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Publication numberUS20010010917 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/825,826
Publication dateAug 2, 2001
Filing dateApr 4, 2001
Priority dateJun 12, 1998
Also published asCA2334891A1, DE19826153A1, DE19826153C2, EP1096998A1, EP1096998B1, US6383802, US6440724, WO1999064157A1
Publication number09825826, 825826, US 2001/0010917 A1, US 2001/010917 A1, US 20010010917 A1, US 20010010917A1, US 2001010917 A1, US 2001010917A1, US-A1-20010010917, US-A1-2001010917, US2001/0010917A1, US2001/010917A1, US20010010917 A1, US20010010917A1, US2001010917 A1, US2001010917A1
InventorsWolf Bertling
Original AssigneeWolf Bertling
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and device for preparing samples for detecting a nucleotide sequence
US 20010010917 A1
Abstract
A method for preparing samples for detecting a nucleotide sequence by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) according to which a) an analysis solution is filled into at least one cavity (2) provided for in a support (1); b) a lid (3) configured complementary to the shape of the cavity (2) is placed onto the support (1) in such a way that the analysis solution is pushed at least partly into a gap (S) formed between the cavity (2) and the lid (3); and c) the gap (S) is sealed by means of at least one seal (5, 12) provided for near an opening in the cavity (2).
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Claims(13)
What is claimed is:
1. A method for preparing samples for detecting a nucleotide sequence by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) where the sample is contacted with the analysis solution, comprising the steps of:
a) providing a support (1) defining at least one cavity, and filling an analysis solution into said at least one cavity (2),
b) placing a lid (3), which is configured complementary to a shape of the cavity (2), onto the support (1) such that at least some of the analysis solution is displaced into a gap (G) formed between the cavity (2) and the lid (3), a third primer being bound to an internal face (I) of the lid (3), which extends into the cavity (2),
c) sealing the gap (G) by means of at least one seal (5, 12) provided near an opening of the cavity (2) and
d) shifting the nucleotide sequence toward the third primer under the influence of an electrical field and binding the nucleotide sequence to the third primer.
2. The method according to
claim 1
, wherein the analysis solution has a first primer added to it.
3. The method according to
claim 2
, wherein the analysis solution has a second primer added to it.
4. The method according to
claim 1
, wherein the third primer is bound to the internal face (I) of the lid (3) extending into the cavity (2), with its 5′-terminal end.
5. The method according to
claim 4
, wherein the nucleotide sequence which may be present in the sample is bound to the third primer
6. The method according to
claim 5
, wherein, after amplification cycles have been concluded, amplified nucleic acid is accumulated on the internal face (I) by binding to the third primer.
7. The method according to
claim 6
, wherein accumulation is carried out by applying an electrical field.
8. The method according to
claim 8
, wherein at least one of the analysis solution and one of the primers are examined for their fluorescence properties.
9. The method according to
claim 8
, wherein, upon binding of the nucleotide sequence to be detected to one of the primers, a change in fluorogenic properties of the substances present in the analysis solution takes place.
10. The method according to
claim 8
, wherein, upon binding of the nucleotide sequence to be detected to one of the primers, a spatial relationship between two fluorophoric groups is altered such that a fluorescence reaction can be generated, altered or quenched.
11. The method according to
claim 1
, comprising the further step of cyclically heating and cooling the analysis solution.
12. The method according to
claim 11
, wherein heating is effected by means of at least one of light, a resistance heating or by passing a gas or a fluid around the cavity (2).
13. The method according to
claim 11
, wherein cooling is effected by passing a gas or a fluid around the cavity or by means of a Peltier element.
Description
  • [0001]
    The invention relates to a method for preparing samples for detecting a nucleotide sequence by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It furthermore relates to a device in accordance with the preamble of claim 14.
