US 2000243 A
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'May 7, 1935. F. A. MANSKE WALL CONSTRUCTION Filed June 20, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Wulff f, y
agar 4 INVENTOR May 7, 1935. F. A MANsKE WALL CONSTRUCTION Filed June zo, 1932 :s sheets-sheet 2 INVENTo FRED ffl. MHA/SME.' SYM/7 A'rroRNE:
A Patented May 7, 1935 y I UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE wam. CONSTRUCTION Fred A. Manake, Chicago, Ill., assignor to United States Gypsum Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application June 20, 1932, Serial No. 618,149
27 chime. (ci. 'zz-4s) 'Ihis invention relates to building 'construc- Fig. 7 is a perspective, sectional elevation tions, and has 'reference more particularly to showing a modified form of my wall construcwall and partition constructions in which pretion, formed building panels are secured to studding Fig. 8 is a fragmentary. perspective view of and are arranged to cooperate with metal mopthe base plate used for Asupporting the wall 5 boards in which electrical wiring is contained. shown in Fig. .7,
In the construction of modern houses, elec- Fig. 9 is a sectional, perspective elevation trical iixtures in the center of the room and on showing a modiiled form of .wall supporting the side walls. are not generally used. The eiecconstruction,
l0 trical wires are' usually passed through. hollow Fig. 10 is a sectional, perspective view showl0 metal mopboards along the bottoms of the walls, ing a further modified form of wall construcand several electric light outlets for the room tion. are provided for on this metal mopboard foi' Fig. l1 is a sectional elevation of afurther connection with iioor lamps. It is desirable to modified form of wall construction,` and have a form of wall construction utilizing a Fig- 12 iS 8. perspective View 0f the bese Plate l5 A50 I-l of Fig. 3,
metal mopboard which will be cheap to conused in the construction shown in- Fig. 11.
struct and yet will be convenient' and readily The Well Construction iS lll'efel'bll'4 rePrOOf adapted to be attached to gypsum wall boards in nature and is composed of vertical channelor other forms of pre-formed building panels. Shapedteel Studs l5 Wllleh are Composed 0f zo 1t is also desirable that the interior surface of Lwebs le having outstanding flanges I1 along the 2o the building panels be so connected to the studlongitudinal edges thereof. Wall boards I8 are ding that the surface thereof presents a smooth, Secured t0 the Channel flanges l1 by suitable evenk appearance' for the reception of plastic runners end Clips t0 be hereinafter described. paint, wallpaper or the like, n The wall boards i8 are preferably composed of provide a wall construction in which a metal Sum. Said Cere being Plvided With heavy peper mcpbcard of low cost is conveniently attached cover sheets 2 cn cach surface thereof, che of to pre-formed wall boards and is provided with Seid Gevel' Sheets being Previded with folds 2l4 any desired number el electrical outlets, and 22 on the edge thereof, the fold 22 under- Another-object of the invention is to provide lying the cuter edge 23 of one of the cover 30 a wall construction in which metal runners are Sheets. end the edge 23 terminating consideree joined te preffermed building pnnels such as ably short of the extreme edge of the board plaster or wsu boards, that the interior foce of so as t0 form a.rccess 24 which is of a depth the finished construction presents a smooth, Substantially equal t0 the thickness 0f the edge even appearance for the reception of a deco- -23 0i the cover sheet. 35 ative material; also to improve building con- An 'Fl-Shaped funnel' 25 iS Preferably 1'0lded structions in other respects hereinafter specified frein Sheet metal and iS Provided with a base and claimed, section 28, the edges of which are folded back Reference is to be had to the accompanying tightly upon said section to form anges 21.
40 drawings forming a part of this specification, in 'I'he flanges 2| are bent outwardly so as to form 40 which e closely abutting anges 28, which in turn are F18. l is a Perspective. eeetlenl elevetlen bent outwardly to form iianges29, thus forming showing my improved wall construction. oppositeiy disposed board receiving channels be- Fil' 2 is e Persptive View 0f e seem 0f tween the nsnges 21 and u. The thickness or the base Plate Pm which the We is supwed. the metal section :s slicedY to the thickness ci 45 a sectional elevation the wan a me isfpreterably to construc on I u l thickness of the cover sheet edge 22 so that the -conge 40111;! silcsmmn men on 12:' outer surface of the metal section 2i is flush with the outer surfacel of the paper cover sheet Fm 5 is a'muonl, plan view taken through edge 22, thus making a smooth wallfor the ren joint adjacent the ,mnu-,ing edges of the buildception of plastic paint. wall paper, etc.- Where ing panels, the .thickness of section 26 plus a ange 21 is Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional elevation of greater than that of cover sheet 2l, recess 24 a modified form of mopboard, may be artificially depressed byv grinding with 55 An object of this invention, therefore, is to a cemcntitious core material I9, usually of syp- 25 f an emery wheel, or the like, to permit section 26 to lie flush with the surface of board I8.
