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Publication numberUS20010010217 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/808,346
Publication dateAug 2, 2001
Filing dateMar 15, 2001
Priority dateOct 13, 1998
Also published asEP0994249A2, EP0994249A3, US6227169
Publication number09808346, 808346, US 2001/0010217 A1, US 2001/010217 A1, US 20010010217 A1, US 20010010217A1, US 2001010217 A1, US 2001010217A1, US-A1-20010010217, US-A1-2001010217, US2001/0010217A1, US2001/010217A1, US20010010217 A1, US20010010217A1, US2001010217 A1, US2001010217A1
InventorsYasuyuki Sato, Tokio Kohama, Kimitaka Saito
Original AssigneeNippon Soken, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fuel supply system for internal combustion engines having fuel leakage restricting structure
US 20010010217 A1
Abstract
A delivery pipe of a fuel supply system for injectors mounted on a cylinder head is divided for each injector or a group of injectors. Divided pipe parts are coupled with each other through a flexible member to allow flexing of the delivery pipe. Each injector is connected with the delivery pipe through a flexible coupling member and with the cylinder head through a flexible cushioning member. Alternatively, a fuel passage is formed in the cylinder head in place of the delivery pipe to supply fuel to the injectors after heating in the cylinder head.
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Claims(10)
What is claimed is:
1. A fuel supply system for an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, the fuel supply system comprising:
injectors mounted on the engine for injecting fuel into the engine; and
a delivery pipe coupled with the injectors for supplying the fuel to the injectors, the delivery pipe including a plurality of pipe parts and a flexible connecting part connecting adjacent two of the pipe parts and having a substantially same fuel passage diameter as that of the pipe parts, and the connecting part being flexible to allow flexing of the pipe parts.
2. A fuel supply system of
claim 1
, wherein the injectors are mounted on a cylinder head of the engine for injecting the fuel into cylinders directly, and the flexible connecting part includes a sealing member made of a flexible material and disposed between longitudinally extending ends of the pipe parts.
3. A fuel supply system for an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, the fuel supply system comprising:
an injector mounted on the engine for injecting fuel into each cylinder of the engine;
a delivery pipe coupled with the injector for supplying the fuel to the injector; and
a flexible connecting part fitted between the delivery pipe and the injector, the connecting part being coupled flexibly with both of the delivery pipe and the injector.
4. A fuel supply system of
claim 3
, wherein the connecting part includes a cylindrical flexible coupling member fitted around an extension of the delivery pipe and the injector and a plurality of flexible sealing members, one of the sealing members being disposed between the extension of the delivery pipe and the coupling member and another of the sealing members being disposed between the injector and the coupling member.
5. A fuel supply system of
claim 3
, further comprising:
a cushioning member made of a flexible sealing material and disposed between a cylinder head of the engine and the injector.
6. A fuel supply system for an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, the fuel supply system comprising:
an injector mounted on the engine for injecting fuel into each cylinder of the engine;
a delivery pipe coupled with the injector for supplying the fuel to the injector; and
a cushioning member made of a flexible sealing material and disposed between the injector and a cylinder head of the engine to couple the injector with the cylinder head flexibly.
7. A fuel supply system of
claim 6
, further comprising:
a flexible connecting part fitted between the delivery pipe and the injector, the connecting part being coupled flexibly with both of the delivery pipe and the injector.
8. A fuel supply system for an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, the fuel supply system comprising:
an injector mounted on a cylinder head of the engine for injecting fuel into each cylinder of the engine directly; and
a fuel passage formed in the cylinder head for heating the fuel therein and supplying the heated fuel to the injector of each cylinder.
9. A fuel supply system of
claim 8
, further comprising:
a flexible sealing member disposed between the cylinder head and the injector,
wherein the fuel passage is formed to be in direct fluid communication with the injector within the cylinder head.
10. A fuel supply system of
claim 8
, further comprising:
a connecting pipe disposed outside of the cylinder head and connected to the injector and the fuel passage for supplying the heated fuel from the fuel passage to the injector.
Description
    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • [0001]
    This application relates to and incorporates herein by reference Japanese patent application No. 10-290824 filed on Oct. 13, 1998.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0003]
    The present invention relates to a fuel supply system for internal combustion engines which has an improved fuel leakage restricting structure.