  • [0002]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,455,175 discloses a so-called thermocycler with which a plurality of liquid biological samples can be exposed repeatedly to a pre-set temperature profile in order to carry out the PCR. To shorten the time required for the temperature treatment, a small volume of each of the biological samples is taken up in a thin-walled glass capillary. To this end, each of the individual samples must be filled into the capillary and then sealed in. This is time-consuming.
  • [0003]
    DE 33 36 738 A1 discloses a titer plate in accordance with the preamble of claim 14. The lid of the known titer plate can only be removed from the support with the expenditure of considerable force. A sample taken up in the known device is difficult to heat externally; the device is unsuitable for carrying out the PCR.
  • [0004]
    Object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art. In particular, it is intended to provide a method and a device with which the time required for preparing the samples for PCR is reduced. A further aim of the invention is a simplified and improved, in particular real-time, detection and an increase in sensitivity.
  • [0005]
    This object is achieved by the features of claims 1 and 14. Expedient embodiments can be seen from the features of claims 2 to 13 and 15 to 43.
  • [0006]
    In accordance with the invention, there is provided a method for preparing samples for detecting a nucleotide sequence by means of polymerase chain reaction, where
  • [0007]
    a) an analysis solution is filled into at least one cavity provided on a support,
  • [0008]
    b) a lid configured complementary to the shape of the cavity is placed onto the support in such a way that at least some of the analysis solution is displaced into a gap formed between the cavity and the lid and
  • [0009]
    c) the gap is sealed by means of at least one seal provided near an opening of the cavity.
  • [0010]
    The proposed process considerably shortens the time for sample preparation. The procedure of sealing the sample solution into a capillary is dispensed with.
  • [0011]
    The analysis solution can have added to it a first and/or a second primer. It is regarded as particularly advantageous to have a third primer, preferably with its 5′-terminal end, bound to the internal face of the lid which extends into the cavity. In this manner, it is possible to bind, to the third primer, a nucleotide sequence which may be present in a sample. This can be achieved in a particularly simple fashion by immersing the internal face of the lid into the sample. After the amplification cycles have been concluded, it is furthermore possible to accumulate the amplified nucleic acid on the internal face by binding it to the third primer. The accumulation is expediently carried out by applying an electrical field. The nucleotide sequence is shifted toward the third primer under the influence of an electrical field.
  • [0012]
    To detect the presence of the nucleotide sequence of interest, it is expedient to examine the analysis solution and/or one of the primers for their fluorescence properties. Upon binding of the nucleotide sequence to be detected to one of the primers, a change in the fluorogenic properties of the substances present in the analysis solution may take place. Upon binding of the nucleotide sequence to be detected to one of the primers, a spatial relationship between two fluorophoric groups is preferably alterable in such a way that a fluorescence reaction can be generated, altered or quenched.
  • [0013]
    In a further embodiment, the analysis solution is heated and cooled cyclically. A typical temperature cycle consists of a first heating of the analysis solution to 90 to 92 C., a cooling to 50 to 55 C. and a second heating to 72 to 75 C. During the first heating, denaturation takes place, during the cooling, renaturation, and during the second heating the synthesis of the nucleotide sequence. The abovementioned cycle is repeated approximately 30 times.
  • [0014]
    Heating can be effected by means of light, preferably infra-red radiation, resistance heating or by passing of gas or a fluid around the cavity. Rapid cooling is effected expediently by passing a gas, for example air, or a fluid around the cavity, or by means of a Peltier element.
  • [0015]
    Furthermore provided in accordance with the invention is a device for detecting a nucleotide sequence which may be present in a sample by means of polymerase chain reaction, where the cavity has a surrounding lateral wall which widends conically toward the opening and the gap has a width of not more than 1 mm.
  • [0016]
    The proposed device allows time-saving sample preparation. By using it, the time required for carrying out a PCR can be reduced considerably. The lid can be lifted without great expenditure of force after the PCR has been carried out.
  • [0017]
    It is advantageous to provide a facility for cyclically heating and cooling the analysis solution. Moreover, a facility for examining the fluorescence properties of the analysis solution and/or one of the primers may be provided.
