|Publication number||US20010010917 A1|
|Application number||US 09/825,826|
|Publication date||Aug 2, 2001|
|Filing date||Apr 4, 2001|
|Priority date||Jun 12, 1998|
|Also published as||CA2334891A1, DE19826153A1, DE19826153C2, EP1096998A1, EP1096998B1, US6383802, US6440724, WO1999064157A1|
|Publication number||09825826, 825826, US 2001/0010917 A1, US 2001/010917 A1, US 20010010917 A1, US 20010010917A1, US 2001010917 A1, US 2001010917A1, US-A1-20010010917, US-A1-2001010917, US2001/0010917A1, US2001/010917A1, US20010010917 A1, US20010010917A1, US2001010917 A1, US2001010917A1|
|Original Assignee||Wolf Bertling|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (6), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
 The invention relates to a method for preparing samples for detecting a nucleotide sequence by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It furthermore relates to a device in accordance with the preamble of claim 14.
 U.S. Pat. No. 5,455,175 discloses a so-called thermocycler with which a plurality of liquid biological samples can be exposed repeatedly to a pre-set temperature profile in order to carry out the PCR. To shorten the time required for the temperature treatment, a small volume of each of the biological samples is taken up in a thin-walled glass capillary. To this end, each of the individual samples must be filled into the capillary and then sealed in. This is time-consuming.
 DE 33 36 738 A1 discloses a titer plate in accordance with the preamble of claim 14. The lid of the known titer plate can only be removed from the support with the expenditure of considerable force. A sample taken up in the known device is difficult to heat externally; the device is unsuitable for carrying out the PCR.
 Object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art. In particular, it is intended to provide a method and a device with which the time required for preparing the samples for PCR is reduced. A further aim of the invention is a simplified and improved, in particular real-time, detection and an increase in sensitivity.
 This object is achieved by the features of claims 1 and 14. Expedient embodiments can be seen from the features of claims 2 to 13 and 15 to 43.
 In accordance with the invention, there is provided a method for preparing samples for detecting a nucleotide sequence by means of polymerase chain reaction, where
 a) an analysis solution is filled into at least one cavity provided on a support,
 b) a lid configured complementary to the shape of the cavity is placed onto the support in such a way that at least some of the analysis solution is displaced into a gap formed between the cavity and the lid and
 c) the gap is sealed by means of at least one seal provided near an opening of the cavity.
 The proposed process considerably shortens the time for sample preparation. The procedure of sealing the sample solution into a capillary is dispensed with.
 The analysis solution can have added to it a first and/or a second primer. It is regarded as particularly advantageous to have a third primer, preferably with its 5′-terminal end, bound to the internal face of the lid which extends into the cavity. In this manner, it is possible to bind, to the third primer, a nucleotide sequence which may be present in a sample. This can be achieved in a particularly simple fashion by immersing the internal face of the lid into the sample. After the amplification cycles have been concluded, it is furthermore possible to accumulate the amplified nucleic acid on the internal face by binding it to the third primer. The accumulation is expediently carried out by applying an electrical field. The nucleotide sequence is shifted toward the third primer under the influence of an electrical field.
 To detect the presence of the nucleotide sequence of interest, it is expedient to examine the analysis solution and/or one of the primers for their fluorescence properties. Upon binding of the nucleotide sequence to be detected to one of the primers, a change in the fluorogenic properties of the substances present in the analysis solution may take place. Upon binding of the nucleotide sequence to be detected to one of the primers, a spatial relationship between two fluorophoric groups is preferably alterable in such a way that a fluorescence reaction can be generated, altered or quenched.
 In a further embodiment, the analysis solution is heated and cooled cyclically. A typical temperature cycle consists of a first heating of the analysis solution to 90 to 92° C., a cooling to 50 to 55° C. and a second heating to 72 to 75° C. During the first heating, denaturation takes place, during the cooling, renaturation, and during the second heating the synthesis of the nucleotide sequence. The abovementioned cycle is repeated approximately 30 times.
 Heating can be effected by means of light, preferably infra-red radiation, resistance heating or by passing of gas or a fluid around the cavity. Rapid cooling is effected expediently by passing a gas, for example air, or a fluid around the cavity, or by means of a Peltier element.
 Furthermore provided in accordance with the invention is a device for detecting a nucleotide sequence which may be present in a sample by means of polymerase chain reaction, where the cavity has a surrounding lateral wall which widends conically toward the opening and the gap has a width of not more than 1 mm.
 The proposed device allows time-saving sample preparation. By using it, the time required for carrying out a PCR can be reduced considerably. The lid can be lifted without great expenditure of force after the PCR has been carried out.
 It is advantageous to provide a facility for cyclically heating and cooling the analysis solution. Moreover, a facility for examining the fluorescence properties of the analysis solution and/or one of the primers may be provided.