  • [0004]
    2. Related Art
  • [0005]
    A cylinder direct injection type is proposed as an automotive vehicle gasoline internal combustion engine as shown in FIG. 6A to improve engine efficiency for environmental protection. In this system, a fuel delivery pipe 1 is connected to a high pressure fuel pump (not shown) via a fuel pipe 2. A fuel injector 4 for each cylinder is mounted on an engine cylinder head 5 so that fuel is directly injected into a combustion chamber. The injector 4 is coupled with the delivery pipe 1 via a rubber sealing member such as an O-ring 3. A high pressure fuel injection is attained by the injector 4 to improve fuel spray atomization. It is important to ensure sealing property in the fuel supply system.
  • [0006]
    The rubber sealing member 3 fitted between the delivery pipe 1 and the injector 4 tends to change its sealing characteristics largely depending on changes in surrounding temperature. Further, the delivery pipe 1 bows in response to the high fuel pressure by an amount of flexing δ as shown in FIG. 6(B). As a result, use of the rubber sealing member 3 is limited by surrounding conditions (fuel pressure, temperature, etc.).
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    It is an object of the present invention to restrict fuel from leaking through a sealing part in a fuel supply system for internal combustion engines.
  • [0008]
    According to a first aspect of the present invention, a delivery pipe is divided into a plurality parts and adjacent two of the pipe parts of the delivery pipe are coupled with each other at a connecting part having a substantially the same fuel passage diameter as that of the delivery pipe. A flexible sealing member is disposed in the connecting part.
  • [0009]
    According to a second aspect of the present invention, a coupling member is provided between a delivery pipe and an injector so that the coupling member is coupled flexibly with both of the delivery pipe and the injectors.
  • [0010]
    According to a third aspect of the present invention, a cushioning member having a sealing property is inserted between an injector and a cylinder head to couple the injector with the cylinder head flexibly.
  • [0011]
    According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, a fuel passage communicated with a high pressure pump is formed in a cylinder head to supply fuel heated by the cylinder head to an injector.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0012]
    The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description made with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 1A is a cross sectional view showing a fuel supply system directed to a four-cylinder engine according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 1B is a cross sectional view showing schematically the deformation of a delivery pipe in the first embodiment;
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 2 is a cross sectional view showing a fuel supply system directed to a six-cylinder engine according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 3A is a cross sectional view showing a fuel supply system according to a third embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 3B is a cross sectional view showing schematically the deformation of a delivery pipe in the third embodiment;
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view showing a fuel supply system according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view showing a fuel supply system according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 6A is a cross sectional view showing a conventional fuel supply system directed to a four-cylinder engine; and
  • [0021]
    [0021]FIG. 6B is a cross sectional view showing schematically the deformation of a delivery pipe in the conventional fuel supply system.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0022]
    The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to various embodiments in which the same or similar parts are designated by the same or similar reference numerals.
  • (First Embodiment)
  • [0023]
    In the first embodiment directed to a four-cylinder internal combustion engine, as shown in FIG. 1A, a delivery pipe 1 connected to a high pressure pump (not shown) via a fuel pipe 2 is divided into two parts, a part 11 and a part 12. The delivery pipe 1 may be divided into more than two. The parts 11 and 12 are coupled with each other to provide a connecting part therebetween which has the same diameter. A sealing member 6 such as an O-ring made of rubber is interposed between longitudinal ends of the parts 11 and 12, so that the connecting part between the parts 11 and 12 has a flexibility. A fuel injector 4 is coupled with the delivery pipe 1 via a sealing member 3 such as an O-ring made of rubber and mounted on a cylinder head 5 for directly injecting fuel into an engine combustion chamber.
  • [0024]
    Thus, as shown in FIG. 1B, the deformation in flexing due to bowing of the delivery pipe 1 is absorbed at the part including the sealing member 6. Therefore, the amount of deformation δ is reduced as opposed to the flexing of the single delivery pipe 1 (e.g., FIG. 6A).
  • (Second Embodiment)
  • [0025]
    In the second embodiment directed to a six-cylinder engine, as shown in FIG. 2, the delivery pipe 1 is divided into three, parts 11, 12 and 13. The sealing member 6 is fitted in each connecting part defined by the longitudinal ends 11 a, 12 a and 13 a. It is also possible to divide it at every cylinder to absorb the deformation more and reduce the lessening of the sealing property to a minimum.
  • (Third Embodiment)
  • [0026]
    In the third embodiment, the delivery pipe 1 is in a single pipe form for all the cylinders and has a plurality of extensions 1 a extending perpendicularly. As shown in FIG. 3A, a coupling member 7 shaped in a generally cylindrical form is fitted around a connecting part between the injector 4 and the delivery pipe 1, and two sealing members 3 are inserted to provide two flexible sealing parts, one between the extension of the delivery pipe 1 and the injector 4 and the other between the coupling member 7 and the injector 4.
