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Publication numberUS1989435 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 29, 1935
Filing dateMar 19, 1934
Priority dateMar 28, 1933
Publication numberUS 1989435 A, US 1989435A, US-A-1989435, US1989435 A, US1989435A
InventorsWallquist Ivar
Original AssigneeWallquist Ivar
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and device in the manufacture of paper
US 1989435 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Fig. 5

Patented Jan. 29, 1935 i I t UNITED- STATES PATENTtOFFlCE METHOD AND DEVICE IN THE MANUFAC- TURE OF PAPER- Ivar Wallquist, Gottenborg, Sweden Application March 19, 1934, Serial No. 716,365 In Sweden March 38, 1933 v 2 Claims- (Cl. 92-38) The present invention relates to paper makproduced will adjust themselves so that their ing machines of the Fourdrinier type. It is a longitudinal direction will be substantially paralknown fact that the fibres when flowing out on lel with these currents. the wire will have a tendency to position-them- The device for producing said currents, acselves with their length direction parallel with cording to Figures 2 to 4, comprises one or more the direction of movement of the wire. By such Spr y P pes or the like 30, 3b exten in parallel positioning of the fibres the strength of versely or obliquely above the wire from one side the paper will, of course, be different in different th eo to e o er nd a n ea a O f directionsthereof, fine outlet openings which may. also be formed The invention has for its object to provide by a l n i na fin outletslot with oblique 10 means whereby part of the fibres will adjust thin intermediate Walls guide Plates giving themselves transversely to the direction of movethe medium t b q O fi W dire ti n desired. ment of the pulp, thus increasing the crosswise By Preference, this Outlet Slot is of such a atu e strength of the paper. Another object of the to cause the liquid r'the k tOeOme n invention is to distribute the fibres evenly in the teet w t t e s ee f flbre uspen ion upo th 15 paper, wire in the form of a substantially homogeneous,

In accompanying drawing, Figure 1 shows by thin sheet without interruption.- The discharge means of a parallelogram diagrammatically the Openings are directed obliquely to the Plane of manner of operation of the present device. Figthe Wire in such a manner th the J s d sures 2, 3 and 4 show a fibre distributing device in charged therethroush e in vert cal p a es fo m- 20 plan, side and front view respectively. Figures ing an angle to the direction of movement of the 5 and 6 show in front and plan view a fibre diswire (see Figure The um leaves the i tributing device according to another embodicherige member 3 With the ci y d ction ment of the invention. S. As the direction ofmovement and the veloc- In the drawing, 1 denotes th i l th rum ity of the discharge member in relation to the 25 ning over the breast roller 2 of the Fourdrinier Wire is V, ill the Water UP t Wire ove ents paper making machine and upon which the fibre are caused by h ll Win medium 'With the suspension flows out. The direction of moveresulting Velocity and di e on The fib es in ment of the wire is indicat d by an arrow 1 the range of said movements or currents will reality, the wire-cloth moves, and a member distend to adjust r l y th mselves in the same di- 30 charging an outflowing medium, by which the leetienfibres are distributed, is still, but in relation to one, two more discharge m s 3 ay the wire the discharge member has the direction be arranged If two s m s e p vid d, of movement and the velocity v forming one of their outlet openings m be arra ed so that the components of a parallelogram of movethe medium flowing Out through O mb is 85 ment, the resultant F of which is approximately directed to one side obliquely to the direction, of perpendicular to the direction of movement of movement clithe Wire, and the medium fl W the wire-cloth, and the second component S of out through the other member is di ed to t which is the movement and velocity of outflowing other-side obliquely to h direction of movement water or other liquid, steam or vapour, air or gas of the wire, as shown by Figures 2 and 4. 40 obliquely directed in relation to the direction of In the embodiment oi Figures5 and 6 the dismovement of the wire and causing currents in Charge P pe 3 is p d With a 0! the water intermingled with fibres upon the wirecharge nozzles 4 of such a character that the cloth. The resultant F is the desired direction jet or bunch of jets discharged by each nozzle is 'of movement of said liquid, vapour or gas in resubstantially fan-shaped. Each jet or bunch' of lation to the wire-cloth in motion. As V is asjets strikes against the pulp sheet on the wire sumed to be constant on a certain occasion, F along a line x-y forming an angle to the direccan be varied by varying the direction of movetion of movement of the wire,'the sheets of jets ment and velocity of S. 'lyirk so close together that the whole width of The aim of the invention is to produce currents the pulp sheet will be uniformly and efiiciently in the liquid on the wire with the direction and treated by the discharged medium.

velocity F. Thus, the pulp is treated by the liquid, I do not desire to confine my invention to the vapour or gas on that portion of the wire where fibre distributing device above described but the the fibres still are movable in the water. Those details thereof may be varied within the scope fibres that are influenced by the currents thus of the appended claims.

