|Publication number||US1991760 A|
|Publication date||Feb 19, 1935|
|Filing date||Mar 14, 1933|
|Priority date||Mar 14, 1933|
|Publication number||US 1991760 A, US 1991760A, US-A-1991760, US1991760 A, US1991760A|
|Inventors||Mcever William L, William Raisch|
|Original Assignee||Municipal Sanitary Service Cor|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
NVENTOR' w. L. MCEVERl ET Al.
PRESS Filed March 14, 1933 5 Sheets-Sheetv l William L. McEl/er William Raise/2 m A TTORNEY Feb. 19, 1935.
Feb. 19, 1935. w. L. Mol-:VER ET'AL PRESS VFiled MaICh 14, 1935 I5 Sheets-Sheet 2 /Nl/ENTORS William L. McEa/er W Feb. 19, 1935. w MCEVER TAL 1,991,760
PRESS Filed March 14, 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 3' WW; A TTU/m5 y .52
Patented Feb. 19, 1935 UNITED 'STATES M, PRESS William L YMcEver, Yonkers, and William Raisch,
N. Y., assignors to Municipal Sanitary Service Corporation, a corporation of New York Application March 14, 1933', serial No. 660,638
'4 claims. (c1. 16o- 37) This invention relates to presses and more particularly to means for extracting a consider# able percentage of water from wet material such as screenings and sludge from sewage.
In the treatment of sewage, it is a usualprac'- tice to remove the larger objects or coarse screenings by the use of relatively coarse screens, such as bar screens. Fine screenings may then be removed leaving finer material which maylater, as by settling or filtering, be separated from the liquid of the sewage as sludge. The screenings are conveniently disposed of in incinerators and the sludge may be disposed of in the same way. This material contains a high percentageV lof l5 liquid which must be substantially reduced in order to obtain fairly 'economical incineration, or to enable satisfactory disposal thereof in other Ways. 'Ihe apparatus of the present invention is more particularly adapted for dewate'ring fine screenings and sludge.
An important object of the present invention is to provide improved means for dewatering wet material such as sewage screenings and the like. An important feature of this invention relates Ato a novel use of belts in connection with pressing out liquid from the wet material and draining olf the liquid. Another feature relates to preventing undue squeezing back of material when it enters between the travelling presser members. 30 Another feature relates to the deposition of the wet material in separate charges of special shape on a travelling belt, with suitable spaces between the charges to l facilitate drainage. A further feature relates to the provision of a belt with a 35 convex upper surface to facilitate the draining of liquid from wet material deposited thereon and later pressed thereagainst. Another feature relatesto subjecting the slugs or charges to an action, in the nature of pumping, between two 40 belts oscillated by the entrance of successive slugs. y
Other features, objects, and advantages will apv pear uponv consideration of the following descripr tion and of the drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a side elevation, partly in section and partly broken away toshow the underlying structure, of a preferred embodiment of the invention; l Y
Fig. 2.is a section taken alongthe line 2--2 of Fig.. 1; Y'
Fig3 is a sectiontaken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1; l
Fig. 4 is a fragmentarylongitudinal, Vertical section; and y Y f Fig. 5 is a section taken along -the'lin'e 5-5 of Fig. 1.
' Referring to theipreferred embodiment shown inthe drawings, the press includes a lower continuous belt 10 travellingon rotating members 5 or pulleys 11 and 12 supporting the upper reach and-a pulley 13 holding the lower reach of the belt down so as to permit 'downward bending of the upper reach without interference, and also to facilitatecleaning and drainage as will be brought out more clearly-hereinafter. The upv per reach of the belt 10 is bent downwardly by a pulley 14, around which and Va pulley 15beyond the pulley `12, travelsv a second` continuous belt 16. Preferablythe belts are made of heavy cotl5 tonfabric treated'with suitable material, such 'as rubber, to render 'th'emwaterproo The upper belt 16 is driven from the lower belt 10-and the beltl is driven by the pulley 12 which is mounted on a shaft 1'7l journalled in the framework at opposite sides of the press.l To take up all slack in the belt 10 and yieldingly tension the same, shaft 18 carrying pulley 11 passes through suitable slots in the housing and is adjustably journalled at opposite sidesof the press on slides or members 19 slidable along frame members 20. A
To urge the slides in aV direction to tension belt 10, provisionv is made at each side of the press of screwthreaded rods or members 21 held against vlongitudinal movement by abutment blocks 22, preferably secured to the members 20, andthreadedr through nuts or nut members 23 slidable along frame members and held against rotation with the rods or shafts 21. vYieldable connections between the nuts 23 and slides 19 are provided by helical springs 24 on the rods 21 and interposed between the nuts or blocks 23 and the slides 19.
