US 1983914 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 11, 1934. A, MCCANN 1,983,914
LEG STUMP SOCK Filed April 7, 1932 Mt; fiq- Ii WWW Patented Dec. 11,1934 1,983,914
UNITED STATES. PATENT OFFICE John Afifci r i n fu l gt fm, N. 1.
Application April 7, 1932, Serial No. 603,788
2 Claims. (Cl. 66-70) A4 i L This invention relates to the manufacture of that is to say, the set-up connecting stitches stockings, and particularly to stockings for am- 8 are knit by the co-operation of both banks putated legs, and known in the trade as leg of needlesin the Lamb type machine, and therestump socks. after, the knitting continues in the usual man- The method of knitting involved'in the presner alternately by the two banks of needles 5 cut disclosure is applicable to tubular fabrics 9 and 11, to produce a circular knit. having a great variety of purposes, but is espe- 111 such case, the widening of the tocking cially adaptable for stump socks because of the will commence immediately after the set-up greater strength provided by the method dis- Joining Stitches 8 have been cast on.
w closed herein, whereby the stump sock, which Referring new to Fi u 4rwhieh shows the 10 is subjected to great stress between the stump set-up st t 0 t d e banks 9 a d and the socket, is given a longer life. the machine is immediately changed so as to The object of the invention is to provide an p r m the r u ar ci u ar knitt n as shown improved method of narrowing the stocking at in u e 5- t tt or stump end of t same It has always been the custom when widening, 15
A further object of the invention is toprovide t the D On he Outer needle 12 to an improved stump sock and one the adjacent needle at the point A, then. have greater trength along t narrowing line transfer the loop on the outer needle 14 to the of same. next idle needle 15 at the point B, then per- According to the invention, the stump sock form the e Operation at the point C d 20 which is t on Lamb type machine, if knit then at the point D so that in every course of upward, has the loop on the next to th l t yarn, there will be a transferred widening stitch needle of each end of each bank transferred at each elde 0 t stocking. over the then extreme loop and onto the next This universal h d of widening makes a 35 succeeding previously idle needle, and such op- Weak point in the Stocking y leaving larger eration occurring at every half course until the Open Spaces Where t e yarn has been taken desired narrowing is attained. fmm h Outer needle.
If knit downward, the outer loop is transferred To Overcome this j ct on, I take the loop t t second needle t each n course cast oil from the needle 16 at the point A and w The drawing illustrates an embodiment of the transfer it onto the idle needle and the p invention and the views-therein are as follows: cast from the needle 17 at the Point I Figure 1 is t side View f t stump sock, transfer onto the idle needle 15. In like manshowing the narrowing point about which the at the Points C and D, I take the 1 8 east invention is centered, off from the needles 18 and 19 and transfer '5 Figure 2 shows one bank of the needles of a, same into the needles 20 and 21, respectively. Lamb type knitting machine, Referring now to Figure 3, the ends indicated Figure 3 shows a fragmentary enlarged view as 8 will be understood to be the initial or cast of the stitch formation, seen from the "wrong" on stitches, as shown at Figure 4 of the drawside, ings, and the stitches 22 the first circular or m Figure 4 is a diagrammatic top plan of the single ply kni n 4 needles and Joint, stitch at the bottom of the At this course the tc cast fl o the sock, and needle 16 will be manually drawn out, crossing Figure 5 is a similar view showing by the Over the stitch supported by the needle 12 and small circles the first regular or circular knitting a on t t e needle 3, 0n the Same bank of stitch in the tubular formation ofthe stocking. needles, wh ch, p to h tim was an idle 45 When knitting in the usual manner the stump e d esock 6 is narrowed by having the outer stitch One or more, comp ete c u ses are then knittransferred inward one needle at a predeterted, as indicated at At' the Course 33 e mined number of course, and the final narrowstitch cast off'from the needle 18 will be manu- 60 ing 7 is preformed just before the tube or stockally drawn out, as shown at 35, and cast on the ing is closed at the point 8. then idle needle 20,'also on the same bank of The foregoing deals with the downward knitneedles. Another course 26 is then added and ting of the stocking, that is from the top to the stitch cast oil from the needle 12 will be the tip, but in some cases, and in fact most drawn out, as indicated at '28, and cast onto the cases, the stocking is knit from the bottom up, needle 38. Another course 29 being knitted, the F loop cast oif'from the needle 30 will be drawn out, as indicated at 31, and cast onto the needle 34. This will be continued .until thedesired width hasbeen attained, each widening being confined to its own bank of needles.
The widening may take place following any predetermined number of knitted courses, depending upon the abruptness of widening found desirable. The illustration at Figure 3 is not, therefore, intended to govern in all cases, but is merely illustrative. It will be understood that Figure 3 is the view from the wrong side of the knitting, at one end of one bank of needles of the Lamb type machine, the original cast on stitches 8 being indicated as cut apart and the dotted connecting lines indicating their original relation. This is necessary for the reason that showing the widening stitches for both banks of needles would otherwise show the stitches 8 only in end elevation. The corresponding end of the opposite bank will, of course, be similarly treated, while the opposite ends of the banks will be likewise treated.
It will be understood, of course, that the widening by the drawing out of the stitches, as disclosed, will be effected .alternately at opposite ends of the banks and at opposite banks at the opposite ends to give symmetry to the knitted article.
It will also be understood that Figure 3 is purely diagrammatic, and that the knitted article will not, in fact, have the appearance as at Figure 3, for the reason that the drawing out of the cast ofi stitches, as indicated at 35, 28 and 31, will distort the surrounding stitches, drawing them into a more compact relation whereby greater strength is attained at the line of widening.
Figure 2 illustrates the method of narrowing in case the stocking is knitted downward, and in that case, the loop on the outer needle 23 will be transferred across the loop on the needle 24 to the hook of the needle 25 in the direction shown by the arrow. 1
By this method of widening or narrowing, I obtain a fabric which is considerably stronger at the width changing point and one which will not have the large openings or holes inherent in the present methods of manufacturing this type of goods.
Of course, the stocking illustrated may be modified in various ways without departing from the invention herein set forth and hereafter claimed.
The invention'is hereby claimed as follows:
l. The method of widening during the production of fabric upon a knitting machine having parallel banks of needles, consisting in lifting the last loop cast of! from one needle, sec- 0nd in line from the end of one bank of active needles, carrying said loop across a loop upon the next adjacent needle at the end of that bank of needles, and casting it on to the next adjacent and theretoi'ore idle needle in the same bank, as a new stitch.
2. The herein described method of widening fabrics knitted on a Lamb type machine having two banks of needles comprising the steps of first, knitting the closing stitches, then knitting normally on the two banks of said machine alternately, then transferring the loop cast off from the needle next to the end loop-holding needle of one bank to the adjacent idle needle, then knitting once across, then transferring the loop cast off from the next to the last loop-holding needle at the end of the bank, opposite the first transfer to the first loopless needle of that bank, and then continuing such transfer at each half course until the desired width is attained always on the same bank of needles.
JOHN A. mom;