An attaching clip 38 is provided with inturned flanges 3| which are spaced apart from the clip 30 so as to embrace the flanges 28 of the wall board runner 25. Preferably integral anges 32 and 33 are formed on the clip 30 and are bent into L-shaped form to embrace one of the stud flanges I1, as best seen in Fig. 5;- It will be noted that the clip 3|) may be moved longitudinally along the stud flange I1, but the channels between runner anges 21 and the clip flanges 3| are so proportioned as to be substantially equal to the thickness of the outer edge of the wall boards I8 so that said wall boards lock the clip flanges 3| firmly in place relative to the stud I5.
A channel shaped base plate 33a is formed of sheet metal with a web 34 and upstanding edge anges 35. Integral tongues 36 are struck upwardly from the web 34 so as to lie in a plane parallel to the anges and form channels for the reception of the lower edges of the wall boards I8. Integral tongues 31 are struck upwardly from the web 34 for engaging the bottom end of the stud I5. Suitableapertures 38 are provided in the web 34 for receiving nails, screws, etc., so that the base plate 33a may be securely attached to a floor prior to the erection of a partition. It should be understood that ber boards or other suitable types of wall panels may be used instead of the composition wall boards I8, in which case it is preferable to recess the edges of the building panel or board in order to receive runner 26 and make a flush surface.
One of the salient features of the present invention comprises the metal trim or mop plate used for nishing the bottom of the wall along the inside of a room. This metal trim consists of an elongated strip of metal 40 which is'arranged to extend in a vertical plane spaced apart from and parallel to the wall boards I8. A nailing strip 4| is attached to the wall boards I8 by means of a hook-shaped attaching clip 42 having one end 43 bent at right angles to the clip 42 and having a return bent resilient section 44, the flange 43 being adapted to be thrust through a punched hole 45 formed in the wall board I8. from the outer end of clip 42 and has an inwardly extending prong or point 41 which is arranged to be driven into the nailing strip 4| so as to fasten said nailing strip securely and resiliently to the outer face of the wall boards I8. Screws 48 may then be passed through the metal trim plate 40 into the nailing strip 4| for attaching said metal trim plate 40 to the lower part of the wall.
The upper edge of the metal trim 40 is bent inwardly following a neat contour in the form of a molding, so as to form a iiange 50, said ange preferably extending at right angles to the plate 40 and having its inner edge bearing against the wall boards I8. The lower edge of the plate 48 is also formed into a neat contour and then bent inwardly at right angles to form a ilange 5|, the inner edge of which bears against the lower outer edge of the base plate 34. It will be seen from an inspection of Fig. 1, that the wooden nailing strip 4| divides the space between the plate 40 and the wall `boards I8 into two compartments, which may be utilized for supporting wires 52 and 53 for telephone, electric light, etc. The wooden nailing A ange 46 extends inwardlystrip 'acts as an insulating spacer between the respective wires so as to aid in preventing short circuits. Suitable outlet sockets 54 are provided in the plate 40 so that base plugs 55 may be used for connecting to various electrical lamps or other fixtures. At the corner of the room (Fig. 4) an angle shaped plate 56, having two wings which are formed into the shape of the metal trim, is placed iiush out over the two adjoining ends of the metal trim plate, being secured thereto by means of a screw 51 which engages one of the nailing strips 4|. If desired, the trim plate ang`e`5| (Fig. 6) may have an upstanding reverse bent flange 5IA which is hooked over the base plate ange 35.