To actuate the threaded rods or screws 21 in unison they are provided at their outer ends with bevel gears 25 meshing with gears 26 on a transverse shaft 27 actuated by suitable means, such as a hand wheel 27. The tension of the upper belt 16 may be controlledin any suitable manner, as by means of an idler pulley 28 carried by a frame 29 pivoted at 30 the lower side ofthe roof 31 of a housing, preferably of metal, enclosing the press. The extent of the wrapping of the lower reach of the belt 16 around the pulley 12 50 may be varied by raising or lowering the pulley 15.A To this end shaft 32 carryingthe pulley 15' passes through suitable slots Vin the casing and is adjustably vjournalled in members or slides 33 slidable on frame members 34 and these slides 65 are raised and lowered by screws cooperating therewith.
Said screws 35 are held against longitudinal movement by blocks 36 secured to the frame members 34, and are turned by means including bevel gears 37 at the upper ends of the screws, bevel gears 38 on a transverse shaft 39 meshing with bevel gears'37, anda hand wheel 40 on said shaft 39.
To facilitate drainage of liquid from the belt 16, the upper reach of the belt may be maintained in convex form, that is with the middle thereof higher than the edges, preferably by having the pulleys 11 and 12 with convex surfaces and with the pulley 13 of proper shape touse with pulleys 11 and 12. With this form of'pulleys 11 and 12, pulleys 14 and 15 are concave in form. Y
Wet material, such as screenings, depositedfon the belt 10 is carried thereby beneath the pulley 14 and between the belts 10 and 16. After passing the pulley 12, the material is discharged from the belts over a scraper or stripper 41 and discharged into a hopper 42. Preferably the scraper includes aperforated plate 43 with a non-metallic nose 44, mounted on a shaft 45 Vjournalled in the housing, and the scraper is held yieldingly against the belt 10 and pulley 12 by means of an arm 46 fixed on the shaft 45 outside of the housing and connected by means of a helical tension spring 47 with a fixed part, such as one of the frame members 34.
From the hopper 42, the dewatered material passes to a screw conveyor 48 including a screw 49 en a shaft 50. From the conveyor, the Ymaterial drops into a closedreceptacle or tank 51v having a bottom opening provided -wth a sliding gate 52 controlled by a hand wheel 53. From the tank, the dewatered material maybe withdrawn as desired and disposed of, as by burning inl an incinerator. Y
Water drains from material-on the upper reach of the beltv l0 while it is approaching the pulley 14, while it is pressed between the two beltsrlO and 16, and while it is passing over the perforated plate 43 of the stripper; and all of this drainage passes into the lower part of the housing, which part vis* in the general form of a hopper directing the drainage to a drain 54.
To clean the belt 10 and the floor of the housing, spray pipes 55 may be provided at the upper side of the lower reach of the belt 10 andv adjacent to the pulleys 11 and` 12, and other spray pipes 56 may be provided at the lower side of such lower reach and, in general, adjacent to those at the upper side. Each set of sprayA pipes 55 and 56 may be controlled-by a single valve 57.
