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Publication numberUS1994306 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 12, 1935
Filing dateMar 5, 1934
Priority dateMar 10, 1933
Publication numberUS 1994306 A, US 1994306A, US-A-1994306, US1994306 A, US1994306A
InventorsAlfred Ruttenauer, Hans Ewest
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gaseous electric discharge device
US 1994306 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 12, 1935. H. EWEST ET AL 1,994,306

GASEOUS ELECTRIC DISCHARGE DEVICE Filed March 5, 1934 mmamrows Hans Ewest, AHTed RUttenaueT,

ATTORNEY.

Patented Mar. 12, 1935 UNITED STATES 1,994,306 I GASEOUS ELECTRIC DISCHARGE DEVICE Hans Ewest, Berlin-Lichterfelde-ost, and Alfred Riittenauer, Berlin-Halens'eaGermany. assignors to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application March 5. 1934, Serial No. 114,190 In Germany March 10, 1933 3 Claims.

The present invention relates to gaseous electric discharge devices generally and more'particularly the invention relates to such devices the gaseous atmosphere of which consists of or comprises a vaporizable material.

When such devices are operated on direct current the metal vapor travels toward the cathode and condenses in the cathode parts of the device. The light emitting characteristics of the device as well as the operating characteristics thereof are changed disadvantageously by this phenomenon. The object of the present invention is to provide a direct current gaseous electric discharge lamp device having a gaseous filling consisting of or comprising a vaporizable material in which the tendency of the vapor to collect around the cathode portion of the device and condense thereat is completely overcome. Further objects and advantages attaching to the device and to its use and operation will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following particular description.

In accordance with this object the new and novel lamp device comprises a tubular container having a cathode and an anode sealed therein at opposite ends thereof. The anode is a large sheet metal electrode mounted in an electrode chamber having a diameter larger than said container and the cathode is a thermionic electrode provided with a heater and is mounted in an electrode chamber having a diameter equal to or less than the diameter of said container. During the operation of the device the anode chamber radiates a large amount of heat due to the large surface thereof and is at a low tem perature while the cathode chamber is at a temperature equal to or higher than the container due to the heat radiated by the cathode and the small heat radiating surface of said cathode chamber. The metal vapor in a gaseous discharge lamp device of this structure does not collect and condense in the cathode chamber and the vaporizable material is in vaporous condition in the discharge path during the operation of the device. It is to advantage if the supply of the vaporizable material located in the interior of the anode and a small glass tube having a quantity of vaporizable material therein and opening into the interior of the anode is useful for this purpose. A corrugated surface on the anode chamber to provide a greater heat radiating surface is also advantageous. v

In the drawing accompanying and forming part of this specification an embodiment of the invention is shown in front elevati'oh al, partly sectional view.

Referring to the drawing the new and novel gaseous electric discharge device comprises a tubular container 1 having an anode 3 and a 5 cathode 9 sealed into opposite ends thereof. Said container 1 has a gaseous atmosphere therein comprising a starting gas, such as argon and a vaporizable material, such as sodium. Said anode 3 is a large, hollow, sheet metal 10 electrode and is mounted on a current lead 4 sealed into the chamber 2 at one end of said container 1.- Said anode 3 has a plurality of openings 7 therein on the side thereof facing away from the discharge path. A glass tube 5 15' fused to the projecting part 6 of the chamber 2 extends and opens into the interior of said anode 3. A quantity of vaporizable material, such as sodium, is located in said tube 5. Said cathode 9 consists of a curved rod consisting of 20 a sintered, pressed mixture of high melting point. metal, such as tungsten, and electron emitting material, such as barium oxide, the composition of the rod being such as to make it substantially a non-conductor of electricity 2:; when it is unheated. A heating coil, such as a tungsten filament, is wrapped around said rod. The ends of said coil are attached to current leads 10 and 11 sealed into the cathode chamber 8 of said container 1.

The cathode chamber 8 is of smaller diameter than the part of said container 1 surrounding the discharge path between said electrodes 3 and 9. The anode chamber 2 of said container 1 is of larger diameter than the part 35 of said container 1 surrounding said discharge path. The anode chamber 2, due to the larger surface thereof, radiates heat more freely than the cathode chamber 8 and is at a lower temperature than said chamber 8 during the oper- 40 ation of the lamp device. The cathode chamber 8, due to the smaller heat radiating surface thereof and the heat radiated by said cathode 9, is at a temperature equal to or greater than the temperature of that part of the 45 container 1 surrounding the discharge path between said electrodes 3 and 9.

The metal vapor in a gaseous discharge lamp having the above described structure does not collect and condense in the cathode chamber 50 8 during the operation of the device. The vapor in the device is thus maintained in vaporous condition in the discharge path which increases the efliciency of the lamp device.

While we have shown and described and have 66 pounds.

pointed out in the annexed claims certain novel features of the invention, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its use and operation may be made by those skilled in the art withoutdeparting from the broad spirit and scope of the invention, for example, the chamber 2 has corrugated walls to increase the heat radiating surface thereof, when desired and the electrode comprises a rod consisting of a mixture of electron emitting materials or their com- What we claim as new and desire. to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:-

l. A gaseous electric discharge device comprising a container, a gaseous atmosphere therein comprising a metal vapor, electrodes sealed therein one of which is a thermionic cathode and another of which is an anode having a large surface, electrode chambers for said electrodes, the chamber in which said anode is mounted having a larger diameter than said container, the chamber in which said cathode is mounted having a smaller diameter than said container. a

2. A gaseous electric discharge device comprising a container, a gaseous atmosphere therein comprising a metal vapor, electrodes sealed therein one of which is a thermionic cathode and another of which is an anode having a large surface, electrode chambers for said electrodes, the chamber in which said anode is mounted having a larger diameter than said container, the chamber in which said cathode is mounted having 'a smaller diameter than said container, said anode being hollow, one wall thereof being perforated and. a hollow tube projecting and openinginto the interior of said anode, said tube having a quantity of vaporizable material therein.

3. A gaseous electric discharge device comprising a container, a gaseous atmosphere therein comprising a metal vapor, electrodes sealed therein one of which is a thermionic cathode and another oi. which is an anode having a large surface, electrode chambers for said electrodes, the chamber in which said anode is mounted having a larger diameter than said container, the chamber in which said cathode is mounted having a smaller diameter than said container, said anode being hollow, one wall thereof being perforated and a hollow tube projecting and opening into the interior of said anode, said tube having a quantity of sodium therein.

HANS EWEST. ALFRED RUTI'ENAUER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2492619 *Jan 2, 1948Dec 27, 1949Sylvania Electric ProdElectrical discharge tube
US2526559 *Jan 20, 1948Oct 17, 1950Ekco Ensign Electric LtdElectric discharge lamp and circuit therefor
US4476413 *Mar 13, 1981Oct 9, 1984Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research OrganizationAtomic spectral lamp
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/564, 313/623, 313/346.0DC, 313/632, 313/341, 313/637, 252/181.7, 313/629, 315/359
International ClassificationH01J61/24
Cooperative ClassificationH01J61/24
European ClassificationH01J61/24