|Publication number||US1992618 A|
|Publication date||Feb 26, 1935|
|Filing date||Sep 28, 1933|
|Publication number||US 1992618 A, US 1992618A, US-A-1992618, US1992618 A, US1992618A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Feb. 26, 1935 A UNITED `-STA-"1"151s i-ArEN.flufffojFFicEv i My inventionrelates to Va. book or pamphlet construction. More particularly .my invention relates to the hanging of the folios or` pagesof a book inl some suitable case or binding.
s V 'My invention has for one of itsfobieetsto pfovide a book constructionhaving a carcass formed of a plurality of folios orpages so interlocked and connected to each other as to resist displacement with respect to each other or removal therefrom except by actual destruction, notwithstanding the exercise of great stresses and forces acting on said folios and pages in an effort to dislodge the same. `A further ob'ject of my invention is to provide a book construction havinga carcass part hung in a case or binding, the folios or pages of the carcass part presenting a substantially unv interruptedfor unbroken surface when the book is open, substantially equal to the ventire area occupied by the open book. The invention therefore provides a construction in vwhichthe pages are readily susceptible to'containing without interruption an unbrokenand continuousline of type or picture extending across `the book. from margin 'to margin of facing pages.V y. A still further object Aof the invention is' to provide a bookconstruction having a plurality of folios so interrelated to form the ybook carcass i each other and formed as to enable the support thereon or attachment thereto of cutouts or movable gurinesandthe likeand the operation or'utilization of said cut-outs or figurines on the exposed surface of the folio when the. book isin a normal open position. One ofthe many uses to which the invention readily lends itself, therefore, is in books of a type for children wherein cut-outs or figurines are connected to or supported on the'surfaces of the folios and which, when the book is opened'to a normal open position, assume a substantially upright Vpositiori and which, upon closure'of the book, fold back into the book, assuming a close parallel position relative to the folio surface.
A particular object of the invention is to provide a` book construction, the'carcass of which is composed of a vplurality of signatures containing a single folio, each of which is scored and bent medially and connectedfto its adjacent signature by meansof a cementitious material applied substantially'generally over the entire` .outer surface of each signature or folio. It will be seen,-therefore,that the inner facing surfaces yof each folio constitute the useful print containing surface, `the outer surfaces constituting a binding andl reinforcing surface. :A further particular object is; to provide a book construction having Ythe features herein above setA forthand yet of a comparatively loW cost. ff 'Ifhe invention consists in other features` and advantages which will appear fromv the following description and upon examination of the drawing.. Structures .containing the invention may partakeof differentforms and still embody the invention. z-To illustrate a practical Aapplication of the invention, I have selected a book as an example of the various structures and details thereof that vcontain the invention and shall describe the selected book hereinafter, it being understood that variations may bemade without departingfromthe spirit of the invention. The particular book` selected is shown in the accompanying drawing and described hereinafter.
1 of the drawing illustrates a perspective view of the book construction and showing a cutout as applied thereto. Fig. 2. illustrates a view of a section takenalong the plane of the line 2 2 indicated in Fig. .1. L
A book construction embodying my invention has a binding or case part and a carcass part. The case partvhas a pair of flap"k portions which are interjoined by a spineportion. The-flap portions-are preferably of a stiff nature 4while the spine portion is preferably exible.
The carcass part comprises a. plurality of signatures each ycontaining a single. folio. Each folio is formed from a blank which is preferably scored medially land bentalong said score line upon itself.- The folio when so bent has vinner facing surfaces and outer surfaces.. The outer surface of each folio is provided, preferably over the entire area thereof, with a coat of cementitious materialand the folioA is located in contiguous registering relation toits adjacent and neighboring folio so that the outer surfaces of each folio are joined together bythe cementitious material.
rllhe carcass part is preferably interjoined with the Vcase part bycementing the outer and as yet unattached surface'of the first and last folio, forming the beginning and endof the book to, the surface `of thefflap portions of the case part.
In vthe particular construction shown in the,
connected to the flap portion by means of a preferably flexible spine portion 7. Preferably the flap portions 4 and 5 are formed of a stiffened material and together with the spine por- 5 tion 'I form a suitable and substantially protective housing for the carcass part 3 which is located or hung therein.`
The carcass part 3 is composed of a plurality ofv signatures each of which is composed of a 10 single folio 10.` Each folio` 10 .is formedfrom a sheet blank whichis scoredimedially thereof, as at 11, and bent along the line of said scoring upon itself. Each folio has therefore a pair of inner facing surfaces 12 and a pair of l5 outer surfaces 14. The inner facing surfaces 12 are adapted to receive print or, as illustrated in Fig. 1 ofthe drawing, have connected thereto foldable cut-outs 15 andfkno'wnin the trade as a pop-up illustration.