  • [0027]
    Because the connecting part between the delivery pipe 1 and the injector 4 are thus coupled flexibly with both of the delivery pipe 1 and the injector 4, the deformation of the delivery pipe 1 can be distributed to a part between the coupling member 7 and the delivery pipe 1 and to a part between the connecting part 7 and the injector 4 as shown in FIG. 3B. Thus, the deformation of the delivery pipe 1 can be absorbed. As a result, fuel is restricted from leaking through the connecting part, and the sealing property can be restricted from being lessened.
  • [0028]
    Further, in the third embodiment, a cushioning member 8 having a sealing property is fitted between the injector 4 and the cylinder head 5 and is coupled flexibly. As a result, the flexing of the delivery pipe 1 can be absorbed by the cushioning member 8, and the fuel is restricted from leaking through the fuel sealing part.
  • (Fourth Embodiment)
  • [0029]
    In the fourth embodiment, as shown in FIG. 4, no delivery pipe is provided. Instead, a fuel passage 9 communicated with the fuel pipe 2 is provided to extend in the longitudinal direction in the cylinder head 5, that is, in the direction in which the combustion chambers are arranged. A communication passage leading from the fuel passage 9 to the injector 4 is also provided in the cylinder head 5. Two cushioning members 8 are fitted between the injector 4 and the cylinder head 5.
  • (Fifth Embodiment)
  • [0030]
    In the fifth embodiment, as shown in FIG. 5, a connecting pipe 10 is positioned adjacent to the outside of the cylinder head 5 to lead fuel from the fuel passage 9 to the injector 4. The sealing member 3 is fitted between the injector 3 and the connecting pipe 10, and the cushioning member 8 having the sealing property is fitted between the injector 4 and the cylinder head 5.
  • [0031]
    In the fourth embodiment and the fifth embodiment, both of the injector 4 and the fuel passage 9 are provided in the same cylinder head 5 which has a sufficient rigidity. As a result, the fuel passage 9 does not flex and the thermal expansion of the cylinder head 5 does not influence on the fuel passage 9. Thus, fuel leakage due to flexing of fuel passage can be obviated.
  • [0032]
    Further, the fuel is supplied to the injector 4 from the fuel passage 9 provided in the cylinder head 5. The fuel is heated by the cylinder head 5 and then supplied to the injector 4. As a result, the flexibility of sealing member 3 and the cushioning member 8 which have a remarkably lessened sealing property due to hardening under an extremely low temperature condition can be recovered quickly. This is very advantageous in preventing the fuel from leaking through the fuel sealing part.
  • [0033]
    In addition, the fuel atomization is improved and a low temperature engine starting ability is improved greatly, because the fuel is heated by the cylinder head quickly.
  • [0034]
    The present invention having been described above should not be limited to the disclosed embodiments, but may be modified in other ways without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7712452Jun 1, 2007May 11, 2010Lycoming Engines, A Division Of Avco CorporationFuel delivery system for an aircraft engine
US7802560Apr 17, 2008Sep 28, 2010Lycoming Engines, A Division Of Avco CorporationFuel injector mounting assembly for an aircraft engine fuel delivery system
US9038603Oct 25, 2012May 26, 2015Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaFastening structure of fuel delivery pipe and cylinder head of internal combustion engine
US20080295804 *Jun 1, 2007Dec 4, 2008Lycoming Engines, A Division Of Avco CorporationFuel delivery system for an aircraft engine
US20090031992 *Apr 17, 2008Feb 5, 2009Lycoming Engines, A Division Of Avco CorporationFuel injector mounting assembly for an aircraft engine fuel delivery system
US20110265766 *Nov 3, 2011Aisan Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaFuel delivery pipe
WO2008134160A1 *Mar 26, 2008Nov 6, 2008Lycoming Engines A Division OfModular fuel delivery assembly for an aircraft engine
Classifications
U.S. Classification123/456, 123/468, 123/470
International ClassificationF02M61/14, F02M69/46, F02B75/12, F02M55/00, F02M55/02
Cooperative ClassificationF02M2200/16, F02M2200/856, F02B2075/125, F02M69/465, Y02T10/123, F02M61/14
European ClassificationF02M61/14, F02M69/46B2