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Publication numberUS1987922 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 15, 1935
Filing dateDec 14, 1931
Priority dateDec 14, 1931
Publication numberUS 1987922 A, US 1987922A, US-A-1987922, US1987922 A, US1987922A
InventorsBlatt Maurice L
Original AssigneeBlatt Maurice L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Face mask
US 1987922 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan 15 19359 M. L. BLATT FACE MASK Filed Dec. 14, 1931 Patented Jan. 15, 1935 UNITED! STATES PATENT OFFICE 4 Claims.

Thelinvention relates to face masks particularly adapted for the prevention of infection coming from the mouth and nose of one indi-. vidual to that of another. and while'my. improved mask is :particularly adaptedito .be worn by attendants and physicians in contagious disease hospitals, by surgeons in operating rooms, nursesvcaring for children or by mothers Withinfections caring forrtheir children, it will be apparent that the device hasnot only these but other uses for which face masks may be employed.

It is stated upon reliable authority that the ger'msofiinfectious diseases arecommonly expelled seven feet or more from the mouth of a human being in talking andthat such infectious disease germs are forcibly expelled a distance of twelve feetor more in'icoughing .or sneezing.

Furthermore, it is recognized that a.relatively large number of the infectious diseases are .communicated by germs that are transmitted by talking, coughing or sneezing in the air and which are taken into. the. respiratory tract through the mouth or nose of anotherandit is the primary object of my invention toproduce an improved face mask that will tendto prevent the wearer undersubstantially any and allconditions fromexpelling into the air or taking into the respiratoryitracti through the mouth or nose infectious-ordisease germsland particularly such as might ordinarily be communicated to the mouth and noseiof anindividual .byepersons expelling the same in coughing, sneezing, talking, etc.

It is a further-object f the invention to provide animproved face mask which'is simple and economical. in construction-and efiicientin operation for the describedtpurposes.

It is a further objectof the invention vto provide an improved facemask of thedescribed characterthat .will be simple andeconomical in construction, of light weight, easily; applied and may be eiiiciently used without the use of antiseptic substances.

It is a further object ofthe invention to provide an improved: face mask that willbea substantiallyimpermeable .to the impactlor contact of various infectious disease germs.

Other objects of the invention 1 will appear fromathe following description which is directed to the preferred 1 embodiment of my. improved f ace mask :with: particular r reference :to the illustrations appearing in the drawing: which-forms a part of the specification, the novel-features .being set :forth inzthe .appendedrclaims.

In.the said drawing:

Fig. 1 is an elevationlview of my improved. mask showing. the manner in which it is appliedvover the nose and mouth of the wearer;

Fig. 2 is a side elevation View being'takenat substantially. an angle of ninety degrees from the view of Fig. 1.

Fig-B isa plan .view of the mask with certain portions thereof broken away. to better illustrate details of construction.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view through the body of themask being taken substantially on the line 44" of Fig;- 3 looking substantially in the :direction indicated by the arrows.

Fig. .5 is aperspective: view of the device of Fig. 3 illustrating the manner'in which the same is folded and arranged fort application :tol the head of the wearer toicover and protect the nose and mouth.

The body portion of 'my" improved maskconsists of a sheet of some lightmaterial th'atfis' preferably substantially impermeable to disease germs. Such vmaterial should alsobeipossessed of flexibility and. furthermore, and what-is: also of prime importance, itshould have the quality of takingand retaining a crease. The'material that 1 prefer'asthe inner or baseportion of the body of mymask is an imp'erviousto moisture sheet of very thin transparent pure regenerated celluloseof about the thickness of. ordinary very thin- -calendered writing paper oranalogous material that is quite commonly sold on the market under various trade names as- Cell'ophane orGlassine and the:like.