In the modied form of the construction shown in Figs. 7 and 8, a base plate 59 is secured by screws 6I) to the floor 6I, and is provided along its longitudinal edges by upstanding channels formed by legs 62 and 63 which are connected at their upper edges by a web 64. Upstanding, integral tongues 65 are struck from the web 64 so as to receive the lower edges of wall boards I8 and support said wall boards on said web 84. Electric wires 66 may pass through the channels formed between legs 62 and 63. A metal trim or mop plate 61, resembling the plate 40, is provided at the inside lower part of each wall or partition, a nailing strip 68 being secured to the wall boards I8 by a hook clip 42, and a screw 48 serving to attach the trim plate 61 to said nailing strip 68. Knock-outs 69 are provided in the channel legs 63 so that electric wires may be led out through said knock-outs to connect to an electric plug or socket 10 secured to the mop plate 61. Suitable upstanding integral tongues 1I are struck from the base plate 59 for receiving the lower ends of channel stud 12.
In the form of construction shown in Fig. 9, an H-shaped runner 12a similar to the runner 25 shown in Fig. 5, is supported between upstanding integral tongues 13 struck from a base plate 14. The bottom edge of the wall board I8 is then received in the upper channel 16 of the runner 12a, and a trim plate 11 may be attached directly to the wall board I8 by means of screws 18. The electric wire 66 may be run through the lower compartment of the H-shaped runner 12a, a knock-out 19 being provided in the flange of the runner for the purpose of taking out electric branch lines.
In the form of construction shown in Fig. 10, vertical, channel-shaped, steel studs 8| are provided near the lower end thereof with a lower aperture 82 and an upper aperture 83 which are separated by an integral strut 84. An angle connecting member 85 is secured to the lower end of the stud 8| by rivets or spot welds 86 which connect a leg 81 of said angle to the web of the channel stud 8|. A second leg 88 of the angle 85 is provided with apertures 89 for receiving nails or screws which are used to secure the angle 85 to the floor. A channel 9D passes through the aperture 83 and is supported upon the strut 84, and a channel 9| passes through the aperture 82, being supported upon the angle leg 81. The electric wires are carried in the channels 9D and 9|, the telephone wires 52 being conveniently separated from the electric light wires 53 to prevent short circuits. An ear 93 is provided on each end of the angle leg 81, said ear extending at right angles thereto and being provided with a hole 84 for receiving a screw 95 to attach the metal trim plate 86 to the wall structure. A bar 01 is secured` transversely to the web of the channel 0| above the aperture 83 by means of rivets. or spot welding 00,' and the outer ends of thebar 91 are provided with transversely extending ears 00 which are provided with holes |00 for .the reception of screws |0| which also serve to attach the metal trim plate 96 to the wall structure. Where the bar 01 extends beyond the studs 0|, a recess |02 is provided for receiving a pair of longitudinal channels |03 which are comparatively small in cross section and serve to receive the lower edges of wall boards |0I. The wall boards |04 are secured to the studs 0| by runners 20 and clips 30 as hereinabove described. The mop and accessories.
A form of construction shown in Figs. 11 and 12 employs L- shapedI strip shelves or brackets |01 which are spot welded to the anges |00 of channel studs |09 for supporting electric wires ||0. A base plate has upstanding iianges I|2 along each edge thereof which can be connected by screws ||3 to a metal trim plate III. Integral, upstanding, struck-out tongues III are v provided on base plate I|| for receiving the lower ends of the channel studs |09. Holes ||0 are provided in the web of the base plate for attachment of said plate to the floor 0|.
It will be readily apparent that my invention provides means for rapidly and economically constructing finished walls for buildings, since the component elements are all pre-formed and may be easily assembled withoutspecial skill. Each element of the combination has a specific function which is asoertainable by simple inspection of the element, and the parts are quickly fitted together to produce a substantially complete wall structure unit ready for decoration such as paint, wallpaper, etc., where such decoration is desired. In this construction Jit is unnecessaryv to use nails for fastening, as
tric wiring, and the construction whether for' temporary or permanent purposes is substantial, iireproof, and durable, each of the elements contributing to the end result of a substantially `complete wall structure, without elaborate preparation, or peculiar skill required for any part of the construction.
I would state in conclusion that while the construction shown in Fig. l is preferred-by me, the other illustrated examples constitute practical embodiments of my invention and I do not wish to limit myself precisely to any of these details, since manifestly, the same may be considerably varied without departing from the spirit of the f invention as dened in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:-
1. In a wall construction, a vertically extending metallic stud, wall boards, means for secur-Y. `ing said wall boards to said stud, means ad-4 wall concealed by said plate for the reception of electric wires.
