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Publication numberUS1983725 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 11, 1934
Filing dateJul 21, 1932
Priority dateJul 21, 1932
Publication numberUS 1983725 A, US 1983725A, US-A-1983725, US1983725 A, US1983725A
InventorsAbraham Abramson
Original AssigneeAbraham Abramson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Current tapping device
US 1983725 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ec. 11, 1934. A. ABRAMSON 1,983,725

7 CURRENT TAPPTNG DEVICE Filed July 21, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l ATTORNEY Dec. 11, 1934. A ABRAMSON 1,983,725

CURRENT TAPPING DEVICE Filed July 21, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 OR 'fi 2 320 2} 3 braham fibramson.

ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 11,

eA rENT OFFICE CURRENT TAPPING DEVICE v Abraham Abramson, New York, N. Y. Application July 21, 1932,- Serial No.623,732

11 Claims.

This invention relates to electric fittings, and more particularly is directed to the so-called current-tapping or outlet receptacle devices, such as used in wiring installations for connecting a plurality of branch decorative lighting outfits in parallel circuit, and for providing outlet receptacles to detachably connect portable appliances to exposed feeder conductors.

Among the objects of the invention is to provide electric fittings of the character described comprising few and simple parts which shall be cheap to manufacture yet form a rugged structure, which shall be neat in appearance, easy to install, and practical and efficient to a high degree in use.

Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements and arrangement of par ts which will be exemplifled in the constructions hereinafter described and of which the scope of application will be indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawings, in which is shown various possible of this invention:

illustrative embodiments Fig. 1 is a front elevational view showing the improved electric current-tapping fitting incorporated in an exposed feed circuit.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view ofv the improved fitting tak en on lines 22 in Fig. 1.

Figs. 3 and 4 are cross-sectional views taken on lines 33 and 4-4, respectively,

in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a bottom or rear view of the improved fitting with the back plate removed showing the interior wiring.

Fig. 6 is a top or front View of the improved electric fitting demountably secured in position.

Fig. '7 is a front elevational view of the attachment clip showing the fitting removed therefrom.

Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a modified form of the invention through the body of the showing clips extending fitting.

Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional View taken on lines 9-9 in Fig. '8.

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary sideelevational view,

partly broken away,

showing the interior conand Fig. 12 is a top elevational view ofa portable,

current-tapping expose d feeder circuit showing in dotted lines the circuit demounted from its attached position.

Referring in detail to the drawings, denotes a current-tapping fitting embodying the invention. Asshown in Fig. 1, two of such fittings are shown electrically" connected in circuit with an exposed insulated conductor feed wire 21, the latter being terminated at one end by a conventional cap-plug 22. Said cap-plug 22 connects to a suitable "supply source, such as provided by the receptacle outlet 23 at the flush plate 24 positioned above the baseboard 25. If desired, the feed wire 21 may be fastened to the baseboard 25 in any suitable manner, as by means of nails 26. Each of the fittings 20 are spaced at a suitable distance from the flush plate outlet receptacle 23 to serve as additional outlet receptacles to which the cap-plugs 27 of cords extending from portable appliances, such as electric lamps, vacuum cleaners, decorative lighting outfits, radios, etc. may be quickly connected in circuit through the fittings 20 in the well understood manner.

The current-tapping fitting 20 preferably comprises a one-piece body portion 28 of any suitable shape and is formed of insulating material, such as porcelain, pheno-condensate products or the like moldable' substances. As here shown, the body portion 28 is cylindrical and has the spaced current-carrying members 29 mounted F portion 28 inwardly from the peripheral rim 28b 1 of the bottom or rear side 20a of the fitting 20, as is clearly shown in Fig. 2.

The current carrying members 29 may comprise spring contacts extending into a pair of spaced parallelly aligned socket openings 280 provided in the body portion 28. Said openings 280 project down from the top or front side 20b of thefitting 20, opposite the bottom or rear side 20a. The current-carrying spring contacts 29 are each seated on a projecting end 3061. of an eyelet rivet 30, and are anchored in place by upsetting a portionof said rivet ends 30a extending through the contact 29 so as to rigidly secure said contacts 29 on the ledge 28a. as is clearly shown in Fig. 2.