The wet screenings or material to be dewatered may be deposited in any suitable manner on the belt 10. Preferably the feeding device includes a hopper 57a receiving materialV through a corresponding opening in the roof of the housing, and a metering and forming wheel 58in the lower part of the hopper and provided with pockets 59 to receive and shapecharges 59a of the wet material, such as screenings, and deposit them in spaced apart positions on said belt 10, thus leaving channels through Ywhich the water will drain off rapidly. At the discharge side of the wheel 58, the side 60 of the hopper is hinged at 61 and is urged against the wheel by means` including spring 62, thereby acting as va wiping means and holding backv all material not enclosed in the recesses. Y
Asillustrated, thev recesses 59 are relatively deep at one edge and the depth decreases to nothing at the other edge. The wall at the deep edge of each recess is substantially radial and provides good supporting means for a charge when the latter is carried out of the hopper 57a. If the wheel were turned in the opposite direction, there would be no certainty that the material Would stay in the pockets and be carried outof the hopper. The charges formed by the pockets are, .thicker at one edge and the thicker edges are made the leading edges when the charges are deposited on the belt 10.
An advantage of this form of charge is that when the thiclrv leading edge of a charge enters the space between the presser belts 10 and 16 there is less resistance to the passage of water through the back part of the slug or charge. Another advantage is that the thick forward edge tends to-force the belts farther apart and therefore prevent s0 much squeezing back and piling up of materialV as would occur if a flat layer of material were fed to the belts. As a matter'of fact the charges are, as illustrated in Fig. 1, brought down to a substantially uniform thickness which, however, is suilicientlygreat toenable effectiveY pressing action thereon. It will also be apparent that the water forced out of each slug as it enters the bight between the'belts will be'clearred out of the following channel due tothe fact that the upper belt is forced down to the bottom of the channel (Fig. 1). The thick forward edges of the slugs or charges, in passing beneath the pulley 14, alternately force down and release the corresponding portion of theyieldingly tensioned belt 10, thus causing a flapping action ofthe portion between the pulleys 14 and 12 and a corresponding pumping action to draw water or liquid from the slugs due to the porous or capillary nature of the material.
Power for driving .the principal parts of the apparatus may be provided by an electric motor 63 (Figs. 2 and 3) driving a shaft 64 and carrying a worm 65 by which motion is imparted to a worm gear 66 on a vertical shaft 67 provided, at a higher level with a bevel gear 68 meshing with a bevel gear 69fon a shaft '70 extending along the main housing and outside thereof. The shaft 70 is provided at one point with a worm 'l1 driving a worm gear 72 on the shaft 17 of the pulley l2 and thereby driving the belt 10 and consequently the belt 16, and at another point with a Worm 73 meshing with a worm gear 74"on shaft 75cm-rying the forming and metering wheel 58. screw conveyor 49 may, however, be actuated independently, as for example by means of anelectric motor 76, a worm 77 driven thereby, and -a worm wheel 78 in mesh with the Worm and mounted on the screw shaft 50 to turn the same.
1n the operation of the apparatus,Y there is fed into the hopper 57a. material comprising solids and liquids and from which a portion of the liquid is to be removed. Rotation of the metering and forming wheel 58 causes successive recesses or pockets 5 to be filled with corresponding charges or slugs of the wet material and de-A posited on belt 10 so as to provide between successive charges definite clear spaces adapted to serve as drainage channels or gutters. If the liquid content of the material be sufciently high,
some free liquid will drain away from the segment on to the belt 10 when deposited thereon. Each slug 59a is advanced by belt 10 into engagement with the belt 16 where the slug is put under pressure which acts to squeeze out a part o! the` liquid content and to flatten the slug: as illus The on the belt 10 and during this part of the travel the slug forms at its rear a gutter or drainage areas for collecting the liquid flowing from the following slug, and discharging it at the edges of the belt due to the convex upper surface of the belt. After passing from the bottom of pulley 14, each slug is moved upwardly, thereby aiding gravity drainage, vand at the same time is subjected to pressure. The charges or slugs 59a in passing under pulley 14` cause an oscillating movement between theV portions of belts 10 and 16 between the pulleys 14 and 12 thus producing a sort of pumping action on the material which is of a porous or capillary nature, this pumping action being more effective on belt 10 where the pumping action is aidedby gravity.
Where belt 10 passes under pulley 14, there will always be direct contact between belts 10 and 16 after each slug 59a passes the effective point of contact. This prevents liquid, other than that pressed out after passing the contact point on pulley 14, from passing beyond -such point of contact.
