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Publication numberUS1993300 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 5, 1935
Filing dateOct 28, 1932
Priority dateOct 28, 1932
Publication numberUS 1993300 A, US 1993300A, US-A-1993300, US1993300 A, US1993300A
InventorsRandel Bo Folke
Original AssigneeRandel Bo Folke
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Means and method of refrigeration and heating
US 1993300 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

13. F. RANDE'L.

March 5, 1935.

MEANS AND METHOD OF REFRIGERATION AND HEATING Filed Oct. 28, 1932 I Patented Mar. 5, 19 3 UNITED 'srn'res- PATENT OFFICE MEANs AND 'mz'rnon or REFRIGERATION AND HEATING My invention relates to cooling and heating methods and apparatus. It is based upon a method and an apparatus as disclosed in my copending application Ser. No. 477,038, filed August 5 22, 1930, and is an improvement of same.

In the apparatus as covered by myapplication No. 477,038 Iutilize the energy in a jet of liquid refrigerant to exhaust a space vaporizing another portion of said refrigerant, then compress said vapor bythe jet in a compression space and liquefy said vapor ina condensing space.

In my, present invention I increase the flow and assist in creating. a low pressurein the refrigerating space by adding a vapor ejector between the refrigerating space and the space through which the liquid jet is projected, thus utilizing two means inseries to exhaust the re-- so that during a heating season and by the manipulation of valves, the refrigerating space may be cut off and theboiler used tosupply heating medium to a heating element, as a radiator, unit heater or any other suitable device. The

liquid jet exhauster will now operate as a conventional vacuum return pump, transferring condensate from the heating system to the boiler.

, Valves may of course be arranged to automatically furnish heating or cooling or both as will be required.

The figure illustrates in diagrammatic for my invention. The individual parts are conven-. tional and well known in the arts and no detail description is therefore necessary. They may be constructed'in many difierent ways to accomplish the desired result. My invention covers all different forms of design of the several parts in the combination. Such parts as the. boiler, vapor ejector, jet. exhauster, condenser, refrigerating element, etc. may be'constructed as shown or any other conventional design may be used. .In the liquid jet exhauster I include any other design embracing all apparatusin which the kinetic energy of a moving, liquid is utilized to exhaust a space andtocompress vapors exhausted from this space.

Such conventional arrangements 'and designsv where the liquid circulates a closed casing alternately exhausting and compressing a vapor due to its motion are included in this invention if used in the combination covered and claimed.

In the figure, 1 is a pump driven by a motor 2. The pump discharges through a nozzle 3 andthe jet produced passes through another nozzle 4 en-- closed in asuction chamber 5. The liquid then discharges into a compression chamber 6, the stream being deflected downwardly by bame 7, vapors ,passingupwards by ba flie 8 intoupper part of compression chamber 6. The pump is supplied with liquid from this compression cham- 7 refrigerant in liquid state will pass from a compression space through a suction space and then back to this compression space. In passing through a lowering of the pressure in this space will occur which will also cause a lowering of the pressure in the refrigerating coil 19. This coil may of course be replaced by any suitable element. Vapors in this element will be drawn through auxiliary. suction chamber 22 into suction chamber 5 to be delivered into chamber 6. The compressed vapor will thence pass through valve 12 and pipe 11 into a condenser 13 to be liquefied there by any suitable coolirig'medium. The liquefied refrigerant collecting in receiver 16. will then pass through liquid line 17, expansion valve 18 to be vaporized under the reduced pressure in refrigerating, element or coil 19.

Thus I have described the elements, the apparatus and the method of causing refrigeration as disclosed in my pending application 477,038.

I now introduce an auxiliary device to assist in compression and augment the circulation ,of the refrigerant,

and which will increase the. pressure difference, by adding another means to work in series with the liquid jet exhauster, thus giving in effect a multiple stage exhausting and compressing. These stages may be multiplied in any amount by adding other similar devices in series.

' Part of the liquid refrigerant discharged by the pumpis caused toflowfunder the higher dischargefpressure through pipe 23 and valve 24 to a boiler or refrigerant generator 25, heated by heating means 26 to produce refrigerant vapor under this higher pressure. This vapor then passes through valve 28, pipe 29 to vapor ejector 22 enclosed in auxiliary suction chamber 21. By

the action in this vapor exhauster, the flow of vapor fromthe refrigerating element 19 will be augmented and will thus'assist the liquid jet in suction chamber 5 to maintain a lower pressure on,refrigerant in element 19.

Now the arrangement,besides permitting a multistage methodof exhausting and compressing, will also furnish a method to produce ordinary heating. The vapor will then pass through a valve 30, pipe 31, valve 32 into a radiator or heating element 33; the condensate through a trap,34, return pipe 35, valve 37 into suction chamber '5. It isseen that this circuit contains all the essential elements of. a conventional vapor heating system, with wboiler, ra diator, return pump and return toboileiu 'By, manipulation of valves the system may now operate either as a cooling apparatus or a heating apparatus or a combination of both. Automatic devices as thermostatic valves, float control, etc. may be added to the system so as to fit the entire apparatus into so called air conditioning installations, maintaining a desired room temperature under all conditions of outside temperature. The heated water in boiler may also be used for heating.

