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Publication numberUS20010023889 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/808,698
Publication dateSep 27, 2001
Filing dateMar 14, 2001
Priority dateMar 22, 2000
Also published asCA2340829A1, EP1142663A1, US6422451
Publication number09808698, 808698, US 2001/0023889 A1, US 2001/023889 A1, US 20010023889 A1, US 20010023889A1, US 2001023889 A1, US 2001023889A1, US-A1-20010023889, US-A1-2001023889, US2001/0023889A1, US2001/023889A1, US20010023889 A1, US20010023889A1, US2001023889 A1, US2001023889A1
InventorsPeter Bendall, Steve Williams
Original AssigneeBendall Peter Neil Roy, Williams Steve Robert
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
The interconnection of aluminium components
US 20010023889 A1
Abstract
A method of interconnecting components (10, 16) of aluminum having a purity of at least 95%, the method comprising brazing the components (10, 16) together and then surface treating the assembled components (10, 16) by subjecting them to a Bohmitting procedure.
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Claims(14)
1. A method of interconnecting components of aluminium having a purity of at least 95% comprising brazing the components together and thereafter surface treating assembled components by subjecting them to a Bohmitting procedure.
2. A method as claimed in
claim 1
, in which the components are brazed together in a dry oxygen containing atmosphere in the presence of the suitable flux or paste.
3. A method as claimed in
claim 1
or
claim 2
, in which at least one component is extruded.
4. A method as claimed in
claim 2
or
claim 3
, in which the atmosphere in which the brazing is carried out is ambient air.
5. A method as claimed in any of claims 2, 3 or 4, in which the brazing flux is an insoluble flux consisting of potassium tetrafluoraluminate with solid foils or particles of aluminium silicate (AlSi10) powder, or coated core material.
6. A method as claimed in any of claims 2, 3 or 4, in which the brazing paste includes potassium tetrafluoralumante with a constituent creating a thixotrophic characteristic and aluminium silicate (AlSi) powder.
7. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the components allow a brazing temperature in the range 590°-625° C. simultaneously and remain at this temperature for substantially six minutes.
8. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the Bohmitting procedure comprises subjecting the components to deionized water at a temperature of about 100° C.
9. A method as claimed in any one of
claims 1
to
7
, in which the Bohmitting procedure comprises subjecting the components to wet steam at a temperature of about 150° C.
10. A method as claimed in any one of
claims 1
to
9
, in which the assembled components are further surface treated by a solution of silicate of sodium (Na2Si O4) in water at about 90-10020 C.
11. A method as claimed in any one of
claims 1
to
9
, in which the assembled components are further surface treated by:
a) subjecting them to 10% boracic acid at about 80-100° C. mixed with water or;
b) subjecting them to 5-10% borax at about 80-100° C. mixed with water or;
c) subjecting them to waterglass (Na2Si O4) at about 90-100° C. mixed with water or;
d) subjecting them to a low viscosity resin coating.
12. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, in which the Bohmitting procedure is carried out only on the material surface of the conduit.
13. A method of interconnecting components substantially as hereinbefore described.
14. Any novel subject matter or combination including novel subject matter disclosed herein, whether or not within the scope of or relating to the same invention as any of the preceding claims.
Description

[0001] The present invention concerns the interconnection of aluminium components, especially but not exclusively the interconnection of aluminium components of heat exchangers by brazing.

[0002] It is well known to provide heat exchangers and radiators by interconnecting conduits for primary heat exchange fluid and providing means for circulating secondary heat exchange fluid over the conduits, the external surface area of which is often extended by fixing fins thereto. The fins are normally attached to the conduits by brazing. The conduits and cooling fins are manufactured from aluminium and the brazing process involves joining one to the other with a brazing alloy (Al—Si). The alloy's melting point is lower than that of the component being joined so that when heat is applied to the joint area it melts, but not the component. A metallurgical bond is thus formed between the components. Normal brazing processes are carried out in:

[0003] a) a vacuum atmosphere without flux;

[0004] b) a molten salt bath with coating;

[0005] c) a protective gas atmosphere with coating and with flux;

[0006] d) air with coating and with flux.

