face of the mop plate 80. The lower edge of the mop plate has an inwardly bent flange 85 which is arranged to slide under offsetflanges 86 formed on a base plate 87 so that the flange 85 is retained between the flange 86 and floor 88.

In the form of construction shown in Fig. 9, a mop plate 90 is provided with an inwardly extending flange 91 terminating in a downwardly extending flange 92. Flange 92 hooks over an upstanding flange 93 formed on a hanger strip 94, body 95 of said hanger strip being conveniently attached, as by screws 96, to one of the stud flanges 19. Channel strips 97 are carried by the hanger flanges 94 to receive the bottom edges of the wallboard 22. The lower end of the hanger strip 95 is bent outwardly to form a section 98 which terminates in an upwardly extending flange 99, the latter engaging with the inner face of the mop plate 90. The lower edge of the mop plate 90 may be secured, as by screws 100, to an upstanding flange 101 formed on the outer edge of a base plate 102.

In the preferred form of construction shown in Fig. 11, studs 104 are provided near the lower end thereof with apertures 105 and 106 separated by strut 107. A channel 108 passes through the aperture 105 and is supported on the strut 107, and a channel 109 passes through the aperture 106, being supported by the web of the channel. Electric wires 42 may be carried by both of the channels 108 and 109, the telephone wires being conveniently separated from the light wires by said channels. The lower ends of studs 104 are supported by a base plate 110 having upstanding integral tongues 111 struck therefrom for positioning the studs. Runners 112 are provided with outstanding, hook-shaped tongues 113, and a mop plate 114 is provided with a downwardly extending flange 115 along its upper edge which engages the hook tongues 113. The bottom edge of mop plate 114 is provided with an inwardly extending flange 115a terminating in an upwardly extending U-shaped flange 116 which engages over outstanding tongues 117 struck from the edges of the base plate 110. A more complete view of the base plate used in the construction shown in Fig. 11, is shown in Fig. 12.

In the form of construction shown in Fig. 13, L-shaped brackets 120 are secured to stud flanges 19. Channel strips 121 are carried by the L- shaped brackets 120 for supporting the lower edges of the wallboards 22. A mop plate 122 is provided. at its upper edge with a downwardly extending flange 123 which engages within an upstanding leg 124 formed on the bracket 120. The lower edge of mop board 122 is secured as by screws 125 to an upwardly extending flange 126 formed on the outer edge of a base plate 127. n

The form of construction shown in Fig. 14 is similar to that shown in Fig. 13 except that the brackets 120 are replaced by bars 129 which are secured transversely to the webs 18 of the studs by rivetsor spot welding 130. The outstanding ends of bars 129 are provided with recesses 131 for receiving the channel strips 132 which carry the lower edges of the wallboards 22. The mop plate 133 is provided along its upper edge with a downwardly extending flange 134 which engages within the brackets and the bar recess 131. It will be noted that in both forms of the invention shown in Figs.'13 and 14, the narrow-strip of wall- 150 board 75 is completely eliminated which distinguishes these forms of construction from those previously described.

I would state in conclusion that while the illustrated forms of the invention which I have described represent certain practical embodiments, I do not wish to limit myself precisely to these details, sincemanifestly, the same may be considerably varied without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.-

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

1. In a wall construction; a plurality of spaced vertical studs, a base plate supporting the lower ends of said studs, a runner secured transversely to said studs and having opposed channels, wallboards secured to said studs and having the lower edges thereof supported in a channel of said runner, a narrow strip of wallboard extending between said runner and base plate, and a metal mop plate secured adjacent said board strip and serving as a base trim.

2. In a wall construction, a'plurality of studs in spaced, parallel relation, a plurality of wallboards secured to said studs including a narrow strip of board ach'acent the bottoms of said studs, and a metal mop plate secured to the wall structure and serving as a trim to conceal said narrow strip of board.

3. In a wall construction, a plurality of studs supported on a floor in spaced, parallel relation, a

plurality nel strips secured to said studs and supporting the lower edges of said boards, and a metal mop plate secured between said channel strip and said floor and serving as a. finishing trim.

4. In a wall construction, a plurality of studs supported on a floor in spaced, parallel relation, a plurality of wallboards secured to said studs, channel strips secured transversely to said studs and supporting the lower edges of said boards, a metal mop plate extending between said channel strip and said floor and serving as a finishing trim, and a flange formed on said mop plate and engaging said. channel so as to connect said plate to said channel.

5. In a wall construction, a plurality of studs supported on a floor in spaced, parallel relation,

a plurality of wall boards secured to said studs, 2, channel strip secured transversely to said studs and supporting the lower edges of said boards, a metal mop plate secured between said channel strip and said floor and serving as a finishing trim,

and a shelf behind said mop plate for supporting electric wires.

