US 1992281 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 26, 1935. M. ARNOLD 1,992,281
HAIR WINDING DEVICE Filed Jan. 16, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 29 l;- fl l /5 l f d i W 4 A;
/4 O '85 /6 INVENTOR M/IX fl/e/vaw Feb. 26, 1935. ARNQLD 1,992,281
I HAIR WINDING DEVICE Filed Jan. 16, 1934 ZSh'eets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR fwx flan/0L,
ATT EY Patented Feb. 26, 1935 UNITED; STATES, PATENT OFFICE HAIR WINDING DEVICE Max Arnold, New, York, NY. I Application January 16, 1934, Serial No. 706,817 1 6 Claims. (01.132-33) The invention relates to an apparatus for use in the art of permanent waving hair and; more particularly to devices for winding the hair to be waved upon a curling rod or mandrel in either of the two well known fashions of windingsuch hair, i.e., iri'the spiral or the fcroquignolefstyle.
In carrying out such methods of permanent waving, in-which my novel apparatus'is to be used, the hair'is divided into strands, each of which is secured adjacent to the scalp within'a' protector or clamping device, the strand being then wound upon a curling rod preparatory to its heat treatment. An object of the invention is to provide devices for winding the hair automatically upon the curling rods, such devices being of extremely simple construction and low cost of manufacture and of i a structure designed to facilitate the winding operation and to insure an even distribution and properand even stretching of the hair" during such winding. r
A more particular object of the invention is to provide a-winding device entirely enclosing the strand of hair being wound, so as to eliminate the possibility, present in all prior winding devices, of the hair being displaced from the Winding apparatus and being caught in or by portions of the apparatus so as to interfere with the proper windingprocess. I i
As my novel hair winding devices hereinafter to be described are applicable to both methods of permanent waving above mentioned, the following brief description of thetwo methods may be;
of assistance in understanding the operation ofmy winding apparatus. Y
In the so-called spiral? method of permanent waving, the tress of hairto be waved iswound' upon a tapered rod, the smaller diameter of which is placed nearthe scalp, the tress of hair being wound from its end adjacent to the scalp toward its freeend upon such tapered rod in the form of a spiral so that the hair, after heat treatment, has imparted thereto a configuration described in the art as a spiral wave. Some form of protective device, in this method, is placed adjacent to the scalp before theftapered rod isplaced in position for winding the hair thereon.
In such spiral method, it has been the practice to securetherod to the strand of hair near the scalp by means of a piece of stringQto wind the hair by hand about the rodand secure the end otthe'strand to the rod by the endof the piece of string.
the free endof the tress.
tress, from its free end toward the end adjacent the scalp; upon a curling rod disposed perpendicularly to the strand. In this method, the hair is wound on the rod in a continuous series of concentric overlappingcircles, so that the hair, after 5 it has bee n given its heat treatment, has had imparted theretoa circular configuration comprising a curl. My novel winding apparatus, in its application to the croquignole method of permanent waving is designed to carry out the principles of such methodj insofaras the nature of the configuration'in which the hair is wound on the curling rod is concerned, with the distinction that, instead of the hairbeing wound from its free end toward the 15 end -adjacent to the scalp, the tress of hair'is wound automatically by my winding device from the end'of the tress adjacent to the scalp toward The primary feature of my novel hair winding apparatus is that the elements in the device are capable of being so arranged at the beginning of the-winding operation, and to' retain such ,arrangement ofsuch elements during the entire coursev of the winding operation, as tdentirely enclose, on all-sides, the tress of hair to be wound, withinthe elements of the winding device and so that there is left no space through which portions ofthe tress may escape from within the confines of the winding elements. This feature constitutes an important improvement over the winding devices of the prior art in all of which the winding element is so constructed that the tress of hair being wound'is not entirely enclosed within the device duringthe winding operation. 5
e In the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, I have shown particular embodiments of my invention by way of illustration rather than by way of limitation. In such drawings I have shown a novel hair winding apparatus of a type suitable for use in the spiral methodof' permanent waving'and one suitablefor use in the croquignole method as hereinabove modified.
Insuch drawings, Fig. 1 shows my croquignole winding device applied to the curling rod at the a beginning of the winding operation, with the tress of hair heldby the clamping device and in position within the winding apparatus; Fig. 2 shows the relative position of the winding device with respect to the tress of hair upon the com pletion of the winding operation; Fig. 3 shows a spring element applied .to the strand of hair to hold the same in wound position and a kep applied to the curling rod to rotate the same for tightening and stretching the hair wound thereplied; Fig. 9 shows my spiral winder applied to the mandrel and its position thereon in the course of the winding of the tress; Fig. 10 shows the application, to the wound hair upon the rod, of a tapered-spring holding element by means of which the end of the strand of hair is secured about the rod, and of the tightening key to such rod; and Fig. 11 shows my novel winding device in its open, or inoperative, position.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, in
' which similar reference characters identify similar parts in the several views, 12 designates the clamping device customarily used in the 'croquignole method of permanent waving to usual pivoted flip provided on the rod.
