US 1988624 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 22, 1935. R p, K|Pp 1,988,624
BLOOD TRANSFUSIN DEVICE Filed Aug. 8, 1933 2 Sheets-Sheet l Jan. 22, 1935.
- R. P. KIPP 1,988,624
BLOOD TRANsFUsIoN DEVICE i Filed Aug. 8, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Alil Il, www
Patented Jan. 22, 1935 1,988,624y ltoonl `'rnrnvsFUsio'N ;Dlivlcii Ralph P. Kipp; Ossining,` -N.1Y.
Application August; 1933,1Serial`No.' 684,264 i cclaims.- (CL-128.4214) u TheV present invention-relates j to surgical de vices,v and Amore particularly vto` surgcaldevices used in ythe transfusion of blood,` an. important object of the invention beingto provide adevice-v f. of thischaracter thatlwill transfer blood from the donor to the patient, in-yamanner simulating the pumpingv action-of the heart, with a straight short ilow-, eliminating theruse oflinternal-"valves, `limiting the. amount ofsuction and withV pressure vunder exa'ctcontrol,` the device-be-Y ingreadily andl easily operated. A further object of-the invention Ais to provide a device oi` this character which will reducetheqtendencyof coagulation ofthe blood during the transfusion. operationdue to the elimination off metallic valves orapparatus with which the blood contents.` Y
Another object of theinvention `is v to provide v a device which-will avoiddestructive friction up.- on the blood corpuscles and provide a `device.
thatA ismechanicallyv closed `to the iniiltrationV` oiairinto the blood stream andone that has a nonreversing flow.
A s tillfurther object othe inventionis to A provide a device of this character which will accurately measure the `blood, transferred and provide for the observationof the ow of blood.
Another important'objeet oithe invention is the provision of a transfusion device whereinf 4the-parts in. blood contact are few, the device beingreadily and easily. dismantled to Yfacilitate sterilization-:orreI Jlace ment. ^v
With the. foregoing. and other objects in view,
W11lih-fwi11 appear as the(description` proceeds; A the invention 4resides inthe combination and ar.y
rangement ofparts andpinthe.-detailsof construction hereinafter described-and claimed, it
beingf understood-I that changes in the precisekv embodiment of the invention herein-disclose d, maybe made within the scope of., whatiis c la ,iml I ed, without departingiirorn vention.-r j A Referring to the drawings:
yFigure 1 is a side elevational-view of -a'transthe spirit ot-the inf, fusion device constructedin accordance with the invention.-
Figure 2\ is a plan view thereoi.
3v 's a sectional vi of-Figure 1.
Figuree is a sectionalyiewtakens'online'l'f o'fligure 1.
Figure 5 is ase'ctional viewtaken on linev5-5- of Figure' '1.
lFigure 6 -is a sectional viewtakenbn li'neV 64-6 of Figure 2.
rReferring toV the .drawings inA detail, the `base of lthelmachine is indicated generally by. the;v
reference character 5, and comprises a length of sheet,metalyfmaterial having downwardly eX- tended end portions that support the base 5, in
ew taken on line 3 3;
spaced. relationwiththe surface on whiclfthev device, 1S :Poiifedf f Tubular guides 5 `eilt end Y downwardly frontr the base. 5, and-provideA supportsfor therods '7, that;extenddownwardlyirom the plate 8 which engages thej elastic vesselor-bulb `9, to-compress` the saine. Lateral extensions 10 are formed orithe tubular guides @fand-are disposed near the lowenjends` thereof,y thelateral extensions pro-5 Vvdingr supportsfforfthe :levers 1.1 Land 12A respec- 1 Ofi;
crankn 16Y which isf providedwith a cranlewpin;
1 7 thatis rpositioned within4 an opefning-formeelY inthe lowerend ofthe connecting.armA 18,- which connecting armhaspvotal connection with-they plate 8, at 19. Secured tothe plateS, is -a-plate-l 20` that `is provided with an-eXtension--Zlextendf ing forwardly therefrom, -thefextension beingfdisl poeedbeyond,` the forwardV- end of; thef, plate'8, as clearlyshownfbyligure2; of.A the o lravving s.VA
This jplate 20 :has pivotal connection'withhet plate 8, and-is adapted to movevertically.- with respect'to theA plateS, Vthe plate 20"moving-with the elastic vesselwor bulb 9. f f l Thus-it willywill bei-seen; thatlwhen theelastic vessel o r; bulb 9"-i s i n-a con1pressed condition,-` the extension 2 1 will lie y in thepath of vtravely oftheflange 22-vofvuthecrank arm-15,- preventing further movementi oftheY cran-kf arm .ali'zfjtoV operate theelastic vessel or bulb 9, until theelasftic` vesseljorbulb 9 has become iilled,` and; the sideallsthereof have Aexpanded-to the limits l tion of theelastic vesselor bulb 9 is controlled' by the movement of the shaft lf'l-andcrank arm 1 5,' th'ej construction ot the mechanismybefj suclithat thev elastic vessel f or bulb 9 -will bef almost c ompletely` compressed; andattenwardg expanded-.against the; upper platesfZQ f and` 8,
. l'orrning` a part ofjthe elastic -vesselorfv bulb f 9; is an elastic tube 23 which leads ton thefsource f of'fluid supply, while at the opposite end of .the-i vessel9, isan velastic tube-24 that formsa part duringeach rotation oif thefshaft 14 andy crankarm 15..-
ing through the device during transfusion, has no contact with the valves, thereby insuring against coagulation of the blood or fluid, during transfusion.