 The support can be made of a translucent material, preferably of glass or plastic. The cavity is expediently designed to have planar sections; preferably, it has a flat bottom. On the support and/or on the internal face of the lid, a further seal may be provided at sections located between the cavities or on projections arranged on the internal face of the lid. Like the seal, the further seal can be made of, for example, rubber, silicone, teflon or other suitable materials.
 It is considered to be especially advantageous for the support to have 96 cavities and for the lid 96 projections which are complementary to the shape of the cavities. Thus, for example the support can have approximately the dimension of a conventional 96-well microtiter plate. Naturally, the support may also have a fraction or a multiple of the abovementioned number of cavities.
 In accordance with a further embodiment, the lid can be made of an electricroconductive material, preferably a plastic. The support can exhibit an electrode, preferably an electrode made of platinum, so that an electrical field can be applied between the lid and the support, by which nucleotide sequence present in the analysis solution can be shifted to the internal face and accumulated by field-inversion cycles.
 The plastic can comprise a polycarbonate, a trimenthylthiophene, triaminobenzene and/or a polycarbene, and at least sections of the internal face of the lid can be provided with a substance which binds biomolecules. Binding of the nucleotide sequence to the plastic can be mediated here by streptavidin or avidin.
 The analysis solution advantageously has a first and/or second primer added to it. It is considered as especially advantageous for a third primer to be bound to the internal face of the lid facing the cavity, preferably with a 5′-terminal end. This allows the amplified nucleotide sequence to be removed from the analysis solution.
 In accordance with a further embodiment, a means for exciting fluorescence between the bottom and the internal face of the lid is provided. It is possible that the radiation originating from the excitation means can be focused toward the internal face of the lid. This is advantageous in particular when the nucleotide sequence is bound to the internal face via the third primer. The means for exciting fluorescence is expediently generated by a laser diode. Thus, it takes the form in this instance of laser light. Excitation of the support bottom can also be achieved by a so-called gally-mode laser (Science 1998, 280, p 1501, 1544 ff.) in a pre-set manner, either simultaneously or successively.
 There may furthermore be provided a facility for detecting the fluorescence, a facility for evaluating the fluorescence observed, and a facility for shifting the support relative to the means for exciting the fluorescence and/or to the detection facility. Moreover, there may be provided a facet-eye-like means for separately exciting and/or detecting the fluorescence between each bottom and the internal face of the corresponding lid. This saves yet more analysis time.
 Expediently, at least sections of the lid and/or the support are black so that heat radiated at them is absorbed in an efficient manner. In particular, they are composed of a highly thermoconducting material.
 There may furthermore be provided a facility for cyclically heating and cooling the analysis solution, it being advantageous to provide, for heating, a means for generating light, preferably infra-red radiation, a resistance heating or a means for passing a gas or a fluid around the cavity. It is furthermore expedient to provide a means for cooling, the cooling preferably being achieved by passing a gas or a fluid around the cavity, or by means of a Peltier element.
 To improve the thermoconductivity while simultaneously having good transparency properties, the support can have a bottom made of glass. The seal is expediently formed by a recess surrounding the lateral wall, which is preferably made of plastic, and a surrounding reinforcement which is provided at the projection so that it complements the recess and which can lock positively into the recess. The seal is expediently self-sealing when the pressure in the cavity rises, for example owing to an increase in temperature, by pressing the reinforcement against the recess. The lid can be put on or taken off in a particularly simple fashion by gently bending it, owing to a high flexibility of the sections between the projections.
 Finally, there is claimed a kit for carrying out the method according to the invention, with
 a) a support with at least one cavity and
 b) a lid configured complementary to the cavity which can be placed onto the support in such a way that at least some of the analysis solution taken up by the cavity can be displaced into a gap formed between the cavity and the lid and
 c) an analysis solution comprising at least one first primer.
 The analysis solution can comprise a second primer. A third primer can be bound to an internal face of the lid facing the cavity, preferably with its 5′-terminal end.
 Use examples of the invention are illustrated in greater detail hereinbelow with reference to the drawing.
FIG. 1 shows a schematic cross-sectional view through a first device,
FIG. 2 the device of FIG. 1 upon excitation and detection,
FIG. 3 a schematic cross-sectional view of a second device upon excitation and detection,
FIG. 3a a schematic cross-sectional view of the device of FIG. 3,
FIG. 4 a schematic partial cross-sectional view of a third device,
FIG. 5 a schematic cross-sectional view of a seal and
FIG. 6 the cross-sectional view of FIG. 5 in the unlocked state.
