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Publication numberUS20010039125 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 09/106,007
Publication dateNov 8, 2001
Filing dateJun 29, 1998
Priority dateJun 30, 1997
Also published asUS6429147
Publication number09106007, 106007, US 2001/0039125 A1, US 2001/039125 A1, US 20010039125 A1, US 20010039125A1, US 2001039125 A1, US 2001039125A1, US-A1-20010039125, US-A1-2001039125, US2001/0039125A1, US2001/039125A1, US20010039125 A1, US20010039125A1, US2001039125 A1, US2001039125A1
InventorsMasaki Hara
Original AssigneeMasaki Hara
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for making an insulating film
US 20010039125 A1
Abstract
In a method for manufacturing an insulating film using a fluid source material without inviting corrosion of metal wiring or the problem of poisoned via, after making a SiO2 film as a base layer on an Si substrate defining an uneven surface with an Al alloy wiring by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O, and further making an inter-layer insualting film having a fluidity on the SiO2 film by low pressure CVD using SiH4 or organosilane and H2O2, O2 plasma processing is applied to the inter-layer insulating film. After that, a SiO2 film as a cap layer is made on the inter-layer insulating film by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O. Rapid thermal annealing using lamp heating or O3 annealing may be done in lieu of O2 plasma processing.
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Claims(8)
What is claimed is:
1. A method for making an insulating film configured to form the insulating film on a substrate having an uneven surface by using a fluid source material so as to level the unevenness, comprising the steps of:
forming a first insulating film having a fluidity on said substrate by using a fluid source material;
applying plasma processing onto said first insulating film; and
forming a second insulating not having a fluidity on said first insulating film after said plasma processing.
2. The method for making an insulating film according to
claim 1
further comprising the step of annealing after the step of forming the first insulating film before the step of applying the plasma processing.
3. The method for making an insulating film according to
claim 1
wherein said first insulating film is formed by low pressure CVD using SiH4 or organosilane and H2O2 as source materials.
4. The method for making an insulating film according to
claim 1
wherein a gas of molecules containing oxygen as the matrix atoms thereof and not containing nitrogen as the matrix atoms thereof is used for said plasma processing.
5. A method for making an insulating film configured to form the insulating film on a substrate having an uneven surface by using a fluid source material so as to level the unevenness, comprising the steps of:
forming a first insulating film having a fluidity on said substrate by using a fluid source material;
applying rapid thermal annealing by lamp heating onto said first insulating film; and
forming a second insulating not having a fluidity on said first insulating film after said rapid thermal annealing.
6. The method for making an insulating film according to
claim 5
wherein said first insulating film is formed by low pressure CVD using SiH4 or organosilane and H2O2 as source materials.
7. A method for making an insulating film configured to form the insulating film on a substrate having an uneven surface by using a fluid source material so as to level the unevenness, comprising the steps of:
forming a first insulating film having a fluidity on said substrate by using a fluid source material;
applying ozone processing onto said first insulating film; and
forming a second insulating not having a fluidity on said first insulating film after said ozonization.
8. The method for making an insulating film according to
claim 7
wherein said first insulating film is formed by low pressure CVD using SiH4 or organosilane and H2O2 as source materials.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] This invention relates to a method for making an insulating film particularly suitable for use in making an inter-layer insulating film in a semiconductor device.

[0003] 2. Description of the Related Art

[0004] In a process of manufacturing a semiconductor device, a method for making an inter-layer insulating film using a fluid source material is often used to level the surface of a substrate by smoothing unevenness made by wiring or the like. Such an inter-layer insulating film contains much moisture (H2O) and is highly fluid.

[0005] In conventional techniques, a non-fluid cap layer was formed directly on a fluid inter-layer insulating film containing much H2O by plasma CVD (for example, 1995 Dry Process Symposium, pp.261-268) to prevent cracks in the fluid inter-layer insulating film containing H2O during post-annealing. Typically used as the cap layer was a SiO2 film made of SiH4 and N2O by plasma CVD because N2O was more preferable than O2 as the source material of oxygen in reducing the number of particles produced during the process.

[0006] However, the SiO2 cap layer made of SiH4 and N2O by plasma CVD invited corrosion of metal wiring and so-called poisoned via (a kind of defects of via holes (connection holes) formed in inter-layer insulating films), among others.

