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Publication numberUS20010004202 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/736,193
Publication dateJun 21, 2001
Filing dateDec 15, 2000
Priority dateDec 18, 1999
Also published asUS6344731
Publication number09736193, 736193, US 2001/0004202 A1, US 2001/004202 A1, US 20010004202 A1, US 20010004202A1, US 2001004202 A1, US 2001004202A1, US-A1-20010004202, US-A1-2001004202, US2001/0004202A1, US2001/004202A1, US20010004202 A1, US20010004202A1, US2001004202 A1, US2001004202A1
InventorsWoo Park
Original AssigneeLg Electronics, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Battery gauging device during battery charging
US 20010004202 A1
Abstract
Disclosed is a battery gauging device during a battery charging, which is capable of gauging the charged capacity during a battery charging in a terminal. The device according to the invention comprises a charger for converting an AC voltage to a DC voltage, and outputting the converted voltage, a battery pack including a battery for charging an electric charge, first switching means for switching on/off the DC voltage, and second switching means switched on/off in accordance with a battery charge enable (BCE) signal so as to temporarily discharge the charged capacity during the battery charging, and a terminal including a battery gauging section for gauging a charged capacity inputted from the battery pack and a microprocessor for outputting the BCE signal to the switching means, and displaying the gauged value on a display section. According to the invention, the DC voltage inputted from the charger to the battery pack is charged in the battery, but is regularly interrupted in the course of the battery charging so as to temporarily discharge the charged capacity, thereby realizing an exact display of the charged capacity on the terminal even during the battery charging.
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Claims(11)
What is claimed is:
1. A battery gauging device during a battery charging, comprising:
a charger for converting an AC voltage to a DC voltage, and outputting the converted voltage;
a battery pack including a battery for charging an electric charge, first switching means for switching on/off the DC voltage, and second switching means switched on/off in accordance with a battery charge enable (BCE) signal so as to temporarily discharge the charged capacity during the battery charging; and
a terminal including a battery gauging section for gauging a charged capacity inputted from the battery pack and a microprocessor for outputting the BCE signal to the switching means, and displaying the gauged value on a display section.
2. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the battery pack further includes:
a charging/discharging controller for controlling charging and discharging of the battery and protecting a circuit inside thereof by controlling the switching on/off of the first switching means so as to control supply of the DC voltage inputted from the charger to the battery; and
temperature detection means connected to a ground terminal of the battery for detecting temperature of the battery, converting the detected temperature value to an electric signal, and outputting the converted electric signal.
3. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the terminal further includes a system electric power section for supplying an electric power to constitutional elements inside thereof by receiving an output voltage of the battery pack, and outputting a voltage for battery gauging to the battery gauging section.
4. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the first and the second switching means are field effect transistors.
5. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the second switching means is positioned between the first switching means and a positive terminal of the battery.
6. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the microprocessor controls the second switching means by regularly outputting the BCE signal to the second switching means while a predetermined voltage is charged in the battery by means of the charger.
7. The battery gauging device of
claim 6
, wherein the BCE signal regularly outputted from the microprocessor has a cycle, in which a switching-on time is longer than a switching-off time of the second switching means.
8. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the output voltage of the battery pack inputted to the terminal is selected from either the DC voltage inputted from the charger to the battery pack when the first and the second switching means are switched on or the discharged capacity of the battery when the second switching means is switched off.
9. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the battery gauging section converts the charged capacity of the battery inputted from the battery pack to a digital signal, and outputs the converted digital signal to the microprocessor.
10. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the terminal receives the charged capacity of the battery, and detects the charged capacity.
11. The battery gauging device of
claim 1
, wherein the terminal is a portable terminal using chargable batteries.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] The present invention relates to a battery gauging device, and in particular, to a battery gauging device, which can exactly display on a terminal the charged capacity of a chargable battery in the course of charging.

[0003] 2. Description of the Prior Art

[0004]FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating the conventional battery gauging device in a mobile telecommunication terminal during a battery charging.