It will also be seen that the device ismechanically'closed to the infiltration of air into the blood stream, and the blood stream has a nonreversing flow. Each of these valves includes a rod 25 that extends through an opening in the base 5, the upper end 264 of each rod being extended at right angles to overlie. a-'por-A tion of the tube, with which the valve is used.
A collar 27 is secured to eachrod 25,`adjacent to the lower end thereof, which collarprovides..v
a support for the lower end of the coiled spring 28,'-associa`ted therewith,'the upper end of the coiled spring engaging the `lower end of the bearing 29, through which the rod25 extends.
Thus it will be seen 'that due to this construction, these valves arenormally urged to their active positions, by means of the coiled springs 28.
As clearly shown by Figure 4 of the drawings,
the lower end of the rod 25 of one valve, is en-v gaged by the lever 11, while the lower'end of the r'od25 of the opposite valve, is engaged by the lever 12. y
The inner ends of the'levers 11 and 12 are disposed in spaced relation with each other, andaregfso Aarranged that they will be engaged by the cams 29' and 30 respectively, which cams are Asecured to the shaft 14. 'I'hese cams 29 and 30 are so'arranged that when -one cam is movingtoelevate' a valve, the other cam is moving away from the valve lever associated therewith, allowing the valve'to move to compress the tube, cutting off the flow of liquid through the tube and elastic vessel or bulb 9.
l elastic vessel or bulb 9 is known, the quantity The free end'of the right angled portion 26 of each valve, is bifurcated to accommodate the latch 31 which swings upwardly to a position as shown by Figure 4, preventing the tube supported thereunder, from moving laterally to an inoperative position. y
Afc'oiled spring indicated by the reference character 32 acts to normally hold the latch member 31 against accidental displacement.
Connected with the tube 24, is a transparent tube 33, which'embodies a lateral extension 34.
to which the tube-35 is connected, the tube 35 leading from asuitable source of supply of saline or otherfluid used during the transfusionoperation. Tube 36 leads to the patient, and
connectswith one end of the tube 33, shown by g'ure 1. A
In the operation of the device, the tube 23 leading from the donor, is open, and the operator moves the crank arm 15 rotating the shaft 14'. As thejshaft 14 rotates, the plate 8 moves downf wardly compressing the elastic vesselor bulb 9. After the bulb hasbeen'compressed further rotation of the shaft will ycause the valve Aas'- sociatedy with the tube 23,'to open, allowing uid or blood to be drawn into the elastic vessel orl As the shaft isy further rotated, the valve associated with tube 23 will close, and the valve associated withtube 24 will open to the end that 'when-the plate 8 moves downwardly, the blood-or fluid drawn into the elastic vessel or bulb 9, will be forced through the tube 36, to the patient.
In view of the fact that the capacity of the of uid or blood used in the transfusion operation may be readily determined.
In the eventv that the elastic vessel or bulb 9 does not expand to its fullest extent the extension v21 will engage the' flange. 22,'restricting further movement of the'crank arm'15, until the elastic vessel or bulb 9 has fully expanded.
I have thus described the invention.
L1A transfusion device comprising a base, a pump embodying an elastic bulb, mounted on the base, a pump operating means comprising a plate, a platel pivotally connected with the rstmentioned plate and contacting the bulb, the pivoted plate adapted to move with the bulb as the'bulb is being distended, a lever adapted to move the plates, compressing the bulb, and means on the pivoted plate and adapted to engage the lever, restricting movement of the levveruntil the bulb has been completely distended.
2. A transfusion device comprising a base, an elastic pump in the form of a bulb, mounted on the base, a vertically movable plate, above the bulb and adapted to compress the bulb, forcing material from the bulb, valves adapted to compress the ends of the bulb, controlling the passage fof liquid to and from the bulb, means for operating the vertically movable plate and means controlled by the plate operating means for operating the valves simultaneously with the operation of the vertically movable plate.
3. A transmission device comprising a base, an elastic pump in the form of an elongated bulb, the ends of the bulb being reduced, providing inlet and outlet tubes, an operating plate adapted to compress the bulb against thebase, forcing material from the bulb, and valves'adapted to clamp the reduced ends of the bulb for controlling the passage of material to and from the bulb.
4. A transfusion device comprising a base, a pump in thel form of an elongated bulb, positioned on the base, a movable plate engagingv the bulb, means for operating the movable plate to compress l the bulb against the base, forcing liquid from the bulb, clamping members clamping theends of the bulb and controlling the passageofliquidv to and fromV the bulb, and means controlledbythe-action of the operating means for operating the clamping members.
v5. A transfusion devicel comprising a base, a pump in the form-of a bulb, positioned on the basa-clamping members clamping the ends of vthe `bulb, m'eavns for compressing the bulb, pivnoted'm'embersengaging the clamping members and adaptedto urge the clamping members to their inactive positions vwhen the bulb compressing means is actuated.
6. A transfusion device comprising avbase, an
elastic pump in the form of a compressible bulb,
resting on the .bulb and adapted to compress the bulb when the compressing plate moves downwardly, operating means for operating the compressing plate, said operating means including a handle, and means on the pivoted plate and lying in the path of travel of the handle, for restricting movement of the handle until the bulb has been entirely distended, and valves controlling the ilow of liquid through the bulb.
RALPH P. KIPP.