Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1991996 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 19, 1935
Filing dateAug 24, 1933
Priority dateOct 1, 1932
Publication numberUS 1991996 A, US 1991996A, US-A-1991996, US1991996 A, US1991996A
InventorsLodewijk Bakker
Original AssigneeVernis Verf En Japanlakfabriek
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for ornamenting surfaces with a relief pattern
US 1991996 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

L. BAKKER PROCESS FOR ORNAMENTING SURFACES WITH A RELIEF PATTERN Filed Aug. 24, 1933 Feb. 19, 1935.

Pia-3 FIG LODEWIJ K BAKKER I INVENTOR mqQ /Zwfi ATTORNEYS Patented Feb. 19, 1935 PATENT OFFICE PROCESS FOR ORNAMENTING SURFACES WITH A RELIEF PATTERN Lodewljk Bakker, Gieten, Netherlands, aasignor to N. V. vernis Verf-en- Japanlakl'abrleken Hermann A. Schreuder & (10., Schoonhoven, Netherlands, a limited-liability company of the Netherlands Application August 24, 1933, Serial No. 686,587 In the Netherlands October 1, 1932 9 Claims.

The invention relates to a process for ornamenting surfaces with a relief pattern.

A known process for embellishing wainscoting and walls of living rooms, corridors and the like, consists in applying to the 'wainscoting or walls in question, by means of a priming knife or a brush, a paste or a viscous paint on which a relief design is then worked by means of a brush or any other suitable tool.

After this design has been applied, the paste layer is allowed to dry; in many cases the protruding edges are flattened by smoothing or the like. Then the desired colour eifect is obtained by applying paint by means of a brush or by glazing (the application of a thin layer of paint over the whole surface and the scraping ofi of the paint from the protruding parts) or by painting and glazing, whereupon the work is finished by applying a coating of flat, semi-glossy or glossy varnish.

Another process is known according to which there is first of all applied to the surface to be ornamented a paste consisting of red lead or a white pigment and a binding agent, on which a relief design is then worked.

After the paste has become thoroughly hard, the projecting parts are filed off or ground oif, whereupon the surface can be painted, for instance with coatings of different colours, .the upper one being again removed from the ground off relief, whereby'a decorative eifect is obtained.

According to another process, a paste is likewise made from a pigment and a binding agent, which is applied to the surface to be ornamented in a layer of 1-2 mm. thickness; in this paste layer a relief is Worked, the protruding parts are flattened down with emery paper, and a decorative effect is obtained by glazing.

' The first practically applied process described above involves a number of disadvantages, for instance a large number of operations is necessary in order to produce the final result desired, and the relief requires a great difference in height if it is desired to obtain an effect of any importance. Consequently, dust and dirt can accumulate in the indentations, the cleaning is rendered extremely difficult, and when eventually alterations are made the relief painting must be removed by scraping, burning or in some other manner, because the large indentations in the work cannot be filled up in the usual manner, for instance with a trowel.

According to the present invention, these disadvantages are overcome in that first of all a sumciently thick white or coloured coating copsisting of pigment with a binding agent capable of being polished and rolled is applied by means of a brush, a spraying device, or any other suitable means, next a light relief is produced in this layer by means of a roller or by other means, which relief may, if desired, be so deep that in places the underground is visible, and after the mass has been left for a certain time to dry, the

protruding parts of the relief are smoothed, I

ing parts of the'relief have been burnished to a polished condition.

Figure 4 is a plan view of the decorated surface member shown in section in Figure 3.

Throughout the views, the same indicia refer to the same or corresponding parts.

In the practice of my invention, a support a such as a wall, ceiling or other object has a coating b applied thereto which is of course flat as indicated in Figure 1 and tends to dry with a matt surface. When applied, a relief roller or other tool is rolled or pressed on the coating so as to produce the relief coating 2) of Figure 2. Subsequently, the coating is burnished to polish and generally level the high spots or protruding portions as indicated in coating b at c, c in Figures 3 and 4, leaving the lower parts d, d untouched-by the burnishing tool.

If desired, the process may be combined with glazing or with other methods of operation. It

is also possible to apply coatings of differentfind/0r coloured pigments, it has the property of imparting lustre to matt paints when the almost dry surface is polished. Secondly, the binding agent should be rollable, i. e. it must be possible to produce in the binding agent, by rolling, the desired relief design, when the said binding agent is mixed in the proper proportion with white and/or coloured pigments, A binding agent which fulfils these requirements can be made from about three parts by weight of wood spraying device, for which latter purpose the material may be diluted with benzine or other volatile diluent. Immediately after the coating has been applied a relief design is worked therein by means of a roller or other tool. The texture shows no tendency whatever to become less effective by running and dries in a short time with a matt surface. The relief is shallow so that no dust can accumulate therein. Shortly after the relief has been produced it is rubbed over with a smooth object. for instance a polishing steel whereby a lasting lustre is imparted to the higher parts showing an attractive contrast against the lower parts which are matt. One may also first of all apply a coating of a certain colour, then one or more coatings of other colours, and finally design the relief so that the lower coatings are visible at certain places. As soon as the coating in which the relief was worked is sufliciently dry it is polished with a polishing steel whereby the higher parts receive a lustre. If the relief is formed of one colour only, the contrast is based'on the difference between the lustrous and matt parts, whereas, when the relief exhibits more than one colour there is also .the effect of the various colours.