Bacteriological tests show that such a sheet of: regenerated cellulose is substantially imper vious to th'e impact of germs or other bacterial particles: and-furthermore, such material upon being sharply folded or creased will takea" permanent an'gular for-m orcrease which is a most essential feature of my improved face-mask;

In theconstruction of I the body portion -of my improved mask with particular 'referen'ceto the showing; in Figs. 3 andv 4,: thewreference character 10 designates a substantially rectangular sheet .of thin celluloseyglassine or its-'equivalent material and on-the outerlfaces thereof, Ilpla'ce the sheets 11' and 1 2, of as wovengsurgical'agauze or butter or cheese. clothrwhich" consists 'ofa loosevweave of cotton or linen thread ina com- ,paratively;loose mesh :weave with respect to the warp and weft threads; The woven fabric sheets ,11 and: .12 will preferably ,rbe i-attach'ed to the outer-w periphery. of {13119 1 rectangular sheet 10- of cellulosewby suitable: stitchinglas zdesigL- nated by the reference character 13, Figs. 3 and 4, and preferably the sheets 11 and 12 will be cut somewhat larger than the inner and impermeable sheet so that around their outer peripheries they may be folded over to increase their thickness and improve the finish of the assembled article around the outer periphery thereof where stitched together by the stitching 13.

This assembly of the two sheets of cloth and the sheet of cellulose completes the mask with the exception of the attaching device and the creasing that should be formed parallel with and midway between the top and bottom of the composite sheet forming the mask body.

At the corners of the body portion, flexible tape strips which may be of woven cotton or analogous material, may be stitched as shown or otherwise suitably secured. Such flexible woven tape strips will preferably be constructed and formed in the following manner: First, two strips of inch width cotton tape, about 12 inches long, will be secured by sewing to the upper corners of the mask as designated at 14 and 15, Fig. 3, these tapes being designated generally by the reference characters 16 and 1'7. Other shorter strips of similar material, as designated by reference characters 18, 19, will be secured at and 21 respectively to the lower opposite corners of the mask body and these tape strips 18, 19 attached to the lower corners will preferably be about 3 inches in length and they will be brought into contact with the longer tapes 16 and 17 at points as designated at 22, 23 about 2% inches from the point of attachment at 14 and 15.

The mask body thus constructed and with the attaching tapes as described is then in condition for use after it is provided with the median longitudinal crease or fold as designated by the line in Fig. 5.

The fact thatthe lower tape strips 18 and 19 are somewhat longer than portions of the tape attached to the upper corners between the points of attachment of the lower tapes and the upper corners will enable the mask to be applied to the face of an ordinary wearer in the most efficient manner so that the mask will substantially cover along its upper edge as indicated in Figs. 1 and 2, the nose of the wearer while at the same time, it will pass beneath the eyes so as to avoid interference with vision while the lower half of the mask body below the longitudinal median line 25 will pass beneath the chin of the wearer and be held in the desired position by reason of the described differences in the lengths of tape branches from their point of union at 22, 23 respectively.

An important and necessary feature of the invention resides in the crease along the longitudinal median line 25 that is given to the body of the mask and which causes the inner thin impervious cellulose sheet 10 to take a permanent crease so that when the mask is applied in the manner illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, the median line of longitudinal fold 25 will be posed about as illustrated in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 thus tending to hold the body of the mask away from the mouth and to provide lateral ventilating openings that extend to the ends of the mask sheet as it is wrapped around the face. In other words, the angular housing thus formed by the fold along the median line of fold 25 serves as a ventilating passage having its two lateral termini as indicated at 26, Figs. 1 and 2,

on each side of the face just in front of the ears and it will be seen that this ventilating passage has its discharge terminals pointing backwardly toward and adjacent the ears of the wearer when the mask is applied to the face over the mouth and nose as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.

Obviously the mask may be secured in the usual manner by tying the terminal strands 16 and 17 together over the back of the head and these strands may conveniently be passed over the top of the ears where they join the sides of the head to further assist in holding the de vice in position upon the face of the wearer.

