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Publication numberUS1986778 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1935
Filing dateJul 31, 1933
Priority dateJul 31, 1933
Publication numberUS 1986778 A, US 1986778A, US-A-1986778, US1986778 A, US1986778A
InventorsHinkley Paul
Original AssigneeHinkley Paul
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ore separator
US 1986778 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 1, 1935. P. HINKLEY 1,986,778

ORE SEPARATOR Filed July 31, i933 2 sheets-sheet 1 fzz /3 lNvNToR ATTORNEY Jan. l, 1935. P, H|NK| Y 1,986,778

RRRRRRRRRR OR Filed July s1, 1935 2 sheets-sheet 2 INVENTOR ATroRNE Y me ital-,oneration3;` compact;infsstrueturer han.

` `2drthe embodiments of; my

" n. 45t return zlenge; Portion.

Patented Jan. `1, 1,935

rating ore fromA ganeuelandinertainssparti' illarlxt to a Wet concentrating or` separating, devicezgyt;

i contemplates arirotaryatable having spiral Arimes leading-1l from the lifiiblnerals` portion` of- Ath to afcentrall concentrateAdelV n-'Ihebroad obieets;-of-fth provide a wet 'concentratorg eiiic;`1,cr ,1 t\- the e centage:v of recovery; :requiring little .c pcwe smallfwater.:consumption;idurable;` ee ne cal infrst cost andtupkeen. f :To this endthe. vention` comprises; a Structure as above described wherein thev materials.: operated unonnreall haml im died under water. and:concentrationfacture/:prof gressively `from` .thefperohervateftn concentrate: discharge` opening-at; the L nt el materials aretstratied. at theiper env; sangue; discharged over the rim. vriand thefvalnes; -earried f upward to.:

travel. .1n addition-,tothebroader objects of;` .this inventionnthere are "detailsrofz-'Stru urefwherefi by a practical concentrationisobtained. f L:

These objectsfare accomplished ib meanscof:

invention illustrated tn accompanvinedraviingsi Reflelngimflze Rai' airtime.pvvhiehrnayfbefef.

amadinstmentfb the sideseffthetrainerV mounted at the center of bar `6 and journ therenfisntne `hollenvnsnail; 91.

e. maintenir ttehle n i with, aconcentrate.. discharge opening v1.1 inet' e- .the

bbre'etehaft 9.,.theepennsj serving. as. also i centrate-`disehargeloneninal A timide has ai 1,3. and..` n .intiirnedif 1in? 14;.: Ttienne is shown ro den with arubbe' or; vuicaniteliper; renew spiral-rim s lefwhicn communicate j'vviththejdischge yo`per`1ir`i'g'-v 111 4' at the center.` Onethe base ofi the -talolef4 at shafgt 91` nne.tab1e;hasanathan io" anysuitabledrive"meansif if' 1 i l y Gnflthefirame 5i .at V:the rlowerlend'ofotheftable is W'aitardi-18; forivvaten andtailings ".Thetable dips into lthef. tank'. Tailings .will-i settler lin rtankl 55h.' l-riandtmanbe: removed:byzanxtisntable means;

lThis invention relatesfto ;,a.v machine .fior Sena-11 f g f i ,e Y 1,936,778@v An overowpipe VselrvesLtomaintain a Aselected Water level .in the tank;f there being an adjust-` mentofor .the riseofwthe .Watenpipe `as shownby.

b1 y thegcoupling'ZO. ...Any other suitable adjustment baljxfsandseeured to,` one arm by `a swivel connectionis 111113522.` `Athrustzbearing 23 is mount. ed'ontheframe; J ournalled` inbearing 23 and threadedginto nut -22 is an adjustmentjrod .24 having ahand wheel 25 secured thereto `forgcon-` Yllirlt:

means'may ibe provided. Arms f2.1 extend from n;an ipulejtion By` turning the hand itrheelV "e "bar i 6 may -.be Yrocked, andi-.the .in-- clination of; thewtable adjusted. 1 f i 1 ecured/ between arms 211s a cross member 26; Arms 2;'7,` areyprovided having clampsj28- embracing, ,12.6` so.` thatthe arms maybeadjusted angularly; on cross member 26.] Mounted on and' extending between arms :27 i is a `tubular member 2'8ghawinga T: fitting i 29 .connected to one end;` the otherendbeing closed. `A legof ntting29 has a` tubularrsection.connecting -it tofonel leg of aTll ttingorming apart ofl member 26. Thepop-g posite leg offtting 29V is connected to a solid section ;comp.1 etingmember 26. Jet nozzles 31 `are disposed;initheftubular member 28. `A flexible .f hose 32 isconnectedv to a source of supplyior dressing twater. The jetnozzles 31 are for the pnrposefo deliveringdressng mater `onto the 1; tableiandl are-.located sotthat they-*are onthe side ofjatlieftable in advance'oi a vertical plane passing through the axis of rotation of theytable. The direction of rotation is such that material in themrifesil-G ,will travel therealong towardthe concentrate vdischarge opening, that is,:there"'is` annvolution oi the: material; By turning `the tubular member" 2.8.-,` the'angle cf the i direction; of

Vtheets 3l mayA befadjmted, ,Byjadjusting arms di 21'; onicrossmember .26,V thedistance and position off: the; jets .wthf respect to the table may be changed.` Afteradjustment of` the spray means, therlatter Willbemaintainedin the `same position relativetcthetable regardless offthe adjustment of the inclination of the-latter; lAfvvash.pipe` N33` has a nozzle directed into the peripheral trough of; tlieftable,`V Washes the vmaterial `therein]and prevents `it from climbing-up the trough. Abaie plate 34 is secured` by varms "35 to bar 2.6.2lrid extends over the lower left .hand corner of thetable rvvitliits `outer advanced edgel lying close to .1ip`13 andthe edge atthelowerfollowing portionreceding from the trough. I.

@Any suitable ore feeding means as 36 may bef employeddepending on the character of the ore.`

'I'herieed-ing-Vmeans isdisposed toy deliver creto i v at the lower part of the table where it is tumbled under Water between baiiie plate 34 and the table and stratified, the values settling and the gangue rising. The rifies 16 pick up the values,

-elevating themand carrying them to the left on y the lower advancing side of the table where they are further washed and concentrated bythe ac' f tion of the spray means, and the rotating. table.

Eventually the concentrates are carried to the discharge opening 11 and delivered to anysuitable receptacle. The material in the riles is.l tumbled and the gangue onfthe top washed downwardly as the material is advanced to theleft Y with an upward urge. The material captured bed tween'the table and` baille' plate is thoroughly -f tumbled so asto yprecipitate the values. The baille plate prevents the material from-beingwashed over the'edge of the trough-before suiil-v cientv stratiiication takes place for 'efdcientac-- tion bythe rilesz The gangue is washed'over'theil trough through the clearance between the fol-f3 lowing edge of the bailie plate 34 and the troughf' Adjustment of the inclination of the table, the position and-'direction of the dressing water spray' and the relation of the baille plate `maybe mad'ef Y to accommodate thel concentrator to lmaterial off, various characters. VThe tailings" settle in tankv 113," the water passing'through overflow pipe 19-and made available for further use, resulting in econ-v omy of water consumption. The trough is an important feature of the invention as it retainsv the material long enough to insure eiiicient precipitation. Without means resisting travel over the edge of the trough, the material is Washed from the top/before suicent tumbling has taken place and a high percentage of values is washed with the gangue into the tailings tank.l

Figs. 3 and 4 show a modified form of table wherein there is a central bed 37 having spiral riiles 38 and a sloping rim 39 forming a trough. The rim 39 is provided with riies 40 which carry `the material inwardly thereby restraining it from quick passage over the edge ofthe trough and insuring retention for tumbling and stratification.

