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Publication numberUS1983323 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 4, 1934
Filing dateNov 16, 1932
Priority dateNov 16, 1932
Publication numberUS 1983323 A, US 1983323A, US-A-1983323, US1983323 A, US1983323A
InventorsJohn S Stokes
Original AssigneeStokes & Smith Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Box
US 1983323 A
Images(4)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

lJ. S. lSTOKEJS Dec.' 4, 1934.

4 sheets-sheet 1 Fued Nov. 16, 1932' l ATTORNEY.

J. S SSTOKES Dec. 4, 1934.

BOX

File'd Nov. 16, 1932 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 4 ATTORNEY.

, J. S. STOKES BOX Dec. 4, 1934.

lFiled Nov. 16, 1932 l 4 sheds-sheet 5 ULA-521222Z' R4 Saw l ATORNEY.

.1. s. s'roKEs v Dec. 4, 1934.

' BOX f Filed Nov.k 16,v 1932 4` Sheets-Sheet 4 55 aformblock.

Patented 4, 1934 UNITED STATES umass'.v

' 'BOX John 8. Stokes, Huntingdon Valley?, Pa., asaignor to Stokes and Smith Company, Philadelphia,

Pa., al corporation of Pennsylvania Application November 18, 1932, Serial No. 642,838

zocmm.

acter, and are, after severance from the strip,

formed into boxes, as by'application of wrappers.

More specifically, in some forms of my invenv tion, the windows are punched through the strip and then suitable transparent material is applied, so that the contents of a completed box made therefrom are visible through the window,

zo whereas in other forms of my invention utilizing laminated strip, the punching may not extend through all laminations, and a decorative panel is inserted between the laminations to be visible through the window, preferably through an overlying insert oi' transparent material.

My invention further resides in the boxes and methods of making them hereinafter described and claimed.

For an understanding of-nrv invention, reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings in which in perspective Fig. 1 illustrates successive steps of forming a box blank from strip material. j

Fig. 1a isa continuation of Fig. 1.

Flg. 2 shows box blank bent along its scoring. Fig. 3 shows a wrapper. Fig. 4 illustrates the box body or blank of Fig. 2 superimposed upon the wrapper of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is the completed box.

Fig. shows a box and cover constructed in accordance with the invention.

Fig. 'l illustrates steps producing a laminated box with decorative insert.

Fig. 8 shows a wrapper. Jiig. 9 shows the completed box.

laminated box material.

Fig. 11 illustrates the resulting box. Figs. 12, 13 and 14 illltrate the formation d from strip of the main components of three-piece boxes. Y

Fig. 15 illustrates the formation of labelled end components of a three-piece box.

' Fig. 15a shows end components in position'on n Fig. 16 illustrates the component of Fig.` 14

bent into position.

Figs. 17 and 18 illustrate steps of forming a three-piece labelled box.

Figs. 19, 20 and 21` illustrateformaticn and labelling of the main components of three-piece boxes.

Figs. 22 and 22a are similar to Figs. 15 and 15a.

Fig. 23 shows the component of Fig. 21 bent into position.

Figs. 24 and 25 illustrate steps of forming a three-piece labelled box.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 1a, the strip S of suitable box material, as cardboard, strawboard, or the like, is removed from the roll R and fed, preferably byintermittent or step by step motion, in the direction generally indicated bythe arrow. 'I'he width of the-strip S'corresponds to twice the height of the completed box plus the length, or width of thebox bottom; in the example specifically illustrated, the width is equal to the width ofY the box bottom plus'twice `the height of the box sides. If desired, and preferably, suitable lining material, as the strip L of paper, is

. fed fromthe roll Rl'into adhesive engagement with the upper surface of the box strip S which face is destinedto form the interior of the box. The adhesive may be vapplied as by passage of the lining 'paper over the glue-roll G.

