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Publication numberUS1986061 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1935
Filing dateNov 5, 1932
Priority dateNov 5, 1932
Publication numberUS 1986061 A, US 1986061A, US-A-1986061, US1986061 A, US1986061A
InventorsRalph B Hill
Original AssigneeClark Metal Products Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lock thread for screw caps and the like
US 1986061 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

LOCK THREAD FOR SCREW GAPS AND TH E LIKE Filed Nov. 5, 1932 Zhwentor 8 RALPH BHILL.

attorney Patented Jan. 1, 1935 UNITED STATES 1,986,061 smegmmroascaswcapsasnrna Ralph B. Hill, Bridgeport, Com, assignor to Clark Metal Products, Inc., Bridgeport, Conn, a cornotation of Connecticut Application November 5, 1932, Serial nosnsss Claims.

The present invention relates to an improved lock thread for screw caps and the like, and has for an object to provide a thread structure which will permit of a predetermined number of 5 complete turns and will then prevent further turning, to the end that the cap or the like will not becomeseparated from the threads. Another object is to provide such a structure in which the locking means may be formed in .10 the threads prior to assembly of the cap or the like and will permit the latter to be fully engaged merely by screwing it into place, whereupon the locking means will function to prevent removal. A further object is to provide .a lock thread which will maintain uniform snug engagement at all points, and in which the cap or the like will at all times remain concentric to the threads.

with the above and other objects in view an embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawing, and this embodiment will be hereinafter more, fully described with reference thereto and .the invention will be finally pointed out in the claims.

In the drawing: 7 Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the neck end of a collapsible tube to which the invention is applied by way of example, the cap being removed. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the cap, a portion 30 being broken away to show the interior construction.

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view showing the cap in fully engaged-or closed position, and with parts broken away. 7

I Fig. 4'15 a side elevation showing the cap at the limit of its open position. N

Fig. 5 is a plan view, partially in horizontal section and partially broken away, and with the cap in the-open relation illustrated in Fig. 4.

I 40 Fig. 6 is a detail vertical sectional view taken along the line 6-8 of Fig. 2.

Rig. 7 is a detail vertical sectional view taken along the line '77 of Fig. 1.

Similar reference characters indicate corre- 45 sponding parts throughout the several figures of the drawing.

Referring to the drawing the invention is .shown as applied by way of example to a collaps'ible tube 10, suchas is used for instance for 50 tooth paste, shaving cream, and the like, although it-will be understood that it is not liniited to suchuse and may be incorporated in any suitable structure where the same relative action between apair. of threaded screw parts is de- 66 sirable.

In the embodiment illustrated the neck 11 has an exterior screw thread 12, and is provided with a closure top plate 13 having a central upstanding truncated cone-shaped projection 14 surrounded by a series of outlet holes 15. The cap 16, which is preferably formed of a molded composition, as hard rubber, Bakelite or the like, is provided with an interior screw thread 17 adapted to screw upon the thread 12 of the neck 11, and in its upper end is provided with a tapered opening 18 adapted in the fully engaged or closed position to be tightly engaged by the projection 14 to close the tube. In the open position the projection 14 is disengaged from the opening 18 and the contents of the tube may be discharged through the outlet holes 15 and the opening 18.

The external thread 12 of the neck is preferably of V type. The internal thread 17 of the cap is of v form at the root and at the crest. it is flattened, as at 19, so that while the engagement of the 'threads is snugand the cap is maintained in concentric relation with the neck a space or channel is provided between the root of the thread 12 and the crest of the thread 17. At a point near the upper end .of the thread 12 a ratchet-tooth-like projection 20 is provided in the root of the thread of such size that it will move freely in the space or channel between the threads, this projection having an abutment surface at one end disposed in the direction opposed to the unscrewing movement of the cap, and being inclined from said abutment end to the surface of the thread root to provide a camming surface. A similar, but oppositely disposed, projection 21 is formed on the flat 19 of the thread 17 at a pointnear its lower end. and which also is adapted to move freely in the space or channel between the threads. The projections 20 and 21 are preferably rolled in, molded, pressed, or otherwise suitably formed integrally in the threads during their formation. The cap is preferably formed of a material which has a slight elasticity or resiliency, a suitable material for this purpose being hard rubber, Bakeli or the like.

In operation, the cap is screwed upon the neck and due to its slight resiliency or elasticity and the inclination of the camming surfaces of the projections they may with slightly increased turning pressure be forced past each other, whereupon the abutment ends are in opposed relation and will prevent unscrewing movement.

beyond the point at which the projections abut,

and asclearly indicatedinl igaiandi. 'Between this point and the fully engaged or closed position there may be any desired number of complete turns of the cap and any desired relative movement, depending of course on the length and pitch of the threads. In the embodiment illustrated the cap has approximately two and one-half turns between its closed and open positions.

