US 2000012 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 7, 1935. E, CUL EN 7 2,000,012
COMBINATION WRENCH AND PLIERS Filed Dec. 22, 1932 4 52 /165? GaLAE V ATTORNEY Patented May 7, 1935 v 7 UNITED STATES PATENT i mCE COIVIBINATION WRENCH AND PLIERS Ernest Cullen, San Diego, Calif.,assignor to John By'siniley, Los-Angeles, Califr Application December 22, 1932, Serial-No. 648-,4'59
' Claims. (01. 7- 3) My present invention relates to a combination With these and other objects inview,as;;will.ap tool,:aand..particularly' to .a combinationwrench p ar h t pl have d v d a c m n and-.;pliers, or .a combination pliers and chain tool having certain novel 'fea-tures'ofconstruce' tongsycertain features,.however, being applicable tion, combination andtarrangement ofjparts :and
" 8 to avarious types of chain tongs. 7 portions, as will be hereinafterdesc'ribed in def5:
'zfillheobjects of this invention are: tail and particularly set :fOIthfin' the' appended *First; taproxzidea combinationtool of this class claims, reference being had to theaaccompanyingh uihereby-rmostlof ::the usual ..sizes of ,objects, drawing'and to the characters'of reference theregrippedhbyupliers, may-begrippedby the tool, 'on' which fO m 5F 1? 0f thiswappl t r ll? and whereby also relativelylarge pipes or other which: p 3
objects anayz: be tightlyztgripped. for rotating or Figure l is a Sid W ofmv m na nt o holdingztheisame; in its preferred form of construction, showing the fiecondflzozprovide. aatooliof this class whereby Same in position 30 Ot -D PG, a d Show ng arsmall pair of pliers equipped "with the flexible by dotted lines'such pipe and a;.:portion of the element of :my invention: may be effectively used fi x ble b n a-p ion o otati the on 51large :diazmeter :objects "which" cannot be pipe in the opp F ig Z an edge grippedand lieldiby-avpair of pliers without the View thereof t F s a'fragmentary Secflexible nt-t adapting t t for griptional view thereof taken through'3--3 of Fig; 1. ping andhgldingpobjectsgovgr a id r ft p Like :characters of reference refer to similar ametersrortdimensions; partsandportions throughout the viewsof the 20 Shi-rdytoprovidea tool 10f "this'classwhereby drawing. 1 thejaw;and:handle;membersof the pliers may "be h pli r p y d n c y ns 'my nv e securely fastened togetherand, when so fastened i n is similar to pli r n winx p wh retogether, -may-sepve as a very light but, strong inafter set forth. .Thesepliers consist ofa pair levenofia'chain' =tongrfor;gripping relatively large f 1 and ha d e a Zp y 25 t gt r; 7 connected intermediate their-ends by'a bolt ;or
Fourth, to provide chain tongs or .a combinapivot :member 3. This bolt-or; pivot member is tion==tool 10f this-class in which the free end'of s u u ne of the, jaw a a dle members the-chain onotherfiexible t-memberxis threaded and is flattened at its shankand-extends thr h through a clevis-andrin which the former is proconnected circularholes in the other jaw and 30. I
vided withlcngitudinally-spaceddepressionsinto handle member, as shown in the drawing, 'so which the free; end of theclevis vis adapted to a the jaWS' th pliers yy-B en'terrand tightlywsecure the chain or other fiextended or contracted for grippi large rsmall iblesmember-when thexlatter isnnder tension, objects as in pliers now in use. The jawsof the thus zproviding: means. whereby the tool may be jaw and handle members are provided with teeth. 35
easflyaand quickly adjusted to various sizes, and a and t their ja n Sides for i 1- readily held to such adjustment, and also proing objects gripped .therebetween. viding means whereby the .chain or other flexible The jaw and handle members I and 2am promember may be tightly gripped without undue vided at the ends of their handle members with 40 strain. on the securing means; a'link 4 which is pivotally connected to the mem- 0 -.F.ith, -to provide,;in chain tongsor a combinaher 2 by a'pin 5 and is adapted'to extend'around tion tool'ot this class a flexiblegripping memthe member l, and preferably to enter a slight de ben-which.may-be easily and fquicklyattached to pression in the latter member. It willbexnoted or. removed from a-:lever .or. a pair of pliers so that the link or lockingmember-4 serves the partha-t thefiexiblememberimay be readily replaced ticular purpose of holding or securing the mem- 4 or: so that the pliers may be used as pliers withhere i and 2 together as a rigid lever so that the out :unnecessary appendages; device may be effectively used as a pipe tong. The
\Sixth to provide a toolof this class whereby link 4 is not used for holding the jaw portions of the-chainor-other flexible member may bemade the members i and 2 together to facilitate the reto assist in holding objects gripped between the tention of an object between the jaws of the pliers,
jawmembers of the pliers; and, as heretofore used.
:Seven-th, .to .provide a tool of this-classwhich The jaw and handle member I is providedat is ver-ysimpleand' economical of construction, the outer side-of its jaw portion, and'backwardly .durable efiicient and-which will not. readilyQde from the teeth, as will bedescribed hereafter, teriorate or -get out of .order. with. a lug l b which is in the form :ofian eye,being 5' provided with a transverse hole I c. The flexible member 6 of my tool, which flexible member in this instance is a chain, is threaded through the hole in the lug or eye member, and is prevented from being pulled through the eye member by an anchor or retaining member I. This member I is pivotally connected to the chain and is provided at the inner end of its shank with an enlarged transverse portion 1a which engages and is retainedby the inner side of the lug or eye member. This lug or eye member is provided at its inner side with a rounded pivot portion id against which the enlarged transverse portion ia rests so that all strain is applied to the member I in tension.
