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Publication numberUS20010014827 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/832,874
Publication dateAug 16, 2001
Filing dateApr 12, 2001
Priority dateSep 23, 1997
Also published asDE69831116D1, DE69831116T2, EP0903126A1, EP0903126B1, EP0903126B8, EP1350487A1, US6299646, US7951204, US20060015185
Publication number09832874, 832874, US 2001/0014827 A1, US 2001/014827 A1, US 20010014827 A1, US 20010014827A1, US 2001014827 A1, US 2001014827A1, US-A1-20010014827, US-A1-2001014827, US2001/0014827A1, US2001/014827A1, US20010014827 A1, US20010014827A1, US2001014827 A1, US2001014827A1
InventorsPierre Chambat, Gerard Deschamps, Thierry Judet, Philippe Neyret
Original AssigneeTornier S.A.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Knee prosthesis with a rotational plate
US 20010014827 A1
Abstract
The knee prosthesis with rotary plate comprises a metal base (2) and a tibia plate (3) which are equipped with guide means (22, 22′, 22″, 26, 29, 5, 6, 5′, 9, 50, 51, 52, 13, 15, 18; 34, 34′, 34″, 35, 37, 7, 8, 10, 12, 53, 54, 55, 10′, 17) defining a center of rotation (C, C′) which may be offset from that of the tibia bone axis (YY′), so as to allow the tibia plate (3) to slide in rotation over the said base, the said guide means being positioned a certain distance away from the center of rotation (C, C′).
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Claims(28)
1. Knee prosthesis comprising a metal base secured to an anchoring rod for fixing it into the tibia of a patient, and a plastic tibia plate which can slide freely over the said base, characterized in that the metal base (2) and the tibia plate (3) are equipped with guide means (22, 22′, 22″, 26, 29, 5, 6, 5′, 9, 50, 51, 52, 13, 15, 18; 34, 34′, 34″, 35, 37, 7, 8, 10, 12, 53, 54, 55, 10′, 17) defining a center of rotation (C, C′) which may be offset from that of the tibia bone axis (YY′), so as to allow the tibia plate (3) to slide in rotation over the said base, the said guide means being positioned a certain distance away from the center of rotation (C, C′):
2. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the guide means consist of at least one upstand (22, 22′, 22″, 5, 6, 5′, 9, 50, 51, 52, 13) in the shape of an arc of a circle secured to the metal base (2) and of a housing (34, 34′, 34″, 7, 8, 10, 12, 53, 54, 55, 10′) with the same radius of curvature made in the tibia plate (3) to allow the latter to slide in rotation about the center of rotation (C, C′) of the said upstand.
3. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 2
, characterized in that the guide means consist of an upstand (22, 5, 5′, 51, 13) in the shape of an arc of a circle, which upstand is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base (2) and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.
4. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the additional guide means (26, 29, 6, 9, 15, 50, 52) are positioned on or near to the center of rotation (C, C′) of the tibia plate (3) on the metal base (2).
5. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 4
, characterized in that the additional guide means (26, 6, 9) are secured to a device (28, 60, 90) making it possible to prevent the tibia plate (3) from lifting from the metal base (2).
6. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the guide means consist of at least two pegs (18) set out in an arc of a circle and defining a center of rotation (C, C′), and of a housing (34) of the same radius of curvature formed in the tibia plate (3), the said pegs being positioned in the anterior part of the metal base (2) and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.
7. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 2
, characterized in that the metal base (2) comprises an upstand (22) in the shape of an arc of a circle having a central part (23) secured to lateral edges (24, 25) which are not as tall as the said central part, while the tibia plate (3) comprises, on its lower face (30), a housing (34) in the shape of an arc of a circle.
8. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 2
, characterized in that the upstand (22, 22′, 22″, 5, 6, 5′, 9, 50, 51, 52, 13) has a center of rotation (C) which is borne by the tibia bone vertical axis (YY′), while the said upstand is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.
9. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 2
, characterized in that the upstand (22, 22′, 22″, 5, 6, 5′, 9, 50, 51, 52, 13) has a center of rotation (C′) which is offset from the tibia bone vertical axis (YY′), while the said upstand is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.
10. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 2
, characterized in that the metal base (2) has two upstands (22′, 22″) in the shape of an arc of a circle, of constant height and having one and the same center of rotation (C, C′), while the tibia plate (3) comprises two housings (34′, 34″) in the shape of an arc of a circle.
11. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 10
, characterized in that the upstands (22′, 22″) are set out opposite one another, and have one and the same center of rotation (C, C′).
12. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) has, opposite the upstand (22), a retaining peg (26) borne by a center of rotation so as to engage with a cutout (35) formed in the tibia plate (3) to prevent the latter from lifting off the base (2) as the said plate slides in rotation about its center of rotation.
13. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 11
, characterized in that the retaining peg (26) consists of a cylindrical pin (27) integral with a head (28) which has a larger diameter than the said pin so that the said head engages with inclined faces made in the cutout (35).
14. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) has, opposite the upstand (22), a centering peg (29) borne by the center of rotation (C, C′) so as to engage with a blind hole (37) formed in the tibia plate (3) to guide the latter with respect to the base (2) as the said plate slides in rotation about its center of rotation.
15. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) and the tibia plate (3) respectively comprise a cutout (4 and 38) through which the posterior cruciate ligament can pass.
16. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) has two upstands (5 and 6) in the shape of an arc of a circle curved in the same direction and centered about the same center of rotation (C, C′), while the tibia plate (3) comprises housings (7 and 8) intended to receive the said upstands (5 and 6) respectively, so as to allow the said plate to slide in rotation about the center of rotation (C, C′).
17. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 16
, characterized in that the upstand (6) is integral with a flange (60) which engages in a slot (80) in the housing (8) to prevent the tibia plate (3) from lifting off the metal base (2) as the said plate slides in rotation about the center of rotation (C, C′).
18. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) comprises two upstands (5′ and 9) in the shape of an arc of a circle in opposite directions and centered about the same center of rotation (C, C′), while the tibia plate (3) comprises an element (10) and a housing (12) which are intended to receive the said upstands (5′ and 9) respectively to allow the said plate to slide in rotation about the center of rotation (C, C′).
19. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 18
, characterized in that the upstand (5′) is set out on the external periphery of the horizontal disk (20) of the metal base (2) so as to engage with a peripheral recess (10) in the tibia plate (3).
20. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 18
, characterized in that the upstand (9) is offset from the center of rotation (C, C′) and comprises a flange (90) which snap-fastens into the housing (12) in the tibia plate (3) to, on the one hand, guide the plate (3) as it slides in rotation about its center (C, C′) and, on the other hand, retain the said plate so that it does not lift off the metal base (2).
21. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) comprises a peripheral upstand (13) in the shape of an arc of a circle integral with a flange (14) directed toward the tibia bone vertical axis (YY′) and a housing (15) set out in the region of the center of rotation (C, C′), while the tibia plate (3) has, on its external periphery, a recess (10′) in which there is formed a horizontal slot (16) intended to receive the flange (14) of the said upstand (13) and, on its lower face (30), a stub (17) which engages with the housing (15).
22. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) comprises three peripheral upstands (50, 51, 52) extending vertically above the horizontal disk (20), while the tibia plate (3) has, on its external periphery, three recesses (53, 54, 55) intended to receive the said upstands (50, 51, 52) respectively to allow the said plate to be guided as it slides in rotation about the center of rotation (C, C′).
23. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 6
, characterized in that the pegs (18) are set out in an arc of a circle about a center of rotation (C, C′), while the tibia plate (3) has a housing (34) intended to receive the said pegs.
24. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 6
, characterized in that the pegs (18) have a center of rotation (C) which is borne by the tibia bone vertical axis (YY′), while the said peg is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.
25. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 6
, characterized in that the pegs (18) have a center of rotation (C′) which is offset from the tibia bone vertical axis (YY′), while the said peg is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.
26. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the metal base (2) comprises at least one upstand or peg (22, 22′, 22″, 26, 29, 5, 6, 5′, 9, 50, 51, 52, 13, 15, 18) which engages with a housing (34, 34′, 34″, 35, 7, 8, 10, 12, 53, 54, 55, 10′, 17) of the tibia plate (3) so that the said plate can slide in rotation over the metal base (2) only within the limit set by the difference in size between the said upstand or peg and the said corresponding housing.
27. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 26
, characterized in that the rotational travel between the tibia plate (3) and the metal base (2) is reduced to zero when the dimensions of the housing (34, 34′, 34″, 7, 10, 10′, 53, 54, 55) are made so as to engage without clearance with the upstand (22, 22′, 22″, 5, 5′, 13, 50, 51, 52, 18).
28. Knee prosthesis according to
claim 1
, characterized in that the short height of the guide means and of their anterior positioning on the metal base (2) allows the tibia plate (3) to be mounted on the said base via a strictly anterior approach, the said plate requiring upward clearances only by the height of the said guide means.
Description

[0001] The present invention relates to a knee prosthesis and more specifically to the device for assembling its tibia plate, which is made of plastic, on its metal base anchored beforehand into the tibia bone tissue.

[0002] Knee prostheses which comprise a plastic tibia part which is free to rotate about the tibia bone axis with respect to the metal base secured to the tibia are known.

[0003] This freedom of rotation is generally achieved via a male shaft integral with the plastic tibia part which engages with a bore made in the metal base.

[0004] Furthermore, this freedom of rotation may be achieved by a male shaft secured to the metal base which engages with a bore made in the plastic tibia part.

[0005] These connecting devices have certain drawbacks, namely the difficulty of inserting the plastic tibia plate once the metal base is in place on the tibia. These drawbacks are exacerbated when the posterior cruciate ligament is being kept, as this restricts access to the upper part of the tibia.

[0006] Furthermore, it is observed that the center of rotation is necessarily positioned at a point of the device or [sic] the bore can be made, that is to say in a part or [sic] there is enough material to make the said bore. This arrangement of the center of rotation is not strictly anatomical.

[0007] It can be seen that the volume generated by the tibia bone axis may prevent a posterior cutout from being made in the plastic tibia plate or in the metal base to allow the posterior cruciate ligament to be kept.

[0008] Knee prostheses which comprise a plastic tibia plate which slides freely over the flat surface of the metal base, and the movement of which is limited by one or more cylindrical studs integral with the base communicating with spaces made in the said plastic plate are also known.

[0009] This type of prosthesis has the drawback of not physically embodying an axis of rotation.

[0010] It is these drawbacks which the present invention sets out more particularly to overcome.

[0011] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention is intended to provide a plastic tibia plate which has a degree of freedom in rotation with respect to the metal base.

[0012] The knee prosthesis in accordance with the present invention comprises a metal base and a tibia plate which are equipped with guide means defining a center of rotation which may be offset from that of the tibia bone axis, so as to allow the tibia plate to slide in rotation over the said base, the said guide means being positioned a certain distance away from the center of rotation.

[0013] The knee prosthesis has guide means which consist of at least one upstand in the shape of an arc of a circle secured to the metal base and of a housing with the same radius of curvature made in the plastic tibia plate to allow the latter to slide in rotation about the center of rotation of the said upstand.

[0014] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises guide means which consist of an upstand in the shape of an arc of a circle, which upstand is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.

[0015] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises additional guide means which are positioned on or near to the center of rotation of the tibia plate on the metal base.

[0016] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises additional guide means which are secured to a device making it possible to prevent the tibia plate from lifting from the metal base.

[0017] The knee prosthesis in accordance with the present invention comprises guide means which consist of at least two pegs set out in an arc of a circle and defining a center of rotation, and of a housing of the same radius of curvature formed in the tibia plate.

[0018] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which comprises an upstand in the shape of an arc of a circle having a central part secured to lateral edges which are not as tall as the said central part, while the tibia plate comprises, on its lower face, a housing in the shape of an arc of a circle.

[0019] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises an upstand which has a center of rotation which is borne by the tibia bone vertical axis, while the said upstand is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.

[0020] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises an upstand which has a center of rotation which is offset from the tibia bone vertical axis, while the said upstand is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.

[0021] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which has two upstands in the shape of an arc of a circle, of constant height and having one and the same center of rotation, while the tibia plate comprises two housings in the shape of an arc of a circle.

[0022] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises upstands which are set out opposite one another, and have one and the same center of rotation.

[0023] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which has, opposite the upstand, a retaining peg borne by a center of rotation so as to engage with a cutout formed in the tibia plate to prevent the latter from lifting off the base as the said plate slides in rotation about its center of rotation.

[0024] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a retaining peg which consists of a cylindrical pin integral with a head which has a larger diameter than the said pin so that the said head engages with inclined faces made in the cutout.

[0025] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which has, opposite the upstand, a centering peg borne by the center of rotation so as to engage with a blind hole formed in the tibia plate to guide the latter with respect to the base as the said plate slides in rotation about its center of rotation.

[0026] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base and a tibia plate which respectively comprise a cutout through which the posterior cruciate ligament can pass.

[0027] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which has two upstands in the shape of an arc of a circle curved in the same direction and centered about the same center of rotation, while the tibia plate comprises housings intended to receive the said upstands respectively, so as to allow the said plate to slide in rotation about the center of rotation.

[0028] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises an upstand which is integral with a flange which engages in a slot in the housing to prevent the tibia plate from lifting off the metal base as the said plate slides in rotation about the center of rotation.

[0029] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which comprises two upstands in the shape of an arc of a circle in opposite directions and centered about the same center of rotation, while the tibia plate comprises an element and a housing which are intended to receive the said upstands respectively to allow the said plate to slide in rotation about the center of rotation.

[0030] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises an upstand which is set out on the external periphery of the horizontal disk of the metal base so as to engage with a peripheral recess in the tibia plate.

[0031] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises an upstand which is offset from the center of rotation and comprises a flange which snap-fastens into the housing in the tibia plate to, on the one hand, guide the plate as it slides in rotation about its center and, on the other hand, retain the said plate so that it does not lift off the metal base.

[0032] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which comprises a peripheral upstand in the shape of an arc of a circle integral with a flange directed toward the tibia bone vertical axis and a housing set out in the region of the center of rotation, while the tibia plate has, on its external periphery, a recess in which there is formed a horizontal slot intended to receive the flange of the said upstand and, on its lower face, a stub which engages with the housing.

[0033] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which comprises three peripheral upstands extending vertically above the horizontal disk, while the tibia plate has, on its external periphery, three recesses intended to receive the said upstands respectively to allow the said plate to be guided as it slides in rotation about the center of rotation.

[0034] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises pegs which are set out in an arc of a circle about a center of rotation, while the tibia plate has a housing intended to receive the said pegs.

[0035] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises pegs which have a center of rotation which is borne by the tibia bone vertical axis, while the said peg is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.

[0036] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises pegs which have a center of rotation which is offset from the tibia bone vertical axis, while the said peg is a certain distance away from its center of rotation.

[0037] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention comprises a metal base which comprises at least one upstand or peg which engages with a housing of the tibia plate so that the said plate can slide in rotation over the metal base only within the limit set by the difference in size between the said upstand or peg and the said corresponding housing.

[0038] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention has a rotational travel between the tibia plate and the metal base which is reduced to zero when the dimensions of the housing are made so as to engage without clearance with the upstand.

[0039] The knee prosthesis according to the present invention has a short height of the guide means and of their anterior positioning on the metal base which allows the tibia plate to be mounted on the said base via a strictly anterior approach, the said plate requiring upward clearance only by the height of the said guide means.

[0040] The description which will follow with reference to the appended drawings, given by way of nonlimiting examples, will allow a good understanding of the invention, its features and the advantages it is likely to afford:

[0041]FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view illustrating the knee prosthesis according to the present invention.

[0042]FIGS. 2 and 3 are side views showing the knee prosthesis before the plastic tibia plate is fitted on the metal base.

[0043]FIGS. 4 and 5 are views depicting a first alternative form of the knee prosthesis according to the invention.

[0044]FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 are views illustrating a second alternative form of the knee prosthesis in which the metal base has two opposed guide upstands.

[0045]FIGS. 9, 10 and 11 are views showing a third alternative form of the knee prosthesis in which the metal base has, on its axis of rotation, a peg for retaining the plastic tibia plate.

[0046]FIGS. 12, 13 and 14 are views showing a fourth alternative form of the knee prosthesis in which the metal base has, on its axis of rotation, an additional peg for centering the plastic tibia plate.

[0047]FIGS. 15, 16 and 17 are views depicting a fifth alternative form of the knee prosthesis which has a cutout through which the posterior cruciate ligament can pass.

[0048] FIGS. 18 to 24 are views illustrating alternative forms of the knee prosthesis in which the metal base has two opposed guide upstands but one of which is borne by the center of rotation of the second.

[0049] FIGS. 25 to 27 are views depicting other alternative forms of the knee prosthesis according to the present invention.

[0050]FIGS. 28 and 29 are views illustrating guide means set out at the periphery of the metal base and of the tibia plate of the knee prosthesis.

[0051] FIGS. 30 to 32 are views showing guide means consisting of at least two vertical pegs integral with the metal base and which engage with a housing formed in the tibia plate.

[0052] FIGS. 1 to 3 show a knee prosthesis 1 comprising a metal base 2 and a tibia plate 3, whereas the femoral element is not depicted.

[0053] The metal base 2 consists of a horizontal disk 20 secured on one of its faces to an anchoring rod 21 allowing the said base to be fixed into the tibia of a patient.

[0054] The horizontal disk 20 comprises, on the opposite side to the rod 21, guide means which consist of an upstand 22 with an exterior profile in the shape of an arc of a circle. In this case, note that the center of rotation C of the upstand 22 is borne by the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0055] The upstand 22 extending vertically above the horizontal disk 20 has a central part 23 integral on each side with two vertical edges 24 and 25 which are not as tall as the said central part.

[0056] In addition, the upstand 22 is positioned on the horizontal disk 20 of the metal base 2 a certain distance away from the center of rotation C.

[0057] The tibia plate 3, which is made of plastic, has a flat lower face 30 arranged in a horizontal plane parallel to the plane containing the disk 20 of the metal base.

[0058] On the opposite side to the face 30 the tibia plate 3 has an upper face 31 with two tracks 32 and 33 of concave profile which are intended to receive the condyles of the femoral element, not depicted.

[0059] The lower face 30 is pierced with a housing 34 with the same radius of curvature as the upstand 22 secured to the metal plate 2.

[0060] The housing 34 has cutaways 35 and 36 of a larger size which are intended to receive respectively the central part 23 and the lateral edges 24 and 25 of the upstand 22.

[0061] It can be seen that the tibia plate 3, and more particularly its lower face 30, is resting on the horizontal disk 20 of the metal base 2, that the upstand 22 enters the housing 34.

[0062] The latter has dimensions that exceed those of the upstand 22 so that the tibia plate 3 can slide freely in rotation about the center of rotation C of the said upstand 22 in the direction of the arrow F illustrated in FIG. 1.

[0063] The upstand 22, which is in the shape of an arc of a circle or curved, is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base 2 and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.

[0064]FIGS. 4 and 5 show a first alternative form of the knee prosthesis 1 according to the present invention.

[0065] The knee prosthesis 1 is identical to the one described earlier, that is to say that it comprises a metal base 2 and a plastic tibia plate 3.

[0066] The metal base 2 has, and this is what differentiates it from the one described above, the position of the guide means on the horizontal disk 20. In effect, the guide means consist of an upstand 22 in the shape of an arc of a circle and the profile of which is similar to the one described earlier, but the center of rotation C′ of which is offset from that C borne by the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0067] Note that the center of rotation C′ can be positioned anywhere, either on the horizontal disk 20 or off it, while at the same time keeping the guide means on the said horizontal disk and more specifically at a particular point.

[0068] Just as before, the upstand 22 provided with its central part 23 and its lateral edges 24 and 25 enters the housing 34 formed in the lower face 30 of the plastic tibia plate 3 to allow the latter to slide in rotation over the metal base 2 and about the center of rotation C′ in the direction of the arrow F1 in FIG. 4.

[0069] The upstand 22, which is in the shape of an arc of a circle or curved, is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base 2 and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.

[0070] FIGS. 6 to 8 depict a second alternative form of the knee prosthesis 1 according to the invention.

[0071] The latter comprises a metal base 2 and a plastic plate 3 similar to those described in FIG. 1, but in which the guide means differ to allow for a better movement of the plate over the base.

[0072] Thus, the metal base 2 equipped with its horizontal disk 20 integral with its rod 21 comprises guide means which consist of two opposed upstands 22′ and 22″ in the shape of an arc of a circle. The upstands 22′ and 22″ have the same center of curvature which is coincident with the center of rotation C located on the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0073] Provision may be made for the center of rotation of the upstands 22′ and 22″ to differ from the one C, that is to say offset as shown in the first alternative form in FIGS. 4 and 5.

[0074] Note too that the upstands 22′ and 22″ have a constant height over the entire circular-arc-shaped profile.

[0075] The tibia plate 3 has a flat lower face 30 with two opposed housings 34′ and 34″ intended to receive respectively the upstands 22′ and 22″ of the metal base 2. The housings 34′ and 34″ have a radius of curvature identical to that of the upstands 22′ and 22″.

[0076] It can be seen when the tibia plate 3, and more specifically its lower face 30, is resting on the horizontal disk 20 of the metal base 2, that the upstands 22′ and 22″ enter the housings 34′ and 34″.

[0077] The latter have dimensions greater than those of the upstands 22′ and 22″ so that the tibia plate 3 can slide freely in rotation about the center of rotation C in the direction of the arrow F3 illustrated in FIG. 6.

[0078] FIGS. 9 to 11 illustrate a third alternative form of the knee prosthesis 1 according to the present invention.

[0079] The knee prosthesis 1 is identical to the one described in FIGS. 1 to 3, namely it comprises a metal base 2 and a plastic tibia plate 3.

[0080] The metal base 2 comprises, on its horizontal disk 20, and on the opposite side to its anchoring rod 21, guide means which consist of the upstand 22 formed from a central part 23 and of two lateral edges 24 and 25.

[0081] Furthermore, the horizontal disk 20 comprises, at the center of rotation C of the upstand 22 which is borne by the tibia bone vertical axis YY′, a retaining peg 26 extending vertically above the said disk 20.

[0082] The retaining peg 26 constitutes a guide means that is in addition to the guide means formed by the upstand 22. Thus, the peg 26 is positioned on the center of rotation C of the tibia plate 3 on the metal base 2.

[0083] The retaining peg 26 consists of a cylindrical pin 27 integral with a head 28 whose outside diameter exceeds that of the said pin.

[0084] The additional guide means or peg 26 is an integral part of the pin 27, 28 to prevent the tibia plate 3 from lifting off the metal base 2 when the prosthesis is in motion.

[0085] The tibia plate 3 has, on its lower face 30, the housing 34 that receives the upstand 22 and a cutout 35 with inclined faces 36. When the plate 3 is mounted on the base 2, this cutout engages with the retaining peg 26 so that the head 28 lies above the inclined faces 36.

[0086] It can be seen that the retaining peg 26, when it engages with the cutout 35, allows the tibia plate 3 to be prevented from lifting under a tensile force when the said plate is sliding in rotation F4 on the metal base 2.

[0087] FIGS. 12 to 14 show a fourth alternative form of the knee prosthesis 1 according to the invention.

[0088] Thus, the metal base 2 comprises, opposite the upstand 22, and in the region of the center of rotation C which is borne by the tibia bone vertical axis YY′, a centering peg 29 extending vertically above the horizontal disk 20.

[0089] The centering peg 29 extends vertically above the horizontal disk 20 by a short height, constituting a guide means that is in addition to the guide means formed by the upstand 22.

[0090] The centering peg 29 consists of a short cylindrical pin.

[0091] The plastic tibia plate 3 comprises, on its lower face 30 and opposite the housing 34, a blind hole 37 intended to receive the centering peg 29 when the said plate is fitted onto the metal base 2.

[0092] The centering peg 29 provides a physical embodiment of the center of rotation C of the upstand 22 as the tibia plate 3 slides in rotation over the metal base 2.

[0093] The knee prosthesis 1 illustrated in FIGS. 15 to 17 differs from the one shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 only in the fact that the metal base 2 and the plastic tibia plate 3 respectively comprise a cutout 4 and 38 for the passage of the posterior cruciate ligament.

[0094] Quite obviously, the prosthesis 1 shown in FIGS. 15 to 17 works in the same way as the one described in FIGS. 1 to 3.

[0095]FIG. 18 shows the knee prosthesis 1 equipped with its metal base 2 and with its tibia plate 3. The metal base 2 comprises, on its horizontal disk 20, and more specifically on the opposite side to the anchoring rod 21, an upstand 5 in the shape of an arc of a circle and of variable height. This upstand has a profile which differs from those that make up the upstands described earlier. At the center of rotation C of the upstand 5 there is a second upstand 6 in the shape of an arc of a circle.

[0096] The upstands 5 and 6 engage in housings, not depicted, but formed on the face 30 of the tibia plate 3 to allow the said plate to be guided as it slides in rotation about the center of rotation C, as depicted by the arrow F5.

[0097] The upstand 5, in the shape of an arc of a circle or curved, is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base 2 and oriented in a substantially medic-lateral direction.

[0098] The upstand 6 constitutes a guide means that is in addition to the guide means formed by the upstand 5. Thus, the upstand 6 is positioned on the center of rotation C of the tibia plate 3 on the metal base 2.

[0099] Provision may be made for the center of rotation of the upstands 5 and 6 to be offset from the tibia bone vertical axis YY′ without this in any way altering the subject of the invention.

[0100] FIGS. 19 to 21 depict an alternative form of the knee prosthesis 1 shown in FIG. 18, namely wherein the upstand 6 is integral with a flange 60 forming a kind of small plate set out in a horizontal plane parallel to the plane containing the disk 20 of the metal base 2.

[0101] The tibia plate 3 has, on its face 30, housings 7 and 8 intended to receive respectively the upstands 5 and 6 to allow the tibia plate 3 to slide in rotation over the metal base 2 about the center of rotation C and in the direction of the arrow F5.

[0102] The housing 7 has a profile essentially identical to that of the upstand 5, and at the very least, in the shape of an arc of a circle for guiding the tibia plate 3 in its travel.

[0103] The housing 8 has a profile essentially identical to the flange 60 of the additional guide means or upstand 6 for guiding the tibia plate 3 in its travel.

[0104] The housing 8 is pierced with an internal slot 80 intended to receive the flange 60 of the upstand 6 to achieve a kind of snap-fastening of the tibia plate 3 to the base 2, so that the said plate cannot lift under a tensile force.

[0105] Note that the upstands 5 and 6 in the shape of an arc of a circle are curved in the same direction and about the same center of rotation C or C′ when the latter is offset from the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0106] As in FIG. 15, the metal base 2 and the tibia plate 3 may respectively comprise cutouts 4 and 38 for the passage of the posterior cruciate ligament.

[0107] In FIGS. 22 to 24 the knee prosthesis 1 comprises, on its metal base 2, a first upstand 5′ set out at the external periphery of the horizontal disk 20. Opposite the upstand 5′ the horizontal disk 20 is secured to another upstand 9 in the shape of an arc of a circle, but the radius of curvature of which is inverted compared with that of the upstand 5′.

[0108] The upstand 5, which is in the shape of an arc of a circle or curved, is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base 2 and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.

[0109] The upstand 9 constitutes a guide means that is in addition to the guide means formed by the upstand 5′. Thus, the upstand 9 is positioned on the center of rotation C of the tibia plate 3 on the metal base 2.

[0110] The upstand 9 has the same center of rotation C as the upstand 5′, but the said center may be offset, depending on the configuration of the knee prosthesis, from the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0111] The upstand 9 is integral with a flange 90, the function of which will be seen more clearly later.

[0112] The tibia plate 3 has, on its lower periphery, that is to say the one that lies between the faces 30 and 31, a recess 10 receiving the upstand 5′ when the tibia plate 3 is fitted onto the metal base 2.

[0113] On the opposite side to the recess 10, the lower face 30 is pierced with a housing 12 into which the upstand 9 can be snap-fastened to, on the one hand, guide the plate 3 as it slides in rotation about its center C, and, on the other hand, retain the said plate to prevent it from lifting off the metal base 2.

[0114] In FIGS. 25 to 27 the knee prosthesis 1 comprises the metal base 2, the horizontal disk 20 of which has, on its external periphery, an upstand 13 in the shape of an arc of a circle integral with a flange 14 directed toward the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0115] The horizontal disk 20 is pierced at the center of rotation C of the upstand 13 with a dish-shaped housing which constitutes a guide means that is in addition to the guide means formed by the said upstand 13. This upstand, which is in the shape of an arc of a circle or curved, is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base 2 and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.

[0116] The upstand 13 and the housing 15 may comprise a center of rotation C which is offset from the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0117] On its external periphery and between the faces 30 and 31, the tibia plate 3 has a recess 10′ in which there is formed a horizontal slot 16 intended to receive the flange 14 of the upstand 13 as the plate 3 slides in rotation over the metal base 2.

[0118] The lower face 30 is integral with a stub 17 with a conical tapering profile capable of engaging with the housing 15 formed in the horizontal disk 20 of the metal base 2.

[0119] The upstand 13 equipped with its flange 14, the housing 15, the recess 10′ and its slot 16, and the stub 17 constitute the means of guiding the tibia plate 3 over the metal base 2 as the said plate slides in rotation in the direction of the arrow F5.

[0120] In FIGS. 28 and 29, the metal base 2 of the knee prosthesis 1 comprises, on its horizontal disk 20, three peripheral upstands 50, 51 and 52 extending vertically above the said horizontal disk 20.

[0121] The tibia plate 3 comprises, on its external periphery, three peripheral recesses 53, 54 and 55 which are intended to receive the upstands 50, 51 and 52 respectively to allow the said plate to be guided as it slides in rotation about the center of rotation of the said upstands, which is identical for all three.

[0122] The upstand 51, which is the shape of an arc of a circle or curved, is positioned in the anterior part of the metal base 2 and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.

[0123] The upstands 50, 52 in the shape of an arc of a circle constitute guide means which are in addition to the guide means formed by the upstand 51. The upstands 50, 52 are positioned near the center of rotation C of the tibia plate 3 on the metal base 2.

[0124] In FIGS. 30 to 32, the metal base 2 of the knee prosthesis 1 comprises, on its horizontal disk 20, vertical pegs 18 set out in an arc of a circle about a center of rotation C which may be either borne by or offset from the tibia bone vertical axis YY′.

[0125] The pegs 18 set out in an arc of a circle are positioned in the anterior part of the metal base 2 and oriented in a substantially medio-lateral direction.

[0126] In this example, the tibia plate 3 is identical to the one described in FIGS. 1 to 3, that is to say that its lower face 30 has a housing 34 intended to receive the pegs 18 for guiding the said plate as it slides in rotation with respect to the metal base 2.

[0127] It can be seen that in each example described hereinabove it is possible, as the case may be, for the center of rotation of the upstands or of the pegs either to be offset or not to be offset in order to determine a particular rotational sliding of the tibia plate 3 with respect to the metal base 2.

[0128] Note too that in each example described hereinabove, cutouts 4 and 38 may or may not be provided for the passage of the posterior cruciate ligament.

[0129] Furthermore, it can be seen that the guide means in each example described hereinabove are positioned a certain distance away from the center of rotation C, C′.

[0130] It will be observed that the short height of the upstand or of the pegs, and its anterior position on the metal base 2 allows the plastic plate 3 to be fitted onto the said base easily using a strictly anterior approach, the plate requiring upward clearance only by the height of the said upstand or of the said pegs as shown in FIG. 21.

[0131] It will furthermore be observed that the plastic plate 3 cannot slide in rotation over the metal base 2 except within the limits set by the difference in dimensions between the housing and the corresponding upstand or peg, and this prevents any undesired excess movement.

[0132] This being so, it will be readily understood that a plastic plate 3 can be obtained in which the dimensions of the housing are identical to those of the upstand or of the corresponding pegs, so as to prevent any travel of the said plate over the metal base 2. This allows the surgeon, according to the particular surgical case, to return to a knee prosthesis system with plastic plate which is fixed to the metal base 2, without having to change the latter.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7534270 *Sep 2, 2004May 19, 2009Integra Lifesciences CorporationModular total ankle prosthesis apparatuses and methods
US7708782 *Feb 17, 2006May 4, 2010Exactech, Inc.Mobile bearing knee prosthesis
US8002841 *Jan 12, 2007Aug 23, 2011Synthes Usa, LlcMethod of preparing an ankle joint for replacement, joint prosthesis, and cutting alignment apparatus for use in performing an arthroplasty procedure
US8105387May 12, 2010Jan 31, 2012Depuy Products, Inc.Mobile/fixed prosthetic knee systems
US8403993Oct 31, 2006Mar 26, 2013Depuy Products, Inc.Modular fixed and mobile bearing prosthesis system
US8617250 *Jun 17, 2011Dec 31, 2013Biomet Manufacturing, LlcRevision knee tibial locking mechanism
US20120323333 *Jun 17, 2011Dec 20, 2012Biomet Manufacturing, Corp.Revision knee tibial locking mechanism