|Publication number||US1983691 A|
|Publication date||Dec 11, 1934|
|Filing date||Apr 11, 1933|
|Priority date||Apr 11, 1933|
|Publication number||US 1983691 A, US 1983691A, US-A-1983691, US1983691 A, US1983691A|
|Original Assignee||Bonardi Joseph|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 11, 1934. J. BONARDI PERFUMING DEVICE Filed April ll, 1935 INVENTOR MMA:
d M7442/ ATTORNEYS ooconvc ooooe oo o ooonood 0 oe oooooon Z of cocco oo oooooovoo ovooooooe e lelolololww wi Paten-ted Dec. 11, 1934 7 'l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE VPrzlurUMINd DEVICE Joseph Bonardi, New York, NI Y. applicati@ April 11, 1939, serial No. 665,527
s claims. 01. 217-7) This invention pertains generally to perfuming as the specification proceeds vand upon reference and pertains particularly toa device for perfumto the drawing in which; Y ing wearing apparel by perfume vapors. l Figure l is a perspective view of a container The use of complex compositions which by reahaving the invention incorporated therein. =5 son of their fragrance gratify the sense of smell Figure 2 is a sectional plan view shown broken 5 dates back to the early ages. These complex coinof the container of Figure 1. positions in concentrated form have been gener- Figure 3 is a sectional end view showny broken ally classified as oils of perfume. The perfumes of the container of Figure 1. of commerce are prepared from these oils by solu- Figure 4 is a View similar to Figure 3 but lY tion in alcohol or other suitable volatile solvent or illustrating a modification. 10 solvents. In making perfume oils, flower oils Figure 5 is a sectional elevation of another form are toned or blended with balsains, gums, oleoof the invention.
resins, etc., and small quantities of other sub- Figure 6 is a sectional elevation illustrating a stances such as extracts of animal origin are modified construction of the form ofthe invention l5 added, the purpose of which is to obtain the deillustrated in Figure 5. n v 15 sired rate of evaporation, greater persistence and Figure 7 is a sectional elevation of va further diiusiveness of odor, etc. form ofthe invention.
The quantity of perfume oil in solution in the Referring now more particularly Ato Figures perfumes of commerce is relatively small. 1, 2 and 3, at 10 lis shown for the-purpose of Practically all perfume oils, and in many cases illustration a container 10 havinga hinged cover 20 their alcoholic solutions, have a tendency to stain l1 and a compartment 12. delicate fabrics. Furthermore, alcoholic solu- Within the compartment 12 and spaced from tions. of the better perfume oils must be usedV the outer vertical circumferentially continuous sparingly because of the persistence and strength wall 13 thereof is a circumferentially continuous 2'5 of their'odors. As aV result when perfumes are vertical wall 15 `which is secured vto the bottom 16 25 used in liquid form, even though through the meof the compartment 12 as illustrated at 17 to dium of an atomizer, it is practically impossible to form a liquid tight joint. Wall 15 is circumdiffuse the odor evenly to all parts of the clothing ferentially perforated over substantiallyfits entire without exceeding good taste as to the strength of area as illustrated at 18 except for acircumthe odor. y ferential band portion 19 about its lower edge 30 This IIVSIIOD pelf'ahs 130 a dGVC@ for the perwhich has no openings. `A receptacle20 for cloth'- fuming of clothing by means of perfume vapors, ing is thus formed within the walls 15. e fTS. U0 avoid Staining 0f the ClOl'hiIlg by perfume' Strips of absorbent` material 24 are ,shown disliquids either in concentrated or diluted form, and` posed Within the space 22 between walls 13 and 15, 56001101, 130 diffuse the OdOlS @Venly hlOughOllt the said absorbent material being held against the 35 Clothing, aIldtO aVOd SDOUS 0In uhdesirably high vertical wall 13. The strips of absorbentmaor 19W odor concentration. terial 24 are shown held in place by vertical In'one form of the invention a container-for perforated holders 25'whch in turn are spaced the clothing is provided and the perfume is confrom the vertical walls 15. Any means vmay be 40 tained in a pad of absorbent material which is provided to accomplish this spacing. As illus- 40 arranged within the container in amanner so that trated the ends of the holders 25 are secured at only thevapors of the perfume may come into 26 to the vertical Wall 13. Spacer members??- contact with the clothing. In another form of attached'to the vertical wall 15 assistinmaintain- 4 the invention the perfume impregnated absorbent ing the holders 25 in spaced relationship'with enclosure which is disposed within and in spaced holders 25. l relationshipto'v an outer perforated enclosure. Closure members' 30 shown hinged at 31 to The outer enclosure prevents the clothing from the upper edge of the compartment ,12 may be coming into contact with the absorbent material provided to close the space 22.