The fact that the inner layer of non-permeable material, consisting of the thin cellulose material or its equivalent, will take and retain a permanent crease, gives the device, which is light, economical and eificient, a superior ventilating function because as illustrated in Fig. 1 i

and Fig. 2 it will be seen that when the mask is bent over the face of the wearer with a median line of creased fold 25 extending horizontally about over the mouth, there will be a substantial housing formed between the nose and the lower tip of the chin beneath the mask for breathing purposes with the air passages extending backwardly and discharging toward the ears of the wearer to prevent a sense of suffocation when the device is in position upon the face of the wearer.

Furthermore, the covering of cheese cloth or loosely woven gauze, especially on the inner side of the mask, gives the same a more comfortable feeling when coming into contact with the skin of the wearer and the looseness of the weave of the inner gauze also increases the ventilating function, and has adsorptive and absorptive functions.

This will tend to an extent to receive and in most cases prevent the expiration of germs that may be in the currents of air breathed and expelled through either the mouth or nose of the wearer.

But the important feature of my invention resides in the bacteriological feature of the mask in that the inner lamina of thin cellulose hydrate or its equivalent is substantially impermeable and yet so light and economical to construct that the mask may be worn and supplied at a reasonable cost and worn with a minimum amount of discomfort and furthermore, may be discarded whenever it is desired on account of its economical aspects. While in the construction of the inner impenetrable body portion of the mask I prefer to use the transparent cellulose material, I find that there are certain other flexible sheet materials that partake of the before mentioned characteristics of nonpermeability, and flexibility and are able to take and retain a crease that gives them value as a substitute for cellulose materials in the manufacture of my mask. For example, I find that there are some forms of sized papers either with or without a treatment of parafline or analogous material that will serve as the inner layer of the mask body. Thin sheets of celluloid resembling the normal transparent cellulose product as before described may in a. like manner be used when of a nature and consistency to take and retain the described crease without breaking or becoming pervious to moisture at the crease.

I claim:

1. A face mask comprising an imperforate sheet of relatively thin impermeable to moisture material of flexible character having length and breadth and the quality of permanently retaining a crease upon a line of fold when sharply folded upon itself, surface coverings on each of the opposite surfaces of the sheet of impermeable material said surface coverings being formed of sheets of loosely woven textile fabric and. united around the periphery of the sheet, the said sheet with said coverings being folded upon a median longitudinal line of fold whereby to form a permanent crease in the body of the sheet of impermeable material, and flexible mask attaching devices in the form of tapes secured to the mask body at the respective ends thereof on opposite sides of the terminals of the said crease in the mask body whereby the mask may be positioned over the face of the wearer with the apex of the crease therein extending outwardly and transversely of the face and substantially over the lips of the wearer.

2. A face mask comprising a substantially rectangular, elongated, relatively thin, imperforate sheet of cellulose hydrate, in combination with an enclosing envelope of gauze, the said cellulose hydrate sheet within said envelope being creased longitudinally upon a median line of fold extending transversely between the respective ends of the said sheet, and flexible attaching strips secured to the respective corners of the described assembled rectangular mask whereby the creased mask body may be positioned over the face of the wearer with the apex of the crease extending outwardly and transversely of the face whereby to form in conjunction with said covered face surfaces a substantially closed breathing tunnel over the mouth and nose orifices of the wearer, the terminal openings of which breathing tunnel extend rearwardly of the face and toward the ears of the wearer.

3. A face mask comprising a rectangular sheet of relatively thin transparent, creasable cellulose hydrate provided with a permanent crease extending longitudinally of the sheet on a substantially median line of fold. extending longitudinally between the respective ends of said sheet, a textile envelope covering the surfaces of the cellulose sheet, and flexible attaching means adapted to secure the composite body of the face mask over the nose and mouth of a wearer with the concave side of the fold or creased portion of the mask next the face of the wearer and with the mask body flexed to correspond substantially to the contour of the face and the said creased extremities thereof providing a ventilating function by providing air passages opening over the cheeks of the wearer, the venting terminals of which are directed. towards the ears of the wearer.