In order to connect successive signatures or folios 0 to eachother, kthe outer surfacesAV 14 are pro decl with a coat of acementitious material 16\and the outer surfaces' 14 of successive folios. are Alocated substantially `in surface contact and dimensional registration with each other; Byr interjoining the foliosih surface .contact and providing a cementitious means to prevent displacement therefrom, eachy folio is considerably strengthened and `reinforced 'by its nneighboring folio, and removal of any one vfolio from the carcass part can be effected lonly'vvith a force `\great enough to overcome the combined strength\ of itself and neighbor. The carcass part 3 is complete whenfvthefolios thusinterjoined comprise the entire book, as for exampleI the folio 17 being the beginning, and the folio 18 being the end. l n
' The carcass part 3 may be connected to the case part 2 in any suitable way, but preferably the outer unattached surface 14`of the beginning folio 17 is cemented as at 20 to the flap portion 5 ofthe case part andthe outer unattached surface 14 of the closing folio 18 is cemented as at 21 to the\i\iap portion 4 of thecase part 3. f
If desired, a piece. of sheet material 221nay be cemented over. the bent edges of the folios 10 to give a finished appearance to said ends and further integrate the signatures.`
I claim: .l
1. A book having a carcass part, the carcass part comprising a plurality of blanks, each blank of saidplurality of blanks being bent upon it- Aself to form inner surfaces and outer surfaces, each blank ofsaid plurality of blanks located in stacked relation to its neighboring blanks so that the outer surfaces of each blank are located in surface contact with an outer surface of oneof the said neighboring blanks, a coating of a cementitious material extending substantially to the edges of the outer surfaces of each blank whereby each blank is connected to its neighboring blank and said outer surfaces thereof are maintained in said surface contact, reinforcing said neighboring blank against move` ment relative to other of said plurality of blanks and against removal from said stacked relation, and the inner surfaces of each blank being adaptedto contain printed material. e
2.,.A book havingy a carcass part, thecarcass part comprising a plurality of blanks, each blank of .said plurality of blanks being bent upon itself to form inner surfaces and outer surfaces, each blank of said plurality of blanks located in stacked' 75 y relation to itsneighboring blanks so that the outer surfaces of each blank are located in surface contact with an outer surface of one of the said-neighboring blanks, a coating of a cementitious material extending about the edges of the outer surfaces of each blank whereby each blank is connected to its neighboring blank and said outer surfaces thereof are maintained in said Vsurface contact, reinforcing said neighboring blank against movement relative to other Aof said plurality of blanks and against removal from said stackedV relation, and the inner surfaces of each f blank being adapted to contain printed material. v
3. Ar book having a carcass part, the carcass part comprising a plurality of blanks, each blank ,of said plurality of blanks being bent upon itself to form inner surfaces and outer surfaces, each blank located in stacked relation to its neighboring blanks so that the outer surfaces of each blank are located in surface contact with an outer surface of one of the said neighboring blanks, ailixin'g\means extending overA substantially the entire area ofthe outer surfaces of each blank whereby each blank is connected to itsneighboring `blank and said outer surfaces thereof are maintained in said surface contact, reinforcing saidl neighboring blankv against movement 'relative to other 'of said pluralityof `blanks and against removal from'said stacked relation, and the inner surfaces of each blank being adapted tojcontain printed material. d'
4. A book having a carcass part, the carcass part comprising aA plurality of blanks, each blank of .said plurality of, blanksbeing bent upon it l self to form inner surfaces and outer surfaces, each blank located in stackedwrelation to its neighboring blanks so that the outer surfaces of each blank are located in surface contact with an outer surface of one `of the said neighboring blanks, a\coating of a cementitious material extending over substantially the entire area of the outery surfaces of each blank whereby each blank is connected to itsneighboring blank and said outer surfaces thereof are maintained in'said surface contact, reinforcing 4said neighboring blank againstremoval from said stacked rela- \tion, and the inner surfaces of each blankbe- 'ting adapted to contain printed material.