[0005] Referring to FIG. 1, the conventional battery gauging device in a mobile telecommunication terminal during a battery charging comprises: a charger 101 for converting a received alternate current (AC) to a direct current (DC), and controlling the charging and discharging of a battery 102 a; a battery pack 102 for receiving the DC, and charging an electric charge into the battery 102 a; and a mobile telecommunication terminal 103 for receiving an output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 102, and displaying the charged capacity of the battery 102 a by measuring the voltage BAT+ of the battery 102 a.

[0006] Here, the battery pack 102 comprises: the battery 102 a for charging the electric charge; a charging/discharging controller 102 b for controlling charging and discharging of the battery 102 a, and protecting a circuit; and a switch 102 c for switching on or off the DC inputted to the battery 102 a under a control by the charging/discharging controller 102 b.

[0007] The mobile telecommunication terminal 103 comprises: a system electric power section 103 a for receiving the DC voltage BAT+ outputted from the battery pack 102, and supplying the power of the system; a battery gauging section 103 b for converting a level of the DC voltage BAT+ to a digital signal; and a mobile station modem 103 c as a microprocessor for receiving the digital signal from the battery gauging section 103 b, and displaying the capacity of the battery 102 a on the display section 103 c.

[0008] A thermistor 102 d is connected to a ground terminal of the battery 102 a, which converts the temperature of the battery 102 a to an electric signal, to control charging and discharging of the battery 102 a in accordance with the temperature. The charger 101 detects a voltage TH of the thermistor 102 d, and checks the temperature of the battery 102 a to control the charging and discharging of the battery 102 in accordance with the temperature.

[0009] The following is a brief explanation of an operation of the battery gauging device during a battery charging of a mobile telecommunication terminal having the above construction.

[0010] Once inputted to the charger 101, the AC is converted to the DC of a proper level required to charge the battery pack 102, and outputted. The DC is applied to the battery 102 through the switch 102 c so as to charge the battery 102 a.

[0011] The charging/discharging controller 102 b are connected to the positive terminal + and a negative terminal to detect the voltage of the battery 102 a, and interrupts charging by switching off the switch 102 c when the voltage of the battery 102 a reaches a predetermined value.

[0012] The charging/discharging controller 102 b plays a role of preventing an excessive charge of the battery 102 a above a predetermined voltage as well as of preventing an excessive discharge below a predetermined voltage. The charging/discharging controller 102 also plays a role of preventing an excessive current due to a short as well as protecting a circuit by preventing charging under the temperature higher than a predetermined one.

[0013] The DC inputted from the charger 101 to the battery pack 102 charges the battery 102 a, and supplies an electric power to the terminal 103 while the charged voltage becomes an output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 102 and is inputted to the terminal 103 for charging.

[0014] To be specific, the voltage of the battery 102 a is not inputted to the terminal 103 during the charging. Instead, the DC voltage inputted from the charger 101 to the battery pack 102 is inputted to the terminal 103.

[0015] If the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 102 is inputted to the terminal 103, it is detected by the MSM 103 c, which subsequently transmits a “switch-on” signal to the electric power section 103 a of the system so as to receive the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 102 and supply a power to the terminal 103.

[0016] At this stage, the battery gauging section 103 b receives the voltage BAT+ inputted from the terminal 103 from the system electric power section 103 a, and converts the voltage level to a digital signal for transmission to the MSM 103 c. Then, the MSM 103 c displays a capacity of the battery 102 a through the display section 103 d in accordance with the transmitted digital signal.

[0017] As described above, however, the DC inputted to the battery pack 102 from the charger 101 charges the battery 102 a, and at the same time, the output voltage BAT+ is inputted to the terminal 103 so that the voltage of the battery 102 a may not be inputted to the terminal 103 during the charging but that the DC voltage inputted from the charger 101 to the battery pack 102 can be inputted to the terminal.

[0018] Thus, the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 102, which has been received from the system electric power section 103 a by the battery gauging section 103 b of the terminal 103 is not a voltage from the battery 102 a but the voltage from the charger 101. Therefore, the charged capacity of the battery 102 displayed on the display section 103 d is always indicated to be full.

