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Publication numberUS1988980 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 22, 1935
Filing dateDec 4, 1931
Priority dateJan 8, 1931
Publication numberUS 1988980 A, US 1988980A, US-A-1988980, US1988980 A, US1988980A
InventorsDebrie Andre Leon Vict Clement
Original AssigneeDebrie Andre Leon Vict Clement
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety closing circuit device for preventing stuffing in cinematographic apparatus
US 1988980 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jim. 22, 19354 A, v c DEBRIE 1,988,980


ALV. [.Pelrie,

Patented Jan. 22, 1935 SAFETY CLOSING CIRCUIT DEVICE FOR PREVENTING STUFFING IN CINEMATO GRAPHIC APPARATUS Andre Lon Victor Clment Debrle, Paris, France Application December 4, 1931, Serial No. 579,057 In France January 8, 1931 1 Claim.

My invention has for its object a safety device applicable to cinematographic apparatuses and adapted to prevent the classicalmishap termed stufilng i. e. an accumulation of the film in a point of its path, owing to fortuitous accident at this point while the film continues being unwound behind said point.

This device is chiefly characterized by the fact that the film when, for any reason it ceases being driven causes the displacement of a part which iishe; a mechanical or electric contact. i' In cor-tact has for its effect to stop the feed of the film either by putting the apparatus out of gear whiie the motor continues to rotate, or by breaking the feed circuit of the motor.

A fomi of execution of the invention adapted to a view taking apparatus and intended to prevent stufiing at the entrance of the magazinebox containing the take-up reel is shown by way of example in accompanying drawing wherein; Fig. 1 is a longitudinal vertical cross-sectional view of the device.

Fig. 2 is an end view thereof.

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one of the parts 01 the arrangement.

In Figs. 1, 2 and 3, 1 designates the film drawn along in the direction of the arrow ,1 (Fig. 2) towards the film take-up device and passing over the toothed drum 2 rotating freely round-the support 3 secured to the apparatus. One of the terminal surfaces of the drum 2 is provided with a recess 4 wherein is disposed a circular slope 5 surrounding the hub of the support and the height of which considered in the direction of the drum axis increases gradually up to a projection 6 forming a stop (Fig. 3). The lower part of said slope is indicated in Figures 2 and 3 by reference number 30 and the higher by 31.

Through the hub of the support 3 passes a spindle '7 controlled by the control gear of the apparatus. To the end of this spindle is keyed an arm 8 through which a finger 9 passes slidingly. This finger is provided with a shoulder or reinforcement 10 adapted to move in a hollow recess 11 of the arm 8 and a spring 12 bearing on one hand against the bottom oi. the recess 11 and on the other against the shoulder 10, urgescrmstantlythe fingeriiagainstthe slope 5. Tothe side0pp0sedtothisslope,thefinger 9 moves, without meeting it normally, in front or a circular plate 13 which may slide in the direction of the axis of the finger 9 inside a cylindrical guide 14 secured to the apparatus. The plate 13 is Provided with a projecting stud 15 bearing against a spring blade 16, carrying a contact 1'7 of tungsten for instance said contact being connected through a current feed wire 18 with one pole of a current supply. The second pole of the supply is connected through a wire 19 with a second blade 20 disposed in front of the blade 16 and at a small distance therefrom and carrying a tungsten contact 21.

The operation is as follows:

At the start the apparatus is so adjusted that finger 9 bears on the lower part of the circular slope 5 (the reason therefor shall be explained further); when the apparatus works, the film is drawn constantly along by the frictional winding operation in the direction of arrow ,1 Fig. 2) and thus drives the toothed drum 2 which rotates anticlockwise; the motor and central gear drives spindle 7 arm 8 and finger .9 also anticlockwise, and as long as the apparatus works normallythe angular speed of drum 2 is equal to that of spindle.

Let us assume nowv that for any reason the film be driven to an insufilcient extent, and consequently have a tendency to ,stufi'; the angular speed of drum 2 shall slacken and become slower than that of spindle 7 which remains unchanged; thus, relatively to each other, drum 2 and circular slope 5 integral therewith on one hand. and on the other hand spindle 7, arm 8 and finger 9 shall behave as if drum 2 being motionless spindle 7 continues to rotate anticlockwise; it should be obviously the same if the motion of the film was quite stopped; in said conditions finger 9 shall turn on slope 5 in the direction of arrow 1' (Fig. 3) passing consequently from the low part 30 thereof to the highest part 31 and being urged toward the right 01 Fig. 1 against the action of spring 12. During this movement, the finger 9 abuts against the plate 13 and urges it towards the right inside the guide 14. The stud 15 on the plate 13 acts on the blade 16 and closes thus the contact 17 and 21. The circuit from the supply of energy being closed, the current is sent into an electromagnet not shown which breaks the motor feeding circult. This explains why, at starting, finger 9 ought to be on the lower part 30 of circular slope 5, since, if it was on the higher part 31 thereof, the motor being braked, should be unable to start.

0! course the movement of the plate might alsoas stated previously, provide the disconnection of the apparatus from the driving motor.

Ifforanyreasonthespeedoithefilmincrcased and had for its efi'ect to impart to dnim 2 an angular speed greater than that of spindle 7, all

should behavein the opposite way, viz asitthe x drum being considered as remaining motionless spindle 7 should rotate clockwise; in such a case lower and higher parts of which are connected through a radial stop surface, an arm keyed to the spindle in front of said slope, a finger parallel to the spindle slidingly held in said arm, a spring urging same against the slope of the drum, 8. plate perpendicular to the spindle adapted to slide parallel to said spindle and against which the finger abuts when the drum lags behind the rotation of the spindle, a switch the operation of which is responsive to the plate being pushed backwards by the finger, means for connecting said switch with the gearwork.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2494187 *May 7, 1946Jan 10, 1950Mannon LloydAutomatic fire and change-over dowser
US2566187 *Nov 1, 1946Aug 28, 1951Photoswitch IncMovie projector safety switch
US2590604 *Jun 10, 1948Mar 25, 1952Photoswitch IncMovie projector safety device
US2993406 *Apr 23, 1956Jul 25, 1961Bauer Eugen GmbhSpeed synchronizing arrangement for separate sound and motion picture apparatus
US3696982 *Dec 2, 1970Oct 10, 1972Morat Gmbh FranzFilm-driving roller with device for stopping the drive mechanism if the film is overloaded
US3958735 *Feb 18, 1975May 25, 1976Teletype CorporationMethod and apparatus for detecting paper drive malfunctioning in an automatic printer
U.S. Classification200/61.17, 226/25, 352/155
International ClassificationG03B21/18
Cooperative ClassificationG03B21/18
European ClassificationG03B21/18