US 1984898 A
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Dec. 18, 1934. H. scHAMBAcH ETAL PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR COPYING PHOTOGRAPHS Filed April 5, 1930 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Dec. 18, 1934. H. SCHAMBACH ETAL 1,934,898
PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR COPYING PHOTOGRAPHS Filed April 5, 1930 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Dec. 18, 1934- M. SCHAMBACH ET AL PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR COPYING PHOTOGRAPHS Filed April 5, 1930 4 Sheets-Sheet I E I 5.... 1
I l l Dec. 18, 1934. H. SQHAMBAQM ETAL PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR COPYING PHOTOGRAPHES 4 Sheets-Shee Filed April 5, 1930 Patented Dec. 18, 1934 UNITED STAT-ES PATENT OFFICE Crefeld, Germany, assignors to the Durkopp-Werke A.-G., Bielefeld, Germany Application April 5, 1930, Serial No. 442,216
In Germany February 21, 1930 4; Claims. (01. 95-73) The known apparatuses for the photographic plate 9 is lowered, the cover plate 10 first rests printing of pictures require operators having a n the negativeto be printed owing to its weight. certain experience inthe judging of the negatives, An element 12 is arranged on the cover plate 9 especially as it sometimes happens that thouand has several inspection apertures 13 (Figs.
'5 sands of different negatives have to be printed 2 and 3) arranged side by side and one behind 5 in a day. The necessary exposure for each inthe other. The inspection apertures 13' register dividual negative must be judged by the operator. with apertures provided in the cover plate It is a known fact that wrong exposures often 10. The inspection apertures 13 are covered by occur. The object of the invention is to easily a blue-green a pa p Behind the 10 determine the necessary time of exposure and the element 12, a casing 15 bearing with its front 10 necessary intensity of light required, and this is p rt o o t e em n 1 s arranged and attained in that the source of light serving for tai s t c pa i c b 6 p at the copying is brought into conformity with a combottom. In the comparison chamber 17 the parison light forthe purpose of adjusting the comparison lamp 18-is accommodated which is 15 relative intensities of the two lights. connected by a wire 19, to a variable resistance 15 An apparatus for carrying out this process is in the C c Of which the c pyin lamps are illustrated by Way of example in the accompanyconnected by a wire 21 (Fig. 8). The resistance ing drawings in which: 20 influences the lamps in such a manner that,
Fig. 1 shows the apparatus in perspective view. w the c py n lamps heeeme brighter the 20 Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section through the. comparison lamplS becomes dimmer and when 20 copying apparatus. the copying lamps 2 become dimmer the com- I Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the covering depar a p 18 b c m s b i t r. s as to vice. establish uniformity of light in the comparison Fig. '4 shows the intermediate cover plate in chambers Arms 22 are rigidly Connected top plan view. to the cover plate 9 and a connecting rod 23 ex- 5 F g. 5 shows the sections of the cover plate in tends from one of these arms to a lever 25 protop plan view. vided with a pedal 24. A spring 75 is mounted Fig. 6 is a section through the box containing 0n the lower end of the connecting rod and supthe time switch. ports the lever 25, which spring 75 is compressed Fig. 7 is a cross-section through the current w h v r p at r r d by the tree- 30 feed cylinder taken on line VII-VII of Fi tion force spring 26 which pulls the lever 25 in Fig. 8'is a wiring diagram. downward direction. After the pedal 24 of the According to the process, the source of light e 5 s b released, the p g 26 eused for the printing is brought to corres o d turns the cover plate 9 and also the cover plate with a comparison light, the two sources of into their raised position- 5 COmPaIiEOII. 35
light being connected to a regulator in such a chamber 17 of the casing 15 is covered by a manner the source of light serving for the ex Stationary film-like blue-green transparent D posure, is made to correspond with the com- Covered s milk-glass Dame Whereas parison light. comparison chamber 16 has a milk glass pane 4.0 The apparatus for carrying out the process 29, also covered with. a film-like, blue green consists of a working table, in which the print-- tljanspa'rent g oscillatably mounted ing lamps 2 are accommodated in a partitioned hinge Bgarmg brackets 30 carrymg a 31 are mounted on the arms 22. A. carriage 32 m t gg fs ga fi g z g i g igggfiz afig is shiftable onv this rod, and in this carriage the partment is closed by a cover 5 provided with a casing 15 is longitudinally shiftable so that the D casing 15 can be shifted both laterally and glass pane is fixed by means of hnks 6' longitudinally on the element 12. Below the e; so ensionedta, uring esingo e 2;.rashes.staircases an .2; con inua y covere wi e excep on o a tions- These p je o are SQ arranged that aperture, which is actually covered bythe com- \1v(l|1e n ttliaelycoveiie gatifetg isfllifted, the tllozergp gte parison chamber 16. In front of the complalrtis o ra r e cover p a e as ment 3, a compartment 33 is arranged, w ch 5 reached a certain height, sothat when the cover contains a time-switch 34. The time of illumimounted worm nation of the exposure lamps 2 is regulated by this time-switch, which for this purpose has a current feed cylinder 35, keyed on a shaft 36 and having a portion of its wall removed in spiral shape. The shaft 36 carries a loosely wheel 37 and a rigid clutch disc 38. The clutch disc 38 is longitudinally shiftable on the shaft 36, and has a projection 39 engaging in one of the bores 40 (Figs. 2 and 6) of the worm wheel 37 under the action of a spring 43 as soon as the lever 41 liberates a further projection on the circumference of the clutch-disc 38. The lever 41 is laterally oscillatable on a bolt 45 fixed on the housing wall 44 of the time switch. On the spiral surface of the current supply cylinder 35, a brush 47, shiftable in longitudinal direction on a bar 46, bears and conducts the current to the copying lamp 2 by means of a cable. The brush 47 is shifted on the current supply cylinder 35, by means of a block provided with finger handles 48. The supply of current to the cylinder is effected by a lead 50, which is connected to a strut 51 and a roller 52 serving as current feed element (Figs. 6 and 7). The worm wheel 37 is driven by a worm 53 rigidly connected to the driving wheel 56. This driving wheel is driven by a motor 57 situated on the outer side of the controlling mechanism, and has a variable resistance 58 as shown in the diagram (Fig 8). On the block 49 of the brush 47 a spring 59 is mounted, which presses the brush against the edge of the cylinder wall. On the longitudinal edge of the wall of the cylinder 35 an insulating element 61 is arranged and serves for facilitating the easy sliding of the brush 47 on this cylinder 35 during its rotation.