2. In a wall construction, a vertically extending stud, wall, boards, means for securing said wall boards to said stud, a base member for supporting the lower end of said stud on a iioor, channel means associated with said base member for supporting the lower edge of said boards, a metallic mop plate secured to the bottom of the resultingwall structure and serving as a finishing trim, and means concealed by said mop plate for supporting electric wiring.
3. In a wall construction, a vertically extending stud, preformed wall boards secured to said stud, a base member for maintaining the lower end of said vstud in position on a floor, a metallic mop plate secured to the bottom of the resulting wall structure and serving as a finishing trim, an inturned longitudinal flange formed on the upper edge of said mop plate and contacting with said boards, and means concealed by said mop plate for supporting electric wiring.
4. In a wallv construction, a vertically extending stud, 'aum-shaped runner secured to said stud, -said runner presenting opposed channels, and preformed gypsum wall boards supported by said runners and having paper cover sheets, one of said cover sheets being folded about the edge of a board and being adhesively attachedto the edge of the opposite cover sheet with the edge of said opposite sheet spaced apart from the edge of th e board forming a recess for a liiange of said runner, so as4 to position the outer face of said cover sheet in substantially the same plane as the outer surface of said runner.
5. In a wall construction, vertically extending studs, preformed wall boardsy secured to said studs, a base plate for supporting the lower edges of said wall boards and said studs, a wooden strip secured to said boards, a mop plate secured to said strip'and serving as a trim for the bottom of the wall structure, and inturned edges formed on said mop plate and forming with said nailing strip a compartment for electric wiring.
6. In a building construction, vertically extending studs, preformed wall boards secured to said studs, means for supporting the lower edges of said boards, a mop plate adjacent the lower edges of said boards, attaching means extending outwardly from said boards and arranged for attachment to said mop plate for spacing said plate in spaced, parallel relation to said boards, and electric wires in the space behind said mop plate. l
'1. In a wall construction, vertically extending studs, preformed wall boards secured to said studs, a base plate for supporting the lower endsv of said studs on a oor, upstanding integral channels formed on said base plate and arranged to support the lower edges of said boards, and a metallic mop plate secured to the bottom of the resulting wall structure and serving as a finishing trim.
9. In a' wall construction, vertically extendill studs, preformed wall boards secured to said studs, a base plate for supporting the lower ends of said studs, upstanding, integral channels formed on said base plate and arranged to support the lower edges of said boards, electric Wires extending within said channels, and a metallic mop plate secured to the bottom of the resulting wall structure and serving as a finishing trim.
10. In a wall construction, a plurality of vertically extending metallic studs, said studs being channel-shaped in cross section and having an aperture formed in the web thereof, a horizontally extending channel passing through the apertures of the successive studs and arranged to support an electric wire, means for securing the bottom of said studs to a iloor, a cross bar secured to each of said studs, the outstanding ends of said cross bars being recessed for receiving a horizontally extending channel, preformed wall boards secured to said studs and having the lower edges thereof supported in said last mentioned channel, and a metallic mop plate secured adjacent the lower part of the resulting wall structure and serving as a finishing trim.
11. In a wall construction, a plurality of upstanding, channel-shaped metallic studs, horizontally extending channels supported by said studs, preformed wall boards secured to said studs and having the lower edges thereof supported by said channels, a metal mop plate secured to the lower part of the resulting wall structure and serving as a finishing trim, and means for supporting electric wires behind said mop plate.
12. In a wall construction, a plurality of upstanding, metallic channels having webs, said webs being provided with apertures, horizontally extending channels received in the' apertures of successive studs, electric wires carried in said channels, preformed wall boards, means for supporting said preformed wall boards on said studs, a metallic mop plate secured adjacent the bottom of said wall structure and serving as a finishing trim, and an outlet plug in said mop plate connecting with said electric wires.
13. In a building construction, a plurality of upstanding, channel-shaped studs, means for securing the lower ends of said studs to a floor, a metallic mop plate positioned adjacent said studs and serving as a finishing trim, and preformed wall boards extending between said studs and said mop plate, said studs, mop plate and wall boards being interconnected to form a wall.
14. In a hollow wall construction, a metallic base plate, a stud perpendicular to said base plate and engaged by means on said base plate,
a wallboard connected to said stud and engaging at one edge in means provided on said base plate, a metallic mop plate positioned adjacent said base plate, and a wooden strip secured to said wallboard, said mop plate being secured to said wooden strip in assembled relation in said wall.