My novel winding device comprises a hollow cylindrical member 17 having a bore of a diameter to accommodate the rod 16, used in the croq1uignole method. Inserted into the member 17 at one end thereof is a rod 18 the extent to which such rod extends into the cylindrical member 17 being determined by the set screw 19. The inner end of the rod 18 acts as an abutment preventing the curling rod 16 from being pushed into the cylindrical member 17 further than is desirable.
Slidably mounted upon the cylindrical member 17 is an annular element or sleeve 20 having a head 21 at one end, in the side of which is an aperture through which passes a's ecuring bolt 22 having a knurled knob 23 by means of which the sleeve 20 may be secured in any position along the cylindrical member 17. Integral with the sleeve 20 and forming one endthereof is an annular projection 24 comprising a guide element having a nib-likeextremity 25.
- The cylindrical member 17 has an integral guide element 26 projecting from the end thereof, the end of such guide element being curved as at 27 and bent outwardly from the surface of the uide element.
The operation of my novel winding device when used in the oroquignole method is as follows:
The tress of hair to be waved is clamped within the protector 12 in the usual manner. The curling rod 16 is then brought into position near the protector as shown in Fig. 1, and thetress brought into engagement with the central portion of the curling rod. If desired, one turn of the tress may be made upon the curling rod although it is not necessary to do so. The curling rod is then inserted into the bore of the cylindrical member 17 of my winding device the tress being brought within the curved portion of the guide element 26.
I The sleeve 20 then broughtfrom its position near the end of the member 17 toward the tress by sliding the same along the member 1'7 after loosening the bolt 22, until the nib of the guide element 24 comes to a position in which it overrides the nose 27 of the guide element so as to enclose entirely the tress of hair between the edges of the projections 24 and 26 which will then act as guide elements for such tresswhile the same is being Wound about the curling rod by the rotation of the winding device in the direction of the arrow shown in Fig. -1. Of course, when the guiding elements have been brought to their proper relative positions by the sliding, along the member 17, of the sleeve 20, the latter is firmly secured" to the member 17 by the bolt 22. When the winding of the tress has been completed, as shown in Fig. 2, the winding device is removed from the curling rod and a tapered-spring holding device 28 is slipped over the wound tress to hold the end thereof in positon upon the rod. A tightening key 29 may then be used to tighten the wound hair on the curling rod and the latter inserted in position upon the protector by secur ing the ends thereof within the bearingbrackets 15, 15. The tightening key 29 is then again used to tighten the wound tress, in the usual manner.
My novel winding device for use in carrying out the spiral method of permanent waving, and its application to thedevices used in carrying out such method, are shown in Figs. 7 to 11 inclusive. V
In such figures, 30 designates a protector or clamping device having two cooperating clamping; members pivotally connected together and having the locking cam member 31 of conventional construction. Projecting from the center of the surface 'of one of the clamping elements is a threaded screw .32 to which is adapted to be ap-' pliedthe end of the mandrel 33 having a threaded bore at its end. The mandrel is otherwise ofv conventional construction, being provided with means 34 for rotating it in one direction.
The winding device comprises a hollowcylindrical member 35 having an axial bore of a diam-. eter to accommodate the curling mandrel 33. Slidably mounted upon the hollow cylindrical member 35 is an annular element or sleeve 36 the outer surface of which is knurled, having an aperture in its side through which passes a securing bolt 37 having a knurled knob 38 by means of which the sleeve 36 may be secured in any position along the cylindrical member 35. h
Integral with the sleeve 36 is the annular projection 39 comprising a guide element having a nib-like extremity 40. The cylindrical member 35 has an integral guide element 41 projecting from the end thereof, the end of such guide element being curved as at 42 and bent outwardly from the surface of the guide element.
The operation of my novel winding device when used in the spiral method in connection with thedevices just described is as follows; The tress of hair 43 is clamped within the protector 30 and the mandrel 33 is secured to the protector'by means of the threaded screw 32, and the tress of hair is, if desired, given a'slight initial turn about the mandrel 33. The winding device is then'placed over the mandrel, :being slidable thereover, and the tress of hair 43 disposed over the curved portion of the extension 41. The sleeve 36 is then slid along the member 35 untilthe nib of the former comes into contact with the curved and bent extremity 42 and assumes an abuttingrelationship therewith.
