US 1982432 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
NOV. 27, T934. R A, HULL v 1,982,432
' CEMETERY'fMoNUMENT Filed June'lo, 1953 VVENT M@ nid,
Patented Nov. 27, 1934 CEMETERY MONUMENT Rubert A. Hull, Andover, Ill. Application June 10, 1933, Serial No. 675,180
My invention relates to cemetery monuments and particularly to those having an inclosed recess or alcove for holding flowers or growing plants.
5' The principal object of my invention is to provide improved means for Ventilating the inclosed recess, through which air may circulate to keep the flowersor plants in a fresh and growing condition.
Another object is to provide means for collecting rainfall and conducting the water to a reservoir provided below the recess, from which the Water is drawn by the plants or flowers by capillary attraction.
Other objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art after a consideration of the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein:
Figure 1 is a front elevational View of a monument embodying my invention, i
Figure 2 is an'enlarged sectional view taken on the plane lof line 2-2 of Figure 1, and
Figure 3 is a sectional View taken on the plane of line 3--3 of Figure 2.
, The monument comprises an outer case 5 and an inner case 6 both of which are constructed of a rust resisting metal. The outer case 5 is substantially rectangular and includes afront sheet '7 and a back sheet 8 which are connected to side sheets 9 and to a top 10 and bottom 1l. The top 10 is preferably arcuate, as shown in Figure l. 'I'he case 5 is mounted on a suitable base 12, preferably of stone or similar material, and is secured thereto by bolts 13 which extend through bottom 11 and are anchored in base 12. An opening is formed in front sheet 7 and a door` 14 is provided to close the opening. The door 14, when closed,l is flush with front sheet 7 and is hingedly mounted on one side of the opening. A lock 15 serves to secure the door in closed position. The panel 16 of door 14 is formed of glass or other transparent material to permit of View into inner case 6.
The inner case 6 is supported within the case 5 and is so positioned that an opening which is formed in the front thereof, is disposed adjacent the opening in outer case 5. An outwardly extending fiange 21 is formed along `the top and sides of the opening in case 6. This flange 21 engages against a jamb 22 which is secured to the inner face of sheet 7 adjacent the edge of the opening therein. The jamb 22 isoffset slightly inwardly away from door 14. The lower ends of side lianges 21 rest upon a sill 24 which is provided adjacentthe lower edge of the opening in sheet 7.
The inner case 6 is removable sov as to permit access into case 5 to secure bolts 13. Small articles maybe stored in the bottom of case 5 and which are also `accessible by removing inner case 6.
The inner case 6 is of substantially rectangular shape and is slightly smaller than outer case 5 so that when it is in position within outer case 5 the sides of inner case 6 are spaced from the sides of the outer case. The top member of case 6 is arcuate and is concentric with the lower edge of the opening in the front thereof to permitthe case to be swung into or` out `of position. The construction of case 6 is such as toform a compartment adapted to be mounted within the outer case 5 for displaying flowers, plants, etc., as will be described later. This construction is distin-l guished from that of an ordinary jardinire with its flowerpot. l
A groove or gutter 25 is formedy on the outer face of jamb22, and is disposed between the outer edge of flange 21 and an inwardly extending Vdrip ange 26 formed around'the edge of door 14. Water which leaks in around door 14 drips offy the edge of drip flange 26 into gutter `25 and is vthereby conducted. downward to a weeping hole 27 located below sill 24 from which it flows outwardly below the lower edge of door 14.
A division member or ktable`31 is removably mounted in inner case 6 and is spaced upwardly from the bottom thereof to form an upper recess 32 and a lower recess` 33. The front edge of table 31 rests upon sill 24 and the rear edge is supported by a pair of pins 34, which are secured to the rear -edge of table 31 and project into holes provided inV thebackof case 6. The table 31 is secured against removalwhen door 14 is locked in .closed position. This is facilitated by means of a" plurality of pins 30 `which are secured valong the lower edge of door 14 and project inwardly therefrom and'extend over the front edge of table 31. By reason of pins 30 being attached. to door 14 in this manner, table 31 is secured against removal whenever door 14 is closed, whether or not panel 16 is used. The upperrecess 32 is adapted to receive flowers or plantswhich aresupported on table 31 and are visible throughpanell of door 14. A photograph or any similar article may also be positioned in recess 32. The recess 33 comprises a reservoir fo-r storing `water for the flowers or plants in recess 32.