  • [0018]
    The support can be made of a translucent material, preferably of glass or plastic. The cavity is expediently designed to have planar sections; preferably, it has a flat bottom. On the support and/or on the internal face of the lid, a further seal may be provided at sections located between the cavities or on projections arranged on the internal face of the lid. Like the seal, the further seal can be made of, for example, rubber, silicone, teflon or other suitable materials.
  • [0019]
    It is considered to be especially advantageous for the support to have 96 cavities and for the lid 96 projections which are complementary to the shape of the cavities. Thus, for example the support can have approximately the dimension of a conventional 96-well microtiter plate. Naturally, the support may also have a fraction or a multiple of the abovementioned number of cavities.
  • [0020]
    In accordance with a further embodiment, the lid can be made of an electricroconductive material, preferably a plastic. The support can exhibit an electrode, preferably an electrode made of platinum, so that an electrical field can be applied between the lid and the support, by which nucleotide sequence present in the analysis solution can be shifted to the internal face and accumulated by field-inversion cycles.
  • [0021]
    The plastic can comprise a polycarbonate, a trimenthylthiophene, triaminobenzene and/or a polycarbene, and at least sections of the internal face of the lid can be provided with a substance which binds biomolecules. Binding of the nucleotide sequence to the plastic can be mediated here by streptavidin or avidin.
  • [0022]
    The analysis solution advantageously has a first and/or second primer added to it. It is considered as especially advantageous for a third primer to be bound to the internal face of the lid facing the cavity, preferably with a 5′-terminal end. This allows the amplified nucleotide sequence to be removed from the analysis solution.
  • [0023]
    In accordance with a further embodiment, a means for exciting fluorescence between the bottom and the internal face of the lid is provided. It is possible that the radiation originating from the excitation means can be focused toward the internal face of the lid. This is advantageous in particular when the nucleotide sequence is bound to the internal face via the third primer. The means for exciting fluorescence is expediently generated by a laser diode. Thus, it takes the form in this instance of laser light. Excitation of the support bottom can also be achieved by a so-called gally-mode laser (Science 1998, 280, p 1501, 1544 ff.) in a pre-set manner, either simultaneously or successively.
  • [0024]
    There may furthermore be provided a facility for detecting the fluorescence, a facility for evaluating the fluorescence observed, and a facility for shifting the support relative to the means for exciting the fluorescence and/or to the detection facility. Moreover, there may be provided a facet-eye-like means for separately exciting and/or detecting the fluorescence between each bottom and the internal face of the corresponding lid. This saves yet more analysis time.
  • [0025]
    Expediently, at least sections of the lid and/or the support are black so that heat radiated at them is absorbed in an efficient manner. In particular, they are composed of a highly thermoconducting material.
  • [0026]
    There may furthermore be provided a facility for cyclically heating and cooling the analysis solution, it being advantageous to provide, for heating, a means for generating light, preferably infra-red radiation, a resistance heating or a means for passing a gas or a fluid around the cavity. It is furthermore expedient to provide a means for cooling, the cooling preferably being achieved by passing a gas or a fluid around the cavity, or by means of a Peltier element.
  • [0027]
    To improve the thermoconductivity while simultaneously having good transparency properties, the support can have a bottom made of glass. The seal is expediently formed by a recess surrounding the lateral wall, which is preferably made of plastic, and a surrounding reinforcement which is provided at the projection so that it complements the recess and which can lock positively into the recess. The seal is expediently self-sealing when the pressure in the cavity rises, for example owing to an increase in temperature, by pressing the reinforcement against the recess. The lid can be put on or taken off in a particularly simple fashion by gently bending it, owing to a high flexibility of the sections between the projections.