At station A Valong the path of movement of the strip of box material, lined or unlined, adhesive is applied as by the stencil 1 to the upper surface and thereafter, and preferably at the same station, a label X removed from a stack Y thereof is superimposed upon the strips for attachment thereto `by the applied adhesive. The label is ,suitably decorated and/orprovided with printed matter. y

At station B there is applied to the strip of box material, as beyond the label, suitable or desired embossing, printing, or the like, as by the die or platen 2. It is understood of course, that the embossing or printing at station B may be substantially simultaneous with the application of glue or 1abe1 at station A to that portion-or Fig. 10 shows a further modification utilizing the strip subsequently to arrive at station B At station C one or more openings are punched or cut out of the strips as by the punch 3 which in the particular form illustrated removes an oval segment from the strip and label.

At station D adhesive is applied to the strip, as by the. stencil 4 at regions adjacent to the apertureor apertures for attachment of the elemente, which may be a piece of cellophane, nr other transparent or translucent material. 'I'he e may be at station D, or preff andasshown. cutfrom-arollRasby and applied at station D1.

point along its path of movement, the

ai.. E

At'any given time. severalbox blanks completion.

Ihr making scoring, is shown-in Fig. 2', and as there appears,

' atreverse direction anda wrapper such as sho vinl"ig.3havinganopeningmaybeused.

v`thiebox.

To complete the box or cover, there is applied ing O in the box bottom, Fig. 4. Preferably. and desired, the wrapperW maybe provided with tabs twhich, when the wrapper is applied as shown in Pig. 5. stand aroundthe vertical corners wrappersappliedtothe Particularly. if the lining h omitteduthe label maybeofsuchsizeastocovertheverticalwalls may appear in either .the dde or en'd panels, or

both. of the box B2. 'lhe'extension'bottom b. when'usedris applied to a box .its severance from the strip and is attached;there to in the usual manner by an individual-wrapper suitable for this type'of work, which will havevwehmss m'r'esiter withtheppenin' scored longitudinally. as by the knives. l bottom and side panels of the box. .station E the strip istransversely scored removed for example froma stackVthereof. If the main component ofthe three-l separa'te Lacasse in the box bottom. :As shown in 6 the completed element of Fig. 5 may be used as a cover.

Referring to Fig. 7, the strip S of box material is formed -v from two strips of box material Sl,

S2 removed from rolls and coated, as by adhesive transferred from the glue roll G. In this particular modification onLv the, upper strip Sl is punched Y steps ofprinting. embossing. die-stamping o'r the like. Before the adhesive has set, and prefer- Aably substantially vimmediately after ioinder of the 8151198, to insure adhesive on the adjacent faces of both strips they are separated as bythe narrowrolls ordisks l0.-v

stated laminations'or strips Sl, S2, in'po'sition to be visible through an opening 0. a decorative element I. as a picture, emblem, Apollo`metal,

desired. there may also be an element e of cellophane or the like, to overlie the decorative insert I. 'I'hestrips S1, S2,`are then again brought inserts in position. The remaining 'steps of scoring, notching, etc.,`ar e then eected to complete the blank as above described. If the. insert is-to be visibleffrom the interior-.of the box, a plain l' wrapper. i. e., without the opening,' as shown in Fig. 8. is applied to forma box B3 -such as,l shown inFlg. 9. If the inael'tlstobe visible frithe exterior of the box, the box panels are bent in Aseabove'vstated. the box yshown inl'ig. 5 permits the contents of the boxy to be viewed throughA an opening or openings which extend completely the box, andl which is or are spanned by '115- suitable transparent material applied to side ortheotheroftheblankwhiletheblankisin strip form. The same end with-somewhat better together, the adhesive on the strips holding the ,1

appearance may be accomplished vwith laminated strip by the cellophane. or the like,

`rio 1 between the laminations so that only the;

` thereof spanning the opening is visible. l

Referring terze. 1o :er exemple, the 'stripe s1,

S2 forming the compositebox strip S are simule taneously'punched as by die 3 to provide openings in 'alignment with eachother and forming an opening 0 extending completely through the strip S. Thereafterthe strips or laminations are sep- -arated as by the disks'10 for of the inserts e of transparent material which 'span'the opening. Thereafter, thelaminations again re-united.land the remaining operations of scoring, notching, etc., eifected to form the box blanks. Awrapper,suchasshowninl*ig.3may

`beepp'lied to complete che box B4. Fia-11'.