Threaded axially, passages 30?) extend through the rivets 30 and binding post screws 31 engage therein for securing bare wire ends 210. of the conductor feed wire 21 to the spring contacts 29 and rivets 30. Each spring contact 29 has one end 29a bent back on itself which is adapted to resiliently engage terminal blades 27a of a capplug 27 extending from an electric appliance inserted into the socket openings 28c. Said spring contact ends 29a are formed with protuberances 29b for engaging the usual perforations 27b provided in the blade terminals 27a to form a spring releasable interlockment, as is clearly shown in Fig. 2.. The end 290 of the spring contact 29 opposite the end 29a is bent and reaches under the head of the screw 31 so that the latter when tightened, electrically and mechanically unite the current-carr n'ng spring contact 29 and rivets with the bared portion 21a of the conductor feeder 21 to form a rugged, efiicient structure, as is clearly shown in Figs. ,2, 4 and 5.

Openings or passages 32 are provided in the side walls of the body 28 above the rim 28b to allow extending the conductor feed Wire 21 therethrough. To produce ,a simple and cheaply constructed fitting 20, the body portion 28 is structurally formed to permit easy molding thereof. To this end, the rim .2812 about the rear side 20a may be made larger in diameter than the body portion extending down from the top side 201) above said rim, to form a projecting rim-band, the inner wall 28d of the rim-band preferably aligning with the .outer wall portion 286, as is clearly shown iniFigs. 2 and ,4. Thus in molding the body portion 28, the mold may have a corepin (not shown) extending up into the bottom side 20a and terminating in a form to produce the openingor passage .32 yet leave the rim-band 28b continuous so as to prevent the wire 21 from interfering with the seating of the bottom or rear side 200 against the surface of the baseboard 25. If desired, the outer surface of said rim-band may be knurled to serve as a finger gripping .means.

To insure the current-carrying parts 29 and their connection against accidental short circuit or grounding, an insulating plate 33 is fitted in the body portion 28 to provide a closure for the bottom or rear side 20a.

A novel form of means for mounting the fittings 20 to a supporting structure, such as the baseboard 25, is provided which includes the clip 34. Said clip may be made of resilient strip material formed with upturned spring gripping ends 35. The intermediate portion 36 of said clip between the ends is fiat to provide .a firm abutment a ainst the baseboard 25. Said intermediate clip portion 36,may be provided with any suitable form of fastening means, such as piercing prong 37 and screw 38 as is clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 10. Where one or more prongs 3,7 are used the clip 35 is simply nailed to the baseboard, the prong being made sufficiently long to retain the clip firmly in position. Screw 38 is applied in the usual manner. As desired, eitherprongs, screws or a combination thereof may be used for securing'the clip to the baseboard 25. The spring gripping means 35 are preferably made with an outward flare as at 3511, to facilitate the coupling of the fitting 20 to the clip 34. Just inwardly of said flared portion 33511, the ends 35 .are formed with pro- 'jections 39 which are adapted to engage ledges 40 provided on the rim-band 23a, as is clearly shown in Figs. 2, .3 and 6.

In order to leave the bottom or rear side 20a level for seating evenly against .a support or baseboard 25, the rim-band 28a is recessed as at 41 sufficiently to receive the clip portion 36.

In using the invention, the current-tapping fittings 20 are connected to the conductor feed wire 21 at desired spaced distances apart and one end of the wire 21 provided with a capplug 22 for connecting into the flush plate outlet 23. The clips 34 are then mounted on the baseboard at said desired distances apart and the wired fittings 20 are engaged in the clips 34 by simply pressing the fitting 20 into the clip 34 until the projections 39 on the spring end .35 engage the ledges 40. The nails 26 may then be inserted to retain the conductor feed wire 21 neatly in place. After the cap-plug 22 is connected to the power source outlet receptacle 23, any portable appliance provided with a capplug 27 may be connected in circuit in the well understood manner of inserting the prong terminals 27a into the openings 28a, as is clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The wire 21 passes either through or into the fitting and has bare portions 21a thereof connected to the current-carrying parts 29 through connection with the binding post screw 31, as is clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 4.

In the drawings and description given above, it is seen that the fittings 20 are simple and compact in construction and are readily installed to provide convenient current tapping circuit. The

fittings 20 are retained against accidental rotation on the baseboard 25 by the engagement of the clip 34 in the recesses 41 of the fitting. Said fittings are readily attached and installed, or demounted and removed through the coupling or uncoupling thereof with the clips 34.

In Figs. 8 and 9, a modified construction of the invention is shown. The parts of the fittings here shown are similar to those of the fittings 20 described above with the exception that spaced passages 42 are provided within the body portion 128. Said passages 42 extend in from the bottom or rear side 120a and terminate just short of the top or front side 12Gb. Depressions 43 are molded'in the side wall 128a of the body 128 adjacent the top side 120b, said depressions being extended to form a communication between the inner end of the passages 42 and the exterior side 128e.