  • [0028]
    Finally, there is claimed a kit for carrying out the method according to the invention, with
  • [0029]
    a) a support with at least one cavity and
  • [0030]
    b) a lid configured complementary to the cavity which can be placed onto the support in such a way that at least some of the analysis solution taken up by the cavity can be displaced into a gap formed between the cavity and the lid and
  • [0031]
    c) an analysis solution comprising at least one first primer.
  • [0032]
    The analysis solution can comprise a second primer. A third primer can be bound to an internal face of the lid facing the cavity, preferably with its 5′-terminal end.
  • [0033]
    Use examples of the invention are illustrated in greater detail hereinbelow with reference to the drawing.
  • [0034]
    [0034]FIG. 1 shows a schematic cross-sectional view through a first device,
  • [0035]
    [0035]FIG. 2 the device of FIG. 1 upon excitation and detection,
  • [0036]
    [0036]FIG. 3 a schematic cross-sectional view of a second device upon excitation and detection,
  • [0037]
    [0037]FIG. 3a a schematic cross-sectional view of the device of FIG. 3,
  • [0038]
    [0038]FIG. 4 a schematic partial cross-sectional view of a third device,
  • [0039]
    [0039]FIG. 5 a schematic cross-sectional view of a seal and
  • [0040]
    [0040]FIG. 6 the cross-sectional view of FIG. 5 in the unlocked state.
  • [0041]
    In FIG. 1, a support 1 has several cavities 2. A lid 3 is provided on its internal face I with a plurality of projections 4. The projections 4 have a shape which is complementary to the cavity 2. Between a bottom B of the cavity 2 and the opposite projection 4 which runs in parallel a gap G is formed. The cavity 2 is furthermore delimited by a surrounding lateral wall LW which opens out conically from the bottom B to the opening of the cavity 2. The gap G formed between the projection 4 and the cavity 2 has a width of not more than 1 mm. A seal 5 is provided in the vicinity of the opening of the cavity 2. 6 denotes an electrode integrally molded into the lid 3. The support 1 can have a counterelectrode (not shown here).
  • [0042]
    [0042]FIG. 2 shows the device of FIG. 1 upon excitation and detection. 7 schematically designates an optical facility for exciting the analysis solution taken up by the gap G. It takes the form of a facet-eye-like means by means of which a plurality or all of the cavities 2 can simultaneously receive, for example, laser light. The optical facility 7 is focused at the internal face I, of the lid 3, which is arranged opposite of the bottom B. 8 designates a fluorometer. The fluorometer 8, too, can be provided with a faceteye-like means so that the fluorescence emanating from a plurality or all of the cavities 2 can be detected. An infra-red radiation source 9 and a fan 10 are located opposite the support 1.
  • [0043]
    [0043]FIGS. 3 and 3a show a schematic cross-section through a second device. Here, the infra-red radiation source 9 is arranged opposite the lid 3. The lid 3 is made of a black, highly thermoconductive material, for example a glass or metal. For better absorption, the external face A of the lid 3, which is opposite the internal face I, is coated with a black paint. The first seal 5 is designed as a self-sealing locking connection. A second seal 12 in the vicinity of the edge of the opening of the cavity 2 is composed of rubber or elastomer. It is provided between the internal face I of the lid 3 and an upper face U of the support 1. When the lid 3 is shut, an analysis solution taken up by the cavity 2 is displaced into a gap segment GS located between the lateral wall LW and a facing curved surface CS of the projection 4.
  • [0044]
    In FIG. 4, too, the support 1 is configured complementary to the lid 3. Again, it is made of a highly thermoconductive material. The bottom B is made of a transparent material, for example a glass window 11.
  • [0045]
    [0045]FIG. 5 shows a schematic partial cross-sectional view through the first seal 5. Here, a surrounding reinforcement 13 provided at the curved surface CS of the projection 4 engages, in the closed state, positively and nonpositively into a surrounding recess 14 provided at the lateral wall LW. FIG. 6 shows the first seal 5 in the as yet nonpositively locked state.