held within the inner enclosure and thus prevents The operation of the form of the invention 50 soilingof the clothing by liquid perfume. shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3 is as follows. i The Further features of the invention reside in the strips of absorbent material 24 are impregnated construction, arrangement, and combination of preferably with oil of perfume and may in fact parts which,together with other features, will bebe saturated therewith. AThe clothing isplaced material is confined within an inner perforated respect to wall 15 intermediatethe ends of the 45' 5 come more apparent to persons skilled in the art within th'e receptacle 20 formed by the vertical 5,5
walls 15. The vapors from the perfume diffuse throughout the container 10, pass through the perforated Wall 15 and come in contact With the clothing within the compartment 20. Since clothing is' generally arranged with horizontal folds, the vapors will readily iind their way throughout all parts of the clothing and since the strips of absorbent material are preferably arranged vertically of the clothing and on all four sides thereof, the concentration of vapors will be substantially uniform to substantially uniformly perfume the clothing.
Since the absorbent material 24 may be saturated with the oil of perfume (either in concentrated or diluted form), some of the liquid may separate and collect at the bottom of the space 22. To avoid soiling the clothing'the portion 19 of the vertical wall l5 is left unperforated and in view of the liquid tight joint at 17, such perfume is prevented from finding its way into thecompartrnent 20.
Renewals of oil of perfume may be made by changing the strips of absorbent material 24 or by re-impregnating the same while in pla-ce, for instance by means of a dropper.
The clothing may be left in compartment 20 for .desired perioddepending `upon the degree of perfuming desired. For instance, clothing worn during the day may be placed in compartment 20 overnight and clothing worn at `night may be placed in compartment 20. during the day.
To facilitate renewals, the absorbent material 24 may be madeup into changeable cartridges 34. Cartridges 34 may be held in place by any suitable means. As illustrated, fins 35 are attached to the vertical wall 13, fins 35 are attached to the 5 )comprises. va doublel walledV enclosure 38, the
inner wall v39.,.being substantially spaced from the outer wall 410.? `As'illustrated the ball 38 is in two parts. The outer walll 40 is shown with over-- lapping portions. at 41 for ,holding the two parts vtogether and the two portionsV of the inner wall 39'are shownin contact at 42A to form a continuous, enc,insure for"t,he absorbent material 43, although thisis not essential and any means for maintaining the absorbent material in spaced relationship` tothe outer wall may be substituted.
The'ball 38, is shown provided with rings 44 on oppositeusides for holding the ball upright with either end4 up. C ups 45. arearranged so as to` catch any liquid whichnmight separatevfrom the absorbent material 43. j
The form, shown in Figure 6 has a contour similar to that of the ordinary cosmetic compact and; comprises an outer perforated wall 48, an inner perforated wall 49 spaced from said outer Wall 4 8 and an absorbent material 50 withthe innerwall 49v for holding the oil of perfume. A hinge may be provided as shown at 51 and a7 clasp as shown at 52 if desired to provide for the renewals, or the parts may be spot welded or otherwise permanently secured together, inwhich case the device would be discarded after theY liquid in the absorbent material has seri/,edits usefulness, l
It will be noted that the outer Walls 40 and 48 act as fenders to prevent clothing from coming into Contact with the inner walls 39 and 49 respectively thus preventing any liquid from coming into contact with the clothing.
The cups 45 shown in Figure 5 are intended to be used when the absorbent material 43 is substantially saturated or oversaturated.
With the form shown in Figure 6 suiiicient care would be exercised in the impregnation so that the probability of separation of liquid from the absorbent material would be remote.
I n the form shown in Figure 'l the double walled enclosure 54 comprising outer wall 55 and inner holder 56 for absorbent material 57 is combined with a lip stick or other similar cosmetic 4holder 58. The purpose is to automatically perfume the hands as a result of the use of the lip stick or other cosmetic. The device would ordinarily be carried in the users hand bag or pocket which it would also perfume or the device might be provided with shutters about the outer wall which could be opened and closed when the device is in and out of use respectively. The cosmetic device 58 may be fixed or removable for renewal purposes as desired.
Any of the forms illustrated can be made of any suitable material such as base or precious metal or any of the plastics of which natural and synthetic resins and the cellulosic plastics,I are representative.
The color or color combinations may obviouse ly be varied without limit.