In contrast to the known process of ornamentation described above, the process according to the present invention offers the following advantages:-

The number of the operations is reduced to two main operations and one secondary operation which can easily be performed by unskilled laour.

By the contrast between lustrous and matt surfaces the effect of a very deep relief is obtained, whereas in actual fact the difference in depth is extremely slight, and cleaning can easily be carried out.

Nothing need be removed on the subsequent application of another ornamentation. The shallow depths can easily be filled up in a single operation with a trowel-applied mass, and further work can be carried out on the surface in the usual manner. I

Example Parts by weight Wood 011 2000 Refined linseed oil 1400 Resin, artificial resin or hard copal, of which so much more should be taken as corresponds to the loss which ocurs in the melting are heated together until the mixture has a refractive index of approximately 1.5100, and then the mixture is diluted in the usual manner with:--

2000 parts by weight of a suitable diluent,for

instance turpentine, tetraline or a benzine of high boiling point or a mixture of these diluents, whereupon Parts by weight Drying agent are added-.- 218 The binding agent thus obtained are mixed with:-

50-900 parts by weight of dry pigment, according to the oil absorbing capacity of the pigments used. If necessary, a small quantity of diluent may still be added.

With a little practice the correct proportion can easily be determined for each pigment or combination of pigments.

What I claimis:

1. A process for ornamenting the surfaces of walls, ceilings and various objects, which in a combined group of steps, consists in applying to the surface to be ornamented, a coating of a plastic material in the form of a paste having good adhesive and cohesive qualities and capable both of being worked and of drying hard, and in addition, on hardening, also capable of receiving a polish of high lustre, then making a light relief in said coating by partly displacing portions of the same, thereafter allowing the coating to dry partly, and subsequently smoothing and polishing the higher parts or crests of the relief by flattening said crests in partly dry condition by means of a polishing tool while avoiding removal and loss of any of the material of the coating and also avoiding any filling of the spaces between the crests of said relief.

2. A process for ornamenting the surfaces of walls, ceilings and various objects, which in a combined group of steps, consists in applying to the surface to be ornamented, a coating of a plastic material in theform of a paste having good adhesive and cohesive qualities and capable both of being worked smoothly while in a workable condition and of drying hard, and in addition, on hardening, also capable of receiving a. polish of high lustre, then making a light relief in said coating by partly displacing portions of the same, thereafter allowing the coating to dry partly,

and subsequently smoothing the higher parts or' crests of the relief in partly dry condition and thereby bringing them to a common level by means of a smoothing tool while avoiding removal and loss of any of the material of the coating and also avoiding any filling of the spaces between the crests of said relief.

able condition and of drying hard, and in addition, on hardening, also capable of receiving a polish of high lustre, then making a light relief in said coating by partly displacing portions of the same, thereafter allowing the coating to dry partly, and subsequently smoothing and polishing the higher parts or crests of the relief by flattening said crests in partly-dry condition by means of a polishing tool while avoiding "removal and loss of any of the material of the coating and also avoiding any filling of the spaces between the crests of said relief.

4. A process for ornamenting the surfaces of walls, ceilingsand various objects, which in a light relief in said coating by partly displacing portions of the same, thereafter allowing the coating to dry partly, and subsequently smoothing and polishing the higher parts or crests of the relief by flattening said crestslin partly ,dry condition by means of a polishing tool while avoiding removal and loss of any of the material of the coating and alsoavoiding any-filling of the spaces-between the crests of :said relief.

5. A process for omamenting the :surfaces of walls, ceilings and various objects, which :in :a

combined group of steps, consists in applying to .the surface to be ornamented, a coating "of a plastic material in the formof aspa'steicomposed of a pigment and a binding agent containing rap-v proximately 3 partsbyweight of wood 2011,22,}38113 of linseed oil, one part :of resinous material, '=.to-'

gether with a dryingiagent and one or imore diluents, which paste thas good adhesive and :cohesive qualities and iis capable both -'of 'E'being worked smoothly while in :a workable LCOHdltiOll and of drying harm-and inradditionsonhardening, also capable of receiving aipolish of ihig'h lustre, then pressing :alilight'lrelief .iimaidscoating crests in partly dry condition .by means pf -a polishing tool whileravoiding removal and lossof approximately 3 parts by weight of wood oil, 2

parts of linseed oil, one part of resinous material, together with :-a drying agent and .one. or

'more diluents, which paste has good adhesive and cohesive qualities and is capable both :of be,- ing worked smoothly while in a workable condition and of drying hard, .and'in addition, :on hardening, also capable of receiving a polish of high lustre, then rolling a light relief in ,said coating by'partly-displacing portions of the-same,

thereafter allowing the coating to dry partly, and

subsequently smoothing and polishing the higher partsor crests of the relief by flattening said crests in partly dry condition :by means @of apolishing tool while avoiding removal and loss of any of .thematerialtof the coatingandalso :avoiding any-filling of the spaces between the crests of said relief.