The flowers or growing plants are disposed in holders 36 provided forthat purpose. The holders 36, two of which are shown in Figure 3, comprise an upper flaring portion 3'7 and a lower cylindrical portion 38. The portion 38 of each holder extends through an opening in table 31 and projects into reservoir 33. Soil is-provided in holder 36. A plurality of openings 39 are formed in the bottom of holder 36 to permit water to enter theholder and to be carried by capillary attraction through the soil tothe plant roots. The holders 36 are secured to table 3 1 by means of pins 40 which extend through the holders below table 31.
Water is provided in reservoir 33 fllOmIar-l fall which is collected in pockets 41 provided on 42 extends inwardly from eachpocket 41andprojects into reservoir 33. During drought periodsA The'.
water may be added by raising table-v 31 conductor tubes 42 are preferably formed of meta-l and inside o inner case 6, after case, 6 has, been positioned in case 5'. and before table 31 is. mounted. in place.A I-f, however, it is. desired to form tubes. 42er: aresilientmaterial such as rubber, the tubes mayy be permanently secured to;- pockets| 41.. As inner` case 6: is. placed in position the ends of tubes 42 will spring into the openings provided therefor in the sides offcase 6, thereby making it unnecessary to. remove the tubes. each time case 6: is removed.
An over-flow member comprising a pipe 45 haring a cross 'F 46.- secured: to. the. upper end thereof` is; removably mounted in a drain hole in the bottom of reservoir 33, A short; pipe or nipple. 45a. extends downwardly from the drain hole andv projects; into, the upper end vof.' a vertical conductorpipe 47'. Thelower end of7 pipe 47 projectsfmto.. a. horizontal conductorpipe` 48 which is. embedded in` baseI 12e and extends. rearwardly thru the outer face thereof. The water isi. permitted to rise in reservoir 33 until it. reaches; the
height. of cross.- T 46 whereupon; any additional water drains through T 46, pipe 45". and nipple 45m and is` carried. outby conductors 47: and 48. Conductor 4H is vertically disposed and exe tends. .downwardly from the drain hole. in res.- ervoir 33: and into. conductor 48; which is dis, posed horizontally` in base12, A. drain tube 49 is; provided in the bottoml oii' outer case 5'. and extends conductor 47.'. A screenl 50 isf prof vided( on the outer end' of conductor 48. to prevent. insects from entering therein. The water in reservoir 33: may be drained by removing. the over-flow. member whereupon the water escapes through the drain hole and is` carried away by conductors 4'7- andi 48.
@rdinarily there. is no water in. conductors 4T', 48. and oyen-.novo membersi 45'-, 46; At; such times a.v current. offl air is permitted. to pass through thesemembers and upwardlythrough.y holes 52 in table. 311. The air passess through recess` 32x and out through holes: 53: in.` thevtop'` of case- 61 and holes` 5,4 in trontf sheet, 71. The'. holes 54 are preferably located; behind the raised letters, 55 which. form the). inscription. on the face of the monument. The letters 55` are hollow and are open at their lowerv ends to. permit air toA pass therethrough.
By this construction` air is permitted topass through` recess 32 to. keep thel flowers or plants thereinin a. freslr andg growing# condition'. Since the airl also` passes` through watery reservoir 33 the` water remainsfreshandl pure.
Space is provided in the upperportiony of case 5i above inner case fr to. accommodate amomento box 57, which is secured by cap screws 58 or similar devices to back sheet 8. The momento box 57 may be of any desired shape or size consistent with the size of the space between casings 5 and 6.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent isz- 1 A monument comprising an inclosed outer caso, an inner ease, a division member removably mounted in said inner case, a recess in the upper portion of said inner case, a water reser- 'voir in the lower portion of said inner case, a helder tor flowers or growing plants removably positioned in said recess, said holder having a Cylindrical; portion formed on the lower end thereof and extending into said reservoir, and means for admitting a current of air into said receta, whereby the flowers or plants in said holder are maintained in growing condition.
2. A monument comprising an! inclosed. outer case, anA inner'case, a division member within said inner case, a recessA above said division member, a water reservoir below said division member, holderIl for flowers or growing plants positioned. in l said recess, said holder supported on said division member; a cylindricals portionformed: on the lower end of said holderV and adapted toextend through a hole in said division member and project intosaidreservoir; and. meansV for adm-it- 1 ting a current ot air intoV said' recess, wherebythe owers or plants in saidl holder are maintained in growing condition.