By proper design of the trough as to its extent'v and slope in the case ofthe modification shown in Figs. 3 and a, the baiile plate may be omitted from the rconcentrator and efficient recovery ob- "tained in certaincases particularly placer ground. The rim 39 spreads the'material aiding in the precipta'tionof values. By proper design of the trough shown in Figs. 1 and 2 Iespecially as` to the return flange 13 and'lip -14,the baille plate may also be omitted in treating certain material, the flange and'lip resisting travel of the material l over the edge of the trough.

v What I claim isz-f LAxconcentrator comprising a rotatable in- I clined table having a rim laterally directed with relation to the table,V there being a concentrate discharge opening at the center of ysaid table, said table having spiral 'riiiles communicating with said opening and extending to said rim for involution of material by rotation of said table; a water tank at the bottom of said table disposed with said rim to 4dip into the water contained therein; a stationary baille plate overlyingA said table and extending Awithin said tank; spray means for dressing water ranging radially of said table above said tank and over said table on the advancing side with respect to said tank; and material feed means on the following side of said table.

2. A concentrator comprising a rotatable inclined table having a rim laterally directed with relation to the table, there being a concentrate discharge opening at the center of said table, Said table havingv spiral riiiies `communicating with 'said opening and extending to said rim for involution of material by rotation of said table; a Water tank at the bottom of said table disposed with said rim to dip into the water contained therein; a stationary baille vplate overlying said table and; extending within said tank; spray `means ,forwdressing water ranging radially of "said table above said' tank and over said table on vthe advancing side with respect to said tank, means to adjust said spray ymeans to change the inclination and direction of the' spray issuing lowing-iside cfs'aidtabie: Y

therefromiand material feed means on the fol-k 3. A concentrator comprising a rotatable in-l v clined table 'havingarim 'troughv laterally directed with relation to `thetable, said`-trough having means overlying the vv'face 'of' 'said table resisting travel of material-.radially thereover, there being' a concentrate discharge opening at the center of said table, said'tablehaving spiral riies communicating with said opening and extending' to said trough for involution vof material by rotation of saidtable; aV water tank' atthebottom of said table disposed Vvwith said trough to dip into the water contained therein; 'spray means for dressing water ranging radially of said table above saidv tankfjand over said table on the advancing side with YrespectA to said` tank; .and vmaterial feed meanson the following side of saidtable.

' A1 concentrator comprisinga rotatable inclined-table having amrim;Y trough laterally directedwith relation tothe table, said trough having means voverlying the face of said table re-Y sisting.v travel ofH material radially thereover, therebeing a concentratedischarge opening at the centerof saidtable, said table having spiral riies communicating withhsaid openingand extending'to said trough lfor involution of material by rotation of said table; a water tank at the bottom of said table disposedwith said trough todip into thel water contained? therein; spray means for dressing Water ranging'radially of said table above said tank' and over said table on the advancing side with respect to said tank, means to adjust nsaidspraym'eans to change the position and; direction of the spray issuing therefrom; and` tankv at thebottom of said'table disposed with i said trough to' dip into' the water-contained therein; a stationary baffle plate overlying said table and extendingwithinsaid tank; spray means for dressing water ranging radially- Yof said table above said'tank and over s'aidtable4 on the advancing side withfresp'ect" vto said tank; and ma# terial feed means on the following side `of said table.

6, A concentrator comprising a rotatable inclined table having a rim trough laterally directed with relation to the table, said trough having `means resisting travel of material radially thereover, there being a concentrate discharge opening at the center of said table, said table having spiral riiiies communicating with said openi ing and extending to said trough for involution `of material by rotation of said table; a water tank Vat the bottom of said table disposed .with said trough to'dip into the water contained therein; a stationary baiiie plate overlying said table and extending withinjsaid tank; spray means for dressing water ranging radially of said table above said tank and over said table 'on the advancing side with respect to said tank, means @to adjust said spray means to change the posi` tion and direction of the spray issuing therefrom; and material feed means on the following side of said table.

l. 7. A concentrator comprising a rotatable in-V clined table having a rim laterallydirected with relation to the table, said rim having an inturned lip overlying the face of said table, there being a concentrate discharge opening at the center of said table, said table having spiral riffles communicating with said opening and extending to saidrim for involution of material by rotation of said table; a water tank at the bottom of said table disposed with said rim and lip to dip into the water contained therein; sprayr means for dressing water ranging radially of said table above `said tank and over said table on the advancing side with respect to said tank; and material feed means on the following side of said table.