  • [0046]
    The device has the following function:
  • [0047]
    To prepare the samples, analysis solution is pipetted into the cavity 2 of the support 1. Pipetting can be carried out for example with the aid of an automatic pipette. The analysis solution preferably takes the shape of a so-called master mix in which all the agents required for carrying out the PCR are present. In particular, a first and a second primer are present in the analysis solution. A third primer is bound to the internal face I of the lid 3 in the region of the projections 4. The nucleotide sequence to be detected is bound to the third primer. Binding can take place for example by previously dipping the lid 3 into a sample solution in which the nucleotide sequence to be detected is present.
  • [0048]
    To prepare the samples, the lid 3 now only needs to be placed onto the support 1 in such a way that the projections 4 are immersed into the complementary cavities 2. During this process, the third primer with the nucleotide sequence bound to it comes into contact with the analysis solution. The lid 3 is closed with the support 1 so that a seal is formed, for example by the reinforcements 13 provided at the projections 4 locking into the complementary recesses 14 of the cavities 2. In this state, some of the analysis solution is displaced into the gap G.
  • [0049]
    Then, in particular the gap G formed between the internal face I and the bottom B is subjected to the temperature treatment required for carrying out the PCR. Thereupon, or else between each temperature cycle, the region located between internal face I and bottom B of each cavity 2 is excited by means of the optical facility 7 and then tested for fluorescence using the fluorometer 8. A change in fluorescence indicates the presence or absence of the nucleotide sequence of interest.
  • [0050]
    The temperature cycles are caused by repeatedly activating or deactivating the IR radiation source 9 or the fan 10.
  • List of designations
  • [0051]
    [0051]1 Support
  • [0052]
    [0052]2 Cavity
  • [0053]
    [0053]3 Lid
  • [0054]
    [0054]4 Projection
  • [0055]
    [0055]5 First seal
  • [0056]
    [0056]6 Electrode
  • [0057]
    [0057]7 Optical facility
  • [0058]
    [0058]8 Fluorometer
  • [0059]
    [0059]9 IR radiation source
  • [0060]
    [0060]10 Fan
  • [0061]
    [0061]11 Glass window
  • [0062]
    [0062]12 Second seal
  • [0063]
    [0063]13 Reinforcement
  • [0064]
    [0064]14 Projection
  • [0065]
    I Internal face
  • [0066]
    B Bottom
  • [0067]
    W Lateral wall
  • [0068]
    G Gap
  • [0069]
    EF External face
  • [0070]
    U Upper face
  • [0071]
    S Curved surface
  • [0072]
    GS Gap segment
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7358081Mar 6, 2003Apr 15, 2008Siemens AktiengesellschaftDevices for the electrochemical detection of a nucleotide sequence, analysis cassettes, systems of analysis cassettes, supplemental modules, and methods for producing analysis cassettes
US7851185Jun 29, 2007Dec 14, 2010Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.Combined thermal devices for thermal cycling
US8293519Aug 13, 2003Oct 23, 2012Capitalbio CorporationMicroarray devices having controllable reaction volume
US8507257Dec 13, 2010Aug 13, 2013Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.Combined thermal devices for thermal cycling
US9272282Aug 13, 2013Mar 1, 2016Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.Combined thermal devices for thermal cycling
US20070054273 *Aug 13, 2003Mar 8, 2007Capitalbio CorporationMicroarray devices having controllable reaction volume
US20080124723 *Jun 29, 2007May 29, 2008Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.Combined thermal devices for thermal cycling
Classifications
U.S. Classification435/6.11
International ClassificationC12M1/00, C12N15/09, C12Q1/68
Cooperative ClassificationC12Q1/6834
European ClassificationC12Q1/68B10
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 19, 2002CCCertificate of correction
Mar 15, 2006REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Apr 6, 2006SULPSurcharge for late payment
Apr 6, 2006FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Apr 5, 2010REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Aug 27, 2010LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Oct 19, 2010FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20100827