3. A monument comprising anI inclosed outer in. closed position,y an inner case supported insaid outer Case.. a. removable: member Said inner case.. and means. on said closure, to. prevent. remOi/a1. O f. Seid. removable member when. said closure is secured in clos'ed position.
' 71 A monument comprising an inclosed outer case, anv inner case, arecess in the upper portion of said; inner case, a water, reservoir the lower portion offfsa-id inner'case, a holder-forA flowers' or growing plants positioned" in said' recess, said holder having amember extending 4into said case, an inner case, meansvffor supporting il'owers lflfO or growingY plants' removablymountedl insaid innerv case, and means for admitting a current of air intosaid innercase, whereby the flowers' or plants disposed therein are maintainedI in growingcondition'.
4. Ay monument comprisingl an outery case, aninner case removably mounted said outer case, said inner case having a recess visible thru aside of said outer case, a waterreservoir insaid inner case below said recess, and a holder for flowers; or growing plants removablymounted in; said recess andl adapted' to extend into said reservoir;
5. A- monument comprising an inclosed outer case, an inner case, a, recess in the upper portion of-saidinnerA case, a water reservoir in the lower portion off said inner case, a holder for flowers or growing pla-nts positioned in saidrecess, said holder having a member` extending intosaid. reservoir, means for collecting rainfall and conducting it tosaid. reservoir, an over-flow in said reservoir, andv an outlet connected with; said over-W, said outlet also.y serving to. admit a current; of air intosaidrecess, whereby the flowers 0r nlantsin sadholder are-maintained ing-rowine. condition;
6;. A. monument comprising outer case,` an Opening. in one sdeoi said. Outer Cese. a closure for said opening, means for securing said closure reservoir, and an over-ow member removably mounted in a drain hole in said reservoir, said over-flow member when in place serving to determine the maximum amount of water in said reservoir and when removed to permit the water to drain out of said reservoir, conductor means for conducting the water away from said drain, said conductor means and said over-flow member also serving to admit a current of air into said inner case.
8. A monument comprising an inclosed case, a recess for receiving iioWers or growing plants disposed within said case, an inscription on an outer face of said case, said inscription formed of a plurality of raised hollow letters, openings in the lower ends of said letters, and openings in said case behind said letters, whereby air is admitted to said recess to keep the owers or plants therein in fresh and growing condition.
9,'A monument comprising a base, an inclosed outer case mounted on said base, a door in one side of said outer case, a transparent panel in said door, Ventilating openings adjacent the top of said outer case, an inner case supported in said outer case, Ventilating openings in the top of said inner case, a division member in said inner case, Ventilating openings in said division member, means to prevent removal of saiddivision member when said door is closed, a recess above said division member adjacent said door, a water reservoir below said division member, a holder for flowers or growing plants supported on said division member, a cylindrical portion secured to the lower end of said holder and adapted to extend through a hole in said division member and project into said reservoir, a removable over-flow member engaging an opening in the bottom of said reservoir, said over-ilow member when in place serving to determine the maximum amount of water in said reservoir and when removed to permit the water to drain out of said reservoir, a conductor for conducting the water out of the monument and a connection with said conductor to drain said outer case, said conductor and overflow member also serving to permit passage of a current of air into said inner case, which air current also passes through said openings in the top of said inner case and said outer case.
10. A monument comprising an enclosed outer case, an inner case removably supported in said outer case, said inner case having a recess and a Water reservoir, and removable means for separating said recess and said reservoir.
11. A monument comprising an enclosed outer case, an inner case removably supported in said outer case, said inner case having a recess and a water reservoir, means for separating said recess and said reservoir, and a holder for flowers or growing plants removably mounted in said recess.
12. A monument comprising an enclosed outer case, an inner case removably supported in said outer case, said inner case having a recess and a water reservoir, means for separating said recess and said reservoir, a holder for iiowers or growing plants removably mounted in said recess, and Water receiving means on said holder extending into said reservoir.
13. A monument comp-rising an outer case, an opening in one side of said outer casa-and an inner case removably mounted in said outer case, said inner case having a recess visible thru said opening in said outer oase.
14. A monument comprising an outer case, an opening in one side of said outer case, and an inner case supported in said outer case, said inner case having a recess visible thru said opening in said outer case.
l5. A monument comprising an outer case, an opening in one side of said outer case, an inner case within said outer case, a recess in said inner case, and an opening in one side of said inner case registering with said opening in said outer case, whereby said recess is visible thru said openings in `said inner and outer cases.
RUBERT A. HULL.