US 1989141 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1111.29, 1935. YW.LEONARD' 1,989,141
SHINGLE GUIDE Filed Feb. 5, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet l Zia- ATTORNEYS.
their bottom edges inalignment and with the Patented Jan. 29, 1935 UNITED STATES, PATIENT OFFlCE' William Leonard, Laurel Hill, Long Island, N.Y.', assignor to George Ramsey and Frank J. Kent,
New York, N. Y.
Application February 5, 1931, Serial No. 513,519' I 7 Claims. (01. s3-1ss)' This invention relates to building equipment and particularly to a guide for laying shingles.
Heretofore various forms of guides have been proposed to facilitate the laying of shingles with desired area of the shingles exposed to the weather. The devices heretofore proposed have, however, had various disadvantages as to manufacture and as to ease and convenience of use.
The general object of the present invention is to provide a convenient, reliable, and inexpensive guide for use in laying shingles or the like.
Another object of the invention is to provide a reliable shingle guide that can be readily mounted adjacent a surface to be shingled and then used for laying a large number of courses of shingles without any change other than the shifting of a conveniently movable guide bar.
Fig. 1 is an isometric view showing the form of the invention selected for illustration.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view showing one of the standards and the means for supporting the guide bar.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the supporting of the guide bar, the view being taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is an isometric view of one end of the guide bar.
Fig. 6 is an isometric view showing the outer end of the guide bar positioning bracket. v
Standards 7, 7 are mounted parallel to each other and in spaced relation to a surface 8 which is to be shingled. This may be conveniently accomplished by lower brackets 9, 9 and upper brackets 10, 10 all of whichmay be attached by any suitable means such as nails 11. In some instances all of the brackets 9 and 10 may be secured to the surface 8, but in other instances the lower brackets 9 may be attached to a previously laid course of shingles, as will be explained later. As shown in the drawings, brackets 9 and 10 each make pin and slot connection with the standards '7 so that the distance between the standards 7 and the surface to be shingled can be varied. When the standards have been spaced at the desired distances from surface 8, they are fixedly clamped to the brackets 9 and 10 by winged nuts 12.
Slidably mounted on the iron standards '7, 7 are guide bar supporting brackets designated as a whole by 15. As shown more particularly in Fig. 3, the brackets 15 have sides 16, 1'7 and 18 which embrace three sides of the channel shaped standards 7 and have projecting lugs 19, 19 which engage the edges of channels 7. Thus, the brackets 15 make a running fit with thejstandards and can only move lengthwise thereof. Pivoted at intervals along the stand? ards'7 are L-shaped fingers '21 constructed'as shown in Fig. 2. Under the action of gravity these L-shaped fingers 21 normally assume the positions shown in full lines in Fig. 2 and thus they constitute laterally extending projections adapted to support'the brackets 15. As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, each finger 21 is long enough to engage under the brackets 15 at 22. Each bracket 15 has an outwardly extending square arm 24 over which there is telescopically movable a sleeve 25 securedto the arm 24 by a pin and slot connection at 26. Projecting upwardly from the upper surface of sleeve 25am.- transversely extending abutments 28 and 29 spaced a distance equal to the width of a guide bar 30. On one of the brackets 15, the abutment. 28 has a longitudinally extending finger 28' for a purpose which will become apparent.
Guide bar 30 may be made from a suitable piece of channel iron, and it may have one end provided with a series of notches 31. -With the two brackets 15 at the same level, guidebar 30 is held in a horizontal position by the brackets 15; and it is held transversely of itself by upstanding abutments 28 and 29, which engage the sides of the guide bar. In addition, the guide bar is held longitudinally of itsellf by finger 28 which makes-a more or less loose fit with any of the slots 31.