Fig. 8 shows the wiring diagram, wherein the main switch is designated by 70, from which a wire 71 leads to the resistance 20 and the wire 72 to the motor 57, whereas the wire 73 leads to the continually burning lamp 74.
The negative to be photographically printed is placed on the glass pane 4 of the cover 5. The cover plates 9 and 10 are then lowered on to the negative by means of the lever 25, the negative being held in position by a clamping bar, provided with a handle 68 (Fig. 3) and acted upon by a spring. The negative is held tightly on the glass pane 4, so that the apertures 10' in the cover plate 10, and the inspection apertures 13 in the element 12 cover the negative. The switch 69 (Fig. 8), the exposure lamps 2, and the comparison lamp 18 provided in the comparison chamber 17, are then switched in by a key, preferably arranged on the casing 15, whilst the time switch 34 is still switched out.
Themilk-glass pane of the compartment 16 is then swung back and the densest or the greatest value thereof is sought by the operator in one of the inspection apertures of the element 12, by laterally-and longitudinally shifting the easing 15. When this has been found, the milk glass pane 29- is returned into its initial position and the variable resistance adjusted until the light of the comparison lamp 18 and that of the copying lamps 2, which penetrate into the comparison chamber 16. through the inspection aperture covering same, conform so that the same intensity of light exists on the milk-glass panes 29, 27. This shows that the intensity of light of the copying lamps 2 is adapted to the density of the negative. By releasing the pedal 24 the cover plates 9 and 10 will be raised together with the casing 15 situated thereon, and
the printing paper is then placed on the negative. In taking prints, photographic papers, having different degrees of hardness, as is known, are employed. As the papers are more or less sensitive to light, the length of the exposure must be different. Consequently the copying lamps 2 must burn for a longer or shorter period. This possibility of adaptation is attained by the current supply cylinder 35 inserted in the control mechanism 34. The brush 47 is shifted on the rod 46 by means of the block 49 provided with handles 48, according to whether the photograph is to be exposed for a longer or shorter period. A scale showing graduations is provided, preferably on the longitudinal slot in which the block is shifted, above the-working table at the plane where the handles 48 of this block project from the working table 1. The block 49 is shifted with the brush 47 to a point on the scale corresponding to the light sensitiveness of the paper. By engaging the current supply cylinder 35, this is rotated so that the brush 47 slides along a longer or shorter length of the edge of the remaining wall of the cylinder 35 and supplies the current coming from the wire 50 to the copying lamps until it no longer contacts with the cylinder wall. The current cylinder 35 is then disengaged by the lever 41. Thin steel strips 62, 63 shiftable on bars 64, 65 are arranged in front of and laterally of the cover plates for producing a mask on the paper.
It is evident that some other time switch may be employed instead of the switch 34 referred to in the description.
Further a grey wedge (a glass strip which is colored a very dark grey, almost black, and the color density of which is graded from very light grey to black by grinding in wedge shape) is, according to the invention, employed which is mounted in one corner of the apparatus and is connected by an arrangement with the variable resistance of the exposure lamps in such a manner that, when the lamps are dimmest, the grey wedge shows its lightest portion. During the regulation of the resistance, whereby the lamps become brighter and the grey wedge is shifted, the same conformity is attained as both devices have the same brightness.
1. A process for copying photographic negatives by means of a copying apparatus, consisting in regulating to the required intensity a comparison light, and simultaneously regulating the intensity of 2. copying light, but in opposite sense in accordance with the regulated light of the comparison lamp.
2. In an apparatus for copying photographic negatives the combinations of a comparison lamp, shiftable in all directions directly above the negative, 9. copying lamp arranged below the negative, and resistances adapted to regulate the relative strengths of said comparison and copying lamps.
3. In an apparatus for copying photographic negatives the combination of a comparison chamber divided into two compartments and arranged above the negative, a ground glass screen covering said chamber, a comparison light, shiftable in all directions, and a copying light arranged below the negative and projecting a portion of its rays through the other of said com- .partments and resistances adapted to regulate the relative strengths copying lights.
4. In an apparatus for copying photographic of said comparison and negatives the combination of a. comnsmsom chamber divided into two compartments and flf ranged above the negative, 8. ground glass screen hingedly mounted on and covering said oham= her, e comparison light, shiftabie in all direc= tions in one of said compartments; and; & oopy= ing light arranged below the negative and pm= jecting o, Emotion oi its, Keys through the other oi said; compartments, a, resistance for each light, and interconnect-co means adapted to Foe operated for simultoneously regulating the strengths of the compo-15021 and copying Eights.