 In FIG. 1, a support 1 has several cavities 2. A lid 3 is provided on its internal face I with a plurality of projections 4. The projections 4 have a shape which is complementary to the cavity 2. Between a bottom B of the cavity 2 and the opposite projection 4 which runs in parallel a gap G is formed. The cavity 2 is furthermore delimited by a surrounding lateral wall LW which opens out conically from the bottom B to the opening of the cavity 2. The gap G formed between the projection 4 and the cavity 2 has a width of not more than 1 mm. A seal 5 is provided in the vicinity of the opening of the cavity 2. 6 denotes an electrode integrally molded into the lid 3. The support 1 can have a counterelectrode (not shown here).
FIG. 2 shows the device of FIG. 1 upon excitation and detection. 7 schematically designates an optical facility for exciting the analysis solution taken up by the gap G. It takes the form of a facet-eye-like means by means of which a plurality or all of the cavities 2 can simultaneously receive, for example, laser light. The optical facility 7 is focused at the internal face I, of the lid 3, which is arranged opposite of the bottom B. 8 designates a fluorometer. The fluorometer 8, too, can be provided with a faceteye-like means so that the fluorescence emanating from a plurality or all of the cavities 2 can be detected. An infra-red radiation source 9 and a fan 10 are located opposite the support 1.
FIGS. 3 and 3a show a schematic cross-section through a second device. Here, the infra-red radiation source 9 is arranged opposite the lid 3. The lid 3 is made of a black, highly thermoconductive material, for example a glass or metal. For better absorption, the external face A of the lid 3, which is opposite the internal face I, is coated with a black paint. The first seal 5 is designed as a self-sealing locking connection. A second seal 12 in the vicinity of the edge of the opening of the cavity 2 is composed of rubber or elastomer. It is provided between the internal face I of the lid 3 and an upper face U of the support 1. When the lid 3 is shut, an analysis solution taken up by the cavity 2 is displaced into a gap segment GS located between the lateral wall LW and a facing curved surface CS of the projection 4.
 In FIG. 4, too, the support 1 is configured complementary to the lid 3. Again, it is made of a highly thermoconductive material. The bottom B is made of a transparent material, for example a glass window 11.
FIG. 5 shows a schematic partial cross-sectional view through the first seal 5. Here, a surrounding reinforcement 13 provided at the curved surface CS of the projection 4 engages, in the closed state, positively and nonpositively into a surrounding recess 14 provided at the lateral wall LW. FIG. 6 shows the first seal 5 in the as yet nonpositively locked state.
 The device has the following function:
 To prepare the samples, analysis solution is pipetted into the cavity 2 of the support 1. Pipetting can be carried out for example with the aid of an automatic pipette. The analysis solution preferably takes the shape of a so-called master mix in which all the agents required for carrying out the PCR are present. In particular, a first and a second primer are present in the analysis solution. A third primer is bound to the internal face I of the lid 3 in the region of the projections 4. The nucleotide sequence to be detected is bound to the third primer. Binding can take place for example by previously dipping the lid 3 into a sample solution in which the nucleotide sequence to be detected is present.
 To prepare the samples, the lid 3 now only needs to be placed onto the support 1 in such a way that the projections 4 are immersed into the complementary cavities 2. During this process, the third primer with the nucleotide sequence bound to it comes into contact with the analysis solution. The lid 3 is closed with the support 1 so that a seal is formed, for example by the reinforcements 13 provided at the projections 4 locking into the complementary recesses 14 of the cavities 2. In this state, some of the analysis solution is displaced into the gap G.
 Then, in particular the gap G formed between the internal face I and the bottom B is subjected to the temperature treatment required for carrying out the PCR. Thereupon, or else between each temperature cycle, the region located between internal face I and bottom B of each cavity 2 is excited by means of the optical facility 7 and then tested for fluorescence using the fluorometer 8. A change in fluorescence indicates the presence or absence of the nucleotide sequence of interest.
 The temperature cycles are caused by repeatedly activating or deactivating the IR radiation source 9 or the fan 10.
5 First seal
7 Optical facility
9 IR radiation source
11 Glass window
12 Second seal
 I Internal face
 B Bottom
 W Lateral wall
 G Gap
 EF External face
 U Upper face
 S Curved surface
 GS Gap segment
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7358081||Mar 6, 2003||Apr 15, 2008||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Devices for the electrochemical detection of a nucleotide sequence, analysis cassettes, systems of analysis cassettes, supplemental modules, and methods for producing analysis cassettes|
|US7851185||Jun 29, 2007||Dec 14, 2010||Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.||Combined thermal devices for thermal cycling|
|US8293519||Aug 13, 2003||Oct 23, 2012||Capitalbio Corporation||Microarray devices having controllable reaction volume|
|US8507257||Dec 13, 2010||Aug 13, 2013||Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.||Combined thermal devices for thermal cycling|
|International Classification||C12M1/00, C12N15/09, C12Q1/68|
|Nov 19, 2002||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Mar 15, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 6, 2006||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Apr 6, 2006||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 5, 2010||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 27, 2010||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 19, 2010||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20100827