6, In a wall construction, a plurality of studs of wallboards secured to said studs, chansupported on a floor in spaced, parallel relation, a plurality of wallboards secured to said studs, means secured to said studs for supporting the lower edges of said boards spaced apart from said floor, ,a metal mop plate secured between the lower edge of said boards and said floor and serving as a finishing trim, each of said studs being provided with an aperture for the passage of electric wires, and an elongated strip passing through the apertures of successive studs for supporting said electric wires.

'7. In a wall construction, a plurality of studs supported on a floor in spaced, parallel relation,

a plurality of wallboards secured to said studs, a channel strip secured transversely to said studs for supporting the lower edges of said boards spaced apart from said floor, a metal mop plate secured between said channel strip and said floor and serving as a finishing trim, outstanding ears formed on said channel strip, and a flange formed on the upper edge of said mop plate and engaging behind said ears for connecting said plate to said channel strip; a

8'. In a wall construction, a plurality of studs supported on a floor in spaced, parallel relation, a plurality of wallboards secured to said studs, a channel strip secured to said studs and supporting the lower edges of said boards, a base plate adjacent the bottoms of said studs, said plate having an upstanding flange formed along an edge thereof, and a metal mop plate secured to said channel strip and to said upstanding flange and serving as a finishing trim. a

9. In a wall construction, a plurality of studs in spaced, parallel relation, a base plate supporting the lower ends of said studs on a floor, an upstanding flange formed on an edge of said base plate, a channel strip secured transversely to said studs and spaced apart from said floor, wallboards secured to said studs and having the lower edges thereof received in said channel strip, a relatively narrow strip of 'wallboard extending between said channel strip and said flange on said base plate, a mop plate secured between said channel strip and said base plate and serving as a finishing trim, and an electric wire passing through apertures formed in said studs behind said mop plate.

10. In a wall construction, a plurality of studs supported in spaced, parallel relation on a floor, a cross-bar secured near the bottom of each stud, a channel strip carried by the outstanding end of each bar, wallboards secured to said studs and having the lower edge thereof, supported by said channel strip, and a metal mop plate secured between said channel strip and said floor and serving as a finishing trim.

' FRED A. MANSKE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2680775 *Mar 19, 1949Jun 8, 1954Robertson Co H HWire distributing system
US2903753 *Feb 12, 1957Sep 15, 1959United States Gypsum CoSnap-in clip for metal studs
US3180457 *Dec 3, 1959Apr 27, 1965Hauserman Co E FPartition construction and assembly
US3218596 *Feb 4, 1963Nov 16, 1965Ideal IndWiring device mounted on the box cover and outlet box
US3321878 *Mar 10, 1964May 30, 1967Reynolds Metals CoBaseboard construction
US3357145 *Jan 9, 1964Dec 12, 1967Abraham GrossmanCurtain wall construction allowing vertical and horizontal expansion
US3744199 *Oct 9, 1970Jul 10, 1973Prudent O BlanckeDemountable wall partition
US3844078 *Oct 24, 1972Oct 29, 1974Falck RCoupling arrangement for connecting an insulating housing enclosing an electric device to an installation panel duct
US3908328 *Sep 7, 1973Sep 30, 1975United States Gypsum CoRunner and method of making same
US3983671 *Dec 4, 1974Oct 5, 1976Dominion Foundries And Steel, LimitedPrefabricated structures for use in electrical wiring
US4037900 *Apr 4, 1974Jul 26, 1977Fritz SchmidgerBaseboard for electrical installations
US4056297 *Nov 15, 1976Nov 1, 1977Gartung Clifford WRemovable electrical fixtures for modular wall panels
US4622791 *Mar 21, 1985Nov 18, 1986Masonite CorporationBase molding
US4805364 *Apr 29, 1988Feb 21, 1989Smolik Robert AWall construction
US6237301 *Jul 26, 2000May 29, 2001Yvon ParadisFlexible runner
US7594368 *Apr 4, 2006Sep 29, 2009Karl Pedross AgDevice for fastening termination strips
US7712267 *Aug 2, 2006May 11, 2010United States Gypsum CompanySelf centering shaft wall system
US7861470May 3, 2010Jan 4, 2011United States Gypsum CompanySelf centering shaft wall system
US8887459 *May 20, 2013Nov 18, 2014Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties, Inc.Modular wall assembly system
US20130305638 *May 20, 2013Nov 21, 2013Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties, Inc.Modular wall assembly system
WO1991002857A1 *Aug 21, 1990Mar 7, 1991Frank D GreenwoodDrywall construction
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/220.7, 52/290, 174/504, 52/717.6, 52/242
International ClassificationE04B2/82
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/825
European ClassificationE04B2/82C