[0019] As described above, the conventional battery gauging device during a battery charging has a drawback of failing to display a capacity of the battery because of inability to measure voltage of the battery 102 a since the DC voltage inputted from the charger 101 is inputted directly to the power supply of the terminal 103 during the battery charging.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0020] It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a battery gauging device during a battery charging, which can exactly display the charged capacity of a battery even in the course of a battery charging by regularly interrupting the voltage inputted to the battery and measuring the voltage of the battery at that time during the charging.

[0021] To achieve the above object, there is provided a battery gauging device during a battery charging according to the present invention, comprising: a charger for converting an AC voltage to a DC voltage, and outputting the converted voltage; a battery pack including a battery for charging an electric charge, first switching means for switching on/off the DC voltage, and second switching means being switched on/off by a battery charge enable (BCE) signal so as to temporarily discharging the charged capacity during the battery charging; and a terminal including a battery gauging section for gauging charged capacity inputted from the battery pack, and a microprocessor for outputting the BCE signal to the switching means, and displaying the gauged value to the display section.

[0022] Preferably, the battery pack includes a charging/discharging controller for controlling charging and discharging of the battery and protecting an internal circuit by controlling switch on/off of the first switching means so as to control supply of the DC voltage inputted from the charger to the battery; and temperature detection means connected to a ground terminal of the battery for detecting temperature of the battery, and converting the temperature value to an electric signal for output of the same.

[0023] Preferably, the terminal includes a system electric power section for receiving an output voltage of the battery pack from the terminal, and supplying a power to constitutional elements inside thereof, and outputting a voltage for battery gauging to the battery gauging section.

[0024] Preferably, the first and the second switching means are field effect transistors (FET).

[0025] More preferably, the second switching means is positioned between the first switching means and positive terminal of the battery.

[0026] According to the present invention constructed above, the charged capacity of a battery can be exactly read and displayed on the terminal even during the battery charging.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0027] The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0028]FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating the conventional battery gauging device in a mobile telecommunication terminal during a battery charging;

[0029]FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a battery gauging device in a mobile telecommunication terminal during a battery charging according to the present invention; and

[0030]FIG. 3 is a timing chart illustrating a timing of a BCE signal for controlling the second transistor of the battery gauging device in a mobile telecommunication terminal according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0031] A preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described herein below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the following description, well-known functions or constructions are not described in detail since they would obscure the invention in unnecessary detail.

[0032]FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a battery gauging device in a mobile telecommunication terminal during a battery charging according to the present invention. Referring to FIG. 2, the battery gauging device during a battery charging according to the present invention comprises: a charger 201 for converting an AC voltage to a DC voltage for output of the converted voltage; a battery 202 a for charging an electric charge; a charging/discharging controller 202 b for controlling charging and discharging of the battery 202 a, and protecting a circuit; a battery pack 202 including a first transistor 201 for switching on/off the DC voltage inputted from the charger 201 to the battery 202 a under a control by the charging/discharging controller 202 b, and a second transistor 202 e for temporarily interrupting the DC voltage inputted to the battery 202 a so as to measure voltage of the battery 202 a by means of a BCE signal; and a terminal 203 for generating the BCE signal for controlling the second transistor 202 e, and displaying the charged capacity of the battery by measuring an output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202.

[0033] Preferably, the terminal 203 includes a system electric power section 203 a for supplying a power to the system by receiving the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202, a battery gauging section 203 b for converting the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202 to a digital signal, and an MSM 203 c as a microprocessor for displaying the charged capacity of the battery on the display section 203 d by receiving the digital signal from the battery gauging section 203 b.

[0034] A thermistor 202 d is connected to a ground terminal GND of the battery 202 a, which converts the temperature of the battery 202 a to an electric signal, to control charging and discharging of the battery 202 a in accordance with the temperature. The charger 201 detects a voltage TH of the thermistor 202 d, and checks the temperature of the battery 202 a to control the charging and discharging of the battery 202 in accordance with the temperature.