With this construction of fitting 120, a clip 134 is provided having elongated spring ends 11,35 which fit into and through the passages 42. Said spring ends 135 terminate in projections 139 which enter said depressions 43 thus forming a releasable enlockment for coupling the fitting 20 to the clip 134 and against the baseboard 25. In this modification, the clip 134 is housed within the body 128. The fitting 120 is wired in the same manner as described above for the fitting 20 and may be mounted by simply inserting the spring gripping ends 135 in the passages 42 until the projections 139 enter the depressions 43 coupling the clip 134 to the fitting 120. To remove the fitting 120, the projections 139 are simply pressed inwardly and the fitting 120 pulled away from the baseboard 25.

Fig. 10 shows a further modification of the invention. Here the fitting 220 has the body portion 228 thereof constructed similarly to the body portion 28 of the fitting 29 with the exception that theside wall of the body portion 228 is provided with one or more through openings or passages 44 in addition to the openings 32 for receiving the conductor feed wire 21, the openings 32 being shown in Fi s. 2, .5 and 6, but not in Fig. 10. This passage 44 is adapted to receive an outwardly flared spring end 235 which extends from a clip 234, the latter being formed with the piercing prong 237 and having fastening screw 38. Said clip 234 although having but a single spring end 235 nevertheless firmly secures the fitting 220 to the baseboard 25. The fitting 220 as is seen from Fig. 10 can be readily removed or remounted by simply inserting the end 235 of the clip 234 into the passage 44 for en gaging the clip end 235 on the rim of the passage 44jor withdrawing the same by pressing said clip end back into the passage 44. The insulating plate 33 is cut away at 33a to provide clearance for the clip end 235 for facilitating said mounting or removal. It is to be understood that. the clip 234 if desired, may be formed with spaced spring ends 235 in which case said ends would co--operate with openings 44 in the body portion 228 positioned diametrically opposite with respect to each other.

In Fig. 11 is shown still another modification of the invention. Here the fitting 320 may have its body portion 328 constructed like the body portion of the fittings 20 or 120 or 220, with the exception that the insulating plate 33 is replaced by a screw cover threaded onto the outside wall of the rim-band as at 46. The outer surface 45a of said cover has a recess 341 formed therein for receiving the intermediate portion of a clip 334. The spring ends of said clip engage said fitting on ledges 340 for retaining the fitting to the baseboard 25.

Fittings 320 will be found particularly useful in wiring installations which may be selectively utilized as outlet receptacles attached to a baseboard as shown, or as a portable extension cord detached from the baseboard, as illustrated in dotted lines in Fig. 12. When the circuit formed with the fittings 320 are detached from the supporting structure or baseboard 25, the cover 45 forms a substantial closure making the fitting safe and adapted to withstand rough usage to which portables are usually subjected.

From the drawings and description given above, it is seen that the fittings 20, 120, 220 and 320 are simple and compact in construction and provide in a wiring installation, current-tapping means from a single electric power outlet for a plurality of portable circuits conveniently positioned. Said fittings thus form an installation that is firmly and readily mounted to a support, yet can be easily removed or replaced for use as a portable extension.

It will thus be seen that there is provided means whereby the several objects of this invention are achieved and which are well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.

As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

1. A device of the character described comprising a member having a projecting portion, means for attaching said member to a support, an outlet receptacle having an insulated body and spaced socket openings extending therein from a front side of said body, current carrying parts fitted into the body from a rear side thereof and housed in said socket openings, said body adjacent the rear side having a rim formed with a recess to receive said attachment-means, and means formed on said body between said front and rear side and adjacent thelatterfor engaging the projecting portion to firmly mount the receptacle to the support.

2. A device of the character described comprising a member having means for attaching thereof to a support, spring gripping means extending from said member, an electric outlet receptacle having an insulated body, said body having spaced socket openings extending therein from a front side thereof, current carrying parts housed in said socket openings, a cover plate fitted into said body forming a closure for a rear side of said fitting opposite said front side, said body adjacent said plate having a rim formed with a'recess to receive said member, and a ledge on said body portion for engaging with said gripping means to firmly mount the receptacle to the support.

3. A device of the character described comprising a member, means for attaching said member to a support, a spring gripping means extending from said member, an electric outlet receptacle having a body formed with a passage L to permit the extension of said gripping means therethrough, and means on said body for engaging said projecting means to firmly mount the receptacle on the support.

4. A device of the character described comprising an electric outlet receptacle having an insulated body formed with spaced socket openings extending therein from a front side thereof, current carrying parts fitted into the body from a rear side thereof, said body adjacent said rear side formed with a rim band, an opening in said body inwardly of said band to permit the passage of conductor wires for connecting with said current carrying parts, a member, meansfor attaching said member to a support and means extending from said member and for releasably engaging the exterior portion of said body above said band for firmly mounting the receptacle to the support, said band formed with a recess to receive said member.

