|Publication number||US1998423 A|
|Publication date||Apr 16, 1935|
|Filing date||Jun 27, 1932|
|Priority date||Jun 27, 1932|
|Publication number||US 1998423 A, US 1998423A, US-A-1998423, US1998423 A, US1998423A|
|Inventors||Stubbs Frank L|
|Original Assignee||United States Gypsum Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
F. L. STUBBS 1,998,423
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR ACO USTICAL CORRECTION April 16, 1935.
Filed June 27, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR FPHNK L.5Tu5 ss- M22 ATTORN April 16, 1935. L, STUBBS BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR ACOUSTICAL CORRECTION Filed June 27, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR FTPHNK L 6705156.
Patented Apr. 16, .1935
PATENT OFFICE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR ACOUSTICAL CORRECTION FrankL. Stubbs, Western Springs, 111., assignor to United States Gypsum Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application June 27, 1932, Serial No. 619,460 I 5 Claims.
This invention relates to building constructions, and has reference more particularly to building constructions in which units of acoustical materials are provided for ceilings and walls of a room 5 for correcting the acoustics in the room and reducing the amount of reverberation of sound.
It has been found in the application of acoustical materials to the ceilings and walls of buildings, said materials consisting of perforated metal membranes backed by a fibrous sound absorbing material, that considerable time and expense are necessary in erecting the construction. It has been found desirable to have acoustical units consisting of perforated metal backed by sound absorbing fibrous pads, which can be assembled at the factory and quickly snapped into place at the job with a minimum of erection cost.
An object of this invention, therefore, is to provide a construction in which units of perforated 0 membranes with sound absorbing backing pads of fibrous material are assembled at the factory and are shipped to the job in assembled condition to be easily and quickly snapped into place between suitable supporting runners with a minimum of labor and trouble in erection; also to improve building constructions in other respects hereinafter specified and claimed.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the preferred form of my invention, showing an acoustical unit,
Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation through the building construction, including the acoustical unit shown in Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is a large scale, sectional elevation through a portion of the construction shown in Fig. 2,
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a modified form of the perforated membrane with supporting structures for holding the sound absorbing pad,
Fig. 5 is a sectional elevation through the modifled form of building construction shown in Fig. 4,
Fig. 6 is a perspective sectional elevation showing the form of construction shown in Figs. 4 and 5, and
Fig. 7 is a sectional elevation through a further modified form of acoustical unit.
In constructing my improved acoustical unit, I employ a perforated metallic membrane In which provided with a large number of small openings II, which may be triangular in shape and cover the entire face of the membrane to permit the passage of sound waves through the holes. Other 5 shaped holes may be used than triangular, such may be square or rectangular in outline, and isas slots, round holes, or other desired designs. 'The edges of the membrane are formed into inwardly extending, beveled sections l2 which terminate in inwardly extending flanges l3 extending at right angles to the membrane III. In order 6 to support an absorbing pad I of mineral wool, hair felt, or other acoustical absorbing material, metal strap bars l5 are formed with transversely extending ears or flanges l6 at each'end, which are arranged to engage in loops I! struck out from the metal of the membrane flanges l3. Each of the ears l6 has a struck-out locking lug I8 formed on the extreme end thereof for the purpose of entering into locking engagement with the inner edge of the loop ll. Prongs is are struck outwardly at right angles from the body of the strap l5, said prongs being arranged to extend into the acoustical pad I4 and prevents transverse movement of said pad. U shaped wires 20 have inwardly extending legs 2| which terminate in outwardly extending pivot sections 22 for engaging in pressed out annular recesses 23 formed in opposite pairs of flanges l3. The wires 20 are snapped into the recesses 23 by depressing the legs 2i, and said wires press lightly against the top of the acoustical pad l4 so as to hold said pad in position on the straps ii.
In order to attach the acoustical unit formed by the membrane l0 and pad M, to a building surface, as to a ceiling 24, a plurality of H shaped runners 25 are preferably rolled of sheet metal and are provided with flanges 26 which may be attached to the ceiling surface 24, as by nails 21!. The runners 25 are also provided with outer flanges 28 which are spaced apart from the building surface 24. Attaching flanges 29 are struck out from each end of the straps l5 and extend inwardly at an acute angle thereto, terminating in inwardly extending angular flanges 30, which extend at an acute angle to the membrane 10. As seen in Fig. 3, as the unit is moved upwardly between flanges 28 of adjoining runners 25, the flanges 30 are first pressed inwardly by the edges of the flanges 28 and then snap outwardly again to lock on top of said flanges 28. As an alternate method of erection, (Fig. 2) the unit may be moved slightly to the left with the flange 30 resting on top of the flange 28 and then righthand end of the unit may be moved upwardly and then the entire unit translated to the right until both of the opposed flanges 30 rest upon the top of the corresponding runner flanges 28.