15. In a hollow wall construction, a metallic base plate, a stud perpendicular to said base plate, up-standing tongues on said base plate engaging with and retaining in position the lower end of said stud, a wallboard connected to said stud and in engagement at one edge with other up-standing tongues onv said base plate, a metallic mop plate positioned adjacent said base plate, and a relatively narrow wooden strip secured to the outside face of said wallboard intermediate the upper and lower edges of said mop plate, said mop plate being secured to said wooden strip and providing a plurality of compartments for electric wires or the like.
16. In a hollow Wall construction, a metallic base plate, a stud perpendicular to said base plate, up-standing tongues on said base plate engaging with and retaining in position the lower end of said stud, a wallboard connected to said stud and in engagement at one edge with other up-standing tongues on said base plate, a metallic mop plate positioned adjacent said base plate, a relatively narrow wooden strip secured to the outside face of said wallboard int termediate the upper and lower edges of said mop plate, said mop plate being secured to said wooden strip and providing a plurality of A compartments for electric wires or the like, and outlets in said mop plate providing lead-outs for said wires.
17. In a building construction, a pair of wall members adjoining at an angle, attaching means secured to said members, mop plates secured to said attaching means, and an angular metallic member having a pair of wings corresponding in shape to the contours of said mop plates secured over the adjacent ends of said mop plates ,to provide a nished corner.
18. In a building construction, a pair of Wall boards adjoining at an angle, wooden strips semop plates positioned over the adjacent ends of said mop plates to provide a finished corner, and a screw passing through said angular member and into one of said wooden strips for securing said member in place.
19. In a wall construction, a metallic base plate, an edge of said plate being turned up to form an angular flange, resilient members on said base plate adjacent said flange, the edge of a wallboard being engaged between said flange and said resilient members, a metallic mop plate positioned adjacent said base plate and wallboard, and a reverse bent flange on said mop plate, said reverse bent flange engaging between said wallboard and said base plate flange, whereby said mop plate is held in place.
20. In a wall construction, a metallic base plate held in place on a floor, a stud, means on said base plate for deiining the position of said stud, a wallboard forming the facing for said i wall and being connected to said stud, and a channel member at the edge of said base plate, said 'channel providing a compartment for the reception of electric wiring in one partand means for engaging and maintaining in place the edge of said wallboard in another part.
21.111 a wall construction, a metallic base 'plate held in place on a iioor, a stud, means on said base plate for defining the position of said stud, a wallboard forming the facing for said wall and being connected to said stud, a channel member at the edge of said base plate, said channel providing a compartment for the reception of electric wiring and means for maintaining the edge of said wallboard in place above said compartment, a mop plate secured to the base of the resulting wall structure and serving to hide the structural details adjacent said floor, and means in said'mop plate and duit, a metallic mop plate positioned at they bottom of the resulting structure and serving as a nishing trim, and means for attaching said mop plate to said wallboards.
- 23. A base plate for wall construction, comprising a member for attachment to a floor,
means for defining the position of a wall stud,
an integral, upstanding channel formed at the edge of said member and providing means for supporting the edge of a wallboard in spaced relation to said floor, said channel providing a conduit for electric wiring or the like, and a knock-out in a leg of said channel for access to said wiring or the like.
24. In a wall construction, vertically extending studs, wallboards secured to said studs and 25. In a wall construction, a vertically extending stud, means for maintaining said stud position on a lioor, wallboard secured to said stud and forming the face of said wall, means associated with said stud for supporting the lower edge of said wallboard substantially above said oor, and a mop plate attachedladjacent saidlower edge supporting means, said mop plate serving to hide the structural details below said wallboard edge so that said wall will present a finished appearance.
26. In a wall construction, vertically extending studs, means for maintaining said studs in position on a floor, wallboards secured to said studs and forming the face of said wall, means associated with said studs for supporting the lower edges of said wallboards substantially above said floor, and a mop plate attached to said wallboard edge supporting means and said position maintaining means and serving as a finishing trim to inclose the space below said wallboards. v
27. In a wall construction, vertically extending y studs, means for maintaining said studs in position on a floor, wallboards secured to said studs and forming the face of said wall, means associated with said studs for supporting the lower edges of said wallboards substantially above said oor, a mop plate attached to said wallboard edge supporting means and said position maintaining means and serving as a nishing trim to enclose the space below said wallboards, and means within said space for supporting electric wiring or the like.
FRED A. MANSKE.