OBJECT AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0007] It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a method for making an insulating film free from problems such as corrosion of metal wiring and poisoned via even when a fluid source material is used to make the insulating film.

[0008] The Inventor made researches to overcome the above-mentioned problems involved in the conventional techniques as summarized below.

[0009] The Inventor has found through various experiments that NH3 is produced in vapor by plasma in the process of making a SiO2 film by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O as source materials. Under the condition, if the inter-layer insulating film underlying the SiO2 film contains H2O and has a fluidity, then NH3 produced in vapor is incorporated (absorbed) into the underlying inter-layer insulating film. NH3 incorporated into the underlying inter-layer insulating film is released from the film when the inter-layer insulating film is heated or etched in a later process, and probably cause the problems of corrosion of metal wiring and poisoned via.

[0010] Therefore, in order to prevent these problems, it is important to take measures to prevent that NH3 produced in vapor in the process of making the SiO2 film by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O as source materials is not incorporated in the underlying inter-layer insulating film. For this purpose, it is effective to remove H2O from the surface of the underlying inter-layer insulating film and to cure the surface prior to the process of making the SiO2 film. The present invention has been made through these researches by the Inventor.

[0011] According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for making an insulating film configured to form the insulating film on a substrate having an uneven surface by using a fluid source material so as to level the unevenness, comprising the steps of:

[0012] forming a first insulating film having a fluidity on the substrate by using a fluid source material;

[0013] applying plasma processing onto the first insulating film; and

[0014] forming a second insulating not having a fluidity on the first insulating film after the plasma processing.

[0015] According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for making an insulating film configured to form the insulating film on a substrate having an uneven surface by using a fluid source material so as to level the unevenness, comprising the steps of:

[0016] forming a first insulating film having a fluidity on the substrate by using a fluid source material;

[0017] applying rapid thermal annealing by lamp heating onto the first insulating film; and

[0018] forming a second insulating not having a fluidity on the first insulating film after the rapid thermal annealing.

[0019] According to a third aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for making an insulating film configured to form the insulating film on a substrate having an uneven surface by using a fluid source material so as to level the unevenness, comprising the steps of:

[0020] forming a first insulating film having a fluidity on the substrate by using a fluid source material;

[0021] applying ozone processing onto the first insulating film; and

[0022] forming a second insulating not having a fluidity on the first insulating film after the ozone processing.

[0023] In the first aspect of the invention, the step of annealing the structure may be added after making the first insulating film and prior to plasma processing to previously cure the entirety of the first insulating film to a certain extent in order to ensure that the first insulating film be more effectively cured by subsequent plasma processing. The annealing temperature is not higher than 500 C., about 350 C., for example, when Al alloy wiring is used. The annealing may be done either under vacuum or atmospheric pressure, but can be done more conveniently within a chamber used for the plasma processing. For plasma processing, it is preferable to use a gas of molecules, such as O2 gas, containing oxygen as its matrix atoms and not containing nitrogen as its matrix atoms.

[0024] In the present invention, the first insulating film having a fluidity is typically made by low pressure CVD using SiH4 or organosilane and H2O2 as source materials.

[0025] According to the invention, having the above-summarized construction configured to execute plasma processing, rapid thermal annealing by using lamp heating or ozone processing after making a first insulating film having a fluidity, H2O can be removed from the surface of the first insulating film due to dehydrated condensation, and the film can be hardened. Therefore, even when NH3 is produced in vapor by plasma while a SiO2 film is stacked on the first insulating film by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O as source material gases, NH3 can be prevented from being incorporated into the first insulating film. As a result, corrosion of metal wiring or the problem of poisoned via can be prevented.

[0026] The above, and other, objects, features and advantage of the present invention will become readily apparent from the following detailed description thereof which is to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0027]FIGS. 1A through 1E are cross-sectional views for explaining a method for making an inter-layer insulating film according to the first embodiment of the invention;

[0028]FIGS. 2A through 2C are schematic diagrams for explaining effects of O2 plasma processing executed in the method for making the inter-layer insulating film according to the first embodiment of the invention;

[0029]FIGS. 3A through 3E are cross-sectional views for explaining a method for making an inter-layer insulating film according to the second embodiment of the invention; and

[0030]FIGS. 4A through 4E are cross-sectional views for explaining a method for making an inter-layer insulating film according to the third embodiment of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

[0031] Explained below are embodiments of the invention with reference to the drawings. In all figures illustrating the embodiments of the invention, the same or equivalent elements are labeled with common reference numerals.