In the modified form of the construction shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6, a perforated metal membrane 32 has beveled edge flange 33 terminating in flanges 34 which extend at right angles to the membrane 32. On two opposite sides of the membrane, integral flanges 35 are connected to the flanges 34 and extend inwardly parallel to the membrane 32. The flanges 35 are bent outwardly to form flanges 36, each of which has a pair of outstanding lugs or flanges 31 for the purpose of being bent at right angles during assembly of the units to form flanges 38 which engage the inner surface of an acoustical pad 39. A plurality of openings 40 is formed in each of the flanges 36, and straps 4| are formed at each end with outwardly extending legs 42 which are secured to the flanges 36 adjacent the openings 40, as by spot welding or rivets 43. The legs 42 have an inclined catch section 44 extending outwardly through each of the openings 40, and having an inwardly extending flange 45 for engaging on top of flanges 46 formed on H shaped runners 41, the latter being secured to the ceiling surface 48. 1
The form of construction shown in Fig. 7 resembles the construction shown in Figs. 4, and 6, except that less height is required for an acoustical unit than for those previously described. This reduction in overall height is accomplished by forming a reverse bend 49 in strap 50 adjacent the snap openings 5| in membrane flanges 52. The reverse bend 49 is secured, as by spot welding 53, to the flange 52 so that the strap 50 lies fairly close to the membrane 32, and in spaced, parallel relation, thereto.
I would state in conclusion that while the illustrated examples constitute practical embodiments of my invention, I do not wish to limit myself precisely to these details, since manifestly, the same may be considerably varied without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:-
1. In an acoustical building construction, a plurality of runners attached to a building surface in spaced, parallel relation, a plurality of perforated membranes removably secured to said runners, straps extending across a membrane, an
absorbing pad supported by said straps, and metallic means for attaching a pad to the straps of a membrane to form an acoustical unit.
2. In an-acoustical building construction, a plurality of perforated, metal membranes having transversely extending, edge flanges, struck out loops in said flanges, straps extending across said flanges and having transversely extending ears engaging behind said loops, a'sound absorbing pad supported on said straps, prongs struck out from said straps and engaging said pad, means for securing said pad to said straps to form an acoustical unit, runners, and flanges formed on said straps and engaging said runners so as to attach said unit to said runners.
3. In an acoustical building construction, a building surface, a plurality of runners secured to said surface in spaced, parallel relation, said runners having outstanding flanges, perforated metal membranes arranged in a plane adiacent said runner flanges, straps extending across outstanding flanges formed on a membrane, outstanding resilient latch flanges formed on each strap and arranged to secure said membranes to said runner flanges, and a sound absorbing pad secured to said straps.
4. In an acoustical building unit, a perforated metal membrane having outstanding peripheral flanges, offset outstanding flanges formed on said peripheral flanges, said offset flanges being provided with openings, straps extending across said membrane and attached to said oifset flanges, latching flanges formed on said straps and extending into said openings so as to latch said membrane to building structures, and a sound absorbing pad supported by said straps.
5. In an acoustical building unit, a perforated metal membrane having outstanding edge flanges, straps extending across and secured to said edge flanges and having latching flanges for attaching said membrane to a building structure, a sound absorbing pad supported on said straps, and transversely extending flanges formed on said edge flanges and confining said pad on said straps to form anassembled acoustical unit.
' FRANK L. STUBBS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2661769 *||Apr 8, 1950||Dec 8, 1953||Achenbach & Butler Inc||Insulated air duct|
|US2667667 *||Nov 5, 1948||Feb 2, 1954||Level Line Ceilings Inc||Acoustic ceiling construction|
|US2692547 *||Mar 15, 1951||Oct 26, 1954||Ericson Walter M||Ceiling construction for the deadening of sound and the distribution of circulating air|
|US2957556 *||May 6, 1957||Oct 25, 1960||Tykol William J||False ceiling with removable sections|
|US2999278 *||Jan 21, 1959||Sep 12, 1961||Ultra Tach Co||Insulation mounting|
|US3023866 *||Apr 20, 1960||Mar 6, 1962||Moore James P||Panel assembly|
|US3279139 *||Aug 8, 1963||Oct 18, 1966||K S H Plastics Inc||Suspended ceiling grid system with demountable tiles|
|US3383811 *||Jan 6, 1967||May 21, 1968||Anning Johnson Company||Removable utility frame for suspended ceilings|
|US3693303 *||Oct 26, 1970||Sep 26, 1972||Donn Prod Inc||Removable grid member|
|US3875717 *||Aug 30, 1973||Apr 8, 1975||Moeller Wolfgang||Unitary device for joining removable ceiling tile to hanger member|
|US3877195 *||Nov 2, 1973||Apr 15, 1975||United States Gypsum Co||Panel attachment system|
|US3973368 *||Dec 23, 1974||Aug 10, 1976||Moeller Wolfgang W||Ceiling tile assembly|
|US4007571 *||Mar 27, 1972||Feb 15, 1977||United States Gypsum Company||Panel attachment system|
|US5692346 *||Mar 8, 1996||Dec 2, 1997||Airtite Contractors Inc.||Apparatus and method for connecting a panel with a support frame|
|US6192642||Apr 10, 2000||Feb 27, 2001||Hunter Douglas Inc.||Cladding system and panel for use in such system|
|US6199337||Nov 20, 1996||Mar 13, 2001||Hunter Douglas Inc.||Cladding system and panel for use in such system|
|US6427409||Feb 14, 2001||Aug 6, 2002||Hunter Douglas Inc.||Cladding system and panel for use in such system|
|EP0196460A2 *||Feb 26, 1986||Oct 8, 1986||Schenk Objektplanung + Handel||Connection system for ceiling elements|
|U.S. Classification||52/145, 52/506.9, 52/778|
|International Classification||E04B9/26, E04B9/22|