I have illustrated and described a preferred and satisfactory embodiment of my invention, but it will be obvious that changes may be made therein, within the spirit and scope thereof, as defined in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:-

1. A pair of threaded screw parts having respectively an internal and an external thread adapted to be screwed relatively to each other, the two side surfaces of one of said threads contacting the two side surfaces of the other thread. there being a circumferentially uniform concentric space betweensaid threads, and abutment means on said respective threads adapted to move in said space and to abut each other to limit the relative movement of said parts in one direction.

2. A pair of threaded screw parts having respectively an internal and an external thread adapted to be screwed relatively to each other, the two side surfaces of one of said threads contacting the two sides of the other thread, the crest of one thread being concentric to and spaced from the root of the other to provide a circumferentially uniform concentric space between said threads, and abutment means on said respective threads adapted to move in said space and to abut each other to limit the relative movement of said parts in one direction.

3. A pair of threaded screw parts having re-.

spectively an internal and an external thread adapted to be screwed relatively to each other,

the two side surfaces of one of said threads contacting the two sides of the other thread. the crest of one thread being concentric to and spaced from the root of the other to provide a circumferentially uniform concentric space between said threads, abutment means on the crest of said one thread, and abutment means on the root of said other thread adapted to move in said space and to abut each other to limit the relative movement of said parts in one direction.

4. A pair of threaded screw parts having respectively an internal and an external thread adapted to be screwed relatively to each other, the two side surfaces of one of said threads contacting the two sides of the other thread, there being a circumferentially uniform concentric space between said threads, and abutment means on said respective threads adapted to move in said space and to abut each other to limit the realtive movement of said parts in one direction, said abutment means having camming surfaces adapted upon initial engaging movement of said parts in the other direction to move past each other.

5. A pair of threaded screw parts having respectively an internal and an external thread adapted to be screwed relatively to each other, the two side surfaces of one of said threads contacting the two sides of the other thread, there being a circumferentially uniform concentric space between said threads, and abutment means on said respective threads adapted to move'in said space and to abut each other to limit the relative movement of said parts in one direction, said abutment means having camming surfaces adapted upon initial engaging movement of said parts in the other direction to move past each other, one. of said parts being inherently yieldable to permit said abutment means to move past each other upon said initial engaging movement.

RALPH B. HILL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2484645 *Oct 23, 1946Oct 11, 1949Illinois Tool WorksScrew fastener
US2591231 *Apr 24, 1947Apr 1, 1952Innovations IncSealing and dispensing closure for container necks
US2601651 *Jul 1, 1948Jun 24, 1952Wandy JosephSelf-locking connecting means
US2705618 *Jun 23, 1953Apr 5, 1955Wyzenbeek AndrewConcrete vibrator tool
US2706525 *Jul 5, 1951Apr 19, 1955Western Electric CoStop for the adjustable screw of a punch press ram
US3406880 *Dec 29, 1966Oct 22, 1968Stull Engraving CompanyDispensing closure cap
US4114779 *Feb 10, 1977Sep 19, 1978Owens-Illinois, Inc.Bung hole assembly
US5830197 *Mar 26, 1997Nov 3, 1998Innovation Technologies, Inc.Wound irrigation device and method
US6109466 *Mar 15, 1997Aug 29, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyLeak free, interference bead closure assembly
US6468253Nov 2, 1998Oct 22, 2002Innovation Technologies, Inc.Wound irrigation device and method
US8021346Jan 26, 2005Sep 20, 2011Innovation Technologies, Inc.Wound irrigation device and method
US8241259Mar 13, 2007Aug 14, 2012Innovation Technologies, Inc.Wound irrigation device and method
US9428720Nov 8, 2013Aug 30, 2016Deep Wood Brew Products, LLCMini-keg growler
US20050148958 *Jan 26, 2005Jul 7, 2005Rucinski Paul J.Novel wound irrigation device and method
USD752839 *Nov 4, 2013Mar 29, 2016Deep Wood Brew Products, LLCMini-keg growler neck without cap
EP2369184A3 *Jan 12, 2011Jul 24, 2013SMP Deutschland GmbHDevice with self-actuated compensation of production or installation-related tolerances for resting one component on a second component
Classifications
U.S. Classification411/301, 411/951, 220/288, 222/565, 411/929, 222/521
International ClassificationF16B39/30
Cooperative ClassificationY10S411/951, F16B39/30, Y10S411/929
European ClassificationF16B39/30