Protection against damage by the passage of larger particles is provided by springs 24 in the take up for `belt 10, andby the idler 28 which serves as a take up for belt 16. The spring urged pivoted side of the feed device also protects against damage from this cause.
It should be understood that various changes can be made in the construction and arrangement-of parts and in the manner of carrying out various features of Athe invention, and that lcertain features can be rused without others, without departing from the true spirit vand scope of the invention.
Having thus described our invention, we claim 1. In apparatus of the class described, pressing means, a travelling belt advancing wet material to the pressing means and having a portion on which the wet material drains before being subjected to the action of the pressing means, means for depositing on the belt successive charges of material at separated positions to provide transverse drainage channels, such depositing means including a hopper and a wheel at the bottom cf the hopper having pockets to receive said charges, and driving means for the belt and wheel coordinating the relative speeds thereof to provide distinct drainage spaces between successive charges. l
2. In apparatus of the class described, pressing means, a travelling belt advancing material to the pressing means and having a drainage portion with a convex upper surface inclined downwardly toward theV pressing means, and means for kdepositing on the belt successive charges of material at separated positions thereon to provide transverse drainage channels, such depositing means including a'hopper and a wheel at the bottom of the hopper having pockets to receive said charges, and driving means for the belt and wheel coordinating the relative speeds thereof to provide distinct drainage spaces between successive charges.
3. In apparatus of the class described, an endless conveyor belt having an upper reach advancing the wet material; means including rotary convex belt-supporting members at opposite ends of saidupper reach to provide a convex upper surface for said upper reach to assist drainage; pressing means including a concave rotary member depressing said upper reach of the conveyor belt to provide a portion downwardly inclined from the receiving end of the belt to the bottom of said concave member and a portion upwardly inclined toward the discharge end of the conveyor belt, an endless pressing belt passing around said concave rotary member above saidV conveyor belt and a second rotary concave member Vdirecting, the lower. reach of said pressing belt along the upper surface of said upwardly inclined portion of the conveyor belt; means for depositing successive charges of material on the conveyor belt at its receiving end; yieldable tensioning means for said conveyor belt to permit passage, between said conveyor belt and said presser belt, of the charges without complete flattening thereof; rand driving means for said conveyor belt and depositing means coordinating the speeds thereof to provide for drainage channels between successive charges on their way to the pressing means and drainage passages between charges after iiattening thereof inpassing around the lower side of the first `mentioned concave rotary member.
4. In apparatus of the class described, a conveyor belt having an upper reach for advancing wet material, means including rotary convex belt-supporting members at opposite ends of said `upper reach to provide a convex upper surface to facilitate drainage, means cooperating with said upper reach of the belt to press liquid out of said wet material and including a concave rotary member engaging said upper reach and forming a bend therein with a straight draining portion inclined downwardly from the belt-supporting member at the receiving end of the upper reach, means for depositing successive chargesV WILLIAM L. MCEVER. WILLIAM RAISCH.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2941676 *||Feb 17, 1954||Jun 21, 1960||Riegel Paper Corp||Apparatus for handling flexible walled bags|
|US3130667 *||Feb 13, 1962||Apr 28, 1964||Coffelt Robert J||Serpentine fruit press|
|US3232219 *||Aug 5, 1963||Feb 1, 1966||Otto Gunkel||Fruit press|
|US3459123 *||Sep 15, 1966||Aug 5, 1969||American Sugar||Fruit press|
|US3942433 *||Jul 5, 1974||Mar 9, 1976||Maschinenfabrik Andritz Ag||Roller arrangement in presses for the removal of water from materials|
|US4404057 *||Sep 8, 1981||Sep 13, 1983||Molded Fiber Glass Companies||Reinforced plastic sheet machine and method|
|EP0144090A2 *||Nov 30, 1984||Jun 12, 1985||Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha||Method and apparatus for dehydrating sludge|
|EP0144090A3 *||Nov 30, 1984||Feb 25, 1987||Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha||Method and apparatus for dehydrating sludge|
|U.S. Classification||100/152, 100/151, 100/118|
|International Classification||B30B9/24, B30B9/02|