[0007] The process is often assisted by coating one, other or both of the aluminium components being brazed together with a AlSi 8-12 or additional brazing material e.g. strips, bars or powder.

[0008] According to the present invention there is provided a method of interconnecting components of aluminium having a purity of at least 95% comprising brazing the components together and thereafter surface treating assembled components by subjecting them to a Bohmitting procedure.

[0009] Preferably the components are brazed together in a dry oxygen containing atmosphere in the presence of the suitable flux or paste.

[0010] Preferably at least one component is extruded.

[0011] Preferably the atmosphere in which the brazing is carried out is ambient air.

[0012] Preferably the brazing flux is an insoluble flux consisting of potassium tetrafluoraluminate with solid foils or particles of aluminium silicate (AlSi10) powder, or coated core material.

[0013] Preferably the brazing paste includes potassium tetrafluoralumante with a constituent creating a thixotrophic characteristic and aluminium silicate (AlSi) powder.

[0014] Preferably the components allow a brazing temperature in the range 590°-625° C. simultaneously and remain at this temperature for substantially six minutes.

[0015] Preferably the Bohmitting procedure comprises subjecting the components to deionized water at a temperature of about 100° C.

[0016] Alternatively the Bohmitting procedure comprises subjecting the components to wet steam at a temperature of about 150° C.

[0017] Preferably the assembled components are further surface treated by a solution of silicate of sodium (Na2Si O4) in water at about 90-100° C.

[0018] Alternatively the assembled components are further surface treated by:

[0019] a) subjecting them to 10% boracic acid at about 80-100° C. mixed with water or;

[0020] b) subjecting them to 5-10% borax at about 80-100° C. mixed with water or;

[0021] c) subjecting them to waterglass (Na2Si O4) at about 90-100° C. mixed with water or;

[0022] d) subjecting them to a low viscosity resin coating.

[0023] Preferably the Bohmitting procedure is carried out only on the material surface of the conduit.

[0024] An embodiment of the present invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawing.

[0025] A heat exchanger or radiator comprises a plurality of conduits 10 formed in a closed rectangular box section member 12 sub-divided to provide the side by side conduits by partitions 14 extruded integrally with the box section member 12. The member is extruded from 3003 grade aluminium. The extrusion process resulting in a member whose surfaces are generally clean and free from grease. An example of a heat exchanger of this general type is shown in DE19846346.

[0026] The external heat exchange surface of the box section member 10 has its area extended by fixing corrugated fins 16 thereto, the fins being made from 3003 grade aluminium coated with a suitable coating (AlSi 8-12) and attached to the outer surface of the box section member 10 at the roots 18 of the corrugations by a continuous automated brazing process which does not form part of the present invention and consequently will not be described here in detail. The brazing is carried out in air utilising a flux comprising potassium tetrafluoraluminate.

[0027] By utilising this brazing technique it is not necessary to provide a surrounding inert atmosphere or vacuum, or molten salt bath in which the brazing is carried out so that the capital cost of the brazing equipment can be considerably reduced and the brazed components will exhibit an enhanced resistance to corrosion due to the surface coating formed during the brazing process.

[0028] The brazing process in the presence of air results in an increase in the thickness of the oxide layer of the 3003 grade aluminium which increases its resistance to corrosion in the working environment.

[0029] It has been found that there is at least a perceived reluctance to utilise aluminium heat exchangers (as an alternative to, say, copper or brass heat exchangers) in view of alleged corrosion problems and consequently product approval is more likely to be achieved if the resistance to corrosion of the heat exchange surfaces can be increased. Increased corrosion resistance by chemical oxidisation such as chromatizing, anodising, painting with epoxy resin, galvanising with various metals, anodic or cathodic protection using existing, known techniques has proved to be impractical due to the failure of the process to provide efficient protection within long tubular members, for example heat exchanger conduits.