[0035] Preferably, the embodiment of the present invention uses an FET as switching means, which has a fast switching velocity and a superior resistance to noise.

[0036] The following is a detailed description of an operation of the battery gauging device during a battery charging in a mobile telecommunication terminal according to the present invention.

[0037] The charger 201 converts an inputted AC voltage to a DC voltage of a level required for charging, and outputs the converted voltage to the battery pack 202. The battery pack 202 receives the DC voltage so as to be charged in the battery 202 provided inside thereof.

[0038] The charging process is as follows. The DC voltage inputted to the battery pack 202 is charged to the battery 202 a through the first transistor 202 c and the second transistor 202 e connected thereto, and through a loop provided for the battery 202 a.

[0039] At this stage, the charging/discharging controller 202 b detects the charged voltage of the battery 202 a by being connected to the positive terminal + and the negative terminal −, and switches off the first transistor 202 c if the charged voltage reaches a certain value. When the first transistor 202 c is switched off, the DC voltage is not supplied to the battery 202 a, thereby impeding the charging operation.

[0040] Here, the charging/discharging controller 202 b plays a role of protecting the circuit such as preventing an excessive charging of the battery 202 a above a certain voltage level and an excessive discharging of the battery 202 a below a certain voltage as well as an excessive current caused by a short and a charging above a certain temperature.

[0041] Meanwhile, the DC voltage inputted from the charger 201 to the battery pack 202 is charged to the battery 202 a, and becomes an output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202 so as to be inputted to the terminal 203.

[0042] The terminal 203 is supplied an electric power at the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202 during the charging. The MSM 203 c inside of the terminal 203 detects the electric power supply, and transmits a switch-on signal to the system electric power section 203 a.

[0043] The system electric power section 203 a then receives the inputted output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202, and supplies a necessary electric power to the terminal 203.

[0044] At this stage, the terminal 203 can measure the battery voltage by measuring the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 203. Here, the measured voltage is not the charged voltage of the battery 202 a but the DC voltage inputted to the battery pack 202.

[0045] To be specific, the charged voltage of the battery 202 a during the charging is not inputted to the terminal 203. Instead, the DC voltage inputted to the battery pack 202 is inputted to the terminal 203. Therefore, the actually charged voltage of the battery 202 a cannot be measured by measuring the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202.

[0046] Therefore, the charged voltage of the battery 202 a is inputted to the terminal 203 as the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202 by interrupting the DC voltage charging the battery 202 a, and discharging the charged voltage of the battery 202 a.

[0047] For that purpose, the MSM 203 c regularly outputs the BCE signal to the battery pack 202 so as to control the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202.

[0048] The BCE signal inputted to the battery pack 202 is inputted to a gate terminal of the second transistor 202 e to control switch on/off of the second transistor 202 e, thereby regularly interrupting the DC voltage inputted to the battery 202 a from the charger 201.

[0049] To be specific, when the BCE signal inputted to the battery pack 202 is in a Low state, the second transistor 202 e is switched on. As a consequence, the DC voltage inputted from the charger 202 is supplied to the battery 202 a to charge the battery 202 a, and outputted as the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202.

[0050] When the BCE signal is in a High state, the second transistor 202 e is switched off. As a consequence, the DC voltage is temporarily interrupted, and the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202 becomes a charged capacity of the battery 202 a caused by a discharge of the battery 202 a.

[0051] Preferably, the BCE signal is a signal having a cycle, in which the time for discharging and gauging the battery 202 a is shorter than the time for charging the battery 202 a for an effective charge of the battery 202 a, as shown in FIG. 3.

[0052] As described above, the DC voltage inputted from the charger 201 becomes the output voltage BAT+ of the battery pack 202 if the MSM 203 c outputs the BCE in a Low state. By contrast, if the MSM 203 c outputs the BCE in a High state, the DC voltage is interrupted by the second transistor 202 e, and the discharged voltage of the battery 202 a becomes the output voltage BAT+.