[0032]FIGS. 1A through 1E show the method for making an inter-layer insulating film according to the first embodiment of the invention.

[0033] In the embodiment shown here, an Al alloy wiring 2 is formed on a Si substrate 1 having formed a device and covered with an inter-layer insulating film previously as shown in FIG. 1A.

[0034] Next, as shown in FIG. 1B, a non-fluid SiO2 film 3 is formed as a base layer on the Si substrate 1 by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O, for example, as source materials.

[0035] Next, as shown in FIG. 1C, a fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 is formed by low pressure CVD using monomethyl silane (Si(CH3)H3) and H2O2, for example, as source materials. The fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 contains silanol polymer as its major component, and contains much H2O in the film (1995 Dry Process Symposium, pp. 261-268).

[0036] Next, as shown in FIG. 1D, the surface of the fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 is processed with O2 plasma to cure the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4. The O2 plasma processing promotes hydrated condensation of silanol (Si(OH)4) along the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4, and changes the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 substantially free from H2O.

[0037] Next, as shown in FIG. 1E, a non-fluid SiO2 film 5 is formed as a cap layer on the inter-layer insulating film 4 by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O, for example, as source materials. Since substantially no H2O is contained in the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4, NH3 produced in vapor by plasma is not incorporated into the inter-layer insulating film 4 in the process of stacking the SiO2 film 5 as the cap layer.

[0038] After that, the inter-layer insulating film 4 is cured by post-annealing.

[0039] As a result, an inter-layer insulating film of a triple-layered structure of the inter-layer insulating film 4, underlying SiO2 film 3 as the base layer and overlying SiO2 film 5 as the cap layer is obtained.

EXAMPLE

[0040] As shown in FIG. 1A, an Al alloy wiring 1, which is 0.65 μm height and 0.4 μm wide, is made on the Si substrate 1.

[0041] Next, as shown in FIG. 1B, a SiO2 film 3 of the thickness of 0.1 μm is formed as a base layer by plasma CVD, using N2O, SiH4 and N2, setting their flow rates to 3000 SCCM, 120 SCCM and 1000 SCCM, respectively, under the reaction pressure of 1.2 Torr (1200 mTorr), setting the substrate temperature to 350 C.

[0042] Next, as shown in FIG. 1C, a fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 of the thickness of 0.8 μm is formed by low pressure CVD, using Si(CH3)H3 and vapor phase H2O2 and N2, setting their flow rates to 100 SCCM, 0.7 g/min and 500 SCCM, respectively, under the reaction pressure of 1 Torr, setting the substrate temperature to 0 C.

[0043] Next, as shown in FIG. 1D, heating the Si substrate to 350 C., using a mixed gas of O2 and Ar, generating O2 plasma under the pressure of 1.2 Torr and the RF power of 500 W, O2 plasma processing of the inter-layer insulating film 4 is executed for three minutes. The flow rate of O2 is set to 2000 SCCM, and the flow rate of Ar is set to 1000 SCCM. The O2 plasma processing resulted in curing the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 and in removing H2O from the surface portion.

[0044] Next, as shown in FIG. 1E, a SiO2 film 5 as a cap layer is stacked to the thickness of 0.3 μm by plasma CVD, using N2O, SiH4 and N2, setting their flow rates to 2500 SCCM, 120 SCCM and 1000 SCCM, the reaction pressure to 0.8 Torr (800 mTorr), and the substrate temperature to 350 C.

[0045] After that, the product is post-annealed for 30 minutes in a N2 atmosphere to cure the inter-layer insulating film 4.

[0046] The inter-layer insulating film having a triple-layered structure, thus obtained, did not contain a detrimental amount of residual gas (NH3 gas, or the like) which might cause a problem in the process and exhibited good characteristics.