What I claim is:- 1. A method in the manufacture of paper by a Fourdrinier paper making machine consisting in supplying a mixture of fibres and liquid in the state of a suspenson to the wire of the machine,

. exposing the sheet of fibre suspension on the wire to the action of a flowing medium supplied from an outer source, and giving said medium a so directed movement that in the pulp sheet upon the 10 wire currents are produced in a direction substantially perpendicular to the lengthwise direction of the wire.

2. In combination with a Fourdrinier paper making machine, a device with a row of discharge openings for a flowing medium above the wire, said openings directed obliquely to the upper surface of the wire so that the jets discharged through the openings lie in vertical planes forming angles to the direction of movement of the wire.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2862251 *Feb 23, 1956Dec 2, 1958Chicopee Mfg CorpMethod of and apparatus for producing nonwoven product
US3042576 *Jun 17, 1957Jul 3, 1962Chicopee Mfg CorpMethod and apparatus for producing nonwoven fibrous sheets
US3081500 *Jul 27, 1956Mar 19, 1963Johnson & JohnsonMethod and apparatus for producing apertured nonwoven fabric
US3081512 *Jul 27, 1956Mar 19, 1963Johnson & JohnsonMethod of producing apertured nonwoven fabric
US3830691 *Oct 23, 1973Aug 20, 1974J I LtdSpreader shower for fabric belts of paper making apparatus
US3966544 *Dec 23, 1974Jun 29, 1976Jwi Ltd.Guide shower for a fabric belt
US3989085 *Jun 2, 1975Nov 2, 1976Westvaco CorporationMethod and apparatus for leveling the cross-direction profile of stock slurry on a papermachine
US4085485 *Jul 26, 1976Apr 25, 1978International Paper CompanyProcess and device for forming non-woven fabrics
US4152202 *Nov 30, 1977May 1, 1979Westvaco CorporationMethod and apparatus for leveling the cross-direction profile of stock slurry on a paper machine
US4166877 *Jun 23, 1977Sep 4, 1979International Paper CompanyNon-woven fabric lightly fiber-entangled
US4657635 *May 15, 1985Apr 14, 1987M/K SystemsMethod and apparatus for the deflocculation of stock
US4885060 *Aug 3, 1988Dec 5, 1989Westvaco CorporationPapermachine headbox profiling bar with fluid discharge orifices along its length
US4889597 *Mar 1, 1989Dec 26, 1989The Procter & Gamble Cellulose CompanyProcess for making wet-laid structures containing individualized stiffened fibers
US4892622 *Aug 20, 1987Jan 9, 1990Valmet OyMethod for resisting formation of undulations in a fiber/water mixture during forming of a paper web in a paper-making machine
US4991264 *Jan 16, 1990Feb 12, 1991International Paper CompanyApparatus and method for use in-line with a card to enhance tensile strength in nonwoven materials
US5000227 *Sep 27, 1989Mar 19, 1991Westvaco CorporationPressurized fluid carrier conduit connection
US5009747 *Jun 30, 1989Apr 23, 1991The Dexter CorporationWater entanglement process and product
US6416695 *May 17, 1999Jul 9, 2002United States Gypsum CompanyMethod for making smooth surfaced gypsum fiberboard panel
US6733261May 31, 2002May 11, 2004United States Gypsum CompanyApparatus for smooth surface gypsum fiberboard panels
US6752895May 18, 1999Jun 22, 2004United States Gypsum CompanyWater spray for smooth surface gypsum fiberboard panels
WO2010059888A2 *Nov 20, 2009May 27, 2010Nalco CompanyApplication of retention, drainage and formation (rdf) chemical aids after a headbox of a papermaking process
WO2010059888A3 *Nov 20, 2009Nov 3, 2011Nalco CompanyApplication of retention, drainage and formation (rdf) chemical aids after a headbox of a papermaking process
U.S. Classification162/208, 19/161.1, 162/308, 162/310
International ClassificationD21F1/00, D21F1/34
Cooperative ClassificationD21F1/00, D21F1/34, D21F1/009
European ClassificationD21F1/00, D21F1/34, D21F1/00F