I claim:

l. The method of refrigeration consisting in circulating, a body of refrigerant from a compression and storage space through a condensing space and a refrigerating space, mechanically imparting motion to a body of the liquid refrigerant and utilizing the energy of this moving liquid to lower the pressure in the refrigerating space whereby the liquid refrigerant in this space is vaporized, returning the vaporizedrefrigerant along with the moving liquid to the compression space, condensing the compressed refrigerant in said condensing space, returning the resulting liquid to the refrigerating space and vaporizing a portion of said refrigerant by heat application and utilizingsaid vapor to assist in the circulation of the vaporized refrigerant from the refrigerating space to the compression space.

2. The method of refrigeration consisting in circulating a body of refrigerant from a compression and'storage space through a condensing space and a refrigerating space, mechanically imparting motion to a body of the liquid refrigerant and utilizing this liquid as a jet projected through a suction space to lower the pressure in the refrigerating space whereby the liquid refrigerant in this space. is vaporized and also to lower the pressure in the refrigerating space,- return vaporized refrigerant along with the liquid stream to the compression space, compress the fluids in this compression space, withdrawing compressed vapors from this compression space,

condensing same in a condensing space, return-' ing the condensed refrigerant to the refrigerating space, vaporizing. a portion of said refrigerant by heat application and utilizing said vapor to assist in the circulation of the vaporized'refrigerant from the refrigerating space to the compression space. y

4. The method of refrigeration consisting in vaporizing refrigerant in a refrigerating space, causing a stream of liquid refrigerant to circulate from and directly back into a compression space, utilizing this liquid stream as a jet projected througha suction space to lower the pressure in the refrigerating space, return vaporized refrigerant along with the liquid stream to the compression space; compress the fluids in this compression space, withdrawing compressed vapors from the compression space, condensing same in a condensing space, returning condensed.

refrigerant to the refrigerating spasm-vaporizing a portion of refrigerant by heat application and utilizing said vapor to assist in-the circulation of the vaporized refrigerant fromthe refrigerating space to the compression space.

5. The method of refrigeration consisting in vaporizing the refrigerant in a refrigerating space, causing a stream of the liquefied refrigerant to circulate from and directly back into a compression space, utilizingthe energy of this moving liquid stream to lower the pressure in the refrigerating space, returning vaporized refrigerant along with the liquid stream to the compression space, compressing the fluids in this compression space, condensing the compressed vapors in a condensing space, returning liquid refrigerant to the refrigerating space, vaporizing a portion of refrigerant by heat application and utilizing said vapor to assist in the circulation ,of the vaporized refrigerant from the refrigerating space to the compression space.

6. -A refrigerating apparatus comprising a compression tank, a body of liquid refrigerant, a condenser, an expansion valve, an evaporating and refrigerating space, a jet exhauster adapted to withdraw vaporized refrigerant from the refrigerating space and lower the pressure therein, means for causing a stream of liquid refrigerant from the tank to flow through the jet exhauster and back together 'with the vaporized refrigerant into the tank, a refrigerant generator and means to supply same with liquid refrigerant from the compressionltank, heating tank, a pump and means for driving same, inlet and outlet conduits for the pump communicating with the tank and nozzle respectively, a boiler communicating with the discharge of said pump, a vapor ejectorcommunicating with said boiler and said suction chamber, an evaporator and communication means between said evaporator and said vapor ejector.

8. In a refrigerating apparatus a circuit comprising a compression tank for liquefied and vaporized refrigerant, a pump with means for driv-.

ing same andmeans to receive liquid refrigerant from'said compression tank, a jet exhauster comprising a nozzle toreceive liquid refrigerant from said pump, a suction chamber through which the said jetwill pass, a delivery tube in position to receive. said jet and connected ,with said tank 'to deliver liquid and vapor to said tank; a second interconnected and parallel circuit comprising said compression'tank, a condenser to receive refrigerant vapor from said tank, an expansion valve and a,refrigerating-space with communication means from said condenser to said expansion valve, a vapor ejector and communication refrigerant will vaporize and cause refrigeration,

' in series with the condenser, an, outlet pipe from the evaporator leading to a vapor ejector and a conduit from said vapor ejector to suction chamber of the jet exhauster; and a second circuit comprising a conduit from the discharge of said pump to a boiler, saidboiler and a conduit from the vapor space of said boiler to the said vapor ejector.

, 10. The method of refrigeration consisting in mechanically imparting motion to a portion of a body of liquid refrigerant, utilizing the energy of this moving liquid to lower the pressure on another portion of the refrigerant whereby this refrigerant will vaporize and cause refrigeration, vaporizing another portion of said refrigerant by heat application and utilizing said vapor to assist in said lowering of the pressure.

11. The method of refrigeration consisting in mechanically imparting motion to a portion of a body of liquid refrigerant, utilizing the energy of this moving liquid to compress vaporized refrigerant, vaporizing another portion of said refrigerant by heat application and utilizing said vapor to assist in said compression and to exhaust a space containing liquid refrigerant, causing vaporization with heat absorption.

