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Publication numberUS20010017459 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/772,836
Publication dateAug 30, 2001
Filing dateJan 30, 2001
Priority dateFeb 4, 2000
Also published asDE10103828A1, DE20001960U1, US6454297
Publication number09772836, 772836, US 2001/0017459 A1, US 2001/017459 A1, US 20010017459 A1, US 20010017459A1, US 2001017459 A1, US 2001017459A1, US-A1-20010017459, US-A1-2001017459, US2001/0017459A1, US2001/017459A1, US20010017459 A1, US20010017459A1, US2001017459 A1, US2001017459A1
InventorsAnton Fischer
Original AssigneeTrw Occupant Restraint Systems Gmbh & Co. Kg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vehicle occupant restraint system
US 20010017459 A1
Abstract
The invention relates to a vehicle occupant restraint system comprising an inflatable gas bag, a gas-carrying distributor pipe projecting into the gas bag and a piston housed displaceably in the distributor pipe. The restraint system further comprises a power transmission means which connects the piston and the gas bag with each other and via which a force for tensioning the gas bag is transferred onto said gas bag. A deflection member for the power transmission means is provided in the distributor pipe. The power transmission means is constructed as a traction means.
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Claims(10)
1. A vehicle occupant restraint system, comprising
an inflatable gas bag,
a gas-carrying distributor pipe projecting into said gas bag,
a piston housed displaceably in said distributor pipe,
a power transmission means, which connects said piston and said gas bag with each other, which is constructed as a traction means and via which a force for tensioning said gas bag is transferred onto said gas bag, and
a deflection member for said power transmission means in said distributor pipe.
2. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 1
, wherein said deflection member deflects said traction means through approximately 180.
3. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 1
, wherein at least one gas generator is provided which is connected with an interior of said distributor pipe such that it inflates said gas bag and leads to a displacement of said piston.
4. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 3
, wherein said piston is provided with an opening, said traction means extending through said opening in said piston.
5. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 1
, wherein at least one traction means guide is provided in said distributor pipe.
6. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 5
, wherein said traction means guide is formed in one piece on said distributor pipe.
7. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 1
, wherein said deflection member is a deflection sheave.
8. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 1
, wherein it is a side restraint system comprising a head gas bag having a large area and partially covering at least one side window of a vehicle, and wherein said distributor pipe extends along a roof frame of said vehicle.
9. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 8
, wherein in a region of a vehicle column a further deflection member is provided for said traction means, from which deflection member said traction means extends to said gas bag.
10. The vehicle occupant restraint system according to
claim 9
, wherein said gas bag extends between two of said vehicle columns and said traction means tensions said gas bag when unfolded between two fastening points provided at opposite ends of said gas bag.
Description
TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The invention relates to a vehicle occupant restraint system.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] An occupant restraint system known from DE 298 06 200 comprises a piston housed in the distributor pipe, which piston is displaced by the gas generator which also serves for inflating the gas bag. A rod mounted to the piston projects out from the distributor pipe and in the case of restraint is pressed out from the distributor pipe still further, whereby a gas bag, which is fastened to the rod, is tensioned.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] The invention provides a vehicle occupant restraint system in which a rod, stressed with regard to thrust and bending, can be avoided as power transmission means. This is achieved in a vehicle occupant restraint system which comprises an inflatable gas bag, a gas-carrying distributor pipe projecting into the gas bag and a piston housed displaceably in the distributor pipe. The restraint system further comprises a power transmission means which connects the piston and the gas bag with each other, which is constructed as a traction means, and via which a force for tensioning the gas bag is transferred onto the latter. Further, a deflection member for the power transmission means is provided in the distributor pipe. Through the provision of an integrated deflection member, it is possible to use a flexible traction means and to draw it by means of the expanding gas further into the distributor pipe, although the moving piston moves outwards. In the process, advantageously a tensioning cable can be used as traction means.

[0004] The deflection member deflects the traction means through approximately 180 and advantageously extends through an opening in the piston in which it is displaceable. The traction means leaves the distributor pipe preferably at one of its ends, so that no additional openings which are to be sealed have to be provided in the distributor pipe.

[0005] So that the traction means is positioned exactly in the distributor pipe and also remains there during the tensioning process, one or more traction means guides can be provided in the distributor pipe, which can be formed for example in one piece on the distributor pipe.

[0006] Preferably, a deflection sheave comes to be used as deflection member, so that as few friction losses occur as possible.

[0007] According to the preferred embodiment, the occupant restraint system is a side occupant restraint system with a head-side gas bag having a large area, which serves for the at least partial covering of a side window of a vehicle. The distributor pipe extends along the roof frame of the vehicle.

