|Publication number||US1998514 A|
|Publication date||Apr 23, 1935|
|Filing date||Aug 3, 1932|
|Priority date||Aug 3, 1932|
|Publication number||US 1998514 A, US 1998514A, US-A-1998514, US1998514 A, US1998514A|
|Inventors||Miller Frederick J|
|Original Assignee||Miller Frederick J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
pri 23, A1935.. F 1 M|| ER `1,998,514
` DRAINAGE DEVICE y Filed Aug. 3, 1952 2 Sheets-sheet 1 NO NN NNN [N VEN TOR.
A TTORNEYS 23, 1935. F, JYMlLLER 3,998,514
, ADRAINAGE DEVICE Y Filed Aug. 3, 1932 2 SheetsShee 2 in111Wmha'ml'nlll" I N VEN TOR.
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ATToRNEx/ Patented Apr. 23, 1935 if STAT les PATENT loFFicej i 1,998,514 DRAINAGE DEVICE Frederick J. Miller, Covington, Ky. Application Augurstr, 193.2, SerialNo. 627,324
' My invention vrelates todevices of the general nature of catch basins rto receive andk conduct awaysuriace water drainage and thelike. While its utility is by no means coniined thereto, it is of particular' importance in the receiving of drainage from city streets. Heretofore the pracf tice has been to build a large brick catch basin, usually adjacent or at a street corner, but irequently located intermediate street/corners where vthere is a tendency for drainage water to collect. These brick catchv basins have, of course, a connection to a sewer for disposing of the drainage, and they are likewise covered by a large metal plate having a manhole through which access may bexhad lto the interior of the catch basin. The building of these catch basins isa matter'oi considerable inconvenience and expense, and the large metal covers take up a considerabl portion of' sidewalk room; but one of their chief disadvantages is that inspite of the relatively large internal capacity of these catch basins, they are .not always able adequately to receive and conduct awayithedrainage water. The drainage opening into'the-catch basin is ordinarily located along the curbing, where av grate may be provided, ifl
desired. -But due to the verticaldisposition of'this opening; and the fact that it islocated not transverse to, but substantially parallel with the direction of yflow of the water, it is a distinct problem vfrequently to cause any very large quantity of vdrainage water to` enter the opening. (Dbviously the opening must be restricted lengthwise. Attempts have been made to compensate for` the velocity of the water by forming a depression in the street in iront of the catch basin entrance; .but this, while effective in some instances, is disadvantageous from the standpoint of traiiic, and in some instances is likely to be dangerous.
f l It is an object of my invention to provide a catch basin construction which is preformed and can be installed ais-such. It is another object of my invention toV provide a catch basin or drainage device which is exceedingly inexpensive, while being as eiiectiva area for `area oi opening, as the ordinary catch basin. It is still another object of my invention to provide means whereby the 4area of intake of a catch basin or catch basin system may be increased longitudinally.' whereby adequate provision may be made to take care of drainagawhile making it lunnecessary to provide depressions, jdams, or the like in the gutter. It is lmy object to provide a drainage -device which wil-1 function well irrespective oi the grade of the street. Hence it is my object vtoprovide a drainage' device which ,may beinstalled .in .a plurality of sections as required by the drainagey needs of any particular point.` .A l My objects also include the provision ora de.- vice which gives a maximum fallto a sewer or grit chamber; and a device requiring veryl little 1&5 sidewalk space. In its aspect of Vcomplete unitary structure, thedevice ofiny invention fulfills .my vobject to eliminate framework, concrete bottoms and separate covers, and represents a minimum of material and labor `for installation,` lowering 10 the cost of the presenttype ofy catch basins. n
Still further objects ofmy invention comprise the provision of a drainage device whichvniaybe added-.to present drainagesystems such :as the catch basins hereinabove described to enlarge the 15 capacity thereof'. It is also my object to provide a. drainagevstructureghaving means affordinga variationof the heightof the intake opening so as toponormto any height of curb. It1 is my object to producev a series of unitshaving `means 29 whereby they may vbe interconnected to take care of any amount vof drainage within the full capacity ofthe conduit portions of the several sections.
These and other objects of my inventionwhich will be set .forth hereinafter or will be apparent .25 to" one skilled in the art upon reading these speci- I ifications', I. accomplish: by that certain construction and 'arrangement vof parts of which I shall now ydescribe a preferred embodiment, reference being hadto'the drawings, wherein' Fig. 1: is a 30 perspective view of the manner in which one or more sections of the device `of my invention may `be employed to .increase the capacity of present drainagelsystems. .,f
Y Fig. 2 is an illustration of two of my units :35 joined in series, the units being shown in elevation.
Fig. 3 is an end elevation with par-ts in section (along the lines 3, 3 of Fig. 2, of one of my units.