[0047] Here is shown evidential data on the effects obtained by O2 plasma processing of the fluid inter-layer insulating film 4. FIGS. 2A through 2C show values by TDS (Thermal Desorption Spectroscopy) measurement on samples treated and not treated by O2 plasma processing after making the fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 by low pressure CVD. Both samples were prepared by making the SiO2 film 5 after O2 plasma processing and by thereafter post-annealing for 30 minutes in a N2 atmosphere at 400 C., and were measured by TDS measurement. For O2 plasma processing, the flow rate of O2 was set to 800 SCCM, the pressure to 250 mTorr, RF power to 500 W, substrate temperature to 0 C., and processing time to 10 minutes. FIGS. 2A, 2B and 2C are data upon the mass number of ions to be measured being 18 (corresponding to H2O), 17 (corresponding to NH3 and OH) and 16 (corresponding to NH2 and O), respectively.

[0048] Comparing FIG. 2A and 2B, as to samples without O2 plasma processing, the ratio of the ionic strength of the mass number 18 relative to the ionic strength of the mass number 17 is much larger than the value when H2O alone exists as a kind of gas, and this strongly indicates that another kind of gas with the mass number 17, NH3, exists. In contrast, as to samples treated by without O2 plasma processing, the ratio of the ionic strength of the mass number 17 relative to the ionic intensity of the mass number 18 is nearer to the value when H2O alone exists as a kind of gas.

[0049] These phenomena indicate that, during the process of making the SiO2 film 3 by plasma CVD, substantially no NH3 produced in vapor by plasma is not incorporated into the inter-layer insulating film 4.

[0050] This means that O2 plasma processing effectively removes H2O from the surface of the fluid inter-layer insulating film 4.

[0051] As explained above, according to the first embodiment, substantially all H2O can be removed from the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 by treating the inter-layer insulating film 4 by O2 plasma processing after making the inter-layer insulating film 4 as a fluid film. Therefore, even when the SiO2 film 5 is made as a cap layer directly on the inter-layer insulating film 4 by plasma CVD, NH3 produced in vapor by plasma during the process is never incorporated into the inter-layer insulating film 4. As a result, corrosion of the Al alloy wiring 2 or the problem of poisoned via do not occur.

[0052]FIGS. 3A through 3E show a method for making an inter-layer insulating film according to the second embodiment of the invention.

[0053] In the embodiment shown here, the Al alloy wiring 2 is formed on the Si substrate 1 having formed a device and covered with an inter-layer insulating film previously as shown in FIG. 3A,.

[0054] Next, as shown in FIG. 3B, a non-fluid SiO2 film 3 is made as a base layer on the Si substrate 1 by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O, for example, as source materials.

[0055] Next, as shown in FIG. 3C, a fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 is made by low pressure CVD using Si(CH3)H3 and H2O2, for example, as source materials. The steps heretofore are the same as those of the first embodiment.

[0056] Next, as shown in FIG. 3D, the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 is heated by lamp heating, namely by using radiant heat from a lamp heater, to cure the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 by rapid thermal annealing in a short time. By the rapid thermal annealing, dehydrated condensation of Si(OH)4 is promoted along the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4, and the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 is changed substantially free from H2O.

[0057] Next, as shown in FIG. 3E, a non-fluid SiO2 film 5 is made as a cap layer on the inter-layer insulating film 4 by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O, for example, as source materials. In this case, since the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 contains substantially no H2O, it does not incorporate NH3 produced in vapor by plasma during the process of making the SiO2 film 5 as the cap layer.

[0058] After that, the inter-layer insulating film 4 is cured by post-annealing.

[0059] By the process explained above, the inter-layer insulating film of a triple-layered structure of the inter-layer insulating film 4, underlying SiO2 film 3 as the base layer and overlying SiO2 film 5 as the cap layer is obtained.

EXAMPLE

[0060] As shown in FIG. 3A, an Al alloy wiring 1, which is 0.65 μm height and 0.4 μm wide, is made on the Si substrate 1.

[0061] Next, as shown in FIG. 3B, a SiO2 film 3 of the thickness of 0.1 μm is formed as a base layer by plasma CVD, using N2O, SiH4 and N2, setting their flow rates to 3000 SCCM, 120 SCCM and 1000 SCCM, respectively, under the reaction pressure of 1.2 Torr (1200 mTorr), setting the substrate temperature to 350 C.