8. A concentrator comprising a rotatable inclined table having a rim laterally directed with relation to the table, said rim having an inturned a concentrate discharge opening at the centerof said table, said table having spiral riiiies com- Vmunicating with said opening and extending to said rim for involution of material by rotation of said table; ya water tank at the bottom of said table disposedwith said rimand lip to dip into the water contained therein; spray means for dressing water ranging radially `of said table above said tank and over said table on the advancing side with respect to said tank, means to adjust said spray means to change the position and direction of the spray issuing therefrom; and material feed means on the following side of said table.

9. A concentrator comprising a rotatable inclined table having a rim laterally directed with relation to the table, said rim having an inturned lip, there being a concentrate discharge opening at the center of said table, said table having spiral riffles communicating with said opening and extendingto said rim for involution of material by rotation of said table; a water tank at the bottom of said table disposed with said rim to dip into the water contained therein; a stationary baflie plate overlying said table and extending to said lip within said tank; spray means for dressing water ranging radially of said table above said tank and over said table on the advancing side with respect to said tank; and material feed means on the following side of said table.

10. A concentrator comprising a rotatable inclined table having a rim laterally directed with relation to the table, said rim having an inturned lip, there being a concentrate discharge opening at the center of said table, said table having spiral riiiles communicating with said opening and extending to said rim for involution of material by rotation of said table; a water tank at the bottom of said table disposed with said rim to dip into the water contained therein; a stationary baflie j plate overlying said table and extending to said lip within said tank; spray means for dressing water ranging radially of said table above said tank and over said table on the advancing side with respect to said tank, means to adjust said spray means to change the position and direction of the spray issuing therefrom; and material feed meanson the following side of said table.

PAUL I-IINKLEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2777580 *Oct 31, 1951Jan 15, 1957Hardinge HarloweClassifier
US4008152 *Sep 15, 1975Feb 15, 1977Johnny Hilmer KlevenMetal separating process and apparatus
US4110206 *Feb 3, 1977Aug 29, 1978Kleven Jonny HilmerMetal separating process and apparatus
US4267036 *Dec 10, 1979May 12, 1981Kleven Jonny HApparatus and method for separating free metal from ore
US4363726 *May 27, 1981Dec 14, 1982Birds Jr George JOre concentrator
US4389308 *Nov 19, 1981Jun 21, 1983Cleland Keith BApparatus for separating ores
US4406783 *Nov 19, 1981Sep 27, 1983Cleland Keith BApparatus for separating ore
US4476014 *Nov 19, 1981Oct 9, 1984Cleland Keith BMethod of making an ore concentrator, and concentrator thus made
US4517079 *Oct 6, 1983May 14, 1985Cleland Keith BOre separation system
US4522711 *Oct 6, 1983Jun 11, 1985Cleland Keith BOre separator apparatus
US4561973 *Oct 9, 1984Dec 31, 1985Cleland Keith BOre concentrator pad assembly
US4913407 *Jun 15, 1988Apr 3, 1990International Mineral Resources, Inc.Precious metal recovery system
US5160035 *Apr 26, 1990Nov 3, 1992Cosmos Systems, Inc.Particle concentrator and method of operation
US5957303 *Oct 31, 1997Sep 28, 1999Krenzler; Leo M.Gold pan with water delivery cups
WO1982001830A1 *Dec 2, 1981Jun 10, 1982Keith ClelandSpiral ore concentrating pad apparatus and method
WO1991016135A1 *Apr 25, 1991Oct 31, 1991Cosmos Systems, Inc.Particle concentrator and method of operation
Classifications
U.S. Classification209/452, 209/444
International ClassificationB03B5/62, B03B5/00
Cooperative ClassificationB03B5/62, B03B5/74
European ClassificationB03B5/62, B03B5/74