Fig. 4 illustrates a portion ofa unit showing a 140 structure in which provision is made for connec- `tion with a conduit at an angle to the main body ,of the section. f f
Brieflyinthep ractice of my invention, I provide a 4drainage device in unit sections, each of 14.5 which comprises a bodyv having respectively ,at l either end a bell anda spigot, WheIebycOnduits may be joined `to thesection, or the section joined to other sections. `The lower portion of the body may bep-substantially in the form ofv a conduit Y'50 Vfrom which rises-a body extension having within its upper Send a drainage opening.` The extension will likewise be provided with a cover where ldesired, and the upperl part of vthe body is soproportioned .withA respect to the lower part andthe 5.5
location of the bell and spigot, that sections may be joined together with the upper portions of their body in alignment so as to provide a substantially continuous drainage opening.
Referring now to Figs. 2 and 3, it will be seen that the exemplary embodiment of my invention contemplates a completely formed, unitary device which may be used alone, or in series. Each section in the form illustrated comprises a lower body portion I of substantially cylindrical formation beneath. This -section terminates in a cylindrical spigot, 2 upon one end, and a bell 3 upon the other. A body portion indicated generally at 4 comprises a front wall 5 so disposed that it may be positioned vertically when the device' is in-v stalled, and a back wall 6, which may slant from the lower body portion I toward the front wall 5. End walls I and 8 are also provided, making of the top body portion a chamber which is closed, excepting for an opening indicated generally at 9 in the front wall 5. In practice, I prefer to provide this chamber with a removable top'or cover device Ill, the purpose of which is to give access to the interior of the section for cleaning purposes. The exact form of this cover is nota limitation upon my invention. Ordinarily it will rest upon ledges located upon the rear wall 6 and side walls 'I and 8, and other constructions may likewise be employed, including, but without limitation, a hinged construction, or a removable cover may be omitted entirely.
`My device will frequently be used along the curb of a sidewalk, and the front wall 5 will lie in the plane of the outer side of the curbing. Since the height of the curbing varies, I'have provided means whereby the eifective height "of the opening 9 in the'front wall may be varied.` The opening in its largest form will vpreferably be designed to take care of the .greatest curbing height normally to be expected. Thus, as seen in Fig. 2, I usually so form the opening that its lower edge indicated at 9a will beten inches below the topl of the cover member I0. I then provide a removable device for closing oif a part of the opening as may be desired. This device is shown K in section in Fig. 3 at II, where an upper portion I2 is adapted to form a removable closure for a part of the opening 9, and a lower flange portion I3 is adapted to be inserted between the front Wall 5 and a strap or socket forming member I4, which is interspaced from said front wall suiciently to receive said flange I3. The height `of the portion I2 may, of course, be varied as desired, and closure members having diierent effective heights may be provided to suit different needs.
It will be noticed in Fig. 3 that the lower portion of my device, indicated generally at -I5, is of conduit shape. As shown in Fig. 2, two or more of these sections may be joined together to produce a series structure. In order that the several openings 9 may form as continuous a drainage opening as possible, the upper body members 4 are shown as extending beyond the bell joint members 3 upon the oneside, and are oilset from the ends vof the spigot joint members 2 upon the other venient and as conforming to ordinary practices in joining conduits for drainage purposes; but any type of joint between sections may be employed which lends itself to convenient use. The general shape and size of my devices may be varied. They may, for example, be made curved to conform to a curved curbing.
While the material of which my devices are made is not a limitation upon my invention, yet I prefer for considerations of economy and utility, to make the body sections complete of one casting of cast iron., the closure member II and the top member IU being separate castings.
`Other materials and other methods of making my sections are, however, comprised within the scope of my invention, and include, but without limitation, welded, riveted, or otherwise joined portions of sheet or plate metal, or other casting substance such as concrete, or the like.
It will also be seen in Fig. 3 that the conduit portion I5 is preferably large enough in capacity with respect to the inlet opening 9 as to permit the joining of two or more sections where desired. A connection may be made direct from one or more of my sections to a sewer or carrier for drainage water. in the bell joint member of a single section so used, or in the bell joint member of the last of a plurality of sections so used. The spigot joint member is then connected into the bell joint member of a conduit leading to a sewer, or the like. Special sections of my device may, of course, be produced, such as the one illustrated in Fig. 4, Where to a body section I there may be connected either a bell or spigot joint member I6 at any desired angle, providing a side delivery for I my device and permitting its connection'directly to a conduit approaching it at an angle to the main axis of my device.