It is to be understood, that the boxes o f Fig.

o end/or mg; 1 1 may be printed. embossed, or

provided with labels. generally as explained in connection with Fig. Landallof which operations Speclclly. the stripisscoredtransverselybyknives'loand 'e 71eedennetnebetzemmneu-efbimnsendieug blanksl oreolu-- subsequently cut between the scoring of adjacent teria! removed from rolls R5 thereof-'may be-adv hesively applied along the opposite edges of the strip S so that the tabbing and scoring is effected while the blanks are in the strip. The knives 'I2 sever `both strip S and the applied tabbing enof the boxes are'cut from strip S3, removed from ro11s Rs of any suitable box material. as by knives 73. Before the strip'is severed, however, it is suitably labeled, embossed or printed gen'-, erally as indicated by X. Specifically, labels removed from the stack Y thereof arel applied to strip S3 at suitable regular intervals so as to appear in proper position on the minor components is bent along the scoring to the shape shown in Fig. 16 and brought into box-forming relation with the minor or end components as in Fig. 1'1.

The projecting portions of the tab strips t are then folded into engagement with the ends m to form a box,l Fig. 18. When the -printlng or labelling is to appear on the inside of the box; the components maybe held in pomtion by a wrapper such as shown in Fig. 8 withor without tabs Labels, printing, etc. may'alsobe applied to the main components instead of or in addition to the labellingof the end components. As shown in Fig. 19, the-labels r, :l: are' applied to strip S to' portions which subsequently, by severance, become the side panels of the main component B6 of a three-piece box. The label will appear on the inside or outside of the iinished box'depending upon which way the blank is scoredand bent.

The end components M may be prepared from strip as 'previously described and may also be labelled while in the strip. For forming the type box shown in Fig. 25, the components are disposed so that the labelling z, printing, embossing or the like is visible from the box exterior, and they are held in position by application. of the projecting parts of tabs t to the box ends. If desired, the projection tab strips may be notched as at n, to avoid the gusset fold of Figs. 17 and 18.

From the foregoing, it is clear that the strip of Figs. 1,7 or 10 may be cut to form the main component of a three-piece box.

While I have illustrated and described preferred forms of and methods of practising my invention, it is to be understood that 'the invention is not limited thereto but is co-extensive in scope with the appended claims.

While all of the aforesaid operations may be performed manually, at least some of them may be performed by suitable known mechanism. For

example, the feeding of lining to a strip, the scoring and notching of a strip, etc., may be performed by mechanism shown in copendingapplication Serial No. 655,194, iiled February 4, 1933. The preparation of the wrappers may be'effected by mechanism of the type shown in Rider Patent No. 1,851,260 granted May 10, 1932 and wrapping of the, boxes may be eifected 4by the machine shown -in Federwitz PatentfNo. 1,541,255 granted June 5, 1925.

What I claim is:

1. The method of making box elements which 'comprises effecting adhesive engagement between a' strip of box material and a strip of lining material, punching the composite strip to provide apertures, and severing the strip intermediate the apertures to form lined box elements.

2. 'Ihe method of making box elements which j comprises feeding a stripof box material along a path, at a zone of said path, punching the strip to forma succession of regularly spaced aper-` tures, at a subsequent zone of said path, applying light-passing material -to span said apertures in succession, thereafter transversely severing the strip to form box elements, and without substantial delay forming boxes yfrom said elements in succession. v

3. The method of making box elements which comprises feeding a strip of box material along a path, at a zone in said path applying individual labels in succession to said strip, at a subsequent zone, punching the label and strip t0 provide'a succession of apertures in the labeled strip, and thereafter severing the strip to form box elements.

4. The method of making box elements which comprises punching a stripl of box material to provide apertures, eifecting adhesive engagement with another strip of box material to form a laminated strip, inserting decorative elements between laminations of saidstrip opposite said apertures, and thereafter severing the strip to form box elements.

5. The method of making box elements'which comprises punching a vvlaminated sti-'ip of box material to provide apertures therethrough, temporarily separating the laminations and inserting 1m transparent material to span the apertures, andv thereaftersevering the strip to form box ele' ments.