After a course of shingles has been laid with the base of the shingles against the guide bar 30, the guide bar is moved toward the standards 7 to bring it out from beneath the bottom of the shingles. This movement of the guide bar is permitted'by the sleeves 25 which are telescopically attached to the arms 24 of the brackets 15. Then the brackets 15 are slid upwardly onthe standards '7 to the positionvfor laying the next course of shingles. As a bracket engages a finger 21 from beneath, the finger is automatically folded up toward the position shown in dotted line in Fig. 2, thus permitting the bracket to the bracket 15 This facilitates moving the brackets 15 upwardly one at a time.
Lower brackets 9, 9 may be equipped as shown with guide bar retaining abutments 28' and 29' similar to abutments 28 and 29 on brackets 15. Also, one of the lower brackets 9 may have a finger 28 similar to finger 28 on one of the brackets 15. In laying the very first course of shingles, the guide bar 30 may be positioned by the lower brackets 9 as shown in dot-dash lines in Fig. 1. In so laying the shingles, a space equal to the width of one shingle may be left at each bracket 9 and a shingle fitted into the gap after the bracket 9 has been removed. Various alternative procedures for. laying. the first row of shingles will be apparenttothose' skilled in the art. For example, the very first row of shingles may be laid without-the of the;
present invention, using the edge of the roof, or the like to aid in getting a correct alignment of the firstcourse. Once the, first course has been laid, lower brackets. 9 may be attached to thesurface of the laid shingles. After the area. within the range of the equipment has been shingled, the brackets 9 and 10 may be removedand the equipment transferred to'a newarea. To remove the brackets, 9 and 10v it is simply necessary to unhookthemfrom the nails 11 in an obvious manner, after which the nails may be either removed or driven down.
, While only two standards '7, have been shown, it is obvious that more than. two may be used. In laying a long line ofshinglesa long. guide bar 30. positioned by three, or more standards '7 can be-used. On the other hand, the standards may be arrangedin pairs, as shown'in Figs. 1 and 2, andseveralpairs be used side by side, each pair having its own guide bar 3Q.
The. present invention .may be embodied in:
forms. other than the one particularly disclosed,
and .hence the disclosure herewith ismerely illustrative in compliance .withthe: patent. statutes and is" not to. be consideredas limiting.
1. A. guidelfor laying shingles comprising, a
a pair of-standards; means, to attachbothendsof pair of standards; means to attach; both ,ends .of
the; standards to. a surface to be. shingled with; the standards lying in a plane substantially parallel .to and; spaced from such surface, brackets carriedby the. standards, said'brackets extending ha ving pin-and-slot connections with the standards: and the pins being provided with nuts to fixedly clamp the standards to the brackets at a variable distance from the surface to be shingled;- additional brackets supported on the standards, said additional brackets being adjustable -longitudinally-of the standards; and a guide bar'positioned by said additional brackets.
4. A guide for laying shingles comprising a standard; aguide bar positioningbracket slidably mounted on saidstandard; and. a series of L,- shaped detent members pivotally mounted on said standard, the L-shape providing the respective detent membersjwith two legs, the first leg normally projecting laterally in position to engage andlsupport the bracket but being foldable in an upward direction to permit the bracket to be raised from detent to detent and the second leg normally engagingfthe standard to hold the first leg in bracket supporting position.
'5. A guide for laying shingles comprising a standard; means to mount the standardin spaced relation to a surface being shingled with the standard. extending substantially perpendicular to the rows of shingles; and a guide bar positioning bracket carried by said standard, said bracket being extensible in a direction laterally of the standard and. substantially perpendicularly to the surface being shingled.
6. A guide for laying shingles comprising a standard; a'guide positioning bracket carried by said standard; a notched guide bar positioned by said bracket; and means projecting upwardly from said bracket, said means having a portion entering a notch in the bar and having anotherportionengaging; the face. of the bar.
7. A guide for laying shingles comprisingla pair ofstandards; brackets for mounting the standards in spaced relation to a surface to. be.
shingledguide .bar supporting brackets slidable on said standardsymeans to support said guide;
bar'bracketsat, a succession of points along; the
shinglestthathave been laid.