7. A. process for ornamenting the surfaces of walls, ceilings and various objects, which in a combined group of steps, "consists in applying to the surface to be omamented, a coating of a plastic material in the found a paste composed of a pigment and a bindingagent containing ap-' proximately 10 parts by weight of wood oil, 7 parts of linseed oil, 3 parts'of resinous material, 1 part of a drying agent and 10 parts of a diluent, which paste has good adhesive and cohesive qualities and is capable both of being worked smoothly while in a workable condition and-of drying hard, and in addition, on hardening, also capable of receiving a polish of high lustre, then rolling a light relief in said coating by partly displacing portions of the same,;thereafter allowing the coating to dry partly, and subsequently smoothing and polishing the higher parts or crests of the relief by flattening said crests in partly dry condition by means 10f a polishing tool material of the coating and also avoiding any filling of the spaces between the crests of said ."relief. I

8. A process for ornamenting the surfaces of walls, ceilings and various objects, which in a =combined group of steps, consists in applying to .the surface to be .ornamented,a coating :of plas- ,tic material in the -form of -a paste composed of fifty to nine hundredyarts by weight of -.a pig- -ment together with a binding :agent containing Eb0l1 t 3:3% ='ofwood.oil, 22% of i-linseedmil, of resinous :material 23% to 4% of .drying Zagent :and132 to .31 of ;.diluent,='.which ,paste :has good adhesive and cohesive qualities and is capable .:'both \of being worked :smoothly while in :a work- :able condition and of ?'hard, "and in :addixtion, mnkhardening, a'lso capable of ireceiving a polish of high lustre, uthen "rolling a Flight .relief in said =:coating by partly displacing 'portions of the same, thereafter-allowing :the coating todry partly, :and subsequently smoothing .and polishing the L-highergparts :or crests of the :relief by :flatteiiing said *iCI'GStS in partly dry condition by means of a ,polishing tool. while avoiding :re- :moval:andloss of any of the material of the coat- Sing and also avoiding any filling of the spaces between the crests .of said relief. v

:9. /A process for omamenting the surfaces of walls, ceilings and various objects, which in a combined group of :steps, consists in :applying to the :surface to be ornamented, a basic background and upon the same a layer of a plastic material "in the form of a paste comprising a pigment and1'a binding agent composed of wood oil,

linseed oil, a resinous material, a drying agent Y and a diluent, which paste has good adhesive and cohesive qualities and is capable bothof being worked smoothly while in a workable condition :andiof dry ing hard, and in addition, on hardening, also .capable of receiving a polish of high lustre, then making a'relief in said layer to such .depthas to expose portions 'ofthe background in various places by partly displacing portions of the layer, thereafter allowing the layer to dry partly, and subsequently smoothing and polishing the higher parts or crests of the relief by flattening said crests in partly dry condition by means of a polishing tool while avoiding removal and loss-of any of the material of the paste layer and also :avoiding any filling of the spaces between the crests of said relief;

' LODEWIJK BAKKER..

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4105816 *May 23, 1975Aug 8, 1978Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.Decorative relief finish process
US4163813 *Aug 25, 1977Aug 7, 1979Sheets James RMethod of preparing and applying artistic, decorative compositions
US4256446 *Feb 9, 1979Mar 17, 1981Servando HinojosaApparatus for manufacturing prefinished wallboard
US4275768 *Jun 16, 1978Jun 30, 1981Riggs E GrayReinforced hose having embedded indicia strip
US4578131 *Nov 14, 1984Mar 25, 1986Hawkins Jr Floyd AMethod of making a three dimensional sculptured painting
US5320790 *Jul 10, 1992Jun 14, 1994Michael LoweMethod for producing a durable tactile warning surface
US7185472 *Mar 24, 2004Mar 6, 2007Ramirez De Arellano EduardoConcrete-based material, and method of applying the same
US8632327 *Nov 28, 2011Jan 21, 2014General Electric CompanyApparatus to apply a variable surface texture on an airfoil
US20040071935 *Aug 12, 2003Apr 15, 2004Kia Hamid G.Method of forming a composite article with a textured surface
US20080268155 *Apr 27, 2007Oct 30, 2008Mohiuddin Ahmed ChowdhuryEasy texture
US20130134292 *Nov 28, 2011May 30, 2013Nicholas Joseph KrayApparatus to apply a variable surface texture on an airfoil
EP1545851A2 *Aug 12, 2003Jun 29, 2005General Motors CorporationMethod of forming a composite article with a textured surface
EP1545851A4 *Aug 12, 2003Mar 29, 2006Gen Motors CorpMethod of forming a composite article with a textured surface
Classifications
U.S. Classification427/270, 264/35, 427/355, 427/277
International ClassificationB44C1/20, B44C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB44C1/20
European ClassificationB44C1/20