6. The'method of making box elements which comprises eifecting adhesive engagement between strips of box material to form laminated strip, punching at least one of the strips to provide apertures, before setting of the adhesive, temporarily separating thelaminations and inserting an element to span the aperture, relmiting the laminations, and thereafter severing the strip to form box elements.

'1.k The method of making boxes which comprises'punching a strip of box material to. provide apertures, scoring the strip to denne box panels, cutting the strip to form box blanks each having an apertured wall, and vthereafter applying individual wrappers to the box blanks in succession.

8. The method of making boxes which comprises applying individual labels to one side of a strip of box material, scoring the reverse side of the strip to denne panels, and severing the strip between the labels to form labeled box components.

9. 'Ihe method which comprises effecting adhesive engagement between a strip of lining material and a strip oi' box material to form a lined strip, applying individual labels to the lined face of thestrip, scoring lthe reverse side of the strip between the labels.' and severing the strip to form labeled, scored box components.

strip of boxmrm, scoring and notcmng the 14,5

strip, severing the strip to form one-piece box blanks, and thereafter applying individual wrap- Y pers to the unlabeled side of the box blanks.

,11. yThe method of making boxeswhich com-l prises embossing or printing one side ofa strip Mof box material, scoring and Downing ine 'su-ip,

severing the strip to form one-piece box blanks. and thereafterl applying individual wrappers to the .plain side of lthe box blanks after severance vide apertures, thereafter securing material to the strip to span the aperture. thereafter severing the strip between the labels to form box lelements, and applying individual wrappers to the unlabeled side o! the box elements.

14. The method o! making boxes which comprisespunching apertures. through a strip ofbox material, applying transparent material to 'span the apertures, severing the strip to form box elei ments each having an apertured wall, and applying to the box elementsv in succession individual wrappers having apertures in alignment with said punched apertures of the box elements.

l5. 'Ihe method o! making boxes which comprises applying individual labels to a .strip of box material. punching apertures through the strip of box material, adhesively securing transparent sheet material to span the apertures, thereafter severing the strip between the labels to form box elements, and applying to 4the box elements individual wrappers having apertures aligned with said apertures ofl the box elements.

ie. 'nie method of making boxes which connv prises severing a laminated strip to form box elements. prior to the severance the steps of punch- Patent No. 1.983.323. l

i CERTIFICATE or connection..

lng at least. one strip to provide apertures. and

temporarily separating thelaminations for insertion of elements spanning the Iapertures. and applying individual wrappers to the box elements after their severance.v 1

17. The method of making boxes which comrial to .provide apertures. attaching elements to be viewed through saidv apertures, severing the strip to form box elements', and applying indi- 'prisesv punching a lamination of strip box matevidual elements to ,thel unpunched sides -of the box blanks.

i 18. 'I'he method of making boxes which ccmprises punching apertures through alaminated strip of box material, temporarily separating the laminations for insertion ofl transparent material spanning the apertures, severing the strip tof form box elements. and applying to the box elevments individual wrappers having apertures aligned with the apertures of the box elements. 19. 'I'he vmethod of making boxes .which comprises punching a strip-of box material vto provide apertures. scoring the strip to denne box panels, cutting the strip to form box blanks each having an aperture in the panel destined to form vthe top or bottom of a box. and thereafter shaping and covering the blanks in succession with individual wrappers to form boxes.

2o. The method 0i' making'bhxes which eomlos prises effecting adhesive. agement between a strip of lining material an a strip of box mate-f rial to form a lined strip, applyingv individual labels to the lined face of thestrip. severing the strip to form lined, labeled box components. shaping the components so that the labels are on the inside of the partially-formed boxes, and applying individual wrappers to coverv the outside of the labeled boxes.

JOHN STORES.

' Joint-s lt iii hereby certified that verror vappears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 3, line l4l, c|lin|. 9, strikeoutfthe the words "between the label-ii"l and insert the same after ,"s'trip"-` in the same line and claim; and that? the said LettersiPatent should be read with this correcti'on'therein l Patent Office.

signed ma miei vumA siii ily einem, A. n. was.'-

' Leslie .I A 1 Acting Commmer of Patente.

fus.

