Improvement in fracture apparatus
US 198723 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J.-T. WOODS. Fracture-Apparatus.
No. 198,723.- Patehted Dec. 25,1877.
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I Specificationffolming part of"lllettersPatent V i I m Ju neS,
. dllwhcwifitrnay Omani-(f -l i Be it known that I, Jo's THATGHEH WOODS,- .of; Toledo, inf thecounty of Lucas, an'd in the r a State Jof, Ohio,
the: Treatn ient" of Fractures 1 afull, cl a s n reference :bein g had to the, accompanying drawthereon, making a-partof this'specification.
constructionand arrangement of an apparatus j1Qg'31lld thlgh,t31S/Wl11 be hereinafter more an a set forth. T
annexed-drawing, in whichthereof.
shall be readily accessible and the aims of the patient. To this end, in this appliance, all pads of bran and cushions limb, subjected to extension and counter extens1on, is supported in a web of cloth that is so adjusted and; adapted that no movement of tion or treatment.
toward, to, or above the hip. A similar rod, .13 B, extends from a point about five inches tion by being attached to uprights D by means one vertical part,;0, to go over the upright,
have: invented certain new and useful:Improvements inApparatus for 'Use in of the Leg and Thigh; anddo'herebydeclarethat the following exact description thereof,
ings, and .to theiletters of reference marked e The nature: of 1 my invention consists in the for'luse" in the treatment of'fractures of the ln *orderlto enable others skilled in the art to which myinven'tiou' appertains to'make and use thesame, I will now proceed ,to describe its construction and operation, referring to the Figure 1 is a perspective viewof my apparatus.
Fig. 2 is a detailed view of apart The object of my invention is to construct a dressing to be used in any form of fracture of the leg or thigh, in which the injured part surgeon attained without discomfort to the of cotton, as well as bandages, are dispensedwith, and thefractured the dressings or limb is necessary for inspec This I accomplish by constructing an adjustable frame-work, in which the rod A A is adapted to the outside of the fractured limb, and extends from a point about five inches below the bottom of the foot to any desired point below the bottom of the footto the perineum. These rods A A and B B are held in posiof double clamps O 0, each clamp having one horizontal part, 0, to go over the rod, and
or seamen-1e. I
of screws wand by. x
slide on cross-rods E E, and'to, clamp securely atany desired point bymeans of the "clamps and screws F, thus securing lateral, and by ,m vft esla rs .ability.,
- I The clamps G, surrounding the rods AT-and fB are firmly attached to the perpendicular ,clamps O, and are constructedfwithia deep groove at (I, so as to permit them to,slide-freelyoverthe curved hooks e, that are insertedfinto "the outside of therodsA" and B, by which meansflongitudinal adjustability is eifected,
,Th'e clamps G at thefoot extremityofj the apparatus have each attached to their lower front edges an ear, f, corresponding with;a
similar ear, f projecting downward froma bar, f attached'to said clamp; Inthese ears is .supporteda rod, Ggwhich is formed with screw-threads carrying a burr, h, and is surroundedby a coiled-wire spring, '5, the tension? of said springs i being controlled by the adjustment of the non;revolving burrs h.
H represents a cross-bar, constructed with a mortise or slot at either end, by means of which it is supported by and slides freely on the rods G G. In the center of this cross-bar is a clamp, I, in which is secured an angular rod, J, and to the upper portion of this rod is attached a foot-piece, K, by means of a clamp, L, a double adjustability by rotation being thus effected, and the parts secured at any desired point by the clamps -I and L.
At the upper end of the long .rod A A is a H body-pad, M, capable of beingfastened at any point by the clamp N, and made adjustable by'a screw and slot or. other suitable means.
The rods A A and B B are each made in two parts, and said parts attached together by means of a device that permits of their removal and the substitution of rods of any desired length. This. device consists of a double clamp, O O, to the base of each of which is attached a plate, p. These plates overlap each other, and are united by a rivet at 09, thus forming a hinge. On this rivet is hinged a catch, t, through which is passed a screw, P
through a slot, y, in one plate into the other an saidpartsfastenedfrespectively,bynieaiis" perpendicular, adjustplate, the whole being so combined in action I leaving enough material between them for the support of the limb as if in a hammock. Atthe upper extrcmity'of the rod B B the cloth is cut across, so as to form it into the shape of an L, the shorter leg of the L being designed to pass over the body, and being attached, the hooks on the rod A A hold the body and apparatus securely together.
Extension is effected by pressing the crossbar H against the springs i and attaching the leg to it by proper means well known to surgeons, when the springs 2' i will effect the extension desired.
R is an upright rod, formed with a clamp and screw, S, at its lower extremity, by which it may be attached at any point to either of the rods A A or B B, and on its upper part it supports a hoop, V, which, being formed with a clamp and screw, is adjustable on the rod R. The hoop V supports a cup, W, from which irrigation is effected by a piece of cotton wicking, w, acting as a siphon.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. The frame-work consisting of the rods, uprights, and clamps, constructed substantially as described, so that the frame-work is adjustable laterally, perpendicularly, and horizontally, to adapt it to variable lengths of limb, and also reversible to the right and left, as
2. The curved hooks, in combination with the rods of the frame-work, for the purpose of holding the hammock in place.
3. The compound clamp, consisting of a horizontal clamp, O, for the rods, and a perpendicular clamp, G, for the uprights, in combination with the rods A and B and uprights D of a fracture apparatus, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.
4. The combination of the clamp with bar and ears, supporting the screw-rod, the setburr, and the coiled-wire spring, for the purposes set forth.
5. The combination of the cross-bar, slotted at both ends, the angular rod, foot-piece,and adjusting-clamps, for the purposes set forth.
6. The movable body-pad, with its adjustable joint, in combination with the clamp N and side rod of afracture apparatus, as set forth.
7 The double attachin g-clamp, with its rivethinge, catch, set-screw, and notches, in combination with the twoparts of a divided siderod of a fracture apparatus, as set forth.
8. The adjustable irrigator, consisting of the upright, with clamp and adjustable hoop, in Y combination with a fracture apparatus, as setforth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand.
JOSEPH THATGHER WOODS.
P. A. MCGAHAN, J. T. NEWTON.