While certainof the walls are referred to as being perforated it is to be understood that any equivalent means may be substituted such as any reticular material or mesh or other open structure capable of performing the same or analogous functions. The term perforated as4 used in the claims is intended to include, such equivalent structures.
Oils of perfume may be compounded s o. as, to. have any desired consistency and rate of evapof ration. The consistency may run from thin. to, thick or even to semi-solid or waxy forms, and the rate of evaporation may run from low to.- boiling compositions. The material which has a high boiling point will of course. have. a muohf longer life.
The invention may be incorporated into. any device such as a double, triple or poly-compartment compact or may be. attached. to any object, and is capable of multitudinous forms and shapes.
It is of course understood that the higher the degree of saturation, the longer will be the psf, riod between renewals or re-impregnation of the absorbent material and that substantial impregnation is preferred. In order to. preventprobability of soiling of the clothing by sepa?. rating liquid, the special means illustrated in Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 for collecting any such-v liquid is provided.
Having described my invention, it is obyious;l that many changes, omissions, additions, Substi` tutions and modiiications may be made therein within the scope of the claims withoutA` depart--. ing from the spirit thereof.
1. A device of the. kind described comprising,.- a container having a compartment, for storing clothing, a cover for said compartment, said compartment having an enclosing outer-wall; and a perforated inner wall spaced circumferentially from`V said outer Wall, and deningltherebetween a continuous perfume distributing space completely surrounding the sides of said compartment, means to prevent oW of liquid along the bottom of said space into the bottom of said compartment, an absorbent material arranged in said perfume distributing space and adapted to contain a perfuming substance, and means for holding said absorbent material adjacent said outer Wall and in spaced relation to said inner Wall to prevent passage of liquid contained in said absorbent material through said perforated inner wall and to permit free circulation of perfume evolved from said absorbent material around and through the perforated side Walls of said compartment.
2. A device of the kind described comprising a container having a compartment for storing clothing, a cover for said container and said compartment, said compartment having an imperforate outer Wall and an inner Wall spaced circumferentially from said outer wall and defining therebetween a perfume distributing space completely surrounding the sides of said compartment, said inner Wall being secured tothe bottom of said container to form a uid tight joint and being uid tight for a substantial distance above the bottom of said container to prevent passage of liquid along the bottom of said space into the bottom portion of said compartment, said inner Wall further being perforated above said uid tight portion and on the sides of said compartment, absorbent material arranged in said perfume distributing space and adapted to contain a perfuming substance,v a foraminous member secured to each of the outer side Walls for holding said absorbent material in spaced relation to said inner Wall, said perfume distributing space being otherwise unobstructed and permitting free circulation of perfume evolved from said absorbent material around and through the perforated side Walls of said compartment, movable cover means tting beneath the cover for said container and bridging the space between said outer and inner Walls, and means carried by said cover means for co-operating with said inner wall to prevent lateral movement thereof.
3. A clothing perfuming device comprising a container having a compartment for storing clothing, a cover for said container, said container having an enclosing outer Wall and a perforated inner Wall spaced from said outer wall and defining therebetween a perfume distributing space along a plurality of sides of said compart-l ment, means preventing the oW of liquid along the bottom of said space into the bottom of said compartment, an absorbent material arranged in said perfume distributing space and adapted to contain a perfuming substance, and means for holding said absorbent material adjacent said outer wall and in spaced relation to said inner Wall to prevent passage of liquid contained in said absorbent material through said perforated inner Wall and to permit free circulation of perfume evolved from said absorbent material through said perforated walls into said compartment.
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|US4513862 *||Mar 18, 1983||Apr 30, 1985||Peter Mallow||Scented tissue-dispensing container|
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|US5816264 *||Sep 2, 1997||Oct 6, 1998||Viansa Winery & Italian Marketplace||Bio-humidor|
|US5839298 *||Apr 18, 1995||Nov 24, 1998||The Procter & Gamble Company||Dispensing and dosing device|
|US5957554 *||Jul 11, 1997||Sep 28, 1999||Pendergast; James C.||Humidifiers|
|US7717258 *||Mar 31, 2005||May 18, 2010||The Procter + Gamble Company||Container for storing and dispensing product|
|US20040222108 *||Mar 23, 2004||Nov 11, 2004||Domenic Tommarello||Method and system for delivering a fragrance to medical apparel packaged in a container|
|US20060219812 *||Mar 31, 2005||Oct 5, 2006||Stephens Jerry R||Container for storing and dispensing product|
|U.S. Classification||312/31, 53/432, 217/7, 206/.5|