[0053] The battery gauging section 203 b receives the voltage BAT+ inputted to the terminal 203 when the BCE signal is in a High state under a control by the MSM 203 c, and converts the corresponding voltage level to a digital signal for output to the MSM 203 c.

[0054] Then, the MSM 203 c exactly displays the currently charged capacity of the battery 202 a on the display section 203 d in accordance with the digital signal inputted from the battery gauging section 203 b.

[0055] Thus, the charged capacity of a battery can be exactly displayed even in the course of the battery charging by temporarily interrupting the voltage applied to the battery 202 a from the charger 201 and discharging the battery 202 a as well as by measuring the current voltage of the battery 202 a.

[0056] The following is a detailed description of a gauging operation of a mobile telecommunication terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0057] The gauging operation of the battery 202 a, which is performed under the power-on state of the terminal 203, can be classified into two: the gauging operation during the battery charging under connection of the battery 202 a to the charger 201; and the gauging operation during an operation of the terminal 203 performed by the battery pack 202 under disconnection of the battery 202 a from the charger 201.

[0058] The gauging operation during the battery charging under connection of the battery 202 a to the charger 201 will be explained first. The charged capacity of the battery 202 a is discharged due to non-appliance of the charged voltage from the charging/discharging controller 202 b to the battery pack 202 despite the connection of the battery pack 202 to the charger 201. Thus, the discharged capacity of the battery 202 a is inputted to the terminal 203 as the output voltage BAT+.

[0059] In this process, the battery gauging section 203 b gauges the battery voltage, and transfers the gauged level to the MSM 203 c in a digital signal. The MSM 203 c then displays the charged state of the battery 202 a on the display section 203 d.

[0060] The gauging operation during the battery charging under disconnection of the battery 202 a from the charger 201 will now be explained.

[0061] The MSM 203 c switches off the second transistor 202 e with the BCE signal in a High state for the period of time required for gauging the battery 202 a. As a consequence, the charged voltage of the battery 202 a is discharged, and the discharged voltage is detected by the system electric power section 202 a of the terminal 203 connected to the positive terminal + of the battery 202 a. The battery gauging section 202 b then gauges the detected voltage.

[0062] At this stage, the battery gauging section 203 b converts the gauged voltage of the battery to a digital signal, and outputs the converted digital signal to the MSM 203 c. The MSM 203 c then displays a level value corresponding to the digital signal on the display section 203 c.

[0063] Although the embodiment of the present invention exemplified a mobile telecommunication terminal, the present invention is also applicable to diverse kinds of portable terminals using chargable batteries.

[0064] As described above, the battery gauging device according to the present invention is capable of exactly displaying the charged capacity of a battery even during the battery charging by temporarily interrupting the voltage applied to a battery pack from the charger for charging, discharging the battery, and by measuring the output voltage of the battery pack during the discharging.

[0065] While the invention has been shown and described with reference to a certain preferred embodiment thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7791316 *Jul 22, 2004Sep 7, 2010Pine Valley Investments, Inc.Battery with isolated charging circuit for LMR portable radio applications
US8271303Feb 19, 2010Sep 18, 2012Hartford Fire Insurance CompanySystem for reducing the risk associated with an insured building structure through the incorporation of selected technologies
US8676612Sep 14, 2012Mar 18, 2014Hartford Fire Insurance CompanySystem for adjusting insurance for a building structure through the incorporation of selected technologies
Classifications
U.S. Classification320/132
International ClassificationH02J7/00
Cooperative ClassificationH02J7/0047
European ClassificationH02J7/00F
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 15, 2013FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
Jul 8, 2009FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Jul 13, 2005FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Dec 15, 2000ASAssignment
Owner name: LG ELECTRONICS, INC., KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE S R
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PARK, WOO SEOG;REEL/FRAME:011376/0841
Effective date: 20001205
Owner name: LG ELECTRONICS, INC. 20, YOIDO-DONG, YOUNGDUNGPO-G