Improvement in measuring-caddies
US 199933 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. URBED. Measuring-Caddies.
Patented Feb. 5
"METERS, PHOTO-UTHOGHAPHER, WASHINGTON. D. Q
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
.. JAMES o. REED, OF DE wrrr, IOWA. I
IMPROVEMENT IN MEASURlNG-CADDIES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 199,933, dated February 5, 1878; application filed June 25, 1877.
' To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES C. REED of De Witt, in the county of Clinton and btate of Iowa, have invented a new and Improved Measuring-Caddy, of which the following is a specification In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 represents a vertical longitudinal section of my improved measuring-caddy, taken on line a: m, Fig. 2; and Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section of the same on line 3 Fig. 1.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.
The object of this invention is to furnish for groceries, tea and coffee stores, and for other purposes, an improved measuringcaddy, by which small quantities of tea, coffee, spices, and similar articles may be measured rapidly at a saving of time and help, and without the use of weights and scoop, the goods being kept closed up, so as to retain their flavor and strength.
The more accurate and uniform mode of measuring produces, besides the savingin tim e, also a saving in measuring, as compared to the loose and careless way in ordinary weighmg.
The invention consists of a caddy or other receptacle with *hoppershaped bottom, and with a sliding hopper-shaped receptacle below the same, that is adjustedin size to the weight of the material to be measured by means of a movable end wall and adj listing-screw. When the sliding bottom is drawn back to discharge the quantity measured therein the bottom opening of the caddy is closed by the solid front part of the sliding bottom.
In the drawing, A represents a caddy-box, drum, or other receptacle for coifee, tea, spices, and similar articles.
The receptacle A is provided with a top lid and hopper-shaped bottom, B, that opens by its mouth into a sliding bottom measure, 0, also of hopper shape, that registers with the bottom opening of the receptacle A.
The sliding bottom measure 0 is guided in a suitable casing, 0 at the bottom of the caddy, being stopped in one direction by the hinged and locked face-door of the guidecasing, and when drawn back in opposite direction by a side stop, a, of the casing engaging a stop or shoulder, b, of the sliding bottom.
The size of the hopper-shaped measuring part of the sliding bottom 0 may be made larger or smaller by means of a sliding rear wall and sides, D, that is adjusted by a setscrew, D, turning in the rear end of bottom 0 and in the threaded hole of a U-shaped support, (I, of the movable wall D, as shown in Fig. 1.
The sliding bottom 0 is taken out and placed on a scale or balance, and there adjusted by the movable rear wall to the quantity to be measured, whether one-fourth, one-half, or one pound, by placing the coffee, tea, or other article with which the caddy is to be filled into the measuring-bottom until the accurate quantity is obtained. The sliding measure is then replaced and pushed into the casing up to the front door, the caddy being then filled with the article to be measured therefrom. The measuring portion of the bottom 0 is filled automatically from the caddy through the registering-bottom aperture, and the exact quantity required taken up therein. By drawing back the bottom 0 the solid front portion of the same acts as a cut-off to the caddy, so as to close the bottom aperture of the same, while the hopper-opening of the measuring portion registers with a discharge-spout or hopper, 0 at the rear part of the guide-casing O and conducts the quantity measured off into the bag or other package. The bottom is then pushed in again, and thereby filled from the caddy, so that the quantity to which the bottom measure is adjusted may be furnished in quicker and as reliable manner as with the scales at present in use.
Having thus described myinvention, Iclaim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. The combination, with the dischargeopening of a caddy or other receptacle having bottom guide-casing with rear spout, of a sliding bottom, having adjustable measuring portion and solid eut'off front portion, to disbination with a sliding rear wall and side charge the quantity measured off and close -g11ide-Walls,and an adjusting-screw to sethopbottom opening of caddy, substantially as speoiper portion to any desired Weight to be measfied. ured, substantially as set forth.
2. The sliding bottom 0, guided in bottom JAMES C. REED. easing of caddy or other receptacle, and hav- Witnesses: ing solid front portion, acting as cutoff, and J. O. BENEDICT,
a hopper-shaped measuring portion, in oom- WV. R. ENGLISH.