The knurled head 38 of the bolt 37 is then turned, thereby securing the portions of the winding device in their positions just described and illustrated in Fig. 9. The extent to which the guide element 39 overrides the bent and curved portion of the guide element 41 is determined by the thickness of the strand enclosed within the curved portion of the guide element 41 and the face of the guide element 39.
Rotation of the winding device, in a direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 9, upon the man-. drel 33 will automatically wind the tress of hair 43 in spiral fashion upon the mandrel with a proper tensioning, stretching, and uniform distribution of the hair upon such mandrel. When the complete tress has been thus wound by the rotation of the winding device, the latter is withdrawn from the mandrel by continuing its rotation thereon until the strand of hair passes entirely through the enclosure therefor formed by the curved surface of the projection 41 and the guide element 39. A spring 44, of tapered helical configuration is then placed upon the mandrel and over the end of the tress to secure such end upon the mandrel. A tightening key 45 may be used to rotate the mandrel and tighten and stretch the hair wound thereon, a square aperture being provided in the free end of the mandrel to receive the head 46 of the key. The wound tree of hair is now ready for the application of a heating unit thereto for supplying the necessary heat treatment to the hair.
Such heating units. are generally open at their ends, permitting the escape of steam therefrom as such steam is developed from the permanent.
' rubber having an aperture 61 through which the mandrel 33 extends. Such tray 58 is applied over the mandrel after the hair has been wound thereon by my novel winding device, the diaphragm 60 being sufficiently yieldable to permit the tray to be slipped over the mandrel, hair, and spring, so as to have such mandrel extend through the aperture 61. Any steam escaping from the heater is thus effectively prevented from reaching the scalp and possibly injuring the same.
In the modified form of winding device shown in Fig. 5, applicable to both the croquignole and spiral methods, a collar 48 is provided on the cylindrical member 49 between which and a flange 50 upon the sleeve 51 is disposed a spring 52 urging the sleeve 51, carrying at its end the guide element 53, toward the curved and bent nose 54 of the member 49. In order to prevent rotation of the sleeve 51 upon the cylindrical member 49, the former is provided with an inwardly extending screw or pin 55 adapted to slide in a slot 56 in the surface of the cylindrical member 49. A slot 57 may be cut in the surface of the projection 54 to impart a spring-like tension thereto.
While I have described specific embodiments of my invention, it is obvious that various modifications therein may be made without departing from my invention. For instance, I have shown the mandrel 33 as removably' secured to. the protector, but such construction is preferable only to make the apparatus more easily packageable and transportable, the mandrel and protector being otherwise made preferably integral.
I claim: 1 r
1. In a hair Winding device for use with a curling rod, the combination of a hollow cylindrical member adapted to be revolubly mountedupon said rod, a sleeve slidably mounted on said member, said cylindrical member and sleeve having projections at the ends thereof forming between them a completely surrounded recess capable of variation in size both in a longitudinal and transverse direction and in which the hair to be wound upon the rod is conducted during the winding operation.
2. A device for winding hair upon a curling rod comprising a hollow cylindrical member adapted to be revolubly mounted upon said rod, and a sleeve revolubly andslidably mounted upon said member, said sleeve and member each having a hair engaging finger cooperating to form a completely enclosed slot between them for rerevolubly and slidably mounted upon said mem'- ber, a hair pick-up element at the end of said 'member, and a hair guiding finger at the end of said sleeve, said pick-up element and guiding finger forming between them an enclosed slot for receiving the hair to be Wound, and capable of variation in size both in a longitudinal and transverse direction.
4. A device for winding hair upon the curling rod comprising a hollow cylindrical member adapted to be revolubly mounted upon said rod and a sleeve slidably mounted upon said member, said sleeve and member each having a hair engaging member cooperating to form a completely. enclosed slot between them for receiving the hair and capable ofvariation in size both in a longitudinal and transverse direction, including means for urging said sleeve longitudinally along said cylindrical member toward the end thereof provided with the hair engaging finger.
5. A device for winding hair upon the curling rod comprising a hollow cylindrical member adapted to be revolubly mounted upon said rod and a sleeve slidably mounted uponsaid member, said sleeve and member each having a hair engaging member cooperating to form a completely enclosed slot between them for receiving the hair and capable of variation in size both in a longitudinal and transverse direction, including means for urging said sleeve longitudinally along said cylindrical member toward the end thereof provided with the hair engaging finger, said means comprising a tension spring disposed between projecting flanges upon said sleeve and said cylindrical member.
6. The combination of a hair winding device asclaimed in claim 1 with a protector, a curling rod extending perpendicularly therefrom upon which rod said winding device is revolubly mounted, and a tray member having a yieldable diaphragm provided with a centrally disposed aperture, through which the rod is adapted to be passed, in contact with the face of said protector.