[0062] Next, as shown in FIG. 3C, an inter-layer insulating film 4 of the thickness of 0.8 μm is formed by low pressure CVD, using Si(CH3)H3 and vapor phase H2O2 and N2, setting their flow rates to 100 SCCM, 0.7 g/min and 500 SCCM, respectively, under the reaction pressure of 1 Torr, setting the substrate temperature to 0 C.

[0063] Next, as shown in FIG. 3D, heating the Si substrate to 350 C. under vacuum, rapid thermal annealing by lamp heating is executed for 60 seconds. At that time, the surface temperature of the Si substrate 1 was about 500 C. By rapid thermal annealing using lamp heating, the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 cured, and the surface portion was changed free from H2O.

[0064] Next, as shown in FIG. 3E, a SiO2 film 5 as a cap layer is stacked to the thickness of 0.3 μm by plasma CVD, using N2O, SiH4 and N2, setting their flow rates to 2500 SCCM, 120 SCCM and 1000 SCCM, the reaction pressure to 0.8 Torr (800 mTorr), and the substrate temperature to 350 C.

[0065] After that, the product is post-annealed for 30 minutes in a N2 atmosphere to cure the inter-layer insulating film 4.

[0066] The inter-layer insulating film having a triple-layered structure, thus obtained, did not contain a detrimental amount of residual gas (NH3 gas, or the like) which might cause a problem in the process and exhibited good characteristics.

[0067] As explained above, according to the second embodiment, substantially all H2O can be removed from the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 by treating the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 by rapid thermal annealing by lamp heating after making the inter-layer insulating film 4 as a fluid film. Therefore, in the same manner as the first embodiment, even when the SiO2 film 5 is made as a cap layer directly on the inter-layer insulating film 4 by plasma CVD, NH3 produced in vapor by plasma during the process is never incorporated into the inter-layer insulating film 4. As a result, corrosion of the Al alloy wiring 2 or the problem of poisoned via do not occur.

[0068]FIGS. 4A through 4E show a method for making an inter-layer insulating film according to the third embodiment of the invention.

[0069] In the embodiment shown here, the Al alloy wiring 2 is formed on the Si substrate 1 having formed a device and covered with an inter-layer insulating film previously as shown in FIG. 4A.

[0070] Next, as shown in FIG. 4B, a non-fluid SiO2 film 3 is made as a base layer on the Si substrate 1 by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O, for example, as source materials.

[0071] Next, as shown in FIG. 4C, a fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 is made by low pressure CVD using Si(CH3)H3 and H2O2, for example, as source materials. The steps heretofore are the same as those of the first embodiment.

[0072] Next, as shown in FIG. 4D, the Si substrate 1 is set in a chamber 6 and heated while introducing O3 into the chamber to cure the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 by O3 annealing of the inter-layer insulating film 4. By the O3 annealing, dehydrated condensation of Si(OH)4 is promoted along the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4, and the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 is changed substantially free from H2O.

[0073] Next, as shown in FIG. 4E, a non-fluid SiO2 film 5 is made as a cap layer on the inter-layer insulating film 4 by plasma CVD using SiH4 and N2O, for example, as source materials. In this case, since the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 contains substantially no H2O, it does not incorporate NH3 produced in vapor by plasma during the process of making the SiO2 film 5 as the cap layer.

[0074] After that, the inter-layer insulating film 4 is cured by post-annealing.

[0075] By the process explained above, the inter-layer insulating film of a triple-layered structure of the inter-layer insulating film 4, underlying SiO2 film 3 as the base layer and overlying SiO2 film 5 as the cap layer is obtained.

EXAMPLE

[0076] As shown in FIG. 4A, an Al alloy wiring 1, which is 0.65 μm height and 0.4 μm wide, is made on the Si substrate 1.

[0077] Next, as shown in FIG. 4B, a SiO2 film 3 of the thickness of 0.1 μm is formed as a base layer by plasma CVD, using N2O, SiH4 and N2, setting their flow rates to 3000 SCCM, 120 SCCM and 1000 SCCM, respectively, under the reaction pressure of 1.2 Torr (1200 mTorr), setting the substrate temperature to 350 C.