4. A face mask comprising a substantially rectangular sheet of relatively thin imperforat-e waterproof material capable of taking and re taining a crease, the same being folded and creased upon a median line of fold and subsequently partially opened, a textile supporting envelope within which the imperforate rectangular waterproof sheet is positioned, and flexible attaching means secured to the respective corners of the rectangular mask body thus formed comprising a pair of flexible integral strips secured to the opposite ends of the rectangular body of the mask on one side of the crease, and a pair of flexible branch strips secured to the respective ends of the mask body in spaced apart relation to the points of securement of the first said strips and on opposite sides of the said median crease therein from the points of securernent of the first said strips and the terminals of which are secured to the first said strips remote from the body portion of the mask body and at a distance along the first said strips from the mask body which is unequal to the length of said branch strips, whereby to provide greater looseness on one side of the creased median line of fold of the mask than on the other side of the crease to accommodate the contour of the chin when the mask is in adjusted position on the face of the wearer.

MAURICE L. BLATT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3170461 *Sep 18, 1961Feb 23, 1965Watts Jr Hillary GDisposable surgical mask
US3886597 *Apr 30, 1973Jun 3, 1975Dupre Jacques PhilippeFace mask and process for making face masks
US4969457 *Sep 29, 1989Nov 13, 1990Tecnol, Inc.Low density polyethylene layer; gas flow; aids prevention
US5322061 *Dec 16, 1992Jun 21, 1994Tecnol Medical Products, Inc.Disposable aerosol mask
US5553608 *Jul 20, 1994Sep 10, 1996Tecnol Medical Products, Inc.For preventing liquids/aerosols from contacting the face of a person
US5694925 *Dec 12, 1995Dec 9, 1997Tecnol Medical Products, Inc.Face mask with enhanced seal and method
US5699792 *Oct 9, 1996Dec 23, 1997Tecnol Medical Products, Inc.Face mask with enhanced facial seal
US5704349 *Oct 21, 1994Jan 6, 1998Tecnol Medical Products, Inc.Surgical face mask with darkened glare-reducing strip and visor
US5724677 *Mar 8, 1996Mar 10, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMulti-part headband and respirator mask assembly and process for making same
US5724964 *Jul 6, 1995Mar 10, 1998Tecnol Medical Products, Inc.Disposable face mask with enhanced fluid barrier
US5765556 *Jul 17, 1995Jun 16, 1998Tecnol Medical Products, Inc.Disposable aerosol mask with face shield
US6070579 *Mar 8, 1996Jun 6, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyElastomeric composite headband
US6123077 *Mar 8, 1996Sep 26, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices and processes for preparing same
US6148817 *Jan 23, 1998Nov 21, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyMulti-part headband and respirator mask assembly and process for making same
US6484722Apr 12, 2001Nov 26, 20023M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices and processes for preparing same
US6536434Aug 14, 2000Mar 25, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices and processes for preparing same
US6568392Dec 22, 1998May 27, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices and processes for preparing same
US6715489Sep 19, 2002Apr 6, 20043M Innovative Properties CompanyProcesses for preparing flat-folded personal respiratory protection devices
US6722366Mar 25, 2003Apr 20, 20043M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of making a flat-folded personal respiratory protection device
US6886563Mar 11, 2004May 3, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices and processes for preparing same
US7069930Feb 28, 2005Jul 4, 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices and processes for preparing same
US8146594Dec 17, 2009Apr 3, 20123M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices
US8375950Apr 17, 2006Feb 19, 20133M Innovative Properties CompanyFlat-folded personal respiratory protection devices and processes for preparing same
US20120199142 *Dec 7, 2011Aug 9, 2012San-M Package Co., Ltd.Mask
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/863
International ClassificationA41D13/05, A41D13/11
Cooperative ClassificationA41D13/1123
European ClassificationA41D13/11B4