5. A device of the character described comprising an attachment member having a projecting portion, a support, means for securing said member to the support, an outlet receptacle having an insulated body and spaced socket openings extending therein from a front side of said body, current carrying parts fitted into the body from a rear side thereof and housed in said socket openings, said parts being totally enclosed within said body, and outwardly extending means formed on said body between said front and rear side for engaging the projecting portion to firmly mount the receptacle to extend Wholly beyond the support, said projecting portion extending beyond the ends of the current-carrying parts.

6. A device of the character described comprising an attachment member, a support, means for securing said member to the support, spring gripping means extending from said member, an electric outlet receptacle having an insulated body, said body portion having spaced socket openings extending therein from a front side thereof, current carrying parts housed in said socket openings, a cover plate fitted to said body forming a closure for a rear side of said fitting opposite said front side, said parts being totally enclosed within said body, and outwardly extending means on said body for engaging said gripping ends to firmly mount the receptacle to extend wholly beyond the support, said spring gripping means extending beyond the ends of the current- .carrying parts.

7. A device of the character described comprising an electric outlet receptacle having an insulated body formed with spaced socket openings extending therein from a front side thereof, current carrying parts housed in said socket openings, said parts being totally enclosed within said body, a cover plate mounted on said body to form a closure for a rear side of the body opposite said front side, an opening in said body be-. tween said sides to permit passage of conductor wires for connecting with said current carrying parts, an attachment member, a support, means for securing said member tothe support, and spring gripping means extending from said member releasably engaging with said receptacle for firmly mounting the latter to project wholly beyond the support, said spring gripping means extending beyond the ends .of the current-carrying parts.

8. A device of the character described comprising an electric outlet receptacle having an insulated body formed with spaced socket openings extending therein from a front side thereof, current carrying parts fitted into the body from a rear side thereof, said parts being totally enclosed within said body, said body adjacent said rear side formed with a rim band, an opening in said body inwardly of said band to permit passage of conductor wires for connecting with said current carrying parts, an attachment member, a support, means for securing said member to the support, and means extending from said member for releasably engaging said body above said band for firmly mounting the receptacle to extend wholly beyond the support, the means for releasably engaging said body extending beyond the ends of the current-carrying parts.

9. A portable wiring device of the character described comprising flexible conductor wires terminated by a cap plug, an outlet receptacle having an insulated body and spaced socket opening extending therein from a front side of said body, current carrying parts fitted into the body from a rear side thereof and housed in said socket openings, said current carrying parts connected with the conductor wires, a cover plate fitted to said body forming a closure for said rear side, said parts being totally enclosed within said receptacle, an attachment member, a support, means for securing the member to the support, and sprin gripping meansextending from said member for releasably engaging the receptacle constructed and arranged so that the device may selectively be mounted to extend wholly beyond the support, said spring gripping means extending along said casing beyond the ends of said current-carrying parts, or detached from said member for use independent thereof,

10, A device of the character described comprisin an electric outlet receptacle having an insulating casing totally enclosing current-carrying parts adapted to connect an electric appliance and the like to a power source, said receptacle having a rim band extending outwardly about one end thereof, a support, and an attachment member having means for securing to the support including means cooperative with said band to form a detachable coupling for firmly mounting the receptacle to project Wholly beyond the support, portions of the current-carrying parts being located closer to said support than parts of said cooperating means engaging said band.

11, A portable wiring device of the character described comprising flexible conductor wires terminated by a cap plug and an outlet receptacle for tapping the conductor wire circuit, said receptacle having current-carrying parts housed in an insulating body, said body formed with a rim band, attachment member, a support, means for attaching said member to the support, and means extending from said member for releasably engaging the band of said body constructed and arranged so that the device may selectively be mounted to extend wholly beyond the support with said band engaging means located beyond the ends of said current-carrying parts or detached from said member for use independent thereof.

ABRAHAM ABRAMSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2431366 *Jul 14, 1944Nov 25, 1947Metals & Controls CorpElectrical terminal clip
US2932000 *Feb 11, 1957Apr 5, 1960Buchanan Stephen NHousing unit and mounting means
US3144502 *Jul 18, 1961Aug 11, 1964American Constr EquipPortable power system
US4295702 *Dec 21, 1979Oct 20, 1981Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedMulti-outlet adapter for plug-in telephones
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/505, 439/569, 439/571, 439/658
International ClassificationH01R13/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01R2103/00, H01R24/76
European ClassificationH01R24/76