12. The method of refrigeration consisting in mechanically imparting motion to a portion of a body of liquid refrigerant, utilizing the energy of this moving liquid to lower the pressure on another portion of the refrigerant whereby this and also to compress the vaporized refrigerant,

vaporizing another portion of said refrigerant by heat application and utilizing said vapor to assist in the said lowering of the pressure and the said compression. I

13. The method of refrigeration consisting in successively vaporizing, compressing and condensing a circulating body'of refrigerant, imparting motion to a stream of the liquid refrigerant, utilizing the energy of this moving stream ,to respectively raise and lower the pressure on different portions of the mainbody of the circulating refrigerant, also vaporizing another portion of said refrigerant by heat application and utilizing said vapor to assist in said circulating. -Z 14. method of refrigeration consisting in successively vaporizing, compressing and condens ing a circulating body of refrigerant, imparting motion to a stream of liquid refrigerant, utilizing the energy in this moving stream to lower the pressure on the body of refrigerant to be, vaporized and to"'compress the vaporized refrigerant, whereby it is condensed, and vaporizing another.' lower to a higher pressure byilrstutilizing the portion of refrigerant by heat application to assist in the circulation of said bodyof refrigerant.

. 15. The method of refrigeration consisting-in vaporizing arefrlgerant in a refrigerating space,

' causing a stream of liquid to circulate from and back into a compression space, utilizing the energy complete said described circuits.

. of liquid refrigerant.

in this moving stream to lower the pressure in the refrigerating space, vaporizing a liquid and utilizing said vapor to assist in the said lowering of the pressure.

16. A combined method of cooling and heating comprising imparting motion to a portion of a liquid, utilizing the energy insaid moving liquid to exhaust a refrigerating I space containing another portion of said liquid and to compressvapors of said liquid in a compression space,

vaporizing another portion of said liquid by heat application utilizing a portion of said vapors for purpose of heating and another portion'in a vapor ejector to assist inthe circulation of the vapor I from the refrigerating space tothe compression space.

17'. A refrigerating apparatus, a closed circuit comprising a pump to cause a general circulation of a refrigerant, a boiler with heating means where portions of said refrigerant is vaporized,

a refrigerating space where another portion of said refrigerant is'vaporized with absorption of heat and refrigerating effect, a first suction space where an ejector for vapor generated in said boiler produces a lowered pressure on said refrigerating space, a second suction space where an ejector for liquid discharged by said pump produces a transfer of vapors from said first suction space and compresses same intoa condensing space, said condensing space and communication means from' same to said refrigerating space and with expansion means in saidcommunication means and other communication means between different parts of the apparatus to enablerefrigerant to circulate as described.

18. A refrigerating apparatus comprising two interconnected and closed circuits as follows: a first circuit consisting of ,a pump, a boiler with heating means, an ejector for vapor enclosed in a first suction space, an'ejector for liquid enclosed in a .second suction space and a compression and condensing space; a second circuit consisting of said compression and condensing space,

an expansion means, a refrigerating space, said first suction space and said second suction space and communication means between said parts to 19. A method of refrigeration comprising the circulation of a refrigerant through interconnected and closed circuits as follows: by the application of heat vaporizing a portion of refiigerant liquid, utilizing the energy of said vapor in motion to lower the pressure on another portion of said refrigerantliquid causing vaporization of same with refrigerating effect, impartin motion to another portion of said refrigerant liquid and utilizing the energy of said liquid in motion to compress said vapors, condensing said vapors by the withdrawal of heat and returning portions of said condensate topoint of heat application and other portions to point of refrigeration. 1

20. A method of refrigeration comprising comand causing a flow of the vapor produced from a energy in a moving body of refrigerant vapor produced by heat application and second in series with this*utilizing the energy in a-moving nor'onrmmmnsn

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2852922 *Jul 30, 1953Sep 23, 1958Rheem Mfg CoJet pump
US3500897 *May 20, 1968Mar 17, 1970Bosch Hausgeraete GmbhAir temperature control system
US4178989 *Apr 14, 1978Dec 18, 1979Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Solar heating and cooling system
US4187695 *Nov 7, 1978Feb 12, 1980Virginia Chemicals Inc.Air-conditioning system having recirculating and flow-control means
US6708517Aug 24, 2000Mar 23, 2004Daikin Industries, Ltd.Heat pump
US20110289961 *May 29, 2010Dec 1, 2011Occhipinti Gasper CEnhanced liquid pressure cycle having an ejector
EP1213548A1 *Aug 24, 2000Jun 12, 2002Daikin Industries, Ltd.Heat pump
EP1215455A1 *Aug 24, 2000Jun 19, 2002Daikin Industries, Ltd.Refrigerating device
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/116, 62/500, 165/62
International ClassificationF25B1/06, F25B1/08
Cooperative ClassificationF25B1/06, F25B1/08, F25B2341/0015
European ClassificationF25B1/08, F25B1/06