The chain 6 extends around the jaw portion of the tool and is threaded with its other or free end through an eye member 8 which is in the form of a clevis pivotally connected, by means of a pin 9, to the other jaw and handle member 2. This clevis 8 clamps the chain against the cheek of the jaw and handle member 2 when outward force is applied on the chain.
At the latter end of the chain is'provided an end member" In which is pointed at its end and facilitates the threading of the chain through the 4 lines in Fig. l, the pipe or other object may be r0- tated in one direction. Then if the chain or other flexible member 6 is loosened and the pipe or other object placed in engagement with the teeth 2b, and the chain or flexible memberagain tightened, the pipe or other object may be rotated in the opposite direction without removing the same from the tool orchanging the tool about. 7
It will be also noted that the chain or other flexible member may be readily and entirely removed from the jaw or handle members, by withdrawing the flexible member from the eye lb by means of the retaining member 1, thereby permitting the tool to be usedas a pair of pliers only.
It will be also noted that an object may be held between the jaws of the tool and. held in place by parts and portions, I do not wish to be limited to this particular construction, combination and arrangement, but desireto include in the scope of my invention the construction, combination and arrangement substantially as set forth in the appended claims.
' Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
, l. A combination tool comprising a pair of pliers consisting of pivotally connected jaw'members, each having teeth atthe outer side of its jaw portions, and a' flexible member extending around said'teeth and attachable at its opposite end'portions to the opposite sides of the pliers and outer sides of said jaw portions for coacting with the teeth for gripping a pipe.
2. A combination tool comprising a pair of pliers consisting of pivotally connected jaw members, each having teeth at the outer side of its jaw portions, one of the jaw members having an eye member and the other having a securing clevis at said outer sides beyond the teeth, and a flexible member extending through said eye member and having an enlarged portion adapted to retain said flexible member in said eye member, said clevis adapted adjustably to engage the other end portion of said flexible member.
3. A combination tool comprising a pair of jaw members pivotally secured together intermediate their ends, forming a pair of pliers, said jaw membershaving jaw portions at one end, means for detachably locking said jaw members together as a rigid unit, and a flexible member extending around said jaw portions, said flexible member being attachable at its opposite end portions to the outer sides of the jaw portions of said jaw members.
4. A combination tool comprising a pair of jaw members pivotally secured together intermediate their ends, forming a pair of pliers, said jaw members having jaw portions at one end, means for detachably locking said jaw members together as a rigid unit, one of the jaw membershaving an eye member and the other having a securing clevis at the outer side, and a flexible member extending around said jaw portions, said flexible member extendingthrough said eye member and having an'enlarged portion adapted to retain said flexible member' in said eye member, said clevis adapted adjustably to engage the other end portion of said flexible member.
5. A combination tool comprising a pair of jaw members pivotally secured together intermediate their ends, forming a pair. of pliers, said members having jaw portions at one end, a link secured to the handle end of one jaw member and adapted to extend over'the handle end of the other jaw member for detachably locking said jaw members together as a rigid unit, one of the'jaw members having an eye member and the other having a securing clevis at the outer side, and a flexible member extending around said jaw portions, said flexible member extending through said eye member and having an enlarged portion adapted to retain said flexible member in said eye member, said clevis adapted adjustably to engage the other .end portion of said flexible member.
6. A combination tool, comprising a pair of pliers consisting of pivotally connected jaw members forming togethera jaw portion at one end of the pliers, the pliers having teeth at the outer side of its jaw portion and securing means on each jaw member at the opposite sides of the jaw'portion, and a flexible member securable at one end to one of said means and adjustably 4 securable near its opposite end to the other of said means.
'7. In a tool of the class described, a lever having an eye at one side, a securing eye member pivotally mounted at the opposite side, and a flexible member having an enlarged portion at one end, said flexible member being threaded, with the end opposite the enlarged portion, through the flrst'eye and adapted to be retained therein at and by said enlarged portion, and adapted to be wholly withdrawn therefrom, the opposite end of said flexible 'member being adapted also to be threaded through the pivotally mounted eye member and clamped against the lever thereby.
8. In a combination tool, a pair of jaw members pivotally secured together forming a pair of pliers, said jaw members having jaw portions adjacent one end, one of the jaw members having an eye at the outer side, a securing eye member pivotally mounted at the outer side of the other jaw member, and a flexible member having an enlarged portion at one end, said flexible member being threaded, with the end opposite the enlarged portion, through the first eye and adapted to be retained therein at and by said enlarged portion, and adapted to be wholly withdrawn therefrom, the opposite end of said flexible member being adapted also to be threaded through the pivotally mounted eye member and clamped thereby against the adjacent jaw member.
9. In a tool of the class described, a lever, a sprocket chain attached at one end to one side of said lever and extending around one end thereof, said chain having longitudinally spaced depressions, and a clevis pivotally mounted on said lever and extending around the opposite side of the lever, said clevis adapted to receive the opposite end of the chain and the outer wall of said clevis being adapted to enter saiddepressions, said chain being clampedvtightly against said lever by said clevis when said clevis is directed outwardly and inclined toward said end of the lever and when the chain is under tension, for adjustably securing said opposite end. of 'the a chain.
10. A combination tool comprising a plier 7 means having a jaw portion at one end, and'a flexible means extending around the exterior of and at the opposite sides of the jaw portion, said I flexible means being securable at one end to one of said securing means and adjustably securable' at its opposite end portion to the other of said securing means.