[0078] Next, as shown in FIG. 4C, a fluid inter-layer insulating film 4 of the thickness of 0.8 μm is formed by low pressure CVD, using Si(CH3)H3 and vapor phase H2O, and N2, setting their flow rates to 100 SCCM, 0.7 g/min and 500 SCCM, respectively, under the reaction pressure of 1 Torr, setting the substrate temperature to 0 C.

[0079] Next, as shown in FIG. 4D, using a mixed gas of O2 and He, setting their flow rates to 2 SLM and 500 SCCM , a gas containing O3 by the concentration of 10 wt % is generated within the chamber 6, and the pressure of the gas containing O3 is held in 650 Torr. Under the condition, the Si substrate is heated to 400 C. and undergoes O3 annealing for three minutes. As a result of O3 annealing conducted here, the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 cured, and the surface portion was changed free from H2O.

[0080] Next, as shown in FIG. 4E, a SiO2 film 5 as a cap layer is stacked to the thickness of 0.3 μm by plasma CVD, using N2O, SiH4 and N2, setting their flow rates to 2500 SCCM, 120 SCCM and 1000 SCCM, the reaction pressure to 0.8 Torr (800 mTorr), and the substrate temperature to 350 C.

[0081] After that, the product is post-annealed for 30 minutes in a N2 atmosphere to cure the inter-layer insulating film 4.

[0082] The inter-layer insulating film having a triple-layered structure, thus obtained, did not contain a detrimental amount of residual gas (NH3 gas, or the like) which might cause a problem in the process and exhibited good characteristics.

[0083] As explained above, according to the third embodiment, substantially all H2O can be removed from the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 by treating the surface of the inter-layer insulating film 4 by O3 annealing after making the inter-layer insulating film 4 as a fluid film. Therefore, in the same manner as the first embodiment, even when the SiO2 film 5 is made as a cap layer directly on the inter-layer insulating film 4 by plasma CVD, NH3 produced in vapor by plasma during the process is never incorporated into the inter-layer insulating film 4. As a result, corrosion of the Al alloy wiring 2 or the problem of poisoned via do not occur.

[0084] Having described specific preferred embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to those precise embodiments, and that various changes and modifications may be effected therein by one skilled in the art without departing from the scope or the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

[0085] For example, numerals, structures, gases, sorts of films, processes, wiring materials, substrate materials, and so forth, are only examples, and can be changed appropriately. Namely, although the first to third embodiments have been explained as using an organic source material, Si(CH3)H3, as the source material of Si in the process of making the inter-layer insulating film 4, any other source material of Si, such as Si(CH3)2H2, Si(CH3)3H, Si(CH3)4, or the like, may be used where appropriate.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7172836Mar 22, 2002Feb 6, 2007Sony CorporationA lithium manganese oxide or a lithium manganese oxide including another metal element; stable charging capacity
US7205248Feb 4, 2003Apr 17, 2007Micron Technology, Inc.Method of eliminating residual carbon from flowable oxide fill
US8252375 *Jun 8, 2005Aug 28, 2012Yield Engineering Systems, Inc.Apparatus for the efficient coating of substrates including plasma cleaning
US20130000557 *Jun 4, 2012Jan 3, 2013Moffat William AApparatus for the Efficient Coating of Subtrates Including Plasma Cleaning
WO2004070817A2 *Feb 4, 2004Aug 19, 2004Micron Technology IncMethod of eliminating residual carbon from flowable oxide fill material
Classifications
U.S. Classification438/763, 257/E21.576
International ClassificationH01L21/316, H01L23/522, H01L21/768
Cooperative ClassificationH01L21/76826, H01L21/76834, H01L21/76801, H01L21/76828
European ClassificationH01L21/768B8P, H01L21/768B10S, H01L21/768B8T, H01L21/768B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 3, 2006FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20060806
Aug 7, 2006LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Feb 22, 2006REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jun 29, 1998ASAssignment
Owner name: SONY CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HARA, MASAKI;REEL/FRAME:009288/0165
Effective date: 19980616