In Fig. l I have shown one of my devices installed for street drainage. Similar numerals in this gure indicatethe several parts of my device. The front wall 5 is shown as located in the plane of a curbing I'I, joined by a street paving Y I8. The opening 9 in my device is so proportioned as to lie above the top of the paving I8. The sidewalk paving is illustrated at I9. In the particular installation shown, the bell joint member 3 may be thought of as containing a plug. Obviously the installation shown may be increased as to capacity by the joining of a number of my sections together in the manner shown in Fig. 2. I have illustrated in Fig. l., however, the way in which my device may be employed to enlarge the capacity of an ordinary catch basin. 'Ihis catch basin comprises a brick chamber having walls 20, and the usual cover plate 2I, with the manhole opening and cover 22. The spigot end of my device 2 may be caused to project through the wall 20 so as to deliver additional amounts of drainage water tothe catch basin, the internal capacity of which is, of course, out of all proportion to the capacity of its drainage opening 23.
Various modifications may be made in my invention without departing from the spirit thereof.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:-
1. In a catch ybasin device, a body of substantially conduit shape having means-for connection to a conduit at each end, said body having an extension adapted to rise to curb height when said device is installed, said extension having an intake orifice for drainage water.
2. A catch basin device comprising a body of It will be usual to place a plug l 1.99am@c said orice may be made appropriate for diierent heightsy of curb.
3. In acatch basin, a body and an extension, said extension having means for the intake of drainage water, said body having connecting means whereby it may be adjusted to a conduit or to another similar body, said body and connections having a capacity more than sufcient to take care of the influx of drainage water through said opening.
4. In a catch basin device, a body of substantial conduit shape having means for connection to a conduit at each end, said body having an extension in which is an intake orifice for drainage water, said extension at one end of said body being positioned so as to overlap, in part, said connecting means whereby a plurality of said bodies may be joinedin serieswith their extensions in alignment and in substantial contact.
5. In a catch basin device, a body of substantial conduit shape and substantially horizontally disposed, an extension rising from said body and having an elongated intake orifice for drainage water, multiple means for connection located on said body, said extension overlapping one of said means, whereby the 4device may be joined to another similar device with said extensions in alignment and in substantial contact, whereby said intake orifices may be made substantially continuous.
l 6. A catch basin comprising a body and an extension, said extension being elongated in the direction of said body, an intake orice of elongated form in said extension, and a bell joint member and a spigot joint member on said body, said extension being so proportioned that a .plurality of said bodies may be joined to provide a conduit for drainage Water, with said extensions in alignment and in substantial contact.
7. A catch basin comprising a body and an extension, said extension being elongated in the direction of said body, an intake orifice of elongated form in said extension, a bell joint member and a spigot joint member on said body, said extension being so proportioned that a plurality of said bodies may be joined to provide a conduit for drainage water, with said extensions in alignment and in substantial contact, and means for varying the size of said orifice comprising inde-l pendent interchangeable members having a portion to cover said oricein part, and means on said extension for holding said members in position.
8. In a drainage system, a plurality of individual units joined together to provide a continuous conduit, said units having' upward extensions with orices therein to receive drainage water.
9. In a drainage system, a series of individual units joined to provide a continuous conduit adapted to lie essentially below street level, said units having extensions rising above street level to curb height, said extensions having longitudinal openings therein along an outwardly disposed iace to receive drainage water.
10. A catch basin device comprising an integral unit of cast metal, said unit comprising a body having a lower portion provided with connections 'whereby it may be attached toa conduit or to another such device, said body having an upward extension adapted to lie alongside a pavement and provided with a drainage .opening to receive surface water from said pavement.
FREDERICK J. MILLER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3393614 *||Oct 17, 1966||Jul 23, 1968||Santa Rosa Cast Products Co||Precast gallery|
|US4490067 *||Dec 17, 1981||Dec 25, 1984||Quaker Plastic Corporation||Modular drain system|
|US7246969 *||Nov 4, 2005||Jul 24, 2007||Orser Carl E||Storm drain inlet|
|US7413372||Apr 20, 2005||Aug 19, 2008||Tuf-Tite, Inc.||Trench drain frame and grate assembly|
|US8622647 *||May 11, 2011||Jan 7, 2014||Argonics, Inc.||Curb-mounted storm sewer box and method of manufacture/repair|
|US20060239773 *||Apr 20, 2005||Oct 26, 2006||Meyers Theodore W||Trench drain frame and grate assembly|
|US20070110514 *||Nov 4, 2005||May 17, 2007||Orser Carl E||Storm drain inlet|
|US20070177942 *||Jan 31, 2006||Aug 2, 2007||Tuf-Tite, Inc.||Trench pan and grate assembly|
|US20110278211 *||May 11, 2011||Nov 17, 2011||Flood Jr Robert||Curb-mounted storm sewer box and method of manufacture/repair|
|U.S. Classification||404/4, 405/36|
|International Classification||E03F5/046, E03F5/04|