[0030] In the present embodiment the assembled components of the heat exchanger are subjected to a further surface heat treatment which involves elevating the temperature of the assembled components to 150° C. and subjecting the assembly to a water vapour enriched atmosphere.

[0031] It can be shown that by using this process the resistance to corrosion of the surface of the assembled heat exchanger components is significantly increased due to the approximately 80-fold increase in the thickness of oxide/bohmit layer compared to other brazing methods.

[0032] Various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. For example the brazing process of the present invention can be utilised to interconnect separate heat exchange primary fluid conduits, the connection being made in side by side, intersecting or any other relationship.

[0033] The brazing flux may be substituted by a brazing paste for example, a paste including potassium tetrafluoraluminate with a constituent creating a thixotrophic characteristic and aluminium silicate (AlSi) powder.

[0034] The brazing techniques may be modified to those involving an inert or vacuum atmosphere, or a molten salt bath technique.

[0035] The Bohmitting process may be modified. It may involve subjecting the area to be treated to deionized water at a temperature of about 100° C.

[0036] Other modified and known Bohmitting procedures can be carried out.

[0037] In a further modification the Bohmitting process is carried out only to the internal surfaces of the conduit.

[0038] In another modification the surface treatment can be enhanced by subjecting the assembled components to a silicate of sodium/water wash.

[0039] Alternatively the assembled components are further surface treated by:

[0040] a) subjecting them to 10% boracic acid at about 80-100° C. mixed with water or;

[0041] b) subjecting them to 5-10% borax at about 80-100° C. mixed with water or;

[0042] c) subjecting them to waterglass (Na2Si O4) at about 90-100° C. mixed with water or;

[0043] d) subjecting them to a low viscosity resin coating.

[0044] Preferably the Bohmitting procedure is carried out only on the material surface of the conduit.

[0045] The use of extruded material for the conduit means that normal cleaning process carried out prior to Bohmitting is unnecessary. This could involve degreasing, water flushing, pickling, further water flushing, neutralising and further flushing.

[0046] Whilst endeavouring in the foregoing specification to draw attention to those features of the invention believed to be of particular importance it should be understood that the Applicant claims protection in respect of any patentable feature or combination of features hereinbefore referred to and/or shown in the drawings whether or not particular emphasis has been placed thereon.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7879010Oct 6, 2003Feb 1, 2011Roche Diagnostics International AgInfusion set
US8469929Dec 17, 2010Jun 25, 2013Roche Diagnostics International AgInfusion set
Classifications
U.S. Classification228/224, 228/199, 228/201, 228/248.1, 228/202, 228/183
International ClassificationC23C22/68, B23K1/00, B23K1/19, B23K35/36, B23K1/20, F28F21/08, C23C22/83, F28F3/02
Cooperative ClassificationC23C22/68, F28F21/084, B23K2203/10, B23K1/20, B23K35/3605, C23C22/83, F28F3/025, B23K2201/14, B23K1/19, B23K1/0012
European ClassificationF28F21/08A4, C23C22/83, C23C22/68, B23K1/20, B23K1/19, F28F3/02D, B23K1/00S4
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 19, 2006FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20060723
Jul 24, 2006LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Feb 8, 2006REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Mar 14, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: GEA SPIRO-GILLS LTD., UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BENDALL, PETER NEIL ROY;WILLIAMS, STEVE ROBERT;REEL/FRAME:011624/0873
Effective date: 20010312
Owner name: GEA SPIRO-GILLS LTD. VERULAM ROAD STAFFORD ST16 3E
Owner name: GEA SPIRO-GILLS LTD. VERULAM ROADSTAFFORD ST16 3EA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BENDALL, PETER NEIL ROY /AR;REEL/FRAME:011624/0873