` December that the samentay conform to the record of the case inthe Mof box material, scoring and Downing ine 'su-ip,

severing the strip to form one-piece box blanks. and thereafterl applying individual wrappers to the .plain side of lthe box blanks after severance vide apertures, thereafter securing material to the strip to span the aperture. thereafter severing the strip between the labels to form box lelements, and applying individual wrappers to the unlabeled side o! the box elements.

14. The method o! making boxes which comprisespunching apertures. through a strip ofbox material, applying transparent material to 'span the apertures, severing the strip to form box elei ments each having an apertured wall, and applying to the box elementsv in succession individual wrappers having apertures in alignment with said punched apertures of the box elements.

l5. 'Ihe method o! making boxes which comprises applying individual labels to a .strip of box material. punching apertures through the strip of box material, adhesively securing transparent sheet material to span the apertures, thereafter severing the strip between the labels to form box elements, and applying to 4the box elements individual wrappers having apertures aligned with said apertures ofl the box elements.

ie. 'nie method of making boxes which connv prises severing a laminated strip to form box elements. prior to the severance the steps of punch- Patent No. 1.983.323. l

i CERTIFICATE or connection..

lng at least. one strip to provide apertures. and

temporarily separating thelaminations for insertion of elements spanning the Iapertures. and applying individual wrappers to the box elements after their severance.v 1

17. The method of making boxes which comrial to .provide apertures. attaching elements to be viewed through saidv apertures, severing the strip to form box elements', and applying indi- 'prisesv punching a lamination of strip box matevidual elements to ,thel unpunched sides -of the box blanks.

i 18. 'I'he method of making boxes which ccmprises punching apertures through alaminated strip of box material, temporarily separating the laminations for insertion ofl transparent material spanning the apertures, severing the strip tof form box elements. and applying to the box elevments individual wrappers having apertures aligned with the apertures of the box elements. 19. 'I'he vmethod of making boxes .which comprises punching a strip-of box material vto provide apertures. scoring the strip to denne box panels, cutting the strip to form box blanks each having an aperture in the panel destined to form vthe top or bottom of a box. and thereafter shaping and covering the blanks in succession with individual wrappers to form boxes.

2o. The method 0i' making'bhxes which eomlos prises effecting adhesive. agement between a strip of lining material an a strip of box mate-f rial to form a lined strip, applyingv individual labels to the lined face of thestrip. severing the strip to form lined, labeled box components. shaping the components so that the labels are on the inside of the partially-formed boxes, and applying individual wrappers to coverv the outside of the labeled boxes.

JOHN STORES.

' Joint-s lt iii hereby certified that verror vappears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 3, line l4l, c|lin|. 9, strikeoutfthe the words "between the label-ii"l and insert the same after ,"s'trip"-` in the same line and claim; and that? the said LettersiPatent should be read with this correcti'on'therein l Patent Office.

signed ma miei vumA siii ily einem, A. n. was.'-

' Leslie .I A 1 Acting Commmer of Patente.

` December that the samentay conform to the record of the case inthe fus.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2511303 *Sep 9, 1946Jun 13, 1950Benj C Betner CompanyWindow bag and method and apparatus for making same
US2726187 *Nov 16, 1953Dec 6, 1955Arthur RingerMethod of producing stereoscopic slides
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US2895551 *Dec 20, 1952Jul 21, 1959Electrolux CorpApparatus for making container closures
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US3434645 *Jul 27, 1967Mar 25, 1969Prisco BiagioInstant gift package
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US7794379 *Oct 22, 2007Sep 14, 2010Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AktiengesellschaftFolded box gluing machine for production of folded boxes from blanks
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WO2004041526A2 *Oct 28, 2003May 21, 2004Stephen F ComptonEasy-opening feature for flexible packages and process and apparatus for forming same
Classifications
U.S. Classification493/55, 493/128, 493/58, 156/514
International ClassificationB31B1/90, B31B1/82
Cooperative ClassificationB31B1/82, B31B2201/9019, B31B1/90, B31B2201/9076
European ClassificationB31B1/90, B31B1/82