il 5. A book having a carcass part, the carcass part containing a multiple of folios, each folio Icomprising a pair of sheet vblanks `located in close surface contact Aand. dimensional registration with each other whereby the rst sheet blank of said pair of sheet 'blanks forms a substantially permanent backing for the second blank of said pair of sheet blanks, a cementitious material for maintaining said pair of blanks in said relative position, the first named blank of each folio integrally connected to the second named blank of the next adjacent folio. y y
6. A book having a carcass part, the carcass part containing va multiple of signatures, each signature of said multiple of signatures comprising a sheet blank scored substantially centrally and bent upon itself to form al folio on either side of the said scoring, each folio having an inner surface and an outer surface, thesaid multiple of signatures located in stacked relation so that the outer surface ofeach folio thereof is contiguous to and inv surface contact with an outer surface .of a folio ofthe next adjacent signature, a cementitious .material extendingover the said outer surfaces to substantially the outer edges thereof for maintaining said outer surfaces in said surface contact, and the inner surfaces adapted to contain printed material thereon. Y
'1. A book having a carcass part comprising a plurality of blanks, each blank of said plurality of blanks being bent upon itself to form facing inner surfaces and opposed outersurfaces. a foldable cut-out connected to the inner surfaces of one of the said plurality of blanks and adapted to bel moved, upon spreading of said blank, to expose the inner surfaces thereof, the said plurality of blanks `located in a stacked relation. and a cementitious layer extending between each adjoining I"outer surface of each blank of said plurality of blanks whereby each blank is reinforced by its neighboring blank and to support said foldable cut-out when the blank to which the same is connected is spread to an open position.
8. A book having a carcass Dart comprising a plurality of blanks, each blank of said plurality of blanks being bent unon itself to form a pair of integrally connected folios. said pair of integrally connected folios having facing inner sur'- faces and opposed outer surfaces, a foldable cutout, means for connecting the foldable cut-out to one of the inner surfaces of one of said pair of integrally connected folios whereby said foldable cut-out will be activated upon movement of said folio relative to the folio'with which it is integral. said plurality of blanks located in a stacked relatin so that an outer surface of each folio is located contiguous to and in surface contact with an outer surface lof itsneighboring folio, anda cementitious layer extending between the outer surfaces of each folio for interjoining each adjacent blank and reinforcing each folio.
9. In combination with a foldable cut-out having portions adapted to assume an upright position upon unfolding thereof, a book for containing the same having a carcass part comprising a plurality of blanks, each blank of said plurality of blanks being scored centrally and folded upon itself along said scoring to form a folio on either side of said scoring, each folio of each blank having an inner surface and an outer surface, means for connecting the foldable cut-out to the inner surfaces of any two adjacent folioswhereby the cut-out will be -unfolded when the said adjacent folios are moved'to an open position, the said plurality of blanks located in stacked relation to each other so that the outer surface of each folio is located substantially in contiguous surface contant with the outer surface of the folio of the adjacent blank, and a coating of cementitious material extending between said continguous outer surfaces for maintaining the blanks. in said stacked relation and said outer surfaces in said surface contact whereby the folio having the foldable cut-out will be reinforced and the other of said folios will be held against movement fromv said stacked relation. a
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2659481 *||Oct 30, 1950||Nov 17, 1953||Andrew Summers Jr||Folding hat cover|
|US2942283 *||Dec 8, 1952||Jun 28, 1960||Pitner John L||Method of producing and binding display books|
|US3855726 *||Jun 14, 1973||Dec 24, 1974||Yumoto H||Stereographic picture book|
|US4283871 *||Mar 28, 1979||Aug 18, 1981||Melvin Applebaum||Panoramic photograph album, and method for making the same|
|US4657612 *||Mar 19, 1985||Apr 14, 1987||Webcraft Technologies, Inc.||Method of making two-directional pop-up|
|US4832648 *||Dec 9, 1987||May 23, 1989||Those Characters From Cleveland, Inc.||Stuffed figure toy useable as a book cover|
|US4867480 *||May 20, 1988||Sep 19, 1989||One Up, Inc.||Method of making pop-ups with placard display|
|US5961149 *||Nov 21, 1997||Oct 5, 1999||Intervisual Books, Inc.||Toy train and book assembly|
|US6050604 *||Jan 14, 1999||Apr 18, 2000||Pt. Pabrik Kertas Tjiwi Kimia Tkk.||Coloring book with pop-up figures|
|US6203017||Aug 2, 1999||Mar 20, 2001||Mattel, Inc.||Folding board game having pop-up features|
|US6796561||Nov 1, 2002||Sep 28, 2004||Mattel, Inc.||Game with commonly moved enemy|
|US6871853||Nov 1, 2002||Mar 29, 2005||Mattel, Inc.||Game with accumulable tokens|
|US7025352||Nov 1, 2002||Apr 11, 2006||Mattel, Inc.||Game with multiple chambers|
|US7040624||Nov 1, 2002||May 9, 2006||Mattel, Inc.||Game with multi-level game board|
|US7571935 *||Jun 22, 2006||Aug 11, 2009||White Glove First Edition Books, Inc.||Binding for books|
|US7618301||Jun 2, 2006||Nov 17, 2009||Mattel, Inc.||Fold-out playsets with pop-up structures|
|US7753753||Jun 11, 2007||Jul 13, 2010||Mattel, Inc.||Playsets with pop-up structures|
|U.S. Classification||446/148, 281/21.1, 281/40, 281/38|