[0008] In the region of a vehicle column, according to the preferred embodiment a further deflection member is provided for the traction means, from which deflection member the traction means extends to the gas bag. The gas bag is tensioned between fastening points, preferably at its opposite ends, at least one of the fastening points being formed by the traction means.

[0009] By the invention it is possible to hold the head gas bag, which has a large area, tensioned over several seconds, for example during an overturn of the vehicle, if a portion of the gas has already escaped from the gas bag.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0010]FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of an embodiment of the vehicle occupant restraint system according to the invention, with the gas bag unfolded, and

[0011]FIG. 2 shows a perspective sectional view through the end of the distributor pipe, framed with broken lines in FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0012] In FIG. 1 a side vehicle occupant restraint system is illustrated, which has an inflated head gas bag 3 having a large area, which covers the side windows 5, 7 of a vehicle to a large part and extends from the A-column 9 to the C-column 11 of the vehicle. The restraint system has in addition a distributor pipe 13 and also a gas generator 15 which is arranged in the region of the C-column. The distributor pipe extends from the gas generator 15 into the interior of the gas bag 3 and along the roof frame 17 of the vehicle up to the A-column 9, where it ends. The gas bag 3 has so-called tensioning bands 21 in the region of its opposite ends and in the region of its lower edge 19, which serve for anchoring the gas bag in the vehicle and which belong to the gas bag 3. The outer ends of the tensioning bands 21 are fastening points of the gas bag 3.

[0013] The rear tensioning band 21 is fastened by its rear free end to the C-column 11. On the front tensioning band 21 a traction means in the form of a traction cable 23 is fastened, which extends horizontally up to a first deflection sheave 25 as deflection member. The first deflection sheave 25 is arranged in the lower region of the A-column. From the deflection sheave 25, the traction cable 23 runs along the A-column 9 upwards and at the front, open end of the distributor pipe 13 on the end face into this pipe 13, as FIG. 2 shows. Only a section of gas bag 3 is illustrated in FIG. 2.

[0014] In the region of the open end of the distributor pipe 13, a traction means guide 27 is provided in the form of a pin formed in one piece on the distributor pipe 13 and having a passage opening for the traction cable 23. The traction cable 23 extends deeper into the interior of the distributor pipe 13 and through a passage opening in a piston 29, displaceably mounted in the distributor pipe 13, up to a rotatably mounted second deflection sheave 31 arranged stationary in the distributor pipe, which sheave 31 forms a deflection member for the traction cable 23. Through the deflection sheave 31, the traction cable is deflected through 180. The deflected end 33 of the traction cable is then fastened to the piston.

[0015] In the case of restraint, the gas generator 15 generates gas which flows into the distributor pipe 13 and from there via openings in the distributor pipe 13 into the gas bag. A portion of the gas arrives up to the piston 29 and displaces the latter according to FIG. 2 to the left in the direction of arrow A. The traction cable 23 is thereby drawn from the deflection sheave 31 in the direction of arrow B and the tensioning band 21 is drawn in the direction of arrow C in FIG. 1 and tensioned. Thereby, the gas bag 3 is tensioned in the region of its lower edge 19 between its fastening points. It remains stable over several seconds and can thereby also still develop a sufficient protective effect in the case of an overturn of the vehicle.

Classifications
U.S. Classification280/730.2
International ClassificationB60R21/26, B60R21/232, B60R21/261, B60R21/2338, B60R21/233, B60R22/195, B60R21/16
Cooperative ClassificationB60R21/232, B60R2021/23386, B60R22/1952, B60R2021/2617, B60R21/2338
European ClassificationB60R21/2338, B60R21/232
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 30, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: TRW OCCUPANT RESTRAINT SYSTEMS GMBH & CO. KG, GERM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FISCHER, ANTON;REEL/FRAME:011496/0909
Effective date: 20010124
Owner name: TRW OCCUPANT RESTRAINT SYSTEMS GMBH & CO. KG INDUS
Owner name: TRW OCCUPANT RESTRAINT SYSTEMS GMBH & CO. KG INDUS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FISCHER, ANTON /AR;REEL/FRAME:011496/0909
Owner name: TRW OCCUPANT RESTRAINT SYSTEMS GMBH & CO. KG INDUS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FISCHER, ANTON /AR;REEL/FRAME:011496/0909
Effective date: 20010124
Owner name: TRW OCCUPANT RESTRAINT SYSTEMS GMBH & CO. KG INDUS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FISCHER, ANTON;REEL/FRAME:011496/0909
Effective date: 20010124
Feb 28, 2006FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
May 3, 2010REